Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

European Union: Court of Justice Rules against Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary for Noncompliance with Migrant Relocation Obligations

(June 5, 2020) On April 2, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) in Luxembourg issued a judgment in Joined Cases C-715/17, C-718/17 and C-719/17, European Commission v. Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, finding these three countries in noncompliance with the temporary mechanism for the relocation of applicants for international protection […]

United States: Supreme Court Rules Victims of State-Sponsored Terrorism May Recover Punitive Damages under Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act

(June 2, 2020) On May 18, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held that the Republic of Sudan could be held liable for $4.3 billion in punitive damages related to state-sponsored acts of terrorism that occurred in 1998. (Opati v. Republic of Sudan, No. 17-1268 (May 18, 2020).) Case History In 1998, al-Qaida orchestrated simultaneous […]

United States: Appellate Court Orders Dismissal of Palestinian Suicide Bomb Case on Procedural Grounds

(May 27, 2020) On April 14, 2020, the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit determined that civil claims against the Palestinian Authority and the Palestine Liberation Organization (the Palestinian defendants) by victims of a suicide bombing could not withstand a procedural challenge to personal jurisdiction. (Shatsky v. Palestine Liberation Org., No. 17-7168, […]

Hungary: National Assembly Adopts Act Giving Government Special Powers during Coronavirus Pandemic

(May 26, 2020) On March 29, 2020, Hungary’s National Assembly adopted a special legal regime aimed at “mitigating the consequences of a natural disaster or industrial accident endangering life and property” and preserving the governability of the country in case the National Assembly is not able to meet because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The new […]

Norway: Supreme Court Overrules Detention Order Issued Following Remote Proceedings

(May 14, 2020) On May 8, 2020, the Supreme Court of Norway overturned a decision to detain a man suspected of attempted murder because the pretrial detention hearing had been conducted remotely. (Supreme Court Decision HR-2020-972-U (sak nr. 20-065997STR-HRET).) To limit the risk of spreading COVID-19, the court of first instance conducted an initial pretrial […]

Germany: Bavarian Higher Administrative Court Upholds Requirement to Wear Face Masks to Prevent COVID-19 Spread

(May 14, 2020) On May 7, 2020, the Bavarian Higher Administrative Court (Bayerischer Verwaltungsgerichtshof, BayVGH) denied a preliminary injunction against a regulation to combat the spread of the novel coronavirus adopted by the Bavarian State Ministry of Health and Care that, among other things, makes wearing face masks in retail stores, shopping centers, department stores, […]

Italy: Supreme Court of Cassation Addresses Required Evidence in Corporate Shareholder Claims

(May 12, 2020) On February 19, 2020, the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation (SCC) clarified the evidence a corporate shareholder must present to prove a claim for repayment from the corporation. (Decision No. 4261 of February 19, 2020 (Decision).) Background of the Case The SCC reviewed a case submitted by the Appellate Court of Lecce, […]

Sweden: Administrative Court Upholds Prohibition on Sale of COVID-19 Test Kits

(May 8, 2020) On May 4, 2020, the Administrative Court of Uppsala ruled that sales of Zandcell AB’s COVID-19 test kits were prohibited in Sweden because the producer had not proven that the product met the legal requirements for medical devices under Swedish and European Union law. (Uppsala Administrative Court, Decision No. 240-20 (May 4, […]

France: Court Orders Amazon France to Limit Its Activity to Sale of Essential Items

(May 5, 2020) On April 14, 2020, the Tribunal Judiciaire (Trial Court) of Nanterre ordered the French subsidiary of Amazon to limit the activities of its warehouses to processing only orders for items that were essential in coping with the COVID-19 pandemic. Essential items were defined as food, hygiene, and medical products. The court gave […]

Singapore: Singaporean Courts Hear Only Essential and Urgent Matters During COVID-19 Outbreak, Largely Through Zoom

(May 1, 2020) On April 24, 2020, Singapore’s chief justice announced an extension to June 1, 2020, of the period during which the courts of Singapore would hear only essential and urgent matters in order to slow local transmission of COVID-19. On the same day, the Supreme Court, state courts, and family justice courts each […]