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Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Constitutional Amendments Change Jurisdiction of Constitutional Court and Procedure for Appointing Judges

(July 15, 2020) On July 3, 2020, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin signed Decree No. 445 “On the Official Publication of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, as Amended.” The president issued the decree immediately after the Russian Central Election Commission had approved the results of the national referendum held between June 25 and July […]

United States: Supreme Court Rules Victims of State-Sponsored Terrorism May Recover Punitive Damages under Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act

(June 2, 2020) On May 18, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held that the Republic of Sudan could be held liable for $4.3 billion in punitive damages related to state-sponsored acts of terrorism that occurred in 1998. (Opati v. Republic of Sudan, No. 17-1268 (May 18, 2020).) Case History In 1998, al-Qaida orchestrated simultaneous […]

Israel: Supreme Court Removes Knesset Speaker and Orders Knesset to Schedule Election of a Permanent Speaker

(Mar. 27, 2020) In an unprecedented decision on March 25, 2020, at 8:00 p.m. Israel time, the Supreme Court, by an extended panel of five justices, revoked the powers of the outgoing speaker of the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) and ordered the Knesset to convene the Knesset plenum to elect a permanent speaker. The unanimous decision […]

Israel: Supreme Court Rules Coronavirus Pandemic Does Not Justify Delay in Electing Knesset Speaker

(Mar. 26, 2020) On March 23, 2020, the Supreme Court, by an extended panel of five justices, ordered the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) speaker to convene the Knesset plenum to appoint a new Knesset speaker for the 23rd Knesset at the earliest possible time and no later than March 25, 2020. The decision was unanimous with […]

Australia: High Court Rules that Aboriginal People Cannot be Deported

(Feb. 26, 2020) On February 11, 2020, the High Court of Australia (Australia’s highest court) handed down a decision in the case of Love v Commonwealth of Australia [2020] HCA 3 (“Decision”). In the significant judgment, the Court ruled by a majority of 4-to-3 that indigenous Australians who do not hold Australian citizenship cannot be deported. […]

China: National Supervision Commission Granted Power to Make Supervision Regulations

(Jan. 10, 2020) On October 26, 2019, China’s National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) issued a decision to grant the country’s highest supervisory organ, the National Supervision Commission, the power to make supervision regulations. The four-article decision took effect on October 27, 2019. (Decision art. 4.) The National Supervision Commission According to China’s 2018 amended […]

Ukraine: Law on Impeachment of President Adopted

(Nov. 7, 2019) On September 26, 2019, the Law on the Special Procedure for Removing the President of Ukraine from Office (Impeachment Law) entered into force. The Law defines legal procedures for impeachment—a mechanism prescribed by the country’s constitution—and for entrusting the national legislature, the Verkhovna Rada, with the power to remove the president from […]

Sudan: Interim Constitutional Declaration Signed

(Oct. 9, 2019) On August 4, 2019, Sudanese media announced that the Transitional Military Council and an opposition movement known as the Coalition of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) would officially sign an interim constitutional declaration. The 2019 Interim Constitutional Declaration, consisting of 15 chapters and 70 provisions, provides that a governing council will […]

Nigeria: President Vetoes Electoral Act (Amendment) Bill

(Apr. 4, 2018) On March 13, 2018, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari, citing a number of concerns, vetoed  the Electoral Act (Amendment) Bill, a proposal aimed at making changes to the 2010 Electoral Act. (Taiwo Adisa, Buhari Withholds Assent to Electoral Act Amendment Bill Rearranging Elections Order, NIGERIAN TRIBUNE (Mar. 13, 2018); Electoral Act 6 of 2010 (Aug. […]

Mongolia: Constitutional Reform Discussed

(May 10, 2017) On April 29 and 30, 2017, Mongolia held a “deliberative polling” event to discuss constitutional reform. Although no decisions were made, several recommendations were issued, including a proposal to restructure the current unicameral legislature, the Great State Hural.  The 76-member Great State Hural is described in the Constitution as “the highest organ […]