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France: Constitutional Court Finds Arrested Persons Have Constitutional Right to Challenge Conditions of Incarceration

(Oct. 28, 2020) In a decision of October 2, 2020, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council), France’s high court for constitutional questions, found that the absence of judicial recourse for persons under arrest to challenge their conditions of incarceration is unconstitutional. This decision was given in response to two questions prioritaires de constitutionalité (QPC) (priority question […]

England and Wales: New Proposals Would Give Police Targeted Stop-and-Search Powers to Tackle Knife Crimes

(Oct. 8, 2020) On September 14, 2020, the government published a public consultation to receive opinions about the design of its newly proposed Serious Violence Reduction Orders (SVROs), which aim to tackle knife crime across England and Wales. The proposed SVROs would create a new stop-and-search power enabling the police to take an “intelligence based, […]

Turkey: Constitutional Court Finds Violation of Constitutional Rights in Courts’ Failure to Decide on Abortion Authorization in Pregnancy Resulting from Sexual Assault

(Sept. 30, 2020) On September 10, 2020, a judgment of the Grand Chamber of the Constitutional Court of Turkey in the case of R.G. was published in the Official Gazette. The Court found that a minor crime victim’s right to protect and improve her corporeal and spiritual existence enshrined in article 17 of the Constitution […]

Australia: Law Commission Report Recommends Reforming Law on Corporate Criminal Responsibility

(Sept. 22, 2020) On August 31, 2020, a report by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) titled Corporate Criminal Responsibility (Report) was submitted for consideration in the Australian Parliament. The Report contains a series of 20 recommendations aimed at improving Australia’s law regarding corporate criminal responsibility, including with respect to the types of offenses in the law, corporate […]

Saudi Arabia: Court Issues Final Sentences in Khashoggi Case

(Sept. 22, 2020) On September 7, 2020, the Criminal Court of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, issued final sentences for eight defendants in the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. The court had previously sentenced five of the defendants to death but, according to the Public Prosecution, the court replaced the death sentence with the penalty of […]

Uzbekistan: Codes Amended to Increase Criminal and Administrative Responsibility amid Coronavirus Pandemic

(Sept. 17, 2020) On March 26, 2020, the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, signed a law amending the country’s criminal code, criminal procedure code, and code of administrative responsibility. The law entered into force upon publication. (Law No. 3RU-613 of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Amendments and Additions to the Criminal and […]

Egypt: Parliament Approves Draft Law Concealing the Identity of Victims of Sexual Violence Crimes during the Pretrial Investigative Stage

(Sept. 8, 2020) On August 16, 2020, the Egyptian Council of Representatives (Egypt’s parliament) in a general session approved a draft law aimed at protecting the reputations of victims of sexual violence and encouraging the reporting of sexual crimes. Two-thirds of the members of parliament voted in a favor of passing the draft law. The […]

Israel: Knesset Passes Law Authorizing Virtual Hearings with Participation of Prisoners and Detainees

(Aug. 25, 2020) On August 10, 2020, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Law on Holding Virtual Hearings with the Participation of Prisoners and Detainees during the Period of the Spread of the Novel Coronavirus (Temporary Provision) 5780-2020 (Virtual Hearings Law). The Virtual Hearings Law regulates the operation of virtual court hearings in Israeli civilian courts […]

Italy: New Law Including Measures on Home Detention or Postponement of Penalties due to COVID-19 Enters into Force

(July 27, 2020) On June 30, 2020, a new law containing a provision on the adjustment of penal sentences because of the COVID-19 pandemic and other miscellaneous provisions entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 70 of June 25, 2020, amending Decree Law No. 28 of April 30, 2020 (D.L. No. 28).) Measures on Home […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Revocation of Certain Criminal Offenders’ Driver’s Licenses Unconstitutional

(July 2, 2020) On May 29, 2020, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision declaring unconstitutional a provision of the New Highway Code that established the automatic revocation of certain criminal offenders’ driver’s licenses. (Decision No. 99 of May 27, 2020.) Background of the Case The regional administrative court (Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale, TAR) for Italy’s […]