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Russian Federation: Government Agrees with Lowering Threshold for Personal Data Protection during Coronavirus Pandemic

(Oct. 26, 2020) On October 13, 2020, the Russian Federal Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media confirmed the legality of a decree issued by the mayor of Moscow, Sergey Sobyanin, requiring that, beginning October 5, 2020, all employers in the city of Moscow transfer to telework at least one-third of all employees, as […]

World Intellectual Property Organization: WIPO Launches Free Database of Judicial Decisions on IP Law

(Oct. 7, 2020) On September 24, 2020, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) announced the launching of WIPO Lex-Judgments, a free database that provides access to judicial decisions on IP law from around the world. The project started with over 400 documents from Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, the Republic of […]

South Korea: New Digital Signature Act to Take Effect in December 2020

(Aug. 28, 2020) South Korea’s new Digital Signature Act was published in the Gwanbo (Official Gazette) on June 9, 2020. (Act No. 17354, June 9, 2020, Gwanbo No. 19768, pp. 147–57.) Most of the provisions of the new act will take effect on December 10, 2020. Background to the Act The current Digital Signature Act […]

Japan: “Super City” Law Enacted

(Aug. 18, 2020) On June 3, 2020, the Act to Amend the National Strategic Special Zone Act, nicknamed the “Super City Act,” was published in Japan’s official gazette. (Act No. 34 of 2020, Kanpou Extra No. 109 of 2020.) Background The National Strategic Special Zones Act was enacted in 2013. It created a system to […]

European Union: Court of Justice Invalidates U.S.-EU Privacy Shield

(Aug. 4, 2020) On July 16, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) held that the Privacy Shield Adequacy Decision of the European Commission on personal data transfer from the European Union (EU) to the United States (U.S.) was invalid because the level of data protection in the U.S. was not essentially […]

New Zealand: Government Launches Charter on Use of Algorithms by Public Agencies

(July 31, 2020) On July 28, 2020, the New Zealand government launched the Algorithm Charter for Aotearoa New Zealand, with the minister for statistics stating that it was the first country in the world “to outline a set of standards to guide the use of algorithms by public agencies.” The charter, which has been signed by 21 public […]

Norway: Data Protection Authority Orders International Baccalaureate to Explain Its Automated Use of Personal Data in Awarding Final Grades during Pandemic

(July 24, 2020) On July 20, 2020, the Norwegian Data Protection Authority (NDPA, Datatilsynet) issued a letter to the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) ordering it to explain its use of personal data, atomization, and historic prediction data in awarding final grades to Norwegian International Baccalaureate Diploma students during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The NDPA is […]