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Part IV. Bibliography

Following is a brief list of selected articles and monographs, published mostly in the last five years, related to the topic of children raised in prison with their incarcerated mothers:

Alejos, Marlene.  Babies and Small Children Residing in Prisons.  Quaker United Nations Offices (QUNO), Mar. 2005.  Available at and%20small%20children%20residing%20in%20prisons.pdf.

Bartels, Lorana & Antonette Gaffney.  Good Practice in Women’s Prisons: A Literature Review. AIC Reports Technical and Background Paper 41, 2011.  Available at

Children of Incarcerated Parents: A Handbook for Researchers and Practitioners.  J. Mark Eddy & Julie Poehlmann eds., Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press, 2010.  xvi, 368 pp.  Bibliographic record at

Day of General Discussion 2011 [Sept. 30]: Children of Incarcerated Parents.  Child Rights International Network.  Available at (last visited Aug. 4, 2014).

A Historical Review of Mother and Child Programs for Incarcerated Women.  89 The Prison Journal 35S-53S (Mar.  1, 2009).  Abstract available at

The annexes provide information on women’s prisons in countries around the world.

Mason-White, Holly & Helen F. Kearney.  Children of Prisoners and (Alleged) Offenders: Draft Framework for Decision-Making.  Quaker United Nations Office, Mar. 2012.  Available at

Robertson, Oliver.  Collateral Convicts: Children of Incarcerated Parents, Recommendations and Good Practice from the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child Day of General Discussion 2011.  Mar. 2012.  Available at

Appendix 2 of the paper (pp. 74–76) provides a table on “Babies and Children Living in Prison – Age Limits and Policies Around the World,” based on data collected from 1994–2011.

Tomkin, Jean. Orphans of Justice, in Search of the Best Interests of the Child When a Parent Is Imprisoned: A Legal Analysis.  Quaker United Nations Office, Aug. 2009.  Available at Justice.pdf.

U.N. Office on Drugs & Crime.   Handbook for Prison Managers and Policymakers on Women and Imprisonment.  Criminal Justice Handbook Series.  U.N. Sales No. E.08.IV.4 (2008).  Available at

Walmsley, Roy.  World Female Imprisonment List.  International Centre for Prison Studies, 2d ed. 2012.  Available at

Global Legal Research Directorate Staff
July 2014

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Last Updated: 07/02/2015