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Canada: Supreme Court Upholds Constitutionality of Carbon Tax Participation Requirement for Provinces

(June 23, 2021) On March 25, 2021, the Supreme Court of Canada, in a 6–3 decision, issued an opinion holding the 2018 Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act constitutional under Parliament’s residual power to make laws for “peace, order, and good government.” (References re Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, 2021 SCC 11 (Decision); Greenhouse Gas Pollution […]

Israel: Knesset Expresses Confidence in New Rotating Coalition Government

(June 21, 2021) Following four consecutive elections in a two-year period, Israel’s 36th government was sworn in after receiving a vote of confidence by a majority of Knesset (Israel’s parliament) members. The new unity government is a rotating government with Naftali Bennett of the Yemina party serving as prime minister until August 27, 2023, when […]

China: National Database of Laws and Regulations Launched

(Apr. 26, 2021) On February 24, 2021, China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) launched an official database of Chinese laws and regulations, the National Database of Laws and Regulations (see NPC Observer’s guide and review for a discussion of the database in English). According to the NPC statement announcing the database, the database entered its trial […]

Argentina: Congress Passes New Law Requiring Congressional Approval for Public Debt

(Mar. 11, 2021) On March 3, 2021, Argentina’s Congress passed Law 27612 on Public Debt Sustainability, which provides that financing agreements with any international organization must be approved by law. The General Budget Law of the National Administration for each fiscal year is now required to provide a maximum percentage amount assigned to the issuance […]

Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Constitutional Amendments Change Jurisdiction of Constitutional Court and Procedure for Appointing Judges

(July 15, 2020) On July 3, 2020, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin signed Decree No. 445 “On the Official Publication of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, as Amended.” The president issued the decree immediately after the Russian Central Election Commission had approved the results of the national referendum held between June 25 and July […]

United States: Supreme Court Rules Victims of State-Sponsored Terrorism May Recover Punitive Damages under Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act

(June 2, 2020) On May 18, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held that the Republic of Sudan could be held liable for $4.3 billion in punitive damages related to state-sponsored acts of terrorism that occurred in 1998. (Opati v. Republic of Sudan, No. 17-1268 (May 18, 2020).) Case History In 1998, al-Qaida orchestrated simultaneous […]

Israel: Supreme Court Removes Knesset Speaker and Orders Knesset to Schedule Election of a Permanent Speaker

(Mar. 27, 2020) In an unprecedented decision on March 25, 2020, at 8:00 p.m. Israel time, the Supreme Court, by an extended panel of five justices, revoked the powers of the outgoing speaker of the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) and ordered the Knesset to convene the Knesset plenum to elect a permanent speaker. The unanimous decision […]

Israel: Supreme Court Rules Coronavirus Pandemic Does Not Justify Delay in Electing Knesset Speaker

(Mar. 26, 2020) On March 23, 2020, the Supreme Court, by an extended panel of five justices, ordered the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) speaker to convene the Knesset plenum to appoint a new Knesset speaker for the 23rd Knesset at the earliest possible time and no later than March 25, 2020. The decision was unanimous with […]

Australia: High Court Rules that Aboriginal People Cannot be Deported

(Feb. 26, 2020) On February 11, 2020, the High Court of Australia (Australia’s highest court) handed down a decision in the case of Love v Commonwealth of Australia [2020] HCA 3 (“Decision”). In the significant judgment, the Court ruled by a majority of 4-to-3 that indigenous Australians who do not hold Australian citizenship cannot be deported. […]

China: National Supervision Commission Granted Power to Make Supervision Regulations

(Jan. 10, 2020) On October 26, 2019, China’s National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) issued a decision to grant the country’s highest supervisory organ, the National Supervision Commission, the power to make supervision regulations. The four-article decision took effect on October 27, 2019. (Decision art. 4.) The National Supervision Commission According to China’s 2018 amended […]