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New Zealand: Government Launches Charter on Use of Algorithms by Public Agencies

(July 31, 2020) On July 28, 2020, the New Zealand government launched the Algorithm Charter for Aotearoa New Zealand, with the minister for statistics stating that it was the first country in the world “to outline a set of standards to guide the use of algorithms by public agencies.” The charter, which has been signed by 21 public […]

Israel: Law Granting Government Special Authorities to Combat Novel Coronavirus Adopted

(July 29, 2020) On July 23, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Special Authorities to Combat the Novel Coronavirus (Temporary Provision) Law, 5780-2020. The law will remain in effect until June 30, 2021. (Special Authorities Law § 50.) Declaration of State of Emergency due to the Novel Coronavirus The law authorizes the government to declare […]

Italy: New Law Including Measures on Home Detention or Postponement of Penalties due to COVID-19 Enters into Force

(July 27, 2020) On June 30, 2020, a new law containing a provision on the adjustment of penal sentences because of the COVID-19 pandemic and other miscellaneous provisions entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 70 of June 25, 2020, amending Decree Law No. 28 of April 30, 2020 (D.L. No. 28).) Measures on Home […]

Ukraine: New Territorial Division of the Country Initiated

(July 21, 2020) On July 17, 2020, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine changed the administrative division of the country at the subregional level and approved Resolution No. 3650 of July 15, 2020, on the Creation and Elimination of Districts. With the implementation of the reform, planned before the local elections scheduled for October 25, […]

Italy: Decree on Transplant Recipients’ Fitness to Obtain Driver’s Licenses Enters into Force

(July 16, 2020) On July 12, 2020, Decree No. 69, approving regulations concerning the psychophysical suitability of persons who have undergone organ transplantation to obtain and confirm the validity of a driver’s license, entered into force in Italy. The decree, which had been issued by the president of Italy, Sergio Mattarella, on April 23, 2020, […]

Israel: Supreme Court Voids Law Legalizing Settlements Built on Unauthorized and Privately Owned Land in West Bank

(July 14, 2020) On June 9, 2020, the Supreme Court of Israel, sitting as a High Court of Justice, ruled 8–1 to accept a petition against the constitutionality of the Law on the Regulation of Settlement in Judea and Samaria, 5777-2017 (Feb. 13, 2017). The majority opinion was rendered by Court President Justice Esther Hayut, […]

Brazil: Municipal Elections Postponed Because of COVID-19

(July 7, 2020) On July 2, 2020, the Brazilian Congress promulgated Constitutional Amendment No. 107, which determines that the first round of the municipal elections scheduled for October 2020 will take place on November 15, 2020, and the second round, where applicable, will be held on November 29, 2020. In the event that the sanitary […]

Germany: Desecration of EU Symbols Criminalized

(July 6, 2020) On June 24, 2020, an amendment to the German Criminal Code entered into force that makes the desecration of European Union (EU) flags and the EU hymn a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to three years or a fine. In particular, it criminalizes desecrating the EU flag or hymn publicly, in […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Declares Revocation of Certain Criminal Offenders’ Driver’s Licenses Unconstitutional

(July 2, 2020) On May 29, 2020, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision declaring unconstitutional a provision of the New Highway Code that established the automatic revocation of certain criminal offenders’ driver’s licenses. (Decision No. 99 of May 27, 2020.) Background of the Case The regional administrative court (Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale, TAR) for Italy’s […]

Spain: Government Employees Authorized to Telework up to Four Days a Week

(June 25, 2020) An agreement was reached between the government employees’ unions and the Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public Administration (MTPPA) allowing government employees in Spain to telework four days a week and go to their offices only one day a week. The agreement entered into force on June 21, 2020, and will last until an […]