LC Update for ALA
Update for 2018 ALA Annual Conference: January - May, 2018
Joseph A. Puccio, Acting Associate Librarian for Library Services
Service units, divisions, and offices within the Library have submitted the information in this briefing document, which is being issued in advance of the American Library Association (ALA) 2018 Annual Conference, New Orleans, La., June 21-26, 2018. The document covers initiatives undertaken at the Library of Congress since the ALA 2018 Midwinter Meeting, Denver, Colo., Feb. 9-13, 2018. Information in this document is valid as of June 8, 2018.
Library of Congress Exhibit Booth
The Library’s Pavilion is exhibit booth no. 2941 in the Ernest M. Morial Convention Center External (900 Convention Center Blvd, New Orleans, LA 70130)
The Library’s Pavilion manager is Michelle Spezzacatena. Exhibit hours are:
- Friday, June 22: 5:30-7:00pm (ribbon-cutting and opening reception)
- Saturday, June 23: 9:00am - 5:00pm
- Sunday, June 24: 9:00am - 5:00pm
- Monday, June 25: 9:00am - 2:00pm
Librarian of Congress Dr. Carla Hayden will be at the Pavilion on three occasions. On Friday evening, the Pavilion features “Happy Hour with the Librarian of Congress” from 6:00 to 7:00. On Saturday from 10:00 to 11:00 am she will be at the Pavilion Theater for “Ask the Librarian of Congress.” On Sunday morning from 9:00 to 10:00, the Pavilion will offer “Coffee with Carla.”
Presentations in the Pavilion Theater also include:
- Braille at the Library of Congress, Neil Bernstein, Saturday 12:00-12:30 pm and Sunday 3:00-3:30 pm;
- Building the Library’s Collection, Joe Puccio, Saturday 2:00-2:30 pm and Monday 11:00-11:30 am;
- Conservation of the Veterans History Project Collection at the Library of Congress, Jennifer Evers, Saturday 3:30-4:00 pm and Monday 10:00-10:30 am;
- Copyright Works, George Thuronyi and Xander Harcourt, Saturday 1:00-1:30 pm and Sunday 1:00-1:30 pm;
- Discovering Library Collections through GIS and Story Maps, Stephanie Stillo, Saturday 2:30-3:00 pm;
- Kids and Teens at the Library of Congress, Sasha Dowdy, Saturday 3:00-3:30 pm and Monday 10:30-11:0 am;
- LC Trivia Game, Saturday 9:30-10:00 am, 2:00-2:30 pm, and 4:00-4:30 pm, Sunday 4:00-4:30 pm, and Monday 12:30-1:00 pm;
- Meet the Presidents: Presidential Papers in the Manuscript Division, Michelle Krowl, Saturday 12:30-1:00 pm and Monday 11:30 am-12:00 pm;
- Pursuing Your Family History in the National Library, Ahmed Johnson, Saturday 11:30 am-12:00 pm and Sunday 2:30-3:00 pm;
- Rare Books Trivia, Stephanie Stillo, Saturday 11:00-11:30 am, Sunday 12:30-1:00 pm, and Monday 9:30-10:00 am;
- Science, Technology and Business Division, Nanette Gibbs, Saturday 1:30-2:00 pm and Sunday, 3:30-4:00 pm;
- Take a Tour of Historic New Orleans with Library of Congress Online Collections, Judith Conklin and Kate Zwaard, Sunday 12:00-12:30 pm and Monday 12:00-12:30 pm;
- Poet Laureate Tracy K. Smith will autograph National Book Festival posters at the Pavilion Theater on Sunday from 2:00 to 2:30 pm.
A new feature at the Pavilion is “office hours” when LC ambassadors will be on hand to discuss their areas of specialization with visitors. The ambassadors are: Manon Théroux, Program for Cooperative Cataloging, Friday 5:30-7:00 pm; Candice Townsend, Interlibrary Loan, Saturday 10:00-11:30 am and Sunday 3:00-5:00 pm; Vera Clyburn and Jessalyn Zoom, Descriptive Cataloging Training for Technicians in the US Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Division, Saturday 11:30-12:30 pm, Sunday 2:00-3:00 pm, and Monday 9:00-10:30 am; Iris Taylor, LC Geography & Map Division, Saturday 1:00-3:00 pm and Sunday 11:00 am-1:00 pm; Valda Morris, American Folklife Center, Saturday 1:00-5:00 pm and Sunday 1:00-5:00 pm; Donna Brearcliffe, eResources, Saturday 2:00-4:00 pm, Sunday 2:00-4:00 pm, and Monday 9:00-11:30 am; and Karen Lloyd, Veterans History Project, Sunday 9:00-11:00 am.
The other Library of Congress employees who will contribute at the Pavilion are Alicia Bartlett, Melissa Blaschke, Ellis Brachman, Joe Cappello, Tracie Coleman, Kim Crawford, Michael Culpepper, Eliamelisa Gonzalez, David Grant, Beatriz Haspo, Pauline C. Herbert, Jarrod MacNeil, Nicole Marcou, Robert C. Morgan, Bob Palian, Maurice Sanders, Colleen Shogan, and Tonya Spry.
ENVISIONING 2025 AND LIBRARY REALIGNMENT
Librarian of Congress Dr. Carla Hayden leads Envisioning 2025, the strategic planning process that will set the future direction of the Library for the next five years. The Library’s senior advisor for organizational performance, Dianne Houghton, is managing the process. The process has identified a future direction for the Library as a user-centered, data-driven, digitally enabled organization. On May 25, Dr. Hayden announced the Library’s new mission and vision statements:
The Library’s Mission is to engage, inspire, and inform Congress and the American people with a universal and enduring source of knowledge and creativity.
The Library’s Vision is that All Americans are connected to the Library of Congress.
The Library’s new strategic plan for the fiscal years 2019-2025 will be released in September 2018.
The Librarian plans a Library-wide realignment that will support the Library’s user-centered future direction. The realignment began with the launch of the new, business-focused Library Enterprises Directorate within the Office of the Chief Operating Officer on May 1 and will continue with the establishment of new centers for exhibits and interpretation and learning, literacy, and engagement. A new Library Collections and Services Group (LCSG) will include the Law Library of Congress, Library Services, the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, thus bringing together the units responsible for acquiring, stewarding, describing, and serving library collections; LCSG will also include the John W. Kluge Center and Internship and Fellowship Programs. Within the Office of the Chief Information Officer, the realignment establishes a Digital Innovations Lab.
On June 7, 2018, the Librarian announced that Jane Sánchez, Law Librarian of Congress, will serve concurrently as acting deputy librarian for collections and services, reporting to Principal Deputy Librarian Mark Sweeney. Colleen Shogan, currently deputy director of National and International Outreach (NIO), will serve as assistant deputy librarian for LCSG, with a concentration on the Kluge Center, Internship and Fellowship Programs, and National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped. Joe Cappello, currently chief operating officer for NIO, will be chief operating officer for LCSG.
The realignment will be complete by Oct. 1, 2018, the start of federal fiscal year 2019. The appointments of these senior leaders will officially take effect on Oct. 1. Their appointments have been announced in order to facilitate planning for LCSG in the last quarter of this fiscal year.
OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
Mark Sweeney was appointed Principal Deputy Librarian of Congress, effective May 13, 2018. He was formerly the associate librarian for Library Services and has served as acting deputy librarian since Sept. 30, 2017.
Congressional Relations Office (CRO)
Appropriations Update for Fiscal 2018
On March 23, 2018, Congress passed and the President signed H.R. 1625, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018 (PDF, 2.1 MB), to fund the federal government through the remainder of fiscal year 2018. The legislation provides $669.89 million in appropriations for the Library, an increase of $37.93 million above the fiscal year 2017 enacted level. This includes $49.92 million in offsetting collections and prior year unobligated balances for a total budget authority of $719.81 million.
Oversight Committee Changes
Chairman Richard Shelby (R-AL) left the Senate Rules and Administration Committee in April to become chairman of the full Senate Appropriations Committee, replacing retired Sen. Thad Cochran (R-MS). Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO) returns to lead the Senate Rules Committee as chairman, a position he held last Congress. The Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch, James Lankford (R-OK), vacated that position to move to the Financial Services subcommittee. Sen. Steve Daines (R-MT) replaces him as Legislative Branch chairman. The House subcommittee also saw a change in chairmanship in May, with Chairman Kevin Yoder (R-KS) moving the Homeland Security Subcommittee and full committee chairman Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-NJ) assuming the top spot on the Legislative Branch subcommittee.
As part of the omnibus, Congress funded the construction of the Fort Meade Module 6 collection storage facility within the Architect of the Capitol’s budget and also included $10M within the Library’s budget for enhancements to the public exhibits and visitor services of the Library’s prestigious Thomas Jefferson Building.
Fiscal 2019 Appropriations Update
The Library’s fiscal 2019 budget requests $761.93 million in total budget authority, including $706.11 million in annual appropriations and $55.82 million in offsetting receipts authority. The budget requests a 5.9 percent increase over fiscal 2018, or $42.13 million in budget authority. The request includes critical programmatic requests to support the Library’s mission, including:
- Special Collection Arrearage Reduction ($4.019 million/funding for 40 FTE across seven Library Services divisions) – To significantly increase the Library’s special collections processing capacity
- Copyright Modernization Enterprise Solution ($12.121 million in fiscal 2019, $60.6 million over 5 years/8 FTE) – To provide continued development of the Next Generation Registration System; develop, pilot and launch an online recordation system; create and install an enterprise document management system; and support additional staffing for the Copyright Modernization Office
- CRS Strengthening Capacity ($2.743 million/ 20 FTE) -- To meet the demand in existing and emerging legislative issues in areas of significant congressional interest.
On April 25, the Library presented its budget to the House Appropriations Subcommittee for the Legislative Branch, at which Librarian Carla Hayden testified (PDF, 131 KB). During the budget hearing, appropriators spoke to their interest in IT (information technology) and copyright modernization; progress in making CRS reports public as mandated in the 2018 omnibus; relocating the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) closer to Capitol Hill; and investing an additional $20 million to enhance the Thomas Jefferson Building visitors’ experience (the fiscal 2018 omnibus provided $10 million). On May 8, 2018, the subcommittee marked up and favorably reported the legislation. It passed the House on June 8 in the first of a series of appropriations “minibuses” House leadership plans to bring to the floor this summer. The Senate Appropriations Subcommittee held its hearing on the Library’s fiscal 2019 budget request on May 8. As of the writing of this report, the Senate had not held a markup of the bill but was expected to markup during the week of June 11.
Summary of Fiscal 2018 Appropriations & Fiscal 2019 Request Compared to House and Senate recommendations
(Includes direct appropriations, offsetting authority, and unobligated prior year funding):
|Library Account||Fiscal 2018 Omnibus
|Fiscal 2019 Request *||House Bill (6/8/2018)
H.R. 5894 / H.R. 5895
|Senate Mark (TBD)|
|LC Salaries & Expenses
- LC, S&E Offsetting Collections
Total Appropriation, LC, S&E
- CO, S&E Offsetting Collections, PYUB
Total Appropriation, COP, S&E
|Total Budget Authority
* Fiscal 2019 Request numbers reflect updated numbers requested by the Appropriation Subcommittees after fiscal 2018 enactment.
This section summarizes significant legislation introduced during the 115th Congress impacting the Library of Congress. For additional information on any bill listed below, refer to its bill information page on Congress.gov.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
H.R.5305 - FDLP Modernization Act of 2018
Date Introduced: 3/15/2018 Introduced by: Rep. Gregg Harper(R-MS)
Latest Action: On 3/15/2018, referred to the Committee on House Administration, and in addition to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker.
Chairman Gregg Harper (R-MS) introduced the bipartisan FDLP Modernization Act of 2018 in March. The bill is cosponsored by all members of the Committee on House Administration. Prior to introducing this bill, the Committee circulated draft legislation proposing to largely rewrite most of Title 44 of the U.S. Code, which governs GPO. Rather than introduce that bill, the Committee instead released H.R. 5305, which is more limited in scope and seeks to reform the Federal Depository Library Program.
- Establishes a national collection of information dissemination products (IDP) to provide no-fee, permanent public access to government publications through an online repository established and operated by the Director of the Government Publishing Office and through the Federal Depository Library Program.
- Defines the term ‘information dissemination product,’ or ‘IDP,’ to mean any recorded information, regardless of physical form or characteristics, disseminated by an office of the Federal Government, or contractor thereof, to the public, and including any recorded information incorporated by reference into the Code of Federal Regulations.
- Provides for coordination and consultation between the Superintendent of Documents and the Librarian of Congress, especially with respect to the provisions affecting Library collections and services to Congress.
- Provides for consultation with the Library and other Legislative Branch offices with respect to the production and dissemination of congressional IDP for inclusion in the legislative information retrieval system established and operated under 2 U.S.C. 180, i.e., Congress.gov.
- Reforms the current by-law distribution and International Exchange Service Programs to require that the Library and CRS determine and transmit to the Superintendent the number of full and partial sets required for each organization’s collections in a fiscal year. This is an update to the current law, which requires GPO to provide a statutory number of copies to the Library under each program.
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE (CRS)
H.R. 1625 - Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018
Date Introduced: 3/22/2018
Introduced by: Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA)
Latest Action: On 3/23/3018, signed by the President.
The omnibus includes an administrative provision, the “Equal Access to Congressional Research Service Report Act,’ which requires non-confidential CRS reports, along with a corresponding index of reports, to be made available to the public through a Library of Congress website.
Within 90 days of the enactment, the Director of CRS must provide the Librarian with the information necessary to begin the initial operation of the website. The Librarian must then certify to Congress that she has this information upon receiving it, and then has 90 days from the date of this certification to implement the requirements of the act (the provision’s effective date). Products reported or produced before the effective date of this act are excluded from its requirements. In the event of technical difficulties, the act provides for a 90-day extension upon the Librarian or the Director of CRS submitting a detailed report on the nature of such difficulties to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees.
S.2933 - ACCESS to Recordings Act
Date Introduced: 3/15/2018
Introduced by: Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
Latest Action: On 5/15/2018, reported by the Committee on the Judiciary without amendment.
S. 2933 extends federal copyright protection to the performance of pre-1972 recordings in any format (sound recordings fixed on or after Jan. 1, 1923 and before Feb. 15, 1972) and also extends to such works the fair use exceptions for libraries, educators and archives. The ACCESS to Recordings Act also establishes 95-year term of protection from the first publication of a pre-1972 sound recording, or a term of 120 years from the year of its creation, whichever expires first.
H.R. 5447 – Music Modernization Act
S.2823 - Music Modernization Act
Date Introduced: 4/10/2018 in the House
5/10/2018 in the Senate
Introduced by: Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R-VA)
Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT)
Latest Action: On 4/25/2018, passed the House in a 415 – 0 vote (Roll no. 154).
On 5/10/2018, referred to the Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
The House Judiciary Committee (HJC) on April 11 marked up H.R. 5447, the Music Modernization Act, and unanimously reported the measure to the House, without amendment. The bill is a package of measures containing language largely similar to previously introduced bills: the CLASSICS Act, the Music Modernization Act, and the AMP Act.
HR 5447 proposes a variety of changes to U.S. copyright law on music licensing. Notably, the bill makes changes to extend copyright protection to the digital performance (i.e. streaming) of pre-1972 recordings (sound recordings fixed on or after Jan. 1, 1923 and before Feb. 15, 1972) and extends the existing fair use exception for libraries, educators and archives to the unauthorized digital performance of these pre-1972 works. Thus, the CLASSICS Act provisions of the Music Modernization Act preempt state copyright law only with regard to the digital performance of pre-1972 works.
The bill also creates a new Music Licensing Collective to administer licenses and distribute royalties for digital music services/providers, among other responsibilities. The collective shall be a non-profit entity created by copyright owners. The Register of Copyrights shall have the authority to designate the body, subject to regulatory and notice requirements contained in the bill. The Register shall make the initial designation within nine months of enactment, and periodically review the designation every five years.
From HJC [with additional information in brackets for clarity], key provisions of the Music Modernization Act include:
Title I – Music Modernization Act
- Reflects how modern digital music services operate by creating a blanket licensing system to quickly license and pay for musical work copyrights
- Discourages music litigation that generates legal settlements in favor of simply ensuring that artists and copyright owners are paid in the first place without such litigation
- Ends the flawed U.S. Copyright Office bulk notice of intent system that allows royalties to not be paid
- Implements uniform rate setting standards to be used by the Copyright Royalty Board for all music services
- Shifts the costs of the new licensing collective created by the bill to those who benefit from the collective – the licensees
- Updates how certain rate court cases are assigned in the Southern District of New York
Title II — Compensating Legacy Artists for their Songs, Service, and Important Contributions to Society (CLASSICS) Act
- Provides a public performance right for pre-1972 recordings
- [The limitations on the exclusive rights of a copyright owner described in sections 17 U.SC. 107, 108, and 110(1) and (2) shall apply to a claim for the unauthorized digital performance of a sound recording fixed on or after Jan. 1, 1923, and before Feb. 15, 1972]
Title III — Allocation for Music Producers (AMP) Act
- Ensures that record producers, sound engineers, and other creative professionals receive compensation for their work
S.2559 - Marrakesh Treaty Implementation Act
Date Introduced: 3/15/2018
Introduced by: Sen. Chuck Grassley(R-IA)
Latest Action: On 5/15/2018, reported by the Committee on the Judiciary without amendment.
This bill proposes to ratify and implement under U.S. law the “Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled.” The U.S. signed on to the Marrakesh Treaty in 2013 but has yet to ratify it.
S. 2559 aims to ensure the free access to printed copyrighted works for those who are blind, visually impaired, or otherwise reading disabled. The bill allows accessible works to be sent between the U.S. and other countries that are signatories to the treaty. It also brings musical works previously published in text or notation formats within the scope of the current copyright exception.
The 1996 Chafee Amendment created an exception to U.S. copyright protection (see 17 U.S.C. 121) that references the NLS’s eligibility definition of “blind and other physically handicapped residents” (see 2 USC 135a). This bill strikes the copyright law’s reference to NLS’s statute and inserts a new definition. For the purposes of copyright, an eligible person under this bill is an individual who: “(A) is blind; (B) has a visual impairment or perceptual or reading disability that cannot be improved to give visual function substantially equivalent to that of a person who has no such impairment or disability and so is unable to read printed works to substantially the same degree as a person without an impairment or disability; or (C) is otherwise unable, through physical disability, to hold or manipulate a book or to focus or move the eyes to the extent that would be normally acceptable for reading.”
Library of Congress Oversight Committees
|Joint Committee on the Library of Congress|
Gregg Harper, Mississippi, Chairman
Kevin Yoder, Kansas
Barry Loudermilk, Georgia
Robert Brady, Pennsylvania
Zoe Lofgren, California
Roy Blunt, Missouri, Vice-Chairman
Pat Roberts, Kansas
Richard Shelby, Alabama
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
Patrick Leahy, Vermont
|Committee on House Administration|
Gregg Harper, Mississippi, Chairman
Rodney Davis, Illinois, Vice-Chairman
Barbara Comstock, Virginia
Mark Walker, North Carolina
Adrian Smith, Nebraska
Barry Loudermilk, Georgia
Robert Brady, Pennsylvania, Ranking Member
Zoe Lofgren, California
Jamie Raskin, Maryland
|Senate Committee on Rules and Administration|
Roy Blunt, Missouri, Chairman
Mitch McConnell, Kentucky
Lamar Alexander, Tennessee
Pat Roberts, Kansas
Richard Shelby, Alabama
Ted Cruz, Texas
Shelley Moore Capito, West Virginia
Roger Wicker, Mississippi
Deb Fischer, Nebraska
Cindy Hyde-Smith, Mississippi
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota, Ranking Member
Dianne Feinstein, California
Chuck Schumer, New York
Dick Durbin, Illinois
Tom Udall, New Mexico
Mark Warner, Virginia
Patrick Leahy, Vermont
Angus King, Maine
Catherine Cortez Masto, Nevada
|House Legislative Branch Appropriations Subcommittee|
Rodney Frelinghuysen, New Jersey, Chairman
Mark Amodei, Nevada, Vice Chairman
Dan Newhouse, Washington
John Moolenaar, Michigan
Scott Taylor, Virginia
John Rutherford, Florida
Tim Ryan, Ohio, Ranking Member
Betty McCollum, Minnesota
Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Florida
|Senate Legislative Branch Appropriations Subcommittee|
Steve Daines, Montana, Chairman
Cindy Hyde-Smith, Mississippi
Richard Shelby, Alabama
Chris Murphy, Connecticut, Ranking Member
Chris Van Hollen, Maryland
|House Appropriations Committee
Rodney Frelinghuysen, New Jersey, Chairman
Chuck Fleischmann, Tennessee
Nita Lowey, New York, Ranking Member
Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Florida
|Senate Judiciary Committee|
Charles E. Grassley, Iowa, Chairman
Orrin G. Hatch, Utah
Lindsey Graham, South Carolina
John Cornyn, Texas
Mike Lee, Utah
Ted Cruz, Texas
Ben Sasse, Nebraska
Jeff Flake, Arizona
Michael D. Crapo, Idaho
Thom Tillis, North Carolina
John Kennedy, Louisiana
Dianne Feinstein, California, Ranking Member
Patrick J. Leahy, Vermont
Richard J. Durbin, Illinois
Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode Island
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
Chris Coons, Delaware
Richard Blumenthal, Connecticut
Mazie K. Hirono, Hawaii
Cory Booker, New Jersey
Kamala Harris, California
|House Judiciary Committee|
Bob Goodlatte, Virginia, Chairman
Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr., Wisconsin
Lamar Smith, Texas
Steve Chabot, Ohio
Darrell Issa, California
Steve King, Iowa
Louie Gohmert, Texas
Jim Jordan, Ohio
Ted Poe, Texas
Tom Marino, Pennsylvania
Trey Gowdy, South Carolina
Raúl Labrador, Idaho
Blake Farenthold, Texas
Doug Collins, Georgia
Ron DeSantis, Florida
Ken Buck, Colorado
John Ratcliffe, Texas
Martha Roby, Alabama
Matt Gaetz, Florida
Mike Johnson, Louisiana
Andy Biggs, Arizona
John Rutherford, Florida
Karen Handel, Georgia
Keith Rothfus, Pennsylvania
Jerry Nadler, New York, Ranking Member
Zoe Lofgren, California
Sheila Jackson Lee, Texas
Steve Cohen, Tennessee
Hank Johnson, Jr., Georgia
Ted Deutch, Florida
Luis Gutierrez, Illinois
Karen Bass, California
Cedric Richmond, Louisiana
Hakeem Jeffries, New York
David Cicilline, Rhode Island
Eric Swalwell, California
Ted Lieu, California
Jamie Raskin, Maryland
Pramila Jayapal, Washington
Brad Schneider, Illinois
Val Demings, Florida
|House Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet|
Darrell Issa, California, Chairman
Doug Collins, Georgia, Vice Chairman
Lamar Smith, Texas
Steve Chabot, Ohio
Jim Jordan, Ohio
Ted Poe, Texas
Tom Marino, Pennsylvania
Trey Gowdy, South Carolina
Raul Labrador, Idaho
Blake Farenthold, Texas
Ron DeSantis, Florida
Matt Gaetz, Florida
Andy Biggs, Arizona
John Rutherford, Florida
Keith Rothfus, Pennsylvnia
Hank Johnson, Georgia, Ranking Member
Ted Deutch, Florida
Karen Bass, California
Cedric Richmond, Louisiana
Hakeem Jeffries, New York
Eric Swalwell, California
Ted Lieu, California
Brad Schneider, Illinois
Zoe Lofgren, California
Steve Cohen, Tennessee
David Cicilline, Rhode Island
Pramila Jayapal, Washington
Regan A. Smith was appointed general counsel and associate register of copyrights, effective May 27, 2018. She had served as deputy general counsel since December 2016. Catherine Zaller Rowland was named Associate Register and Director of Public Information and Education, effective April 1, 2018.
Copyright Modernization Office
The Office continues its modernization efforts, working with Deloitte Digital to research what remitters and Copyright Office staff would like to see in the next-generation copyright enterprise system. The modernized copyright system will bring continuity across all facets of the Copyright Office. The Copyright Modernization Office launched its website in March (URL <copyright.gov/copyright-modernization>). The Office will use this platform to deliver the most updated and relevant information on modernization.
As part of the modernization efforts, on May 4, the Office issued a formal Request for Information (RFI) on possibilities for potential contractors to manage and develop Office capabilities into the new, web-based, cloud-hosted enterprise copyright system. Respondents to the RFI, in addition to provable solutions, need to describe creative consideration strategies such as zero-cost contracts and cost-sharing initiatives. The Office hopes to use responses for planning purposes, and also possibly as the basis for a future solicitation or request for more in-depth research.
The Office of the General Counsel supported Congress in the unanimous passing of the H.R. 5447 and the introduction of S. 2823, the Music Modernization Act. If passed and enacted into law, it would be the most significant music-related copyright reform in a generation. It would 1) Change the way the Copyright Act’s compulsory license for musical compositions operates in the digital context by switching from a song-by-song licensing system to a blanket licensing system. 2) Provide federal copyright infringement remedies where sound recordings created between Jan. 1, 1923, and Feb. 14, 1972, are digitally performed without permission. 3) Help producers, mixers, and sound engineers receive payment for their contributions to sound recordings.
In Spanski Enterprises, Inc. v. Telewizja Polska S.A., the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit agreed with the Office’s position that it developed in tandem with the Department of Justice. In that case, Spanski had licensed Polish TV programs from Telewizja Polska (TVP) to broadcast them in the United States; TVP retained the rights to broadcast the programs in Poland. TVP posted the programs on its website, and those programs were accessible from the United States because TVP failed to geoblock the site. Spanski sued for copyright infringement, and the district court awarded Spanski damages. TVP appealed to the D.C. Circuit. The Office, along with the Department of Justice, filed a brief saying that, even though TVP uploaded the programs in Poland and broadcast the programs from a Polish server, the fact that people in the United States viewed the programs meant that a public performance occurred under the United States Copyright Act. The D.C. Circuit agreed, holding that Spanski should be awarded damages, and TVP’s online broadcasts of the programs constituted domestic public performances. This case was important: had the court held otherwise, any infringer would be immune from suit just by moving its servers across the U.S. border.
The Office successfully defended a registration decision by the Copyright Office Review Board in Ashton v. U.S. Copyright Office. The plaintiff there sought a copyright registration in his mug design. The Office granted a registration for the mug design as a visual work, but denied registration for the text elements. The plaintiff argued that the text was creative enough to merit registration, including the pictogram of a hand with the middle finger raised as part of that text. The Office argued that its decision to refuse registration for the text elements was reasonable under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), because the text was insufficiently creative, and the U.S. District Court for the District of D.C. agreed.
The Office has also worked with the Department of Justice in formulating the government’s views in a case about copyright registration, Fourth Estate Public Benefit Corp. v. Wall-Street.com, LLC. This case has the potential to resolve the question of whether an applicant only has to file his or her copyright application before being able to file a copyright infringement lawsuit (the “application approach”), or rather whether Copyright Office has to act on that application before litigation can be commenced (the “registration approach”). The Copyright Office has an established position in favor of the registration approach. In May, the Solicitor General filed an amicus brief, advising the Supreme Court in favor of hearing the case in fall 2018 and recommending the registration approach.
The Copyright Office hosted a World Intellectual Property Day celebration on April 26 at the Library of Congress. Rep. Judy Chu (D-CA) delivered opening remarks about how Congress is working to protect creators’ rights and that ensuring women are at the table where copyright decisions are made, after which a panel of women explored the theme of “Powering Change: Women in Innovation and Creativity.” World Intellectual Property Day is observed internationally on April 26 to mark the date in 1970 when the World Intellectual Property Organization Convention entered into force.
The Office of Public Information and Education continued its series of talks in local libraries and schools.
Rulemakings and Regulations
The Office published a final rule on Jan. 17, 2018, amending the regulations governing the deposit requirements for certain types of published literary works and musical compositions, to require the deposit of a single copy rather than two copies. The final rule will apply to certain literary monographs (as defined in the rule) and musical compositions published in print formats. Additionally, the final rule clarifies the deposit requirements for musical compositions published both in print and phonorecord formats, to require the submission of the print version for purposes of copyright registration. The final rule is effective Feb. 16, 2018.
The Office adopted a final rule Jan. 30 governing the group registration option for newspapers. The final rule makes a number of changes to reflect Office practices, promote efficiency of the registration process, and encourage broader participation in the registration system by reducing the burden on applicants.
On Feb., to coincide with technical upgrades to its current electronic registration system, the Office proposed to amend its regulations to clarify the eligibility requirements for the Single Application, an online registration option that allows a single author to register a claim in one work that is solely owned by the same author and is not a work made for hire.
On April 16, the Office published a proposed rule subjecting electronic-only books to mandatory deposit if a written demand is issued by the Copyright Office. The proposed rule also makes a 2010 interim rule concerning electronic-only works final and amends the rule governing public access to electronic works to encompass electronic serials and electronic books received via mandatory deposit.
The Office published on May 17 notices of proposed rulemaking to update its regulations governing group registration of serials and newsletters. Among other things, the proposed rules will require applicants to file an online application rather than a paper application, and upload a complete digital copy of each issue through the electronic registration system instead of submitting it in physical form.
Drawing Justice: The Art of Courtroom Illustration, an exhibition in the Thomas Jefferson Building from April through October 2017, showcased the Library’s extensive collections of original art by artists hired by both newspapers and television to capture the personal dynamics of legal trials. Margaret Wood, senior legal reference librarian, co-curated and led several tours for justices of the U.S. Supreme Court and others. Drawing Justice is now an online exhibition at URL <www.loc.gov/exhibitions/drawing-justice-courtroom-illustrations>.
Free Online Legal Research
Barbara Bavis, bibliographic and research instruction librarian, provided a webinar as part of the American Bar Association (ABA)’s Premier Speaker Series in March 2018 regarding free online legal research. It received more logons than any other class in the ABA series. She also issued a post (September 2017) on the Law Library blog, In Custodia Legis, “The Library of Congress: A Free Legal Research Podcast,” available at URL <blogs.loc.gov/law/2017/09/the-library-of-congress-a-free-legal-research-resource-podcast>, highlighting the podcast she had done for the Legal Talk Network; wrote an article in March 2018 for the ABA Law Student Division blog, Before the Bar, titled “How to use government websites to perform free legal and legislative research” (available at URL <abaforlawstudents.com/2018/03/19/how-to-use-government-websites-for-free-legal-legislative-research External>); and conducted a public webinar on A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation as part of the Government Printing Office’s FDLP (Federal Depository Library Program) Academy in October 2017. Ms. Bavis was also interviewed in August 2017 by producers of The Uncertain Hour, a show produced by National Public Radio (NPR)’s Marketplace group focusing on federal regulations.
In January 2018 the U.S. Reports collection of 35,578 items dating from 1754 to 2004 was added to the loc.gov website under “Digital Collections.” This collection contains the official reports of decisions for the United States Supreme Court.
The Law Library of Congress Digital Reference Division developed a chatbot that is available through the Law Library’s Facebook page. This innovative technology enables users to receive responses to basic legal reference queries through an interactive tour of the Law Library's web-based resources using a clickable menu as well as a defined set of text-based commands. Should the chabot lack a response for a particular query it will trigger the default response which directs the user to the “Ask a Librarian” feature.
Mark Sweeney was named Principal Deputy Librarian of Congress, effective May 13, 2018. He has served as acting Deputy Librarian of Congress since Sept. 2017. The Principal Deputy Librarian provides executive leadership and broad oversight to the heads of the U.S. Copyright Office, the Congressional Research Service, the Office of the General Counsel and the Deputy Librarian of the Library Collections and Services Group. Mr. Sweeney’s former position, Associate Librarian for Library Services, will be filled after a national candidate search and recruitment process.
Joseph Puccio, head of the Collection Development Office, continues as acting associate librarian for Library Services. Helen (Kristi) Conkle serves as acting Collection Development Officer, effective March 18, 2018.
Integrated Library System Program Office (ILSPO)
LC Integrated Library System
The Library is currently running the LC Integrated Library System (LC ILS) on Voyager 8.2.0 and is planning to upgrade to Voyager 10.1 in 2019.
Electronic Resource Management System (ERMS)
The Library’s Electronic Resource Management System provides access to electronic journals, e-books and databases from 2,128 resource collections, totaling more than one million titles. The Library maintained metadata for 1,541,139 titles and updated journal coverage entries, typically loading 1,900,000 coverage records monthly.
The ERMS successfully fulfilled 1,255,734 search requests in fiscal 2017.
LCCN Permalink (URL <lccn.loc.gov>), a web service that allows users to create permanent URL links to bibliographic and authority records in the Library's Online Catalog (URL <catalog.loc.gov>), enables researchers to reference materials from the Library's collection in blogs, reference guides, web pages, emails, bibliographies, and more. Since Jan. 1, 2018, the LCCN Permalink web service has supported more than 107 million requests for bibliographic and authority metadata found in the LC Online Catalog and LC Authorities Service.
In 2017, the Library expanded the LCCN Permalink service to include records in the Library’s Handbook of Latin American Studies Catalog (URL <hlasopac.loc.gov>).
LC EAD (Encoded Archival Description) Archival Finding Aids
Since January 2018, division in the Collections and Services Directorate created 19 new EAD archival finding aids, bringing the total number of LC EAD finding aids to 2,452. Included among the new finding aids is the Henriette D. Avram MARC Development Collection, 1964-1989, the first finding aid of the LC Archives collections. Users can access 67 million archival items in LC's collections through finding aids at URL <findingaids.loc.gov>. More than 70 of these finding aids are also integrated with the Library’s digital collection presentations. In June 2018, the Library will make available EAD3 transformations of all its EAD2002 finding aids at URL <findingaids.loc.gov>.
LC Persistent Identifiers
The Library uses handle server technology to assign persistent identifiers and manage LC’s born-digital content. Library staff have registered 29,703 handles since Jan. 1, 2018. As of May 2018, the Library’s handle server contained 4,013,633 handles. The handle server resolved more than 23.1 million handle requests, an average of 1.8 million monthly. Over the past year, LC staff assigned handles to: born-digital resources stored in the Library’s digital repository and materials digitized by the Library and its partners; U.S. legislation searchable on congress.gov; and digital books created by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.
In April 2018, the Library upgraded its handle server platform, enabling support for multiple IP-based resolution of LC handles. Since January 2018, more than 6.3 million requests have been processed by LC’s handle server.
Planning for the Future
The Library is conducting market research for a next generation library service platform with vendors to learn about technology trends and developments for a next generation system. Staff throughout the Library have identified high-level business needs with the goal of issuing a Request for Information (RFI) later in 2018.
In the interim while conducting market research, ILSPO has stepped up its efforts to migrate legacy descriptive metadata into the LC ILS from silos. In fiscal 2017 the Office completed the migration of 289,933 bibliographic records from stand-alone databases to the LC ILS.
The ILS Program Office has pioneered the use within the Library of OpenRefine, an open source software application that uses data remediation algorithms developed by Google to edit and enhance datasets. This application is widely used by librarians to prepare metadata to be served as linked open data on the web. Currently, ILSPO is using it to support new workflows for editing legacy metadata record sets for migration to the LC ILS, an effort which is prerequisite to the migration to a Next Gen system. The Program Office is working with the Digital Collections Management and Services Division (DCMS) and the Repository Development Center to plan for the ingest, management and description of e-newspapers and e-books via Copyright e-deposit.
Librarians in Residence
Library Services is piloting the Librarians in Residence program to give early-career librarians the opportunity to receive on-the-job training and undertake assignments that contribute to the ongoing mission and work of the Library of Congress. Five recent graduates of ALA-accredited master’s programs who received their degrees after December 2016 and before June 2018 were hired on temporary, non-selective entry-level professional appointments, with an initial appointment of six months and possibility of extension for an additional four months. Library Services received 120 complete applications from interested recent library school graduates. The five selectees will come on board between June 11 and June 25. They are assigned to work in the following divisions: Science, Technology & Business; US Arts, Sciences, and Humanities; Motion Picture, Broadcasting, & Recorded Sound; Prints & Photographs; and in the Preservation Directorate.
Library Services / Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate (ABA)
Jeffrey T. Bowen was appointed head of the U.S. Serials–Social Sciences Section, US Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Division, effective April 2, 2018. Most recently, he served as the Director of Technical Services (University Librarian) at the University of North Florida.
Richard Yarnall, head of the Acquisitions Fiscal and Support Office and long active in ALA/GODORT (Government Documents Round Table), retired March 31, 2018.
The ABA Directorate was saddened by the death of Zoya Nazari, head of the Southeast/South Asia Section and acting head of the Middle East and North Africa Section, Asian and Middle Eastern Division, on May 8, 2018.
BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework Initiative)
The Network Development and MARC Standards Office (NDMSO) and the Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division (COIN) continue to work together on BIBFRAME development and testing. Approximately 60 Library of Congress catalogers are currently participating in BIBFRAME Pilot Phase Two. Training was completed in July 2017, and all training materials are publicly available at URL <www.loc.gov/catworkshop/bibframe>. Pilot participants have been creating bibliographic descriptions in both BIBFRAME and MARC 21 for each resource they catalog. Testing includes input of bibliographic data using BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary, input of non-Latin scripts, ability to incorporate authority data, and a fuller level of interaction with a live BIBFRAME 2.0 database consisting of the complete BIBFRAME conversion of the Library of Congress bibliographic file. The bibliographic data in the BIBFRAME 2.0 database is used in combination with authority data from the LC Linked Data Service (URL <https://id.loc.gov/>). Features of the database include user search capability and use of linked data queries to highlight relationships between resources.
For the LC BIBFRAME pilot the whole LC bibliographic file was converted to BIBFRAME which has a very different data model (Work and Instance) than the MARC unit record. (The MARC database continues to be used in most LC cataloging and to be distributed.) In June 2018 a bulk download of the BIBFRAME Work and linked Instance descriptions was made available for export and outside experimentation. In order to create that file, NDMSO cleaned up multiple inconsistencies resulting from conversion from MARC and other factors that affect the appropriate merger of Work descriptions as well as data integrity and display.
A maintenance policy for the near term for BIBFRAME vocabulary was announced. A small group of implementers with major investments will discuss proposed changes and the impact on large converted files. Also discussed and decided upon was a versioning strategy for both the main and LC developmental ontologies.
NDMSO provisionally agreed to host the ALA ACRL RBMS (Rare Books and Manuscripts Section) vocabularies at id.loc.gov and began transformation of their new unified structure (still in development).
With feedback from COIN, NDMSO developed, refined, and tested code for a number of improvements to the tools that are used in the BIBFRAME Pilot. This included improved validation and posting of new BF descriptions to the BF database from the Editor, calling up previously posted descriptions (primarily brief descriptions called Initial Bibliographic Control data, or IBC) and posting the updated descriptions back to the database from the Editor. IBC descriptions, such as pre-publication records or vendor records, sometimes require updating to complete the cataloging. Catalogers can identify an IBC description in the BIBFRAME 2.0 database and load it into the BIBFRAME Editor. After completing work on an IBC description in the BIBFRAME Editor, catalogers use the “post” function to transfer the data back to the BIBFRAME 2.0 database. NDMSO also worked on a “cloning” function of existing descriptions, to streamline the batch creation process. Constant improvements were made to the Editor profiles for Monographs, Notated Music, Serial, Cartographic, Sound Recordings (Audio CD, CD-R, or Analog), Moving Images (BluRay DVD, 35mm Feature Film), Still Images, and Rare Materials.
Casalini libri, the Library’s Italian book vendor, has created a conversion of data from MARC to BIBFRAME, and NDMSO began examining that output for possible direct load of shelf ready bibliographic descriptions received from Casalini to the BIBFRAME database and/or editor. Currently the records received from Casalini by LC are loaded into the MARC system and then converted to BIBFRAME.
Staff in NDMSO continued to meet with LD4P (Linked Data for Production, now called LD4 or Linked Data for All) partners (Stanford, Cornell, Harvard, Columbia, Princeton and Iowa), to exchange ideas about BIBFRAME databases, triplestores, editors for BIBFRAME RDF, etc. NDMSO began experimenting with use of the Performed Music Ontology that was developed by a project led by Stanford under the umbrella of the LD4 grant.
Prior to the ALA Annual Conference, COIN will submit a report covering its experiences working with catalogers in the BIBFRAME 2.0 pilot to the Director of ABA. The report will be shared during the LC BIBFRAME Update Forum on Sunday, June 24, at 10:30 am in the Morial Convention Center-Rooms 260-262, New Orleans, La. BIBFRAME Phase Two testing is expected to continue well into 2018.
CIP in Publication (CIP)
Karl Debus-López, Chief of the U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division (USPRLL), can be reached at [email protected] for questions related to the Cataloging in Publication (CIP), International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), and Children’s and Young Adults’ Cataloging (CYAC) programs. Caroline Saccucci, CIP and Dewey Program manager, can be reached at [email protected].
In fiscal year 2018 through April, the LC CIP Program cataloged 28,843 CIP titles. In addition, members of the ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program cataloged 4,360 CIP records. At the beginning of the fiscal year LC awarded a contract for CIP cataloging to LAC Federal; to date 1,042 records have been cataloged by the contractor. The total of all CIP records completed in fiscal year 2018 to date is 34,245.
The fiscal 2018 annual performance target for the CIP E-books Program was to ingest 5,000 new CIP e-books; the total ingested as of April 30, 2018, was already 12,619 e-books. The number of participating e-book publishers has increased since October 2017 by 36 publishers, for a total of 890 publishers. As a result of collaborations with Taylor & Francis, the CIP Program is now receiving their e-books.
ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Law Library and Temple University joined the ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program in fiscal 2018. Both will become active members once the ECIP Traffic Manager replacement has been implemented.
PrePub Book Link
PrePub Book Link is the name of the cloud-based system that will replace the aging ECIP Traffic Manager. PrePub Book Link will run on a Unicode-compliant ServiceNow platform and will include enhanced functionality, such as the use of Microsoft Word and PDF file formats for galley attachments and a robust MARC editor tool to convert application data to a MARC record and import into the LC ILS or OCLC. Collaborations with Bowker/ProQuest, the Book Industry Study Group (BISG), and the ONIX Best Practices Group produced a mapping from the ONIX schema to the CIP application; this will enable a publisher to search an ISBN and have the ONIX prepopulate much of the CIP application. Publishers participating in the Harvard Online Author Questionnaire (OAQ) External will be able to include the unique URL to the OAQ entry for that author. This will provide richer background information about the author; publishers can also include ISNI and ORCID identifiers for authors. PrePub Book Link is scheduled to launch in fall 2018. PrePub Book Link will be featured at the CIP Advisory Group meeting on Saturday, June 23, 10:30-11:30 am, Ernest E. Morial Convention Center-Room 223. Also visit the CIP Program web page (URL <www.loc.gov/publish/cip>) for frequent updates.
ECIP Cataloging Contract
Effective Aug. 28, 2017, a year-long contract with option years was awarded to catalog 5,213 ECIP records, working on the oldest whole-item ECIPs. The contractor is providing Sears subject headings to works intended for a juvenile audience, in addition to the regular complement of subject analysis. Music, CYAC, and legal titles and non-English ECIPs are not in scope for this contract. The contractor is responsible for all required NACO work but not for submitting LCSH and LCC proposals, although they will identify a possible need for such proposals; designated subject experts in ABA will submit necessary proposals. The contractor is under partial quality review by LC staff. Caroline Saccucci is the project manager.
Library of Congress-Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) Policy Statements
Since the text of the RDA Toolkit is currently “frozen” while the preparations for the 3R Project continue (see URL <www.rdatoolkit.org/3Rproject External>), the LC-PCC Policy Statements are frozen as well. Should it become necessary to issue new or revised policy statements prior to the release of the 3R Project, they will be posted at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/rda/lcps_access.html>. The 3R Project to restructure and redesign the RDA Toolkit is conducted under the auspices of the RDA Governance Board and RDA Steering Committee. The Library devotes considerable staff resources to the project through participation on those groups and their subgroups.
Expanded requirements for relationship designators in LC cataloging
LC cataloging managers in the Acquisitions & Bibliographic Access directorate have agreed to expand the use of relationship designators for all agents in newly completed full level original RDA bibliographic records, going beyond the LC/PCC policy of requirements for “creators.” Many catalogers (particularly those creating records for the CIP program) have already applied a local option to supply these designators. It will continue be optional for LC catalogers to supply these relationship designators for copy cataloging, minimal level cataloging, and maintenance of existing records.
New editions of LCSH, LCGFT, LCDGT, LCMPT, and LCC
The 40th edition of LC Subject Headings was published online in PDF format in February 2018.
The 2018 editions of LC Genre/Form Terms, LC Demographic Group Terms, and the LC Medium of Performance Thesaurus for Music were published online in PDF format in February 2018.
The 2018 editions of Library of Congress Classification schedules and tables were published online in PDF format in March 2018.
The files may be freely downloaded from the Cataloging and Acquisitions website at URL <www.loc.gov/aba>. Click on the appropriate link under “products available for download.”
Library of Congress Classification (LCC)
Classes KIM-KIP: Indigenous Law: Central America, were added to Classification Web. This includes a comparative Class for Central America and the countries Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. For these classifications, hundreds of name authorities for indigenous peoples and organizations were created.
Indigenous Law Portal, URL <www.loc.gov/law/help/indigenous-law-guide> viewed as a hemispheric development, is built on the LC Classification and now contains extensive information on the indigenous law of North and Central America. The Library’s Web Metrics indicate that the portal is accessed in more than 144 countries. It is also found on over 35 academic websites across North America as electronic research.
The better to support linked-data initiatives, the Library’s Policy and Standards Division in the ABA Directorate will cancel “multiple” subdivisions from Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) beginning in fall 2018. “Multiple” subdivisions are a special type of subdivision that automatically gives free-floating status to analogous subdivisions used under the same heading. In the example Computers—Religious aspects—Buddhism, [Christianity, etc.], the multiple subdivision is —Buddhism, [Christianity, etc.].
Over 2,200 multiple subdivisions are established in LCSH, and they can be identified by the presence of square brackets. They generally appear in LCSH itself, as in the heading Computers—Religious aspects—Buddhism, [Christianity, etc.], but some appear in lists of free-floating and pattern subdivisions. The multiples permit catalogers to “fill in the blank” and substitute any word, phrase, or other information that fits the instruction. For example, catalogers can create Computers—Religious aspects—Hinduism because Hinduism is a religion, just as Buddhism and Christianity are.
Staff in PSD will create authority records for each valid heading string that was created based on a multiple subdivision and delete the authority record for the multiple subdivision.
As of July 1, 2018, PSD will stop approving proposals for new multiple subdivisions. Instead, catalogers will propose the heading string that is needed. That is, instead of proposing Paleography—Religious aspects—Buddhism, [Christianity, etc.] for a resource about Muslim views on paleography, the cataloger would propose Paleography—Religious aspects—Islam. Proposals that were submitted before July 1, 2018, and that are already under editorial review will be revised to follow the new policy.
Catalogers should continue to use existing multiple subdivisions as usual until PSD creates individual subject authority records for each heading string that has been assigned. The multiple subdivision will then be cancelled and catalogers must propose each new use of a subdivision that was formerly authorized by a multiple.
Subject Headings Manual instruction sheet H 1090, Multiple Subdivisions, will be revised to reflect the new policy, as will other instruction sheets that refer to multiple subdivisions (e.g., H 1998, Religious Aspects of Topics). The lists of pattern and free-floating subdivisions (instruction sheets H 1095-H 1200) will be revised as the multiple subdivisions are removed from LCSH.
Additional details about the project will be announced later in summer 2018.
Literary Author Numbers
LC has discontinued the program whereby PCC libraries suggested LC-verified literary author numbers for authors not represented in LC’s collections. Instead, PCC libraries may record locally assigned literary author numbers in name authority records using the coding 053 #4 $a [number] $5 [MARC organization code], for example, 053 #4 $a PS3561.E999995 $5 QuertY. Field 053 of the MARC 21 Authority Format is repeatable; at this time there is no limit to the number of locally assigned numbers that may be present in a name authority record.
If LC later assigns a literary author number that agrees with one assigned by another PCC member, the coding of the 053 field will be revised to indicate that the number is now LC-verified. If LC’s number does not agree, then an additional 053 field will be added for the LC number; any fields that contain a locally assigned number will be retained in the record.
Special note for ECIP Partner Program participants: If a new literary author number is needed for an Electronic CIP galley, provide as much of the classification number as possible (usually, the classification number and the first letter of the cutter). Forward the galley to the appropriate LC cataloging section as usual. An LC cataloger will assign the full call number to the work and record the literary author number in the name authority record if appropriate.
Demographic Group Terms
Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT) is intended to describe the creators of, and contributors to, resources, and also the intended audience of resources. Terms may be assigned in bibliographic records and in authority records for works and expressions.
The moratorium on proposals for new and revised terms that was enacted in February 2018 is still in place while PSD thoroughly evaluates LCDGT’s structure and principles.
Children’s and Young Adults Cataloging (CYAC)
Stacey E. Devine is the CYAC program manager and head of the Literature Section in the U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division (USPRLL), ABA.
Cooperative Cataloging Programs/Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC)
The Cooperative Programs Section in the Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division continues to serve as the secretariat for the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC), an international consortium of approximately 700 libraries and other institutions that sets cataloging standards, delivers training, and supports innovations in cataloging and bibliographic formats. The four components of the program include: NACO, the Name Authority Cooperative; SACO, the Subject Authority Cooperative (includngs cooperative contributions to LCSH and the Library of Congress Classification); BIBCO, the monographic Bibliographic Cooperative; and CONSER, the Serial bibliographic record component.
Since the start of 2018, six new NACO institutions, one new BIBCO institution, and two new CONSER institutions have joined the PCC. In addition, several new funnel projects have been formed, including one NACO funnel (California State University), one SACO funnel (American Theological Library Association), and two BIBCO Funnels (CJK and Washington Research Library Consortium). Nine institutions have joined existing NACO funnels. An online NACO training workshop was hosted by the PCC Secretariat in early 2018 and a free full-day SACO workshop on “Proposing New and Revised Classification Numbers” will be conducted during the 2018 ALA Annual Conference on Friday, June 22, 2018, 9:00 am-4:00 pm, at Tulane University. The workshop will be led by Janis L. Young, senior cataloging policy specialist in the Policy and Standards Division, with assistance from Paul Frank, SACO Program coordinator.
The PCC Operations Committee Meeting took place May 3-4, 2018, at the Library of Congress. Presentations given at the meeting are linked to the agenda at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/documents/OpCo-2018/Agenda-OpCo-2018.pdf (PDF, 30 KB)>. Highlights include updates on the PCC strategic planning process, the work of the PCC standing committees and task groups, OCLC initiatives, new developments in NACO and SACO, and updates on new services of the ISSN Network and ECIP Program.
Implementation of the new PCC Directory began in spring 2018. The directory allows PCC institutions and funnel coordinators to manage institutional and funnel profiles. Implementation is being rolled out to the PCC membership in stages and will be completed by the end of September 2018. An immediate finding from the directory development project is that there were many duplicates in the lists of PCC member institutions. As a result of eliminating duplicates, the number of PCC members is reported as approximately 700 for fiscal 2018.
Dewey Decimal Classification (DCC) at the Library of Congress
In fiscal year 2018 through April, the LC Dewey Program assigned Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) to 26,073 bibliographic records and an additional 9,687 CIP e-book records. Northwestern University, Douglas County (Colo.) Libraries, Queens Library, and the U.S. Government Publishing Office, all members of the ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program, assigned DDC to 1,035 CIP records. 2,496 DDC were semi-automatically assigned using the AutoDewey software, and 2,223 DDC were added to ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) records. In addition, 22,826 records processed in the copy cataloging work stream included DDC, identified in the 082 field with a second indicator 4. The fiscal 2018 total to date for all DDC assigned in LC records is thus 64,340.
In addition to DDC assignment, Dewey classifiers added Library of Congress Classification to 782 ECIPs cataloged by the National Library of Medicine. Dewey classifiers also completed the subject cataloging (assignment of LCSH, LC Classification, and shelflisting) for 500 ECIPs.
In order to foster better and more open communication between the LC Dewey classifiers and the OCLC Dewey editors, Caroline Saccucci, CIP and Dewey Program Manager, Library of Congress, coordinated with Jody DeRidder, Director of Metadata Frameworks at OCLC, to host monthly meetings to discuss topics related to their work. As a result of these meetings, which began in March 2018, the weekly agenda is sent to the classifiers, who are welcome to attend when an agenda item is of direct interest. These meetings and the invitation to weekly editorial meetings have already proven to be successful.
Caroline Saccucci is also a member of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Standing Committee on Subject Analysis and Access. She participated on the planning subcommittee for the open session on Automatic Indexing to be held at the IFLA World Library and Information Congress (WLIC) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Aug. 24-30, 2018. This work included establishing the title and subtopics of the open session, reviewing and rating the proposals, and selecting the appropriate proposals.
After almost eleven years with OCLC, Dr. Rebecca Green, Dewey Editorial Program Manager, will retire at the end of June 2018. During the last couple of months, she has been enhancing the Dewey Relative Index by identifying relationships between topics. Alex Kyrios be taking on more responsibility, and retiree volunteer Julianne Beall will share guidance from her many years of experience with Dewey. OCLC has stated plans to hire a new Dewey Editor.
ISSN (International Standard Serial Number)
ISSN Governing Board, General Assembly, and Review Group, Paris, France, April 2018
Between April 24 and 27, Karl Debus-López Chief of the U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division (USPRLL), who also serves as the President of the ISSN Governing Board, chaired the Governing Board and General Assembly meetings and co-moderated a conference on open access and scholarly communications. The ISSN International Centre’s budgets for 2019 and 2020 were approved and decisions were made on future strategic directions. The Library of Congress, representing the United States, was re-elected to the ISSN Governing Board for the next two year period, 2018 through 2020. Debus-López completed his third two year term as President of the Governing Board but will continue on the Board as the U.S. and Library of Congress representative.
Regina Reynolds, head of the ISSN Section in USPRLL and director of the U.S. ISSN Center, participated in the ISSN General Assembly conference and meeting and in two meetings of the IFLA ISSN Review Group held prior to the General Assembly. A key topic at both the Review Group and General Assembly meetings was implementation of the new ISSN Portal and Extranet, a system developed by the French company, Progilone.
New ISSN Portal
The new ISSN Portal, first released in January 2018, underwent a significant upgrade in March 2018 and should be fully functional by the end of June 2018. The completely re-designed Portal offers for the first time free access to limited metadata for the two million-plus ISSN that have been assigned to date. The Portal interface (URL <http://portal.issn.org>) also provides subscription-based access to enhanced ISSN data including subject access and coverage by A&I services. The ROAD database, which provides free complete metadata to open access resources, is now incorporated into the Portal. Gaëlle Bequet, director of the ISSN International Centre in Paris, will present an overview of the new Portal at the ALCTS Publisher/Vendor/Library Relations Interest Group Forum, Monday, June 25, 8:30-10:00 am in the Morial Convention Center-Room 281-282. She will provide an update about the revision of the ISSN standard, ISO 3297 at the NISO Update Forum, Saturday June 23, 1:00-2:00 pm, Morial Convention Center-Rm. 209. The ISSN International Centre staff will also demonstrate the Portal at their booth in the Exhibit Hall.
U.S. ISSN Center automation
The U.S. ISSN Center is exploring options for automating and streamlining the U.S. ISSN application process.
Revision of the ISSN Standard
The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) working group revising ISO 3297, the ISSN standard, the better to accommodate developments in the digital environment and generally update the standard, met in Lisbon, Portugal, May 14-15, 2018, in conjunction with the 45th ISO/TC46 Meeting Week. Progress was made on topics such as the granularity of ISSN assignments to online resources, the scope of resources to which ISSN can be assigned, updating the wording of some provisions of the existing standard, and updating or adding annexes. The working group will continue to prepare a draft for review according to ISO procedures.
RDA “3R” Project Serials Task Force
Regina Reynolds participated in a five-member task force under the direction of the RDA Steering Committee Aggregates Working Group (AWG). The Serials Task Force was charged with assisting the AWG in devising a framework and explanations to flesh out the treatment of serials and other “diachronic” works in the redesigned and restructured RDA Toolkit (3R) Project and recently submitted its report to the AWG. The report included an assessment of which RDA elements apply at which WEMI level under the new model, a recommendation about which changes in a diachronic work signal a new work and recommendations on other topics requested by the AWG. Synchronization with the ISSN Manual was also a goal, aided by participation by the head of the bibliographic section at the ISSN International Centre.
ISSN Directors Meeting 2018 at LC
Preparations are underway for the Library of Congress to host the 43rd Meeting of Directors of ISSN National Centres. The week-long meeting will be held Sept. 17- 21, 2018. As many as 60 directors are expected to attend technical discussions and presentations. Library tours and social events will complement the working sessions.
Network Development and MARC Standards Office
MODS (Metadata Object Description Standard)
MODS 3.7 was released in January 2018 and a process for a major overhaul of MODS Guidelines and examples was initiated. A major milestone was the release of the revised MODS to BIBFRAME mapping, along with a corresponding transformation XSLT (URL <www.loc.gov/standards/mods/modsrdf/mods-bibframe-mapping.html.>).
The draft revision of the 3.0 OWL Ontology recently completed (URL <www.loc.gov/standards/premis/v3/index.html>). This revision has substantially remodeled the previous ontology, incorporating emerging Linked Data best practices and connections to other relevant RDF ontologies such as PROV-O External (Provenance ontology), Dublin Core metadata terms External, and the preservation vocabularies at URL <id.loc.gov/preservationdescriptions>). PREMIS 3.0 Data Dictionary is being reformatted using TS-EAS tag libraries--for easier updates and usage.
Staff of NDMSO created two new “Experiencing War” releases for the Veterans History Project in which veterans narrate their experiences in oral history interviews, letters, diaries, memoirs, and photographs. In February 2018, “Guadalcanal, 75 Years Later” commemorated the 75th anniversary of the end of this significant WWII campaign on a small island in the Pacific. In May 2018, “Equality of Treatment and Opportunity” celebrated the 70th anniversary of Executive Order 9981, featuring the collections of fifteen African-American veterans who served before, after or in the midst of desegregation. The Veterans History Project website is found at URL <www.loc.gov/vets>.
Linked Data Service (ID)
Several improvements were made for downloading authorities and vocabularies in bulk (URL <id.loc.gov/download>). The bulk downloads are now updated more frequently. Names (LCNAF) bulk downloads now combine MADSRDF and SKOS instead of creating separate files for each ontology (still under discussion with users). In addition to many other searchable MADSRDF elements, “madsrdf:hasEarlierEstablishedForm” was added to the index, and made searchable in a general search as well as in the label service in ID.
MARC Update 26 was published in April 2018 incorporating changes agreed upon by the community in February 2018 (URL <www.loc.gov/marc/marc21_update26_online.html>). The language, geographic area, and country code standards have been augmented based on ISO activities. Montenegrin language code (for use after Feb. 21, 2018), and country and geographic area codes for Guernsey, Isle of Man, and Jersey were added (URL <www.loc.gov/marc/tn171221.html> and <www.loc.gov/marc/tn180419.html>).
Rare Materials Cataloging
The Library is in the process of hiring a retrospective conversion vendor for the first phase of converting the holdings of the Rare Book and Special Collections Division (RBSCD), which houses one of the largest special collections in the world. Built upon the Thomas Jefferson Library acquired in 1815, the Division's collection “amounts to nearly 800,000 books, broadsides, pamphlets, theater playbills, title pages, prints, posters, photographs, and medieval and Renaissance manuscripts” (URL <www.loc.gov/rr/rarebook/about.html>). While most of the Library's holdings have been created in MAchine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) online records or converted from the old card catalog to MARC via the 1970s/1980s PREMARC project, many records for RBSCD have not been added to the present-day Online Catalog or Integrated Library System (ILS). After a multi-year project with the selected vendor, permanent LC staff members of the US/Anglo Division Rare Materials Section and others will perform post-conversion updates to select groups of records.
See also Rare Materials Cataloging, above
The U.S Government Documents Section merged with the U.S. Serials Section last year to form the new U.S. Serials and Government Documents Section (USSGD). The new section is fully staffed to handle the following activities: acquisitions, cataloging, and check-in for U.S. serials; the selection and processing of U.S. federal, state, local and tribal government documents; and the coordination of the International Exchange Service (IES). All questions regarding the acquisition and transfer of government documents should be addressed to Miroslav Lazarevich, Head, U.S. Serials and Government Documents Section (USSGD) at [email protected] He replaces the former Section Head for Government Documents at the Library of Congress, Richard Yarnall, who retired March 31, 2018 and was well known to members of GODORT, the Government Documents Round Table.
|Items purchased for LC collections||505,749||647,999||667,923|
|Items acquired for LC by non-purchase||281,070||1,472,501||2,528,371|
|Expenditures for collections purchases||$12,489,369||$23900,000||$26,500,000|
|Bibliographic Records Completed||FY2018||FY2017||FY2016|
|Minimal level cataloging||N/A||75,976||55,609|
|Total records completed||372,207||282,588|
|Total volumes cataloged||169,961||389,040||424,053|
|New name authority records||39,170||72,991||78,612|
|New LC Subject Headings||1,611||2,664||3,084|
|New LC Classification Numbers||1,312||2,306||2,716|
|Total authority records created||42,093||77,961||84,412|
American Folklife Center
Veterans History Project (VHP)
See also Collection Development Office (CDO)/Service Academies Collaboration
Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate (ABA)/Network Development and MARC Standards Office (NDMSO)
Preservation Directorate/Highlights and News
The Veterans History Project continues to meet its congressional mandate to collect, preserve and make accessible the war stories of America’s veterans. Reliant on the voluntary participation of individuals and organizations across the country, the Project now holds more than 104,000 first-person narratives in the archive; nearly 47,000 of them include digitized content. Congressional offices, libraries, educational institutions, houses of worship and individual volunteers across the country continue to help gather and submit oral histories and supporting materials for VHP. Launched in late 2016, VHP’s Facebook page is steadily increasing constituent engagement and is frequently used to highlight collections, cross promote events and support content on VHP’s website, URL <www.loc.gov/vets>, “Folklife Today Veterans History Project” Blog and the Project’s RSS feed.
The Veterans History Project encourages all organizations and groups, especially libraries, to continue to play a pivotal role in VHP’s success by distributing information, coordinating interviewing events and making their facilities available to local VHP volunteers. For additional information, see the project Web site, URL <www.loc.gov/vets>, email [email protected] or call 202-707-4916.
Collection Development Office (CDO)
Collections Policy Statements Review Program
In fiscal 2017, which ended Sept. 30, 2017, the Collection Development Office (CDO) continued its program to review and update on a cyclical basis all of the Library’s Collections Policy Statements and associated Supplementary Guidelines. There are more than seventy such documents that guide the Library’s collecting program (see URL <www.loc.gov/acq/devpol/cpsstate.html>). During fiscal 2017, work on ten documents was completed. These seven documents were reviewed, updated, and re-posted to the URL above: Agriculture; Developing Countries - new title is Countries and Regions with Acquisitions Challenges; Environmental Sciences; Geography and Cartography; International Organizations; Veterans History Project; Web Archiving (Supplementary Guidelines). The following three new documents were developed, approved and posted: Analog Geospatial Materials; Data Sets (Supplementary Guidelines); Digital Geospatial Materials.
To date in fiscal 2018, a number of further documents have been completed. Most notable among these is a revision of the Newspapers – Foreign policy. In addition, a new Supplementary Guidelines document was posted - Independently Published and Self-Published Textual Materials. This marks the first time that the Library’s Recommending Officers and acquisitions staff have been provided with policy guidance regarding self-published materials. Although self-publishing has a long history, it has expanded enormously in recent years. As the document states, “By 2016 the self-publishing industry had grown so significantly that an estimated 700,000 or more titles were being published each year.”
Library of Congress Digital Collecting Strategy and Plan
Following on the fiscal 2016 approval of the Digital Collecting Strategy Framework, the Digital Collecting Plan was approved in January 2017. It includes six Strategic Objectives, 23 goals and 69 targets over a five-year period. Fifteen Digital Collecting Plan actions were begun in fiscal 2017. Twelve were completed, and three were partially completed. Some of the completed actions:
- Explore feasibility of receiving newspaper e-prints under group registration. (A pilot was successful, and this capability has been implemented.)
- Increase number of CIP publishers participating in the e-books program. (139 new publishers were added, bringing the total to 854.)
- Conduct an assessment of the Library’s e-resources collection and provide a final report with recommendations. (see below)
- Draft and finalize standard electronic resources license agreements.
- Create and have approved a collecting policy related to data sets.
In FY 2018, work has moved forward, with groups actively focusing on routine acquisition of digital contact via purchase and gift, collecting of open access content, and data sets.
Electronic Resources Collection Assessment
As noted above, an assessment of the Library’s electronic resources collection was conducted by Collection Development Office staff. The resulting report, Initial Electronic Resources Collection Assessment and Recommendations, was completed at the end of fiscal 2017. It includes the following:
“At the time this report was written, the scope of the collection is at a point where access to full-text content is on par with most academic research universities in the United States. The Library provides access to 826 databases, comprised of 297,680 e-journals, 1,015,636 ebooks and a small collection of databases covering other formats. This report represents the first step in the next phase of electronic resource collecting at LC. The assessment of how and what the Library is spending its money on and whether it is the best use of those funds defines this phase of collecting. The questions to research here, in this and subsequent reports, are (1) are the resources being used, (2) is buying the current resources the best use of available funds, and (3) can more be done to increase the engagement of the Library’s users with the electronic resources collection?”
Single Deposit Copies - Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
See also under UNITED STATES COPYRIGHT OFFICE
After extensive consultation with Library Services, the Copyright Office (CO) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Simplifying Deposit Requirements for Certain Literary Works and Musical Compositions. The essence of the notice is as follows:
“Under the current regulations, two copies of the best edition are generally needed to register these types of works and to comply with the mandatory deposit requirement. Under the proposed rule, copyright owners will be able to satisfy both requirements for literary monographs by submitting one copy of the best edition of the work, although the Office will retain the right to demand a second copy under the mandatory deposit provision should the Library need it. Copyright owners will also be able to satisfy both requirements for certain musical compositions by submitting one copy of the best edition.”
Better aligning CO deposit requirements with the Library’s current monograph retention policy (one copy in most cases) is a desired outcome for both service units. Changing to a default deposit requirement of one copy will be beneficial to Library Services and CO from a workload and storage perspective, while lessening the burden on publishers. This rule change was implemented in February 2018.
Service Academies Collaboration
On Sept. 18, 2017, the Library of Congress and the five U.S. Service Academies entered into a three-year inter-agency cooperative agreement to support growth of service member representation in the national collections at the Library, including within the Veterans History Project. The agreement also provides enhanced research access to Library collections for the U.S. Air Force Academy, U.S. Coast Guard Academy, U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, U.S. Military Academy, and U.S. Naval Academy and enhanced access to service academy collections for Library researchers.
The agreement enables cooperation in the following three areas:
- The Service Academies and the Library could cooperate to build awareness of and participation in the Veterans History Project among Service Academy students, faculty and alumni.
- The Library and Service Academies could cooperate to identify materials being deaccessioned from the Service Academies that are appropriate for inter-governmental transfer to the Library. In addition, Service Academy library staff, faculty and students could provide input and user feedback to strengthen the Library’s Collections Policy Statements in subject areas such as military science and naval science.
Shared Collection Access
- The Library and Service Academies could work together to assure enhanced mutual access to their respective collections, including remote access and preferential interlibrary loan.
Research Services & On-Site Experiences
- The Library and Service Academies could provide each other with customized orientations, research consultation and on-site research spaces.
- The parties could develop short-term staff exchanges between the Service Academies and the Library including joint teaching and research programs.
- The Library could host Service Academy students in its academic internship and service programs.
Library Services / Collections and Services Directorate (CS)
The Collections and Services Directorate, the largest directorate in the Library, will become two separate directorates within Library Services, effective Oct. 1, 2018. Helena Zinkham will be the director for Special Collections. Eugene Flanagan, director for National Programs, National and International Outreach, was named director for General and International Collections (GIC), effective June 1.
Kenneth Nyirady was appointed head of the European Reading Room, effective April 1, 2018.
Geography and Map Division (G&M)
In fiscal 2017, G&M recorded a total of 23,483 cartographic items initially processed, including 11,445 maps, 1,591 atlases, 1,455 computer data files containing over 25,000 maps, and 106 publications.
In fiscal 2018, maps were included in all LC general approval plans with vendors and funds were specifically reserved for the acquisition of cartographic materials. This change has already resulted in substantial increases in the number of foreign-produced maps and atlases being received in G&M.
Work on scanning historic maps continues under G&M’s Third-Party Digitization Programs. The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency project is focused on large scale set maps of Africa. Those maps that are in the public domain will be added to the Maps online at URL <www.loc.gov/maps/collections>. The scans of fire insurance maps completed by Historical Information Gatherers (HIG) have been delivered and are being processed, with maps published before 1900 available in phase one and others added as allowed by the agreement with HIG. The Division posted online: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Utah. There are now 36 states with Sanborn maps available online and the Division is working to have all of the pre-1900 maps available before the end of this year.
In March 2018, the Library of Congress launched three new online interactive applications that highlight creative ways to facilitate the accessibility of thousands of collections, using the Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based tool Story Maps (URL <loc.gov/storymaps>). The information is presented in a curated format and allows users to combine text, images and multimedia content in an online application that tells stories through data and the capabilities of GIS using a software platform created by ESRI. Topics include: first female photographers who traveled through the South, Japanese-American internment camp newspapers from World War II, and pre -16th century books (incunables). These featured applications showcase striking images from the Library’s collections and use data to map the attributes and history behind some of the objects, with more than 10,000 views since their launch.
Three G&M senior cataloging specialists continue to participate in Bibliographic Framework (BIBFRAME) Pilot Project Phase II. They have been creating cataloging descriptions and seventeen million MARC records have been converted to BIBFRAME Work, Instance, and Item records. The G&M Cataloging Team participated in Linked Data for Production (LD4P) project which is a multi-institutional effort that explores applying LOD (Linked Open Data) models to natively describe library resources.
Serial and Government Publications Division (SER)
The Serial and Government Publications Division (SER) performs a wide range of collection development, collection description, collection preservation, and reference service activities for its temporary and permanent collections. SER’s permanent collections include newspapers, comic books, pulp magazines, and several government document collections. The newspaper collection consists of approximately 1,100,000 current loose newspaper issues, over 38,000 bound volumes, and more than 770,000 microfilm reels. The newspaper collection also includes many original print holdings of commemorative and anniversary editions, and first printings of significant United States documents. The comic book collection includes more than 12,000 titles and more than 146,000 issues. SER’s pulp magazine collection is based on original print issues that have been reformatted to microfilm or preserved through facsimile reproduction; additionally, the original color covers of more than 9,000 issues have been preserved. The Division is the official repository of archival sets of U.S. Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) documents, holding approximately 73,697 items from 6,451 committees. SER also houses reproducible master copies of U.S. Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) documents distributed on microfiche. SER is custodial for bound serials with minimal level cataloging (WMLC), a collection of approximately 5,200 volumes stored off-site. SER holds the complete United Nations working document set in multiple formats. SER is also the custodial stakeholder for digitized newspapers acquired through the National Digital Newspaper Program, now approximately 13.4 million pages from 2500 titles. The current periodical collection includes more than 49,000 domestic and foreign titles, including government serials, and 1,176,000 loose issues that reside temporarily in the Division prior to binding or microfilming and transfer to the Library’s general collection. The Division is also custodial for books-in-fascicles until volumes are complete and can be prepared for binding.
In late May 2018 the Library announced that collector and entrepreneur Stephen A. Geppi has donated to LC more than 3,000 items from his vast personal collection of comic books and popular art, including over 800 comic books. The division is one of the main beneficiaries of the Stephen A. Geppi Collection of Comics and Graphic Arts.
With an increased funding allocation for microfilm reformatting of newspapers beginning October 2015, SER continued to address the backlog of newsprint issues (newspapers and periodicals) needing preservation microfilming. The division participates in the Library’s preservation microfilming program, filming titles that are not available for commercial purchase. Many of the titles filmed are from developing countries and ethnic U.S. communities and are held by few if any other U.S. institutions. Filming SER’s issues makes these unique titles available for interlibrary loan.
In fiscal 2017, the division moved its entire newspaper and comic book special collections to temporary locations while compact shelving was installed. In May 2018, SER began moving back into the redesigned vault.
In addition to the recent Geppi donation, SER acquired several significant additions to its collections in the past year. At the Division’s annual Small Press Expo (SPX) program, Charles Brownstein, Executive Director of the non-profit Comic Book Legal Defense Fund, recounted the history of comic book censorship from the medium's origins to the present day in his talk, “The Comic Book Legal Defense Fund: Comics and the Power of Intellectual Freedom.” The division is in its seventh year of collaboration with SPX. SER also acquired some rare and valuable original newspaper and comic book issues, including:
- 46 issues of the 1795 Gazette of the United States (Philadelphia), filling in a significant gap in our holdings of a title that has been digitized by the Library. The issues we acquired were the personal copies of Benjamin Edes, publisher of the Boston Gazette.
- During her visit to the Library of Awesome exhibit, Lynda Carter donated Wonder Woman memorabilia, including Wonder Woman ’77 #1 and the script for the Wonder Woman film (released May 2017).
- The personal mini-comics collection of Matt Dembicki award-winning cartoonist and co-founder of the D.C. Conspiracy, a Washington, D.C., comics creators’ collaborative.
- By way of Memorandum of Understanding with the Small Press Expo (SPX), acquired by donation 806 items from the SPX annual expos of 2017. In addition, one website of Ignatz award-winning creators was added to the Small Press Expo web archive.
SER continues to house and serve United Nations and U.S. Government Publishing Office depository document sets. In addition, SER staff curate the physical federal advisory committee collection, as well as a federal advisory committee web archive.
National Digital Newspaper Program
Begun in 2004, the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) is a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC) to provide free public access to historic American newspapers through the Chronicling America website (URL <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/>). Applying digital technologies for enhancing and sustaining access to this important primary source of American history, the program will, over the long-term, fund digitization of historic newspapers in all U.S. states and territories.
Each two-year NEH award provides funding to a state library, historical society, or university library representing their state in the program. The institution is responsible for selecting, digitizing and contributing to the program 100,000 pages from public domain newspapers published in its state prior to 1964, using technical specifications established by the Library. In 2017, two new awardees–Arkansas and Georgia--joined 44 other states and territories that have participated in the program. Awards for 2018 will be announced in August.
The Library develops technical guidelines for program participants, builds data infrastructure, and provides ongoing access to the content, as well as contributing newspapers from its own collections. Currently, the program supports 30 active awardees.
In specific accomplishments since January 2018, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers added approximately 650,000 pages to provide full-text access to almost 13.4 million newspaper pages published between 1789 and 1963, representing more than 2,500 selected newspapers from 44 states and territories and the District of Columbia. The site now hosts more 185 non-English U.S. ethnic newspapers (750,000 pages), searchable in Croatian, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, and Swedish. Additional newspapers in Arabic and Romanian are expected later this year. More than 1,400 newspaper history essays by awardees describe the background and significance of each digitized title.
Chronicling America also provides a general interest email and RSS feed, notifying subscribers of interesting NDNP program news and featured highlights and Topic Guides. Interested members of the library community and the public may subscribe at loc.gov/subscribe/#newspapers. Twitter users can follow @librarycongress, using #ChronAm to discover highlights of the collection.
New content is added to the site as it is accepted into the collection. To stay updated on new additions, view the Recent Additions RSS (Real Simple Syndication) feed at URL <chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/newspapers/feed>.
Newspaper Topics Pages
SER continued producing its series of research pages called Topics in Chronicling America, commonly referred to as Topics Pages, designed to aid users of the NDNP’s Chronicling America. Topics Pages (URL <www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics>) focus on newsworthy historic events reported in the American press and searchable in Chronicling America. Topics Pages consist of three parts: the timeline, which lists important dates related to the topic; a list of suggested search terms or search strategies to locate stories; and a bibliography of between ten and fifteen sample stories from Chronicling America’s digital newspaper collections. SER now provides Topics Pages for learning about more than 340 subjects, with recently added guides for the Krakatoa Volcano Eruption, Harriet Tubman, Alice Paul, the Circus, and more.
Orientation and outreach
SER sponsors an hour-long orientation to its collections and its reading room, the Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room, the last Tuesday of each month at 10:00 am. Members of the general public are welcome. In addition, SER organizes special orientations and tours for university classes and other groups with interests related to the collections. SER continues to provide tweets to the Library’s Twitter feed under the #ChronAm hashtag. On May 1, 2018, the new division blog, Headlines and Heroes, went live, with following weekly updates. Librarians give presentations about SER’s U.S. Federal Advisory Committee Collection five times a year at General Services Administration training sessions for federal advisory committee officers. A SER librarian continues to serve as the Library’s “lead” representative in the Federal Web Archiving Working Group, which seeks to coordinate and develop standards for the archiving of U.S. federal government websites.
Library Services / Preservation Directorate (PRESERV)
The mission of the Preservation Directorate at the Library of Congress is to ensure ongoing access to the intellectual content of the collections in original or reformatted form. The Preservation Directorate fulfills this mission directly through the provision of conservation, binding, mass deacidification, reformatting, materials testing, and staff and user education; and indirectly through the coordination and oversight of all Library-wide activities relating to the preservation and physical protection of the collections.
The Preservation website (URL <www.loc.gov/preservation>) is the Library’s main portal into its many collections preservation activities. Recent work on the site includes improvements to better integrate the Library’s digital preservation efforts across the Library (URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/digital >).
Between January and June 2018, the Preservation Directorate hosted five Topics in Preservation Series (TOPS) lectures and one international symposium, all of which were recorded and are or will be accessible via the Preservation and main Library websites in the near future (URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/outreach/tops>).
The Library of Congress participated in Preservation Week, April 22-28, 2018. On Monday, April 23, a presentation and webcast on the Library’s Veteran’s History Project (VHP) took place, followed by displays of items from the VHP collections shown by conservators who discussed the care and treatment of these materials, and behind-the-scenes tours of preservation labs and workshops were held. The Library partnered with the Society of American Archivists to hold a “Twitter conference” on preservation of archival collections and the content is recorded as a Twitter Moment (URL <twitter.com/i/moments/989868053885259776 External>).
Dr. Fenella France, chief of the Preservation Research and Testing Division (PRTD), was invited to extend her role as a Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) Distinguished Presidential Fellow for another two years.
The Library has an active program of internships, fellowships, and training opportunities in preservation to support individuals at many points in their professional and academic careers:
- Preservation is hosting Miranda Clinton as part of a new Historic Black Colleges and University Library Alliance program to place promising undergraduates in summer preservation and conservation internships.
- Binding and Collections Care Division (BCCD) has two new volunteers and interns. Julia Campbell is working in the Collections Care Section (CCS) learning treatment protocols. Josephine Shea is working with the Chief on two oral history projects.
PRTD hosts numerous interns from diverse background and career paths and provides them with opportunities to work in preservation science at the Library. Interns Elizabeth Montagnino and Stephanie Zaleski (postdoc) are doing research on glass flute and glass degradation. Hispanic American Colleges and University Intern Kaitlynn Skinner is working on CLASS/CLASS-D, the Library’s scientific and analytical samples library. American Chemical Society SEED Fellows Darlin Paredes and Christine Folivi work on Paper Degradation. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow for Data Curation in Medieval Studies Andrew Forsberg works on Visualization of Scientific Data.
The Conservation Division’s 2017-2018 Advanced Paper Conservation Intern, Claire Volero, has embarked on a research project to study the papers in the Tissandier Paper Sample Collection. She recorded her observations in a database which will be readily available and will substantially contribute to the knowledge of French paper of this time period. Perhaps the most important result to date is the development of method to capture and enhance watermarks, which are often obscured by writing and heavy media. Because the method involves simple digital manipulations of transmitted light image in widely used programs like Adobe Photoshop, it can be easily adapted for use with other collections. Ms. Volero presented her findings at the 2018 American Institute for Conservation Annual Meeting.
Highlights and News
Reorganization brought approximately 80 staff into the Preservation Directorate in January 2018, along with some 70 contractor staff, under the leadership of Collections Management Division (CMD) Chief Steve Herman. This realignment of core stewardship activities within Library Services places end-to-end responsibility for the stewardship of collections within the Preservation Directorate.
The Director for Preservation, Jacob Nadal, participated in the Eastern Academic Scholars Trust (EAST) Shared Print Monograph Summit, joining librarians and invited experts to discuss national-level opportunities for broader collective access to printed materials and risks to the comprehensive preservation of print monographs. Mr. Nadal was keynote speaker for the Mid-Atlantic Regional Conference on Off Site Storage (MARCOSS). His talk, “From Off-Site to In-the-Center” discussed how off-site storage facilities can be used as the core infrastructure for enhanced services for a library’s users and expanded access to collections nationally.
Jeanne Drewes, chief of BCCD, represented the Library at the IFLA Global Vision meetings in Barcelona, Spain, and Ottawa, Canada. For more on the Global Vision see URL <https://www.ifla.org/node/11905 External>.
Preservation staff continued their work with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and Heritage Emergency National Task Force (HENTF) calls related to deployment of Federal staff conservators from the National Archives, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Park Service to Puerto Rico under National Response Framework (NRF) the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) Recovery Support Function for Natural and Cultural Resources. In addition they participated in preliminary discussions about the status of the US Virgin Islands.
As part of Preservation Week activities, Conservation Division staff collaborated with the Veterans History Project on a presentation highlighting the superior level of care that items receive once donated to the Library. In coordination with an introductory presentation by a VHP archivist, both a book and a paper conservator showed slides and discussed a range of treatments performed on albums, maps, manuscripts and photographs including repair to the sewing and binding structure of a damaged album, pressure sensitive tape removal, humidification and flattening, paper repair as well as UV enhanced photographic documentation which revealed text that would otherwise be obscured or not legible. After the presentations these conservators and a photo conservator were available to discuss and answer questions about treated and housed materials from the collection, which were brought to the Whittall Pavilion in the Thomas Jefferson Building for the event.
Conservation Division (CD) staff members traveled to the National Library of the Republic of Moldova (Biblioteca Naţională a Republicii Moldova, BNRM) in March 2018 to conduct a three-day preservation workshop covering broad topics including planning and policies, environmental control, collection housing and storage, digitization preparation, emergency response, collection security and display. The workshop, made possible through funds granted to BNRM by the U.S. Embassy in Chisinau, provided training necessary to preserve important collections at the National Library and other institutions.
Conservation Division (CD) staff provided an exceptionally strong presence at the 2018 American Institute for Conservation (AIC) Annual Meeting with four presentations by current staff members and two presentations by former conservation interns regarding Library projects. Julie Biggs presented the summarized findings of a five-year research project jointly conducted with PRTD. Shelly Smith and Dan Paterson shared with the book conservation community the Library’s strategies for treating leather bindings, Claire Volero provided innovative processing techniques for enhancing images of watermarks, and Elmer Eusman shared conservation treatment observations from his 30-year career.
Additional conservation leadership contributions by LC staff were made through involvement in committees and working sessions. Gwenanne Edwards of CD continues as the editor for the Book and Paper Annual.
The Preservation Reformatting Division (PRD) pilot project for large-scale digitization of foreign newsprint from printed originals is on track, and PRD will begin planning to transition away from microfilming to digitizing foreign newsprint as early as fiscal 2019. PRD has assembled three sample sets with similar characteristics (language, size, physical condition, etc.) and page count (approx. 90,000 pages each). Each sample will be reformatted by a different vendor, to verify vendor capabilities and to evaluate the Library’s internal processes. In addition to JPEG 2000 master files, Metadata (XML, using NDNP-lite schema) and OCR (ALTO), project deliverables include a final report from each vendor detailing results of the project, successful workflow strategies employed, conclusions, and lessons learned.
The PRD Tangible Media workflow continues to grow. This program transfers digital formation from obsolescent media into the Library’s digital storage systems, using forensic tools for recovering data from damaged or corrupted media. The Division has added a new compact ʯFRED (Forensic Recovery of Evidence Device) workstation from Digital Intelligence and recently added a KryoFlux device used for forensic recovery. The increased capacity provides more throughput and the flexibility to run more than one job at a time. As a result, PRD is able to process collections from multiple sources in parallel.
PRTD continued development work on CLASS-D, an online resource for information about sample materials and preservation analytical work performed by the Library and contributing partner institutions. Staff expanded CLASS-D through the incorporation of additional scientific data and scientific reference collections. Preservation is additionally working to develop a web interface to CLASS-D to support research collaborations and dissemination of research and reference data for preservation science. Presentations at CODATA, Research Data Alliance (RDA) in Göttingen and Berlin, Germany, indicated international support for this venture. A further application is the visualization of linked scientific data using the Internal Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF), which garnered much interest at the recent workshop and presentations in Washington, D.C.
PRTD has been working with the Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities National Internship Program (HNIP) to support and encourage young scientific researchers. Projects have included assessing the specific volatiles that cause odor in damaged paper-based materials, and possible mitigations. As part of this research, a continued focus for PRTD is assessing sorbent materials, what compounds they absorb, and rates of uptake and release.
PRTD has created a portable “go team”–staff and a range of portable instruments that can travel to collection areas to allow non-invasive assessment and capture scientific and curatorial data that adds knowledge to our collections.
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL OUTREACH (NIO)
Laurie Neider was appointed director of FEDLINK, effective April 2, 2018.
John Van Oudenaren was appointed director of the Center for the Book, effective March 18, 2018.
Jason Yasner was appointed acting director for Scholarly and Educational Programs.
Kris Hassinger was appointed chief of the Federal Research Division, effective March 18, 2018.
Kimberly Powell was appointed chief of Internship and Fellowship Programs, effective March 18, 2018.
Tracy K. Smith was appointed to a second term as Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry on March 30.
Center for the Book (including the Poetry and Literature Center)
Now in its 41st year, the Center for the Book (CFB) welcomed a new director, John Van Oudenaren. He was most recently the Library’s director for the Library’s World Digital Library.
Reading Promotion Conference
On May 10, the CFB held a day-long literacy conference at the Library titled “Reading Promotion and the Battle to Keep People Reading.” An outgrowth of the Library’s Literacy Awards program, the conference featured several members of the program’s Advisory Board, as well as past awardees. A video recording of the conference will soon be available online at URL <www.read.gov>.
Annual Literacy Awards
Later in summer 2018, the Literacy Awards program will announce the winners of its sixth annual awards cycle. The awards have so far given more than $1 million to projects in the U.S. and worldwide that are doing exemplary work in the field of literacy. More information is available online at URL <www.read.gov/literacy>.
Annual Idea Exchange
On May 9, the CFB held its annual idea exchange for the 52 affiliated Centers for the Book. Attendees focused on issues such as the creation of literary maps; participation in the National Book Festival’s Pavilion of the States, which the CFB has organized since 2002; reading promotion; and funding.
Letters About Literature
Earlier in summer 2018, the CFB announced the winners of the 26th annual “Letters About Literature” writing contest. The winning submissions can be read online at URL <www.read.gov/letters>. This year, more than 46,000 students in grades four through twelve wrote letters to authors telling them how their works had affected the students’ lives.
Poetry and Literature Center
Smith’s 1st Term as Poet Laureate
In spring 2018, Tracy K. Smith completed her first term as the 22nd U.S. Poet Laureate. During her term, she conducted a series of pilot projects in rural communities around the country, reading and discussing poems at venues large and small, including Cannon Air Force Base in Clovis, New Mexico; the United Methodist Church in Lake City, South Carolina; and the public library in New Haven, Kentucky. She will continue her travels to rural libraries and other venues in her second-term project, “Every America: Celebrating Poems in Rural Communities.” At each site she will offer copies of her new anthology, American Journal: Fifty Poems for Our Time, which will be published in association with the Library of Congress.
Prize Winners Announced and Celebrated
Spring 2018 also saw the announcement of the new Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction winner, E. Annie Proulx. Proulx will receive the prize at the National Book Festival in Washington on September 1. A spring event posthumously honoring last year’s winner, Denis Johnson, featured novelists Eliot Ackerman and Jonathan Franzen, as well as journalist Sam Quinones. Additionally, the 2018 Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry submission period will be announced this summer, with a winner selected in September.
PLC Bolsters Digital Footprint
During National Poetry Month (April), the Poetry and Literature Center (PLC) bolstered its online resources by posting 50 newly digitized recordings from the historic Archive of Recorded Poetry and Literature, including first-time appearances by Robert Hayden, the first African American poet laureate, and Beat poet Gary Snyder. The PLC also debuted its new “From the Catbird Seat” podcast series (available on iTunes), with behind-the-scenes conversations with Tracy K. Smith, as well as former poets laureate Juan Felipe Herrera, Natasha Trethewey, and Charles Wright. This summer, the PLC will relaunch its “Poetry of America” feature, with Linda Gregerson, Jane Hirshfield, Afaa Michael Weaver, and others reading and discussing poems that speak to our sense of the nation.
Online Information about TPS Consortium Members Updated
Members of the Teaching with Primary Sources (TPS) Consortium extend the reach and use of the Library’s Ed. Outreach program by creating curricula, delivering professional development to pre-and in-service teachers, and contributing to research on effective strategies for incorporating primary sources into K–12 instruction. Their projects focus on a diverse array of teacher and student populations, professional concentrations, program approaches, and geographic locations. Information about the Library’s TPS partners has been recently updated at URL <www.loc.gov/teachers/tps/consortium/>.
New Teacher-in-Residence and 1st Einstein Fellow arrive fall 2018
For the 2017–18 school year, Ed. Outreach welcomed Matt Poth, a high-school teacher from Loudoun County, Va., to serve as the Library’s Teacher in Residence. Though his term has come to an end, Poth continues to assist the team’s outreach efforts to world history educators. For the 2018–19 school year, Carolyn Bennett, a music teacher from North Stonington, Conn., will serve as Poth’s successor. Ed. Outreach has also selected Kellie Taylor, an elementary engineering teacher from Eagle, Idaho, to serve as the Library’s first-ever Einstein Fellow. Both will help the division serve more teachers across the curriculum and grade spectrums.
Launch of three new civics interactives
This past fall, three TPS grantees, selected by the Library to create successful web- and mobile-based applications on the subjects of Congress and civic participation for use in K–12 classrooms, launched free educational interactives. All make extensive use of the Library’s online collections. The three organizations are the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va.; the Indiana University Center on Representative Government in Bloomington, Ind.; and Muzzy Lane Software in Newburyport, Mass. More information is available online at URL <www.loc.gov/teachers/civics-interactives/>.
In spring 2018, the Library announced the availability of funds to support additional grants for the development of online interactives and mobile apps for K–12 classroom use on Congress and civic participation. Proposals are currently being reviewed and the new grantees will be announced in late June.
Summer Teacher Institutes
Ed. Outreach’s professional development offerings include five Summer Teacher Institutes that will be held at the Library. During summer 2018, one week will focus on STEM (July 16-20), while the other will focus on World War I (July 9-13). The three other sessions (June 18-22, June 25-29, and July 30-Aug. 3) focus on any subject area. Applications for all sessions have closed. For more information, see URL <www.loc.gov/teachers/professionaldevelopment/teacherinstitute>.
FEDLINK (Federal Library and Information Network)
The Federal Library and Information Network (FEDLINK) is an organization of federal agencies working together to achieve best use of the resources and facilities of federal libraries and information centers by promoting common services, coordinating and sharing available resources and providing continuing professional education for federal library and information staff. FEDLINK serves as a forum for discussion of the policies, programs, procedures and technologies that affect federal libraries and the information services they provide to their agencies, to the Congress, the federal courts and the American people.
On May 1, 2018, at its annual spring exposition, FEDLINK announced the winners of its 2017 national awards for federal librarianship. These awards recognize the many innovative ways that federal libraries, librarians, and library technicians fulfill the information demands of the government, business and scholarly communities, and the American public. The awards and winners are:
- 2017 Federal Library/Information Center of the Year (Large)--The U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Library in Vicksburg, Miss., was recognized for modernizing its knowledge-management services by collecting, digitizing, and making rare and one-of-a-kind knowledge products created by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers visible to common search engines.
- 2017 Federal Library/Information Center of the Year (Small)--The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Library, Research Triangle Park, N.C., was recognized for its outstanding service as one of the lead libraries within EPA’s National Library Network. The library’s staff of five served a campus of 2,000 and maintained an overall customer-service rating of 98.8 percent. Its new service, research-impact reports, is designed to highlight the impact of EPA research and expand on traditional bibliometric methods, organizational information, and visualizations in a portfolio-style product.
- 2017 Federal Librarian of the Year--Edward J. Poletti, chief of learning resources at the Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, John L. McClellan Memorial Veterans Hospital in Little Rock, Ark., was recognized for his dedication and willingness to work on behalf of federal medical librarians to ensure that others, especially administrators, are aware of the value these librarians contribute to patient quality of care.
- 2017 Federal Library Technician of the Year--Ozella Lee Gates, library technician at Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Command in Fort Gordon, Ga., was recognized for her exemplary commitment and dedication to providing library services to a multitude of different medical center customers. She successfully and efficiently continued to support the research, educational, and medical readiness of the center’s staff without additional staffing support for the library.
Internships and Fellowship Programs
Internships and Fellowships Portal
The Library launched the Internships and Fellowships Portal, a publicly accessible website to promote and recruit candidates for the Library's many fellowship, internship, residency, and volunteer opportunities. The portal promotes approximately 85 programs across the Library, and provides a one-stop-shop for opportunity seekers. The portal was seamlessly integrated within the Library’s web presence, and includes a discovery tool, FAQs, and testimonials from past participants. It aims to increase awareness and access to the Library’s many fellowship, internship, and volunteer programs. It is available online at URL <www.loc.gov/ifp>.
Cultural Sustainability Internship Pilot Project
This summer the Library will pilot a new cultural sustainability internship, which provides a qualified master or doctoral student the opportunity to acquire knowledge and skills involving the long-term preservation and accessibility of digital collections. It will offer hands-on experience with and exposure to contemporary preservation issues facing cultural heritage institutions with a mission to sustain long-term, durable access to their collections. The pilot leverages lessons learned from the National Digital Stewardship Residency program, which was pioneered at the Library of Congress in 2013.
Hispanic Association of Colleges & Universities National Internship Program
The Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities National Internship Program (HNIP) has bolstered the Library’s commitment to diversity since 1999, and provided on-the-job training for more than 260 students. This summer the Library is hosting 17 interns across several service units, where they will work on valuable projects, including those focused on communications, information management, outreach, and program management. The Internship and Fellowship Programs (IFP) Office offers educational enrichment sessions that enhance each intern’s experience and provide opportunities to explore a wide range of professional development activities and mentorships with former HNIP interns who went on to federal service. Interested undergraduate and graduate students can learn more about this program at URL <www.hacu.net/hacu/HNIP.asp External>.
Junior Fellows Summer Internship Program
In May 2018, the Library welcomed 40 participants to the Junior Fellows Summer Intern Program for a ten-week internship to explore the Library’s collections and tackle a range of 21st century information management challenges. The Junior Fellows were selected for placements on 33 projects. Their efforts will broaden access to and awareness of the Library’s unique collections, while simultaneously extending their own educational portfolios. The annual “Display Day” on July 25 will showcase their projects. For more information, please visit URL <www.loc.gov/item/internships/junior-fellows-program>.
Montgomery College Paul Peck Humanities Institute Internship Program
The Library continues to support the Montgomery College Paul Peck Humanities Institute Internship Program to strengthen the Library’s engagement with community colleges that advance experiential learning, and awareness and use of the Library’s collections and services. This summer the program placed six honors students in internships that provide opportunities for both personal and professional skills development. In addition to the Library, Paul Peck interns work at the Smithsonian Institution and the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. The program has placed more than 200 students at the three institutions since its inception in 1998.
Upward Bound Program
The Library will host five interns participating in the Harvey Mudd College Upward Bound Program–Georgetown Internship to provide mentoring that helps students understand and appreciate the opportunities available to them by earning a bachelor’s degree. The Library has participated in this program since 2000. Exposure to the Library’s professional environment is invaluable as a learning lab where students are inspired to develop and hone their academic and professional skills. The internship is the zenith for program participants, which culminates in the intensive, five-week summer session. While in Washington, students will engage in a number of activities in addition to their internship, including coursework in U.S. history and literature, supervised study halls, seminars, and field trips to national monuments, historic landmarks, and colleges and universities. The program is funded by the U.S. Department of Education.
In addition to continuing its work engaging members of Congress with events like “Kluge Conversations,” informal, off-the-record, bipartisan breakfasts, and “Dinner and Democracy” gatherings for congressional staff, the John W. Kluge Center has appointed several new chairs to address key topics of concern.
New chairs on U.S. relations with Russia and China
The Kluge Center recently announced the appointments of two new chairs in U.S.‒Russia and U.S.‒China relations who will serve as primary resources in dialogues with Congress. Funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the positions are intended to foster policy-relevant research, programming, and bipartisan legislative discussions. James Goldgeier, the U.S.‒Russia chair, will begin his tenure in September 2018, while Minxin Pei, the U.S.‒China chair, will arrive in January 2019. Goldgeier is a professor of international relations, as well as a former dean of American University’s School of International Service. Pei is the Pritzker ’72 Professor of Government and the director of the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies at Claremont McKenna College. Both scholars will use their time at the Library to conduct research, consult with other experts, and engage with congressional members and staff, along with others working on areas of vital importance to U.S. foreign policy.
Inaugural Kislak Chair
On April 23, 2018, the Kluge Center announced that Stephen Houston, an anthropologist, archaeologist, and epigrapher, has been appointed as the inaugural Jay I. Kislak chair for the study of the history and cultures of the early Americas. He will begin his tenure in September 2018 and work on a project titled “Classic Choreography: The Meaning of Ancient Maya Movement.” Houston has participated in several excavations of major Mayan cities, most recently the ancient city of El Zotz in Guatemala. Funded by the Kislak Family Foundation, the chair is designed to support individuals undertaking research using the Kislak Collection, which encompasses more than 3,000 rare books, maps, manuscripts, historic documents, artifacts, and works of art related to early American history and the cultures of Florida, the Caribbean, and Mesoamerica.
National Film and Recording Preservation Boards and Registries
National Film Preservation Board and Registry
The Film Board met in Washington in November 2017 to discuss ongoing preservation and access initiatives, as well as suggestions for the National Film Registry. The newest 25 selections were announced on Dec. 13, 2017, raising the number of films on the registry to 725. Selections included Ace in the Hole, Dumbo, Titanic, and Wanda.
A prominent online access initiative launched with the December 2017 debut of dozens of National Film Registry titles available for streaming and download at URL <www.loc.gov/collections/selections-from-the-national-film-registry/> on the Library’s website and on its YouTube channel External. The initiative will expand in August 2018 with the addition of approximately 150 titles from the Library’s Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division.
The Board’s two silent film projects continued apace. The 16mm scanning project (PDF, 420 KB)has now borrowed nearly 350 rare films from private collections and scanned them for the Library’s records, while the American Silent Feature Film Database and Lost Films Project spurred the discovery of dozens of silent films previously thought to be lost.
National Recording Preservation Board and Registry
The Recording Board met in Washington in December 2017 to discuss implementing selected preservation and access recommendations found in the National Recording Preservation Plan and to review possible selections for the next Recording Registry.
The latest 25 titles for the National Recording Registry were announced to enthusiastic public response on March 21, 2018, and reached a milestone: The registry now contains 500 titles. Selections included the shimmering “If I Didn’t Care” by the Ink Spots; Bill Haley and His Comets’ 1950s song of rebellious teen independence “(We’re Gonna) Rock Around the Clock”; Harry Belafonte’s lilting Caribbean album “Calypso”; the seminal “Rumours” album from Fleetwood Mac; and the infectious, get-up-and-dance single “Le Freak” by Chic. The Librarian’s announcement was covered widely in the media, with articles and videos by CBS, the Hollywood Reporter, the Los Angeles Times, the New York Times, NPR, Rolling Stone, the Songwriters Hall of Fame, Variety, and the Washington Post.
National Library Service for the Blind & Physically Handicapped (NLS)
Developing Braille e-readers
Since its inception in 1931, the Library’s National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) has provided talking book players to its patrons who wish to listen to audio books. Through recent advances in technology and a partnership with the Perkins School for the Blind in Massachusetts, NLS is pursuing the development of a braille e-reader to bring similar benefits to its braille-reading patrons. With such a device, braille readers will be able to enjoy the advantages of electronic access, including convenient portability, search and navigation features, and the ability to enjoy more titles faster. In addition to the significant benefit to patrons, the use of a braille e-reader is expected to dramatically lower the cost of braille production, storage, and distribution. For more information about this project, contact Judy Dixon, NLS consumer relations officer, at [email protected].
Digital Braille Music Repository
NLS continues to expand its Digital Braille Music Repository, connecting with colleges, universities, and conservatories around the country to build the largest digital braille music library in the world and provide easy access to digital braille music files over the web using BARD, NLS’s Braille and Audio Reading Download service. Current NLS patrons can download more than 2,600 scores, with more to come. For more information about this project, contact Juliette Appold, head of the NLS Music Section, at [email protected].
Update to BARD apps
NLS will soon release new versions of its BARD Mobile App for both iOS and Android. The new versions allow users to better manage their reading lists through “My Previous Downloads” and see what’s trending among fellow readers by viewing the “Most Popular” list. Readers will also find it easier to locate their favorite periodicals as they will now be able to browse magazines by title. Through BARD, NLS patrons can access more than 100,000 books and more than 120 magazines. For more information, visit URL <www.loc.gov/nls/braille-audio-reading-materials/bard-access/>.
Expanding awareness of NLS
NLS launched its first major outreach campaign to educate the American public about the free services provided to U.S. residents with visual impairments and other disabilities. The campaign began in June 2017 with promoted social media and web-based outreach. In February 2018, NLS introduced a new television and radio commercial called "Magical Moments External” that can be seen on outlets such as Grit, National Geographic Channel, TNT, TV Land, and National Public Radio’s “All Things Considered” and “Morning Edition.” For more information on the campaign, contact Kristen Fernekes, head of the NLS Publications and Media Section, at [email protected].
Two recently published books developed by the Library’s Publishing Office celebrate the contributions of American libraries to democracy, culture, and architecture.
- America’s Greatest Library: An Illustrated History of the Library of Congress (published in association with Giles, Ltd.) was written by John Y. Cole, the Library’s first official historian. Covering the history, personalities, collections, and events that created and sustained the world’s largest library, “Cole . . .captures the expansion and scope of the library’s mission . . . in this accessible and beautifully illustrated history” (Washingtonian).
- American Libraries: 1730–1950 (published in association with W. W. Norton) traces the development of libraries in the United States and provides a history and panorama of these much-loved structures, inside and out. The book features 500 photographs and plans selected from the Library’s encyclopedic collections.
Visitor Services Office (VSO)
The Library’s Visitor Services Office (VSO) engaged a record number of visitors to the historic Thomas Jefferson Building in fiscal year 2017. Of the 1.6 million visitors, 152,000 participated in tours offered by VSO.
“Touch History” tours
The VSO’s new “Touch History” tour is a verbal description tour of the Jefferson Building with added opportunities for visitors with visual impairments to feel various carvings and materials. Combined with the docent’s vivid descriptions and stories of the Library as a whole, the hands-on activities enable visitors to have an intimate experience with and to develop an enriched picture of the aesthetics of the building. For additional information, contact the VSO by email at [email protected], or by phone at 202-707-9779.
In addition to the “Touch History” tours, the VSO has placed several “Explore!” carts around the Jefferson Building’s Great Hall, where visitors can engage in tactile learning focused on the history of the written word and the evolution of books.
To meet the needs of the Library’s international audience, the VSO provides printed brochures in 11 different languages and offers public tours in both Spanish and French. Additionally, reserved tours are available in several languages, including German, Italian, Chinese, and Japanese.
New visitor experience
The federal budget enacted on March 23, 2018, includes funding to begin planning and implementation of a new visitor experience in the Library’s historic Thomas Jefferson Building on Capitol Hill. The funding includes $2 million to create a master plan for the new visitor experience and $8 million to begin implementation. The Library anticipates an extensive fundraising campaign to cover the majority of the full cost of eventual implementation, which will be a multiyear effort. The general concepts include creating a gallery that tells the story of the Library and shares documents relating to American history on a rotating basis; refreshing existing exhibition gallery infrastructure; and providing additional spaces within the Jefferson Building for learning and educational programs.
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER (OCIO)
Kate Zwaard was appointed Digital Strategy Director, OCIO, effective April 16.
The federal budget enacted on March 23, 2018, provided $719.82 million for the Library of Congress. This is an increase of nearly $35.7 million over the previous fiscal year’s budget. Most of the increase will support IT modernization.As part of the Library’s ongoing efforts to improve information technology across the Library, by the end of December 2017 all information technology staff were brought under OCIO. The Library has developed an IT Program Modernization Plan that was shared with staff at the end of March 2018.