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Russian Federation: Unvaccinated Employees Can Be Suspended Without Pay

(June 22, 2021) Because of the worsening COVID-19 epidemiological situation in Russia, constituent components of the Russian Federation have begun ordering mandatory mass vaccination. While Russian President Vladimir Putin recently stated that mandatory COVID-19 vaccinations for the entire population cannot be initiated nationally, regional branches of the Federal Service for Consumer Protection Supervision have established […]

Russian Federation: New COVID-19 Related Restrictions Imposed, Migrant Deportation Moratorium Extended

(June 17, 2021) Because of the worsening epidemiological situation in Russia, the mayors of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the two largest Russian cities having the legal status of a constituent component of a federation (equivalent to a state in the United States) have introduced new restrictions on businesses and services. The mayor of Moscow ordered […]

Norway: COVID-19 Travel Restrictions Found to Violate European Economic Area Agreement

(June 4, 2021) On May 27, 2021, the European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA) Surveillance Authority announced in a news release that Norwegian COVID-19 travel restrictions on entry into the country violated the free movement provisions of the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement. Under the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement, three members of EFTA—Iceland, Lichtenstein, and […]

Norway: Government Completes Public Review of Corona Certificate Rules

(May 27, 2021) On May 5, 2021, the Norwegian government (Statsministerens kontor, Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet, Kulturdepartementet) sent out a proposal for public review (høring) regarding the issuance of an official “Corona Certificate.” The deadline for submitting responses was May 12, 2021. The week-long response time was considerably shorter than the usual amount of time afforded […]

Finland: Parliament Approves Early Voting in Municipal Elections at Military Garrisons Because of COVID-19 Pandemic

(May 13, 2021) On May 7, 2021, the Finnish Parliament voted to amend the country’s Election Act to allow military recruits who are completing their mandatory or voluntary military service to vote early at their place of military service (garnisonerna). The amendment does not apply to persons completing civil service in lieu of military service. […]

Germany: Government Rescinds COVID-19 Restrictions for Fully Vaccinated People

(May 12, 2021) On May 9, 2021, the Ordinance to Regulate the Easing of and Exceptions to Restrictions on Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 (COVID-19 Restrictions Exceptions Ordinance) entered into force in Germany. The ordinance restores some rights regarding private gatherings, curfews, and sporting activities of people who have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, are […]

Israel: National Labor Court Rejects Requests by Unvaccinated Employees to Return to Work without Frequent Coronavirus Tests

(May 11, 2021) In two consecutive decisions last month, Israeli National Labor Court (NLC) Judge Roi Poliak denied appeals challenging the Tel Aviv and Haifa regional labor courts’ rejections of requests for temporary injunctions against employers who required coronavirus vaccinations or frequent testing as a condition for return to work. The first decision centers on […]

Iceland: New COVID-19 Rules for Incoming International Travelers Take Effect

(May 4, 2021) On April 27, 2021, new rules took effect in Iceland governing international arrivals in the country. The rules prohibit nonessential travel to Iceland from countries that register more than 700 new cases of COVID-19 infections per 100,000 inhabitants on a rolling 14-day average in accordance with the European Centre for Disease Prevention […]

Israel: Civil Servants May Be Required to Present a “Green Pass” or Covid-19 Negative Test Result to Return to Workplace

(May 4, 2021) On April 7, 2021, Israel’s Civil Service Commission issued rules to prevent the spread of the coronavirus in the workplace and reduce the health risks for civil servants and those with whom they come into contact. The rules were also designed to ensure the provision of essential services to the public in […]

Germany: Uniform Federal COVID-19 “Emergency Brake” Introduced

(Apr. 27, 2021) On April 23, 2021, the Fourth Act to Protect the Public in the Event of an Epidemic Situation of National Significance (Fourth Act) entered into force in Germany. The Fourth Act amends the Infectious Diseases Protection Act (Infektionsschutzgesetz, IfSG) and introduces a federal “emergency brake” that provides for uniform restrictions in all […]