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Russian Federation: Newly Adopted Amendments to Insolvency Law Allow Some Citizens to Go Through Bankruptcy but Avoid Court Proceedings

(Nov. 25, 2020) On September 1, 2020, Federal Law No. 289-FZ on Amendments to the Federal Law on Bankruptcy entered into force. This law, which was signed by President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on July 31, 2020, allows some categories of Russian citizens to declare bankruptcy while avoiding court proceedings and without paying […]

Germany: Federal Fiscal Court Revokes Nonprofit Status of ATTAC

(Mar. 20, 2019) In a decision published on February 27, 2019, the German Federal Fiscal Court (Bundesfinanzhof, BFH), Germany’s supreme court for tax and customs matters, held that the activist group ATTAC was no longer eligible for nonprofit status due to its general political activity and its calls for concrete actions and demands. The BFH […]

China: Supreme People’s Court Designated as Appeals Court for Highly Technical IP Cases

(Nov. 29, 2018) On October 26, 2018, China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee issued the Decision on Several Issues Concerning the Litigation Procedures in Patent and Other Intellectual Property Cases (Decision). Effective January 1, 2019, the Decision designates the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), the highest court in China, as the appeals court to hear […]

China: International Commercial Courts and International Commercial Expert Committee Established

(Oct. 26, 2018) On June 25, 2018, China’s highest court, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), issued a judicial interpretation on the establishment of the China International Commercial Courts (CICCs). (Provisions of the Supreme People’s Court on Several Issues Regarding the Establishment of the International Commercial Court (Fa Shi [2018] No. 11, June 25, 2018, effective […]

China: Supreme Court Issues Rules on Internet Courts, Allowing for Blockchain Evidence

(Sept. 21, 2018) On September 3, 2018, China’s Supreme People’s Court (SPC) issued a judicial interpretation on the hearing of cases by the country’s newly created internet courts. Taking effect on September 7, 2018, the SPC Provisions on the Hearing of Cases by Internet Courts (SPC Interpretation) allows evidence stored and verified on blockchain platforms […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Rules on Constitutionality of Prison Benefits Provisions

(Sept. 17, 2018) On July 11, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the constitutional legitimacy of article 58-quater of Law No. 354 of 1975 regarding prison benefits for persons sentenced to life imprisonment for certain crimes. (Decision No. 149 of July 11, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure […]

Italy: Law Amending Compensation System for Judges and Lawyers Takes Effect

(May 16, 2018) On April 24, 2018, a new law amending the compensation system for certain judges and lawyers came into effect in Italy, which among other things encourages lawyers to enable documents filed in court to be electronically searchable. (Decree of the Ministry of Justice No. 37 of March 8, 2018, Regulations on the […]

Germany: Regional Court of Frankfurt Establishes English-Speaking Chamber for Commercial Matters

(Dec. 6, 2017) On November 2, 2017, the German Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main (Landgericht Frankfurt am Main) reported that they will establish an English-speaking Chamber for Commercial Matters in January 2018. If a party requests that the dispute be litigated in English, the dispute will be automatically assigned to the new Chamber. If […]

Italy: New Legislation on Honorary Judges

(Sept. 28, 2017) On July 18, 2017, new legislation amending the statute on honorary judges and other judges entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 116 of July 13, 2017, Organic Reform of the Honorary Judiciary and Other Provisions on Justices of the Peace as well as Temporary Regulations on Honorary Magistrates in Service, […]