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European Union: New Regulation Amends EU Visa Policy

(Mar. 17, 2020) On February 2, 2020, Regulation (EU) 2019/1155 (Regulation), which establishes new rules for short-term visas, entered into force. The Regulation amends Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 (European Union (EU) Visa Code) and updates the common visa policy to better balance economic growth considerations (tourism and mobility) with concerns for security and migration. (Regulation […]

Mexico: OAS International Forum on Prisons Spurs Mexican Reform Bills

(Mar. 12, 2020) On February 6, 2020, the Organization of American States (OAS) released a statement summarizing the results of a Meeting of Officials Responsible for the Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the Americas, an OAS working group tasked with the formulation of measures aimed at improving prison systems. Mexico attended the meeting, along with […]

International: International Finance Corporation Faces Renewed Lawsuits Regarding Financing for Coal-fired Power Plant in India

(Feb. 27, 2020) Following last year’s landmark win in their case before the U.S. Supreme Court, the plaintiffs in Jam v. International Finance Corporation (IFC) are still searching for remedy—and legal clarity—in their lawsuit regarding environmental damages caused by the construction and functioning of the Tata Mundra Plant in India. The search for remedy has […]

Indonesia: Constitutional Court Rejects Challenge to Law Establishing Papua as a Province

(Jan. 31, 2020) On January 6, 2020, Indonesia’s Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi) issued a decision in which it rejected an application for judicial review of Law No. 12/1969 on the establishment of the West Irian Autonomous Province and the Autonomous Districts in the West Irian Province. (Mahkamah Konstitusi Putusan [Decision] No. 35/PUU-XVII/2019.) The area that made up […]

El Salvador: Legislative Assembly Passes New Law Protecting Internally Displaced People

(Jan. 29, 2020) On January 9, 2020, the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador approved by an 82–2 vote the Special Law for the Care and Integral Protection of Victims of Violence in Conditions of Forced Displacement. The text of the Law, which was prepared with the technical support of the UNHCR, is aligned with the […]

International: International Court of Arbitration Registers Record Number of New Cases in 2019

(Jan. 23, 2020) The International Court of Arbitration (ICC Court) of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) registered a record number of 869 new cases in 2019. Of the new cases, 851 were registered under the ICC Rules of Arbitration and 18 were registered under the ICC Appointing Authority Rules last year. The ICC Court […]

European Union: New Directive on Whistleblower Protection Enters into Force

(Jan. 16, 2020) On December 16, 2019, Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2019 on the Protection of Persons Who Report Breaches of Union Law (Whistleblower Directive) entered into force. A European Union (EU) directive is binding only as to the result it sets out to achieve; […]

Niger: ECOWAS Court of Justice Rejects Appeal of Former Niger Prime Minister and Presidential Candidate in Baby Trafficking Case

(Nov. 18, 2019) On October 30, 2019, the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) rejected the appeal of Hama Amadou against the Republic of Niger in an alleged baby trafficking case. Amadou was Niger’s prime minister from 1995 to 1996 and again from 2000 to 2007, and was the […]

International: World Bank Inspection Panel Registers Eight Requests for Inspection Regarding Odra-Vistula Flood Management Project

(Oct. 21, 2019) In September 2019, the World Bank Inspection Panel registered eight requests for inspection, all related to the Odra-Vistula Flood Management project in Poland. The requesters, representatives of various nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Germany and Poland, allege that the World Bank project harms biodiversity and increases flood risks, among other allegations. In addition, […]

International: UNCITRAL, ICSID Review International Investment Law Rules

(Sept. 30, 2019) The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) are both currently reviewing their international investment law rules. International investment law, and investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) in particular, are under increasing scrutiny.  A recent study notes that “[i]nvestment arbitration is increasingly making the […]