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Attacks against journalists appear to be on the rise recently in countries around the world. These include attacks allegedly directed by governments or politicians, as well as by individuals displeased with their own media coverage or generally with the press. The widespread use of social media has facilitated harassment of journalists in online settings by a variety of means, including by disseminating threats and disinformation, stalking, and broadcasting private or personally identifiable information about targeted journalists (doxing). This report is composed of a survey of relevant international law instruments and activities directed at protection against online threats and harassment of journalists, as well as individual surveys for 11 countries.

Comparative Summary

International Law

Australia

Brazil

Canada

England and Wales

Finland

France

Israel

Japan

Singapore

Spain

Turkey

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Global Legal Research Directorate Staff
September 2019


Last Updated: 11/08/2019