ALA Annual 2015
Update for 2015 ALA Annual Conference: January - May, 2015
Mark Sweeney, Associate Librarian for Library Services
Service units, divisions, and offices within the Library have submitted the information in this briefing document for the attention and use of Library of Congress staff who will attend the American Library Association (ALA) 2015 Annual Conference in San Francisco, Calif., June 26-30, 2015. The document covers initiatives undertaken at the Library of Congress since the ALA 2015 Midwinter Meeting in Chicago, Ill., Jan. 30-Feb. 3, 2015. Information in the printed document is valid as of June 10, 2015.
Library of Congress Exhibit Booth
The Library of Congress Exhibit Booth is #717 in the Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco. The Library of Congress’s booth manager is Isabella Marqués de Castilla.
Exhibit booth hours:
- Friday, June 26: 5:30-7:00 pm; ribbon-cutting and opening reception
- Saturday, June 27: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
- Sunday, June 28: 9:00 am - 4:00 pm
- Monday, June 29: 9:00 am - 2:00 pm
Library staff making presentations in the booth theater include Colleen Cahill, Tim Carlton, Karl Debus-López, Jeanne Drewes, Paul Frank, Linda Geisler, Anne Harrison, Patricia Hayward, Andrew Huber, Maggie Kruesi, Guy Lamolinara, Candace Milburn, Ron Murray, Laverne Page, Regina Romano Reynolds, Donna Scanlon, Steve Short, Teri Sierra, Sylvester Simpkins, Kate Stewart, George Thuronyi, and MaryBeth Wise. Information technology support will be provided by Thomas Odom.
Demonstrations of Cataloging Distribution Service products are available on a walk-in basis.
Promotions at the booth. A pocket-size Library of Congress Classification reference brochure and a large, handsome poster of the same are available for free to booth visitors while supplies last. Also available to all visitors: pencils that advertise Cataloging Distribution Service; copies of a ca.1878 vintage map of San Francisco to showcase the Library’s Duplication Service copying and reproduction services; and bookmarks advertising the Library’s Retail Service online Web site.
OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN
Dr. James H. Billington, the Librarian of Congress, announced to Library staff on June 10, 2015, that he intends to retire effective Jan. 1, 2016. Dr. Billington is the 13th Librarian of Congress. He began his tenure at the Library in 1987 and will retire with a total of 42 years of federal government service.
Plans for Organizational Realignment
On May 18, 2015, Dr. James H. Billington announced a realignment plan to better position some of the Library’s programs to support its institutional vision. This plan will strengthen the Library’s information technology and other support functions, elevate the outreach function, consolidate digital and analog collection management, provide a better overall support structure for staff, improve overall management and ultimately result in even better service to the Library’s customers.
There are three main elements to this plan:
Realign functions of the Office of Strategic Initiatives: Established in 2000, the Office of Strategic Initiatives (OSI) was charged with overseeing the Library’s institution-wide digital initiatives. Since then, both digital publishing and collections have matured. At the same time, the Library’s demand for robust, dynamic information technology in every aspect of its work has become critical. This plan will align digital collections with analog collections. Information technology, web services and repository development will function in the Office of the Chief Information Officer within the Office of the Librarian. The Office of Strategic Initiatives will no longer exist under the new operating structure.
Establish a National and International Outreach service unit: One of the Library’s principal goals has always been to share America’s spectacular national collection with those outside the Library and to engage people with the Library’s work. This service unit will manage the Library’s scholarly, educational, and interpretive programs, national and international outreach programs, and fee-for-service enterprises, bringing together programs that currently reside in Library Services, the Office of the Librarian and the Office of Strategic Initiatives.
Consolidate the institution-wide management support structure under a Chief Operating Officer in the Office of the Librarian: Like all federal agencies, the Library continues to be called to do more with less, to get value for every public dollar spent, and to make the most of the human capital that is the Library’s greatest asset. Thus, the Library-wide management support structure will be brought together into an Office of the Chief Operating Officer within the Office of the Librarian. The Office of the Chief Operating Officer begins operation in mid-June 2015, overseeing Human Resources Services, Integrated Support Services, the Office of Contracts and Grants Management, the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, the Office of the Chief Information Officer, and the Office of Security and Emergency Preparedness. Some of these support units had been overseen by the Office of Support Operations service unit which no longer exists under the realignment.
Dr. Billington has appointed two individuals to serve in the new leadership positions.
Serving as Director of National and International Outreach is Jane McAuliffe, who came to the Library in 2014 as director of the John W. Kluge Center and head of the Library’s Office of Scholarly Programs. McAuliffe, a world-renowned scholar of the Qur’an, Islam and Muslim-Christian relations, previously served as president of Bryn Mawr College from 2008-2013 and as Dean of Arts and Sciences at Georgetown University from 1999 to 2008. She was in residence during the 2013-2014 academic year as a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the Kluge Center. During her Bryn Mawr presidency, McAuliffe championed global women’s advancement, initiating partnerships with other universities and colleges, convening international conferences on campus, helping create the Women in Public Service Project, expanding the college’s international enrollment threefold and formulating The Plan for Bryn Mawr, a new strategic vision for the college.
McAuliffe is an author of numerous important scholarly publications. She has held research fellowships from various prestigious institutions. McAuliffe received a B.A. from Trinity College in Washington, D.C., and an M.A. and a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto.
Serving as the Library’s Chief Operating Officer is Edward Jablonski, who has served the Library with great distinction as the Associate Director for Finance and Administration in the Congressional Research Service (CRS). Jablonski joined CRS in 2006 and directs financial management, contracting, facility, and administrative activities in his work as associate director. While performing those duties, he also led the CRS Office of Technology for two years and served as the acting Director of the Library’s Office of Contracts and Grants Management for 18 months.
Jablonski previously served for 30 years in the U.S. Navy, reaching the rank of Captain. His responsibilities included coordinating Navy and Marine Corps budget formulation, justification, and execution as the assistant director in the Department of Navy Office of Budget. He also directed a $30 billion-per-year financial operation as Deputy Commander/ Comptroller, Naval Sea Systems Command. Jablonski is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and completed advance training and certifications in nuclear engineering and reactor plant operations.
U.S. COPYRIGHT OFFICE
Information Technology Modernization Plan Proposed
The Copyright Office released a provisional information technology modernization plan and cost analysis on Feb. 29, 2016, that proposes upgrades to enable the Office to meet the needs of digital-age stakeholders. The plan is meant to be considered in conjunction with Positioning the United States Copyright Office for the Future, 2016–2020, published in December 2015. In that document, the Office sets forth a vision for a modern copyright system that integrates the requirements of the copyright law with advances in business practices and information technology.
The Office prepared the information technology plan at the request of the House Appropriations Committee. To be implemented over five years, the plan proposes an information technology system that minimizes costly infrastructure needs, embraces cloud services, uses mobile technologies, and prioritizes data integrity and security controls, among other improvements.
In the coming months, the Office will refine the plan, working with Congress, the Library of Congress, and copyright constituents. At the request of the House Appropriations Committee, the office published a notice of inquiry in the Federal Register on March 1, 2016, seeking comments to inform the funding and implementation of the plan.
To read the plan, visit the Copyright Office’s web site at URL <www.copyright.gov>.
Copyright Law Review
Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) of the House Judiciary Committee announced next steps in the copyright law review process in remarks he delivered by video recording on April 26, 2016, at an event recognizing World Intellectual Property Day. The Copyright Office cohosted the event with the Copyright Alliance at the Library of Congress.
Following 20 formal committee hearings, public roundtables, and stakeholder meetings conducted over the past three years, the Judiciary Committee now has a “comprehensive record of the issues facing the American copyright system today,” Rep. Goodlatte reported. Based on this record, the committee will identify areas “where there is a likelihood of potential consensus” and circulate outlines of potential reforms, inviting stakeholder feedback. It is critical, he said, for Congress to understand the “overall impact of any changes in copyright law before proceeding with formally introduced legislation.” He stated that the committee welcomes the views of all who wish to participate.
In support of the copyright law review, the Copyright Office hosted a symposium on moral rights on April 18, 2016, with George Mason University Law School and its Center for the Protection of Intellectual Property. Held at LC, the symposium brought together authors, scholars, and others for a discussion of copyright issues related to moral rights. Moral rights refer to noneconomic rights considered personal to an author, typically including the right of attribution—that is, the right to be credited as the author of one’s work—and the right to prevent distortions of one’s work that may be prejudicial to one’s reputation. The Register of Copyrights, Maria A. Pallante, identified moral rights as one of several policy issues warranting further study when she testified on April 29, 2015, before the House Judiciary Committee about her perspective on the committee’s review of the copyright law. Subsequently, Rep. John Conyers, the committee’s ranking member, asked the Copyright Office to study the issues the Register identified in her testimony. Thirty-four presenters, including moderators, participated in the April 18 moral rights symposium, which launched the office’s study on the subject. The office will soon publish a notice of inquiry inviting public comment.
For details about the copyright law review, visit the Office’s web site at URL <copyright.gov/laws/hearings>.
Priorities and Policy
The Copyright Office published one policy report since its report for the ALA 2016 Midwinter Meeting and held public roundtables in three inquiries.
Right of Making Available
The Copyright Office released The Making Available Right in the United States on February 23, 2016. The report conveys the findings of a multiyear study of the “making available” right under U.S. copyright law. Making available refers to the exclusive right of copyright owners to authorize transmission of their works through interactive platforms that enable public users to choose where and when to access the works. Two international treaties, known jointly at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Internet Treaties, require WIPO member states, including the United States, to provide such a right. The Copyright Office report concludes that U.S. law provides the full scope of protection required by the treaties and that no statutory change is currently necessary.
Section 512 Study
The Copyright Office convened one public roundtable in New York, N.Y., on May 2 and 3, 2016, and another in San Francisco, Calif., on May 12 and 13, 2016, to support its study of the impact and effectiveness of Digital Millennium Copyright Act safe-harbor provisions contained in section 512 of the copyright law. Section 512 limits the liability of Internet service providers when users of services post or share materials that infringe copyrights, so long as the service providers comply with certain requirements, including expeditiously removing or disabling access to infringing material once they are notified of its presence. The office published a notice of inquiry in the study on Dec. 31, 2016.
Software-Enabled Consumer Products Study
The Copyright Office hosted one public roundtable in Washington, D.C., on May 18, 2016, and another in San Francisco, Calif., on May 24, 2016, in relation to its study on software in everyday products. The study is being conducted at the request of the Senate Judiciary Committee. It will review which parts of the copyright law are implicated by the ubiquity of software in everyday products and the effect of the law on technological advancements affecting such products. The office published a notice of inquiry in the study on Dec. 15, 2015.
Section 1201 Study
The Copyright Office held one public roundtable in Washington, D.C., on May 19 and 20, 2016, and another in San Francisco on May 25 and 26, 2016, to inform its study of the operation of section 1201 of the copyright law, including the triennial rulemaking established under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act to adopt exemptions to the prohibition against circumventing technological measures controlling access to copyrighted works. The office published a notice of inquiry in the study on Dec. 29, 2015.
The Copyright Office cohosted a World Intellectual Property Day celebration with the Copyright Alliance on April 26, 2016. Held at the Library of Congress, the event was part of the Register of Copyright’s Copyright Matters lecture series. Rep. Bob Goodlatte delivered recorded remarks about the copyright law review, described above, after which a panel of creators explored the theme of digital creativity. World Intellectual Property Day is observed internationally on April 26 to mark the date in 1970 when the World Intellectual Property Organization Convention entered into force.
Office of the Librarian / Congressional Relations Office (CRO)
Library Appropriations for Fiscal 2016
Dr. Billington testified in support of the Library's fiscal 2016 Budget Justification on February 26, 2015, before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch, and before the Senate Subcommittee on March 17. The request totaled $666,629,000 in funding, a 5.7 percent increase over the fiscal 2015 budget. The additional funding is intended to cover critical resource additions ($13.9 million) and mandatory pay and price level increases ($21.9 million).
The House passed the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2016 (H.R. 2250) on May 19, 2015, by a vote of 357 to 67. The bill provides the Library with $633,558,000, or 0.09 percent more than enacted for fiscal 2015. The Senate Appropriations Committee marked up its version of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2016 on June 11.
Additional information about 2016 appropriations bills
As of June 10, the House Appropriations Committee had sent seven of twelve annual appropriations bills to the House floor for consideration and votes on final passage; five of the bills had passed, and the Defense Appropriations Act was expected to be considered on June 11 or 12. The Senate Appropriations Committee had sent four bills to the Senate floor, and was scheduled to act on three more on June 11; dates for consideration on the Senate floor were unknown.
Key Member Update
The Joint Committee on the Library held its organizational meeting for the 114th Congress on May 14, 2015. Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO) will serve as Chairman, with Rep. Gregg Harper (R-MS) as Vice-Chairman. The additional committee members are Sens. Pat Roberts (R-KS), Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV), Charles Schumer (D-NY), and Patrick Leahy (D-VT), and Reps. Candice Miller (R-MI), Tom Graves (R-GA), Robert Brady (D-PA), and Zoe Lofgren (D-CA).
New Members have joined committees in the House that have jurisdiction over the Library. Rep. Mark Walker (R-NC) takes the seat of former Rep. Aaron Schock (R-IL) on the Committee on House Administration, and Rep. Steven Palazzo (R-MS) replaces Rep. David Young (R-IA) on the House Appropriations Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch.
Current memberships of committees with jurisdiction over the Library are as follows:
Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
Roy Blunt, Missouri, Chairman
Lamar Alexander, Tennessee
Mitch McConnell, Kentucky
Thad Cochran, Mississippi
Pat Roberts, Kansas
Richard Shelby, Alabama
Ted Cruz, Texas
Shelley Moore Capito, West Virginia
John Boozman, Arkansas
Roger Wicker, Mississippi
Chuck Schumer, New York, Ranking Member
Dianne Feinstein, California
Dick Durbin, Illinois
Tom Udall, New Mexico
Mark Warner, Virginia
Patrick Leahy, Vermont
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
Angus King, Maine
Committee on House Administration
Candice Miller, Michigan, Chairwoman
Gregg Harper, Mississippi
Richard Nugent, Florida
Rodney Davis, Illinois
Barbara Comstock, Virginia
Mark Walker, North Carolina
Robert Brady, Pennsylvania, Ranking Member
Zoe Lofgren, California
Juan Vargas, California
Senate Appropriations Legislative Branch Subcommittee
Shelley Moore Capito, West Virginia, Chairwoman
Mark Kirk, Illinois
Jerry Moran, Kansas
Thad Cochran, Mississippi, Ex Officio, Non-Voting
Brian Schatz, Hawaii, Ranking Member
Chris Murphy, Connecticut
Barbara Mikulski, Maryland, Ex Officio, Non-Voting
House Appropriations Legislative Branch Subcommittee
Tom Graves, Georgia, Chairman
Mark Amodei, Nevada
Scott Rigell, Virginia
Evan Jenkins, West Virginia
Steven Palazzo, Mississippi
Hal Rogers, Kentucky, Ex Officio, Voting
Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Florida, Ranking Member
Sam Farr, California
Betty McCollum, Minnesota
Nita Lowey, New York, Ex Officio, Voting
Senate Judiciary Committee
Chuck Grassley, Iowa, Chairman
Orrin G. Hatch, Utah
Jeff Sessions, Alabama
Lindsey Graham, South Carolina
John Cornyn, Texas
Michael S. Lee, Utah
Ted Cruz, Texas
Jeff Flake, Arizona
David Vitter, Louisiana
David Perdue, Georgia
Thom Tillis, North Carolina
Patrick Leahy, Vermont, Ranking Member
Dianne Feinstein, California
Chuck Schumer, New York
Dick Durbin, Illinois
Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode Island
Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
Al Franken, Minnesota
Christopher A. Coons, Delaware
Richard Blumenthal, Connecticut
House Judiciary Committee
Bob Goodlatte, Virginia, Chairman
Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr., Wisconsin
Lamar Smith, Texas
Steve Chabot, Ohio
Darrell Issa, California
Randy Forbes, Virginia
Steve King, Iowa
Trent Franks, Arizona
Louie Gohmert, Texas
Jim Jordan, Ohio
Ted Poe, Texas
Jason Chaffetz, Utah
Tom Marino, Pennsylvania
Trey Gowdy, South Carolina
Raul Labrador, Idaho
Blake Farenthold, Texas
Doug Collins, Georgia
Ron DeSantis, Florida
Mimi Walters, California
Ken Buck, Colorado
John Ratcliffe, Texas
Dave Trott, Michigan
Mike Bishop, Michigan
John Conyers, Jr., Michigan, Ranking Member
Jerry Nadler, New York
Zoe Lofgren, California
Sheila Jackson Lee, Texas
Steve Cohen, Tennessee
Hank Johnson, Georgia
Pedro Pierluisi, Puerto Rico
Judy Chu, California
Ted Deutch, Florida
Luis Gutierrez, Illinois
Karen Bass, California
Cedric Richmond, Louisiana
Suzan DelBene, Washington
Hakeem Jeffries, New York
David Cicilline, Rhode Island
Scott Peters, California
Library of Congress Caucus
The Congressional Library of Congress Caucus continues to add Members, with a current roster of 64 House Members.
House Judiciary Copyright Review
Since Chairman Robert (Bob) Goodlatte on April 24, 2013, announced his intention to undertake a comprehensive review of U.S. copyright law, the House Judiciary Committee has held more than 20 hearings and received testimony from 100 witnesses. The scheduled hearings concluded on April 29, 2015.
The Library submitted for the hearing record of April 29, a letter from Dr. Billington to Chairman Goodlatte and Ranking Member John Conyers. In his comments Dr. Billington urged that as the Act is updated, the concept of the Library building and preserving a “national collection” for the benefit of the American people not be lost.
On June 4, Congressman Tom Marino (R-PA-10) and Congresswoman Judy Chu (D-CA-27) released a discussion draft of new legislation to transform the United States Copyright Office. The draft legislation, Copyright Office for the Digital Economy Act or CODE Act, would elevate the current position of Register to Director, to be appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
The legislation also calls for a study of the mandatory deposit requirement, including:
- The history of the mandatory deposit provisions and their application to the digital era;
- The Library’s preferences regarding format or quality when seeking deposits that are appropriate to preservation efforts;
- The concerns of copyright owners relating to the Library’s retention of works, copying of works for preservation purposes, and copying or sharing required to make such works, including digital works, available to Library patrons or the public at large;
- Observations regarding the legal and administrative conditions under which the Copyright Office may transfer to the Library the responsibility for administering section 407;
- Relevant experience from foreign countries that have adopted similar or analogous regimes for the benefit of their national libraries, archives, or other institutions;
- Such recommendations, including recommendations for statutory changes, that the Director considers appropriate.
Member attendance at events
The Library has seen a large number of Members come to the Thomas Jefferson Building to attend events in the first part of 2015. More than 300 Members participated in the Congressional Dialogues on Great Americans dinners on February 3, March 25, and April 28; 17 Members came to the Country Music Association concert on April 21; and 49 Members attended the ASCAP "We Write the Songs" concert on May 12.
The new Congress was sworn in on Tuesday, January 6, 2015. The Congressional Relations Office had already met most of the members of the incoming freshman class in the House shortly after the November 2014 elections, when the Committee on House Administration, Majority Leader Steve Scalise, and Minority Whip Steny Hoyer hosted events at the Library and members on both sides of the aisle came to socialize, meet the Librarian, and see the Thomas Jefferson Building and the Civil Rights Act and Magna Carta exhibitions. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) participated in training sessions for the new Members, and held the traditional New Members Orientation in Williamsburg, Va., beginning on January 9, 2015.CRO will be contacting the new Members early in the 114th Congress to acquaint them with the Library’s collections, programs and services.
In the freshman class for the 114th Congress there are a total of 58 new Representatives (43 Republicans and 15 Democrats; three other House members, one Republican and two Democrats, were sworn in earlier to fill vacant seats). Thirteen new Senators (12 Republicans and one Democrat) were sworn in the same day. Several new Members in both chambers have served previously as Members, and quite a few have been Hill staff. The lineup in the House will be 246 Republicans and 188 Democrats; the Senate will consist of 54 Republicans, 44 Democrats, and two Independents who will caucus with the Democrats.
LAW LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Several updates to Congress.gov have been made over the past few months. The highly requested feature, email alerts, including alerts for legislation, Members of Congress, and the Congressional Record, was added in February. In March, treaty documents, new default bill text, and comprehensive appropriations tables were added. The most recent release in May added The Federalist Papers, new browse lists, and additional advanced search fields. Congress.gov utilizes iterative development based in part on user feedback. The next update is planned for this summer.
Mark Sweeney was appointed Associate Librarian for Library Services by Librarian of Congress James H. Billington on Feb. 1, 2014. Sweeney had previously been the Library’s director for preservation and chief of its Humanities & Social Sciences and Serial & Government Publications divisions. He had served as acting associate librarian for Library Services since August 2014.
Also in February, the Librarian announced that Helena Zinkham, the Chief of the Library’s Prints & Photographs Division, who has served since late 2014 as acting Director of Collections and Services in Library Services, would continue in that position for two years.
Edward A. Miner was appointed field director of the Library’s Overseas Office in Nairobi, Kenya, effective May 4, 2015. He was previously bibliographer for African, Middle Eastern & South Asian Studies at the University of Iowa.
Teresa Sierra was appointed chief of the Serial and Government Publications Division, effective May 17, 2015. She served as assistant chief and acting chief from 2005 to 2015.
Carlos Olave was appointed head of the Hispanic Division Reading Room, effective May 17, 2015. He joined the Library of Congress in 1988 in the Shared Cataloging Division as a French language cataloger. He was a senior reference specialist in Hispanic culture and served as the acting Luso-Brazilian specialist in the Hispanic Division from 2001 to 2008. Since October 2008 he has been the section head of the South America Section in the African, Latin American, and Western European Division (ALAWE), Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate.
The Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate filled eight section head (first-line supervisory) positions, effective May 31, 2015. Diana Snigurowicz has been selected as the new head of the Canada/Oceania Section of the U.S./Anglo Division. Zoya Nazari has been selected as the new head of the Southeast Asia & South Asia Section of the Asian & Middle Eastern Division. Elizabeth Davis-Brown has been selected to head the Iberia/Rio Office Section and Inés Flores the South America Section of ALAWE. Miroslava Nezar has been selected to head the Southeast Europe Section and Inna Saakova the Russia Section of the Germanic & Slavic Division. Vickie Crawley was appointed to head the Geography, Political Science, and Education Section of the U.S. Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Division (USASH). Majid Majd was appointed head of the Science, Medicine, and Agriculture Section of USASH. In addition, Angela Murphy-Walters was appointed Literature Section Head and CYAC Program Manager, U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division, effective April 5, 2015.
American Folklife Center/Veterans History Project
Collection Development Office
Acquisitions Budget Update
In the current fiscal year (October 2014-September 2015) the Library’s GENPAC appropriation, under which acquisitions for all Library collections except those of the Law Library are made, increased by $1,658,350, or 11.79 percent, to $15,715,672. After several very lean budget years, this increase served to restore some of the base funding that had previously been lost. It also allowed for the allocation of $500,000 to new subscriptions. That amount was sub-allocated to the various recommending divisions in the Library, with a deadline of June 30, 2015, to recommend new subscriptions.
Just two years ago, those same divisions were asked to recommend twenty percent of their GENPAC subscription titles for cancellation, resulting in 3,597 cancellations and cost avoidance of more than $500,000 per year. As part of the 2013 cancellation project, recommenders were asked to indicate which titles should be considered for re-subscription if funding were to be restored. The recommenders have been given that information, and, indeed, some cancelled titles are being subscribed to again.
Collection Development Office Updates
The Collection Development Office (CDO), formally established in 2013, is almost fully staffed now, with three Senior Collections Development Analysts and one Electronic Resources Coordinator having joined the unit in December. The final position planned for the CDO is a Senior Collections Development Analyst, who will hopefully be appointed by the end of summer 2015.
Staff of CDO have been working on a number of projects, including the following major efforts:
- Collecting Levels. As a prelude to a systematic review of all of the Library’s Collections Policy Statements, CDO looked into the question of whether the standard collecting levels embodied in the Statements should continue to be used. A report, RLG Conspectus Collecting Levels, was submitted to the Librarian. The primary recommendation is that the Library retain the zero to five system of collecting levels that has been in place for the past few decades.
- Usage Statistics. A CDO staff member is assessing and analyzing the Library's current compilation and reporting procedures related to collections usage data and will recommend a system whereby such information is compiled fully and is reported in an integrated manner. This project is designed to support the Library’s strategic objective of ensuring that “needed items are obtained for the collections” by exploring how best to assemble all relevant collection usage metrics--for both analog and digital collections--into one central reporting system.
- Foreign Newspapers. Another CDO staff member has taken on the daunting task of analyzing the Library’s foreign newspaper subscriptions, associated microfilming backlogs, and other related issues. The acquisition of these newspapers is decentralized across multiple acquisitions sections in Washington and the Library’s six overseas offices, as is the Library’s own microfilming operation, making it a challenge simply to gather all of baseline information.
In 2013, the Library became a participant in Portico’s e-journal and e-book digital preservation services. Following on that, the Library has recently become a supporting library for CLOCKSS (Controlled Lots Of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe). CLOCKSS is a nonprofit joint venture to build a sustainable dark archive to ensure the long-term survival of Web-based scholarly publications.
Both Portico and CLOCKSS maintain dark archive copies of digital content. Although there is some content overlap between the two, there are unique resources in each. For example, East View content is in CLOCKSS, but it is not in Portico. Following a “trigger event,” such as a publisher going out of business, libraries will have continued access to the archived resources.
Recommended Format Specifications
National Book Festival
The 15th annual Library of Congress National Book Festival will be held in the Washington Convention Center, Saturday, Sept. 5, 2015. The 2015 Festival will be made possible through the support of National Book Festival Board Co-Chair David M. Rubenstein and many other generous supporters.
Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME)
Library Services / Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate (ABA)
Cataloging Distribution Service
Cataloging in Publication (CIP) Program
Caroline Saccucci continued a split assignment as Dewey Program Manager and Acting CIP Program Manager. A proposal to merge the Dewey and Cataloging in Publication Programs at the Library of Congress is currently under review by Library management. Management believes that there is the potential for great synergy by merging these two key program areas. Staff will be cross-trained in both Dewey and CIP policies and procedures.
The CIP Program has been granted the opportunity to hire one program specialist at the professional entry level from among Library Services staff. The vacancy announcement closed on June 1. A selection decision should be made this summer.
To date in fiscal 2015, the CIP Program has cataloged 32,306 ECIP and CIP print galleys. The total number of ECIP and CIP print galleys for the entire 2014 fiscal year was 50,040. Our partner institutions in the ECIP Cataloging in Partnership Program have cataloged 4,947 CIP records, which accounts for 15 percent of all CIP records created to date in fiscal 2015.
E-Book and ECIP Cataloging Partnership Programs
The CIP E-books initiative continued to grow and in April had already exceeded the fiscal 2015 target to ingest 2,500 CIP e-books. To date in fiscal 2015, 3,396 e-books have been received, and 2,937 have been moved to long-term storage. 178 publishers have joined the CIP E-books Program to apply for CIP e-book metadata, and 24 publishers are submitting e-books to the CIP Program. The CIP Program created a roadmap that provides strategies, steps, and timelines to increase the number of publishers participating in metadata creation and the number of publishers submitting e-books.
There are now 26 members in the ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program. The following institutions became partners in the last six month period: ProQuest; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Harvard University Libraries; Douglas County (Colo.) Public Libraries; University of Colorado Boulder.
New CIP Data Block Layout to Be Implemented
The Library of Congress is pleased to announce that a new version of the CIP Data Block, the cataloging information printed by publishers at the front of the book, will be implemented by the Cataloging in Publication Program no later than September 30, 2015. Over the last year and a half, the Library of Congress with the assistance of experts from the school, public and academic library communities has been investigating a new layout for the CIP Data Block. The new layout results from an analysis of responses to a 2014 survey that asked institutions what should be kept, added, or removed from the CIP Data Block to meet the needs of the 21st- century bibliographic environment. There are numerous changes to the layout including the use of labels to clearly identify the different components within the block, addition of RDA: Resource Description & Access and electronic resource data elements, and a URL that links directly to the LC catalog for easy retrieval of bibliographic records. The new layout was shared at the 2015 Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association. After incorporating recommendations received at the conference, the Library of Congress revised the layout and requested further input through June 1, 2015. Additional changes were made based on this input. The revisions to the CIP data block, as it will appear in books, will not impact MARC records created by the Library of Congress, and the Library’s MARC record distribution process will remain unchanged.
You can find information on the new layout at URL <www.loc.gov/publish/cip/news>. You can send any questions or comments about the new layout to Karl Debus-López, Chief, U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division at the Library of Congress, at <[email protected]>.
CIP Program staff and staff in the Asian and Middle Eastern and African, Latin American and Western European Divisions are working with the Library’s Cairo and Rio de Janeiro offices to create two pilot international CIP programs. One program is partnering with the Qatar National Library to develop a CIP Program for Qatari publications. The other pilot will investigate whether the Library can assist in developing a CIP Program for Uruguayan publications. The pilots if successful will move into production in Fiscal 2016. The end result will be that more publications from Qatar and Uruguay will be available with high quality cataloging to users via OCLC and other sources, and books will be sent to the LC overseas offices from participating publishers, enhancing the Library’s collections. The pilots can also be used as a model for other countries.
Consolidated Traffic Manager (CTM)
The CIP and ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) sections continue to work with Library information technology staff on the development of a system to replace the aging ECIP system and to develop new functionality for receipt and processing of requests for ISSN from publishers and other entities. A solicitation was recently posted on FedBizOpps to award a contract to assist with the development of the system. It is estimated that the new system will be fully functional by June 2016.
See also under INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES DIRECTORATE/Research & Development, Library Services/Law Library (R&D/LS&LL) in this document
See under Policy and Standards
Children's and Young Adults Cataloging (CYAC)
Cooperative Cataloging Programs
COIN staff and a policy specialist from the Policy and Standards Division provided a series of briefings for the Library’s Network Development and MARC Standards Office (NDMSO) on FRBR (Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records) and RDA: Resource Description & Access, so NDMSO staff could better prepare for the LC BIBFRAME Pilot and understand the bibliographic contexts in which LC catalogers have been trained. LC catalogers are fully acclimated in the FRBR and RDA environments. This series of briefings used a unique participatory approach as the NDMSO attendees were required to review sets of discussion materials in advance of each face-to-face meeting; each set of discussion materials included specific questions from the course developers to NDMSO staff that required answers. Those answers were used as discussion points in the face-to-face meetings. Both parties in these two-way conversations learned from each other and benefitted from a stronger familiarity with the respective vocabularies and a greater awareness of RDA in a Linked Data environment.
Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC)
The ABA Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division (COIN) continues to provide the secretariat for the PCC and its four component programs: BIBCO, for monograph bibliographic record contributions; CONSER, for serial bibliographic record contributions; NACO, for name and series authority work; and SACO, for Library of Congress Subject Heading and Library of Congress Classification proposals.
ProQuest became the first publisher and vendor to join the PCC BIBCO Program in May 2014 when its Metadata Integration & Cataloging Team began submitting PCC BIBCO Standard Record (BSR records) via the Congress ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program for pre-publication galleys of U.S. imprints received at the Library of Congress.
The PCC BIBCO Music Funnel was formally established after the approval of PCC Steering Committee in April 2015. The Music Funnel was the result of efforts by the music community in the past year. The BIBCO Music Funnel is joining the long-established NACO Music Project as well as the SACO Music Funnel. The Funnel will be instrumental in helping develop PCC best practices for music cataloging.
The PCC Standing Committee on Standards released an updated version of the PCC RDA BIBCO Standard Record (BSR) Metadata Application Profile [PDF, 1MB] document in April 2015. This version of the PCC BSR document includes code updates and terminology changes to conform to RDA, updated instructions for rare material, and editorial and formatting changes.
A pre-conference workshop on RDA was held during the annual meeting of the Council on East Asian Libraries (CEAL) in Chicago, Ill., in March 2015. Jessalyn Zoom of the Library of Congress gave a training session on NACO Phase 3 updates (see below and under Policy and Standards in this document) and the latest updates to the NACO instructions.
As part of the PCC Operations meeting in May 2015, CONSER members participated in a Linked Data training and brainstorming session. Basic overviews of Linked Data principles and the BBIFRAME vocabulary were presented in a webinar given by Rhonda Super and Kevin Balster, both of the University of California, Los Angeles. Participants brainstormed on topics designed to prepare CONSER members for working in a Linked Data environment. Topics included identifying steps needed to reach agreement on a continuing resources Linked Data model and identifying stake holders in the current and future CONSER environment. Participants will use the results from the brainstorming session to begin talking to their institutions about planning for Linked Data projects. CONSER will use the results to begin planning for program wide projects, contacting potential stakeholders, and addressing vocabulary and other technical needs for continuing resources.
Four new NACO institutions have joined the program so far this year.
LC/NACO Authority File Phase 3B changes
The RDA Authorities Phase 3 Task Group of the PCC is testing the automated changes to NACO authority records that are expected to take place in summer 2015. The automated changes will not affect the 1XX fields of NACO authority records, but will enhance the records in many ways, including: 1) re-coding AACR2 records to RDA; 2) adding ISNI (International Standard Name Identifiers) where available; 3) mining 670 fields for date information that will be added to the 046 field. The specifications for the Phase 3 changes are on the PCC Web site at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/rda/RDA%20Task%20Groups.html>.
SACO members have contributed 749 new LCSH proposals in the first half of calendar year 2015. The PCC Secretariat and subject specialists in the Policy and Standards Division (PSD) will present a SACO workshop titled “Proposing New and Revised Topical Subject Headings” in conjunction with the ALA Annual Conference. Eighteen SACO members will attend the workshop, to be held at the University of San Francisco on Friday, June 26, 2015. The PCC Secretariat and PSD thank the University of San Francisco for generously offering to host the workshop on its campus. This workshop is a repeat of the highly successful one held in Chicago, Ill., in January 2015 in conjunction with the ALA Midwinter Meeting.
National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
NUCMC staff concluded work on the program’s five-year Web observance of the sesquicentennial of the Civil War. The installment for fiscal 2015, Part 5, “At War’s End: A Nation Mourns and Rebuilds,” focuses on the final battles waged, the surrender at Appomattox, Lincoln’s assassination, veterans’ organizations, and Reconstruction. This observance highlights the bibliographic access provided by the program to the nation’s hidden documentary heritage. The final installment became available on the NUCMC Web site in January 2015. See URL <www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc>.
NUCMC staff also began preparations for a new Web observance in recognition of the 100th anniversary of World War I. The NUCMC catalogers plan to have the pages ready by October 2015.
Dewey Decimal Classification (DCC) at the Library of Congress
Caroline Saccucci continued a split assignment as Dewey Program Manager and Acting CIP Program Manager. A proposal to merge the Dewey and Cataloging in Publication Programs at the Library of Congress is currently under review by Library management.
From January through May 2015, classifiers in the Dewey Program assigned the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) to 43,073 titles. The Dewey Program also contributed the Library of Congress Classification number to 871 clinical medical titles cataloged by the National Library of Medicine.
Saccucci and Dr. Julianne Beall, volunteer assistant consulting editor of the DDC, met with Diane Vizine-Goetz of OCLC, who will look at potential mappings of sports biographies between DDC and LCC to see if development of the AutoDewey software for that discipline would be useful.
Beall and Dr. Rebecca Green, assistant DDC editor, attended the European DDC Users Group (EDUG) meeting in Naples, Italy, May 15-17, 2015. As part of the symposium, Beall gave a brief presentation entitled “From print to WebDewey.” The assistant editors met with members of the French, Norwegian, and Swedish translation teams. They also moved forward on the Mongolian and French translations of WebDewey.
At the recommendation of EPC member Caroline Kent, British Library, Ms. Saccucci has been the primary point of contact for Dewey and other LC policy questions for Jo Maxwell, Cataloguing Training Manager at Bibliographic Data Services in the UK.
Dr. Carol Bean, the incoming OCLC associate editor, joined the Dewey Program on May 26, 2015. She was formerly a Senior Research Scientist at the Center for Biomedical Informatics Research at Stanford University.
The 138th Editorial Policy Committee meeting was held at the Library of Congress, June 8-9, 2015.
ISSN (International Standard Serial Number)
U.S. ISSN Center and ProQuest win the ALCTS Outstanding Collaboration Citation
The U.S. ISSN Center and ProQuest Metadata Integration & Cataloging Section are the recipients of the ALCTS Outstanding Collaboration Citation for 2015. The Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS) gave the award in recognition of the 15-year public-private partnership between the two organizations. Beginning in 2000, a metadata librarian employed first by R.R. Bowker, and later by ProQuest, has been assigned to the ISSN Center at the Library of Congress to work for the mutual benefit of both organizations. This partnership has helped the ISSN Center respond to the rapid increase in ISSN requests for electronic resources and implement projects to assign ISSN to core works. The collaboration between the U.S. ISSN Center and ProQuest has provided benefits to publishers, vendors, libraries, and researchers around the world. The citation will be presented to Regina Romano Reynolds, director of the U.S. ISSN Center at the Library of Congress, and Allison Feist, head of the ProQuest Metadata Integration & Cataloging Section, on June 27, at the ALCTS Awards Ceremony during the 2015 American Library Association (ALA) Annual Conference in San Francisco, Calif.
ISSN 40th Anniversary
The U.S. ISSN Center is participating in the ISSN Network’s year-long celebration of the 40th anniversary of the ISSN International Centre [sic] and the ISSN standard. A celebration commemorating the Library of Congress’s more than 40 years as host to an ISSN center was held at the Library on May 7, 2015, in conjunction with the Program for Cooperative Cataloging’s CONSER and BIBCO Operations meetings. An ISSN poster exhibit took place at the Great Ideas Showcase held at the NASIG (North American Serials Interest Group) annual meeting on May 28 in Washington, D.C. At ALA Annual, Regina Romano Reynolds will give a presentation, “ISSN @40” at the LC booth and the ALCTS Continuing Resources Update Forum will feature presentations about ISSN. At the ISSN Governing Board meeting in Paris in April 2015, Karl Debus-Lopez, Chief of the U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division, and current Chair of the ISSN Governing Board, spoke on the history and importance of the ISSN standard and Network at a celebration hosted by the ISSN International Centre. Among other activities, the ISSN International Centre is hosting a blog with historical and news items at URL <40years.issn.org/ External>. A special ISSN anniversary issue of the journal Ciencia da Informacão (ISSN 1518-8353) is scheduled for publication in August by the Brazilian Institute of Science and Technology Information (IBICT).
ISSN Governing Board meeting
Karl Debus-López chaired the annual meetings of the ISSN Governing Board in Paris, France, in April 2015. At this year’s meeting, the Governing Board engaged in a strategic planning process where consultants presented several visions for the future of ISSN. In order to enhance ISSN revenue, the consultants have recommended that publishers begin paying for ISSN (through the International Centre), as they do for ISBN assignment. The consultants also recommended developing new products and services--some free of charge, some at a cost--to enhance the visibility of the ISSN and generate revenue. The various scenarios will be discussed over the next several months with interested parties, with implementation set for the fall.
The ISSN International Centre’s ROAD Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources (URL <road.issn.org External>) has been redesigned and updated to include downloading of records in RDF as well as MARC XML. The redesign also includes schema.org tagging. The U.S. ISSN Center is assigning ISSN to selected U.S. institutional repositories as part of its contribution to the ROAD database.
The U.S. ISSN Center is participating in the current “Core e-journals campaign” initiated by the ISSN International Centre to ensure ISSN are assigned to e-journals worldwide that are included in key directories and databases. The U.S. portion of the project consists of over 1000 titles. When ISSN are assigned to these journals, publishers are notified and requested to display the ISSN.
A new edition of the ISSN Manual was prepared by the ISSN Review Group which includes representation by the U.S. ISSN Center. The manual is available at URL <www.issn.org/understanding-the-issn/assignment-rules/issn-manual/ External>. This January 2015 edition replaces the 2012 edition and includes clarified rules for ISSN assignments and some elements new to ISSN records such as RDA content, media, and carrier types, source of description and others. Also included for the first time are optional instructions to add ISNI (International Standard Name Identifiers) when available for corporate body access points.
Consolidated Traffic Manager (CTM)
The National Information Standards Organization’s standing committee for the recommended practice, PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of e-Journals, surveyed the community to assess whether the document needs updating, additions, or further information. To date, the full NISO PIE-J recommended practice document has been downloaded more than 8,000 times. Results of the survey are being considered by the standing committee and future updates to the document will take these results into account.
ProQuest LC Position
A new incumbent for the LC ProQuest position, Metadata Librarian, Cataloging, began work at LC on March 9, 2015. The incumbent’s work is divided among duties such as updating and troubleshooting ProQuest’s databases, assigning ISSN, ISSN problem solving, interacting with publishers, and CONSER record creation.
Literature Section and Children’s and Young Adults’ Cataloging Program (CYAC)
Administrative (Staff and workload)
Since April 5th, 2015, Angela Murphy-Walters has served as Literature Section Head and CYAC Program Manager. Caroline Saccucci returned full-time to her duties as Dewey Section Head and Acting Head of CIP after serving collaterally as Literature/CYAC manager until Murphy-Walters was promoted.
We have a Library of Congress Knowledge Navigators Intern working in the section for the summer. She is continuing our efforts to fully automate our CYAC Decisions File, which will then be readily available to catalogers throughout LC, whether on-site or teleworking. The section clerk, whose hours have been increased to full-time through September, is helping convert the file to Word documents that can be stored on a secure server that will be accessible in case of a major emergency. We also have a summer hire who will mainly be labeling books, but will help with some other projects, as well.
The Literature/CYAC staff continue to prepare for their next physical move, which will bring all members of the Section together in one room. That work is tentatively scheduled to begin in late July 2015, with a few people moving in mid-August 2015. We expect to be in our permanent location for about two years before that location is renovated, at which time section staff will move to temporary quarters or “swing space.”
Plans continue for a celebration of the CYAC Program’s 50th anniversary this year. In addition to celebrating during the CC:CM program at ALA Annual Conference in San Francisco, we will have a more formal event at the Library in November. Research in the Library’s Children’s Literature Center and files from former section heads have turned up treasures to share at that event.
The CYAC Web pages have been updated again, to add Murphy-Walters’s contact information and to make several minor corrections. We would welcome input on the site, URL <www.loc.gov/aba/cyac>
The Law Section in the U.S. Programs, Law, and Literature Division now has 13 staff members, compared to 20 in October 2008. The section has received management permission to fill two positions, one to catalog law materials in Chinese, Japanese, and a modern European language, and one to catalog law materials in the Romance languages and one other language, preferably Persian.
Law Section staff members have been actively using overtime funds made available to ABA. At the end of May 2015, the Law Section’s work on hand had been reduced to 710 titles, a historically low number for the Section.
National Union Cataloging of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
See under Cooperative Cataloging Programs
Network Development and MARC Standards Office
Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME)
This initiative is an investigation of the emerging Linked Data environment for sharing of bibliographic descriptions that currently use the MARC Format. Documentation of the project is available from the BIBFRAME website, URL <www.loc.gov/bibframe>. In the first half of 2015 work was underway to create a simple system to support an LC cataloger experiment with creating BIBFRAME descriptions. This involved combining several components that the Library had developed on contract and shared on Github, but had not yet actively used, such as the BIBFRAME editor and the profile editor. The experimental system will be seeded with a conversion of the Library’s MARC bibliographic records and the reconfiguration of MARC title authority records to BIBFRAME work descriptions. The questions being explored are intentionally kept simple: Can catalogers input native BIBFRAME? Is the BIBFRAME Work/Instance dichotomy clear and useful? Do type-ahead and other “helpers” work? Major challenges will the useful conversion of the MARC file and implementation of adequate search in the new file model.
The BIBFRAME system is being developed on a MarkLogic platform and will make heavy use of the Linked Data vocabularies the Library has made available to the public since 2009. This pilot is expected to begin in July and continue for at least 3 months.
The pilot uses the core RDF-based vocabulary that has been kept relatively stable since early 2014. The pilot is expected to yield points for the revision of the vocabulary and many answers and questions about the adaptability of the library data to the Linked Data environment.
The Office continued work on audiovisual material begun with a study of models used for Moving Image and Recorded Sound material that was carried out by AudioVisual Preservation Solutions (AVPreserve) (available on the BIBFRAME Web site). A follow-on report, which will be published in July or August 2015, examines the intersection of description and preservation metadata, focusing on the relationship between PREMIS (Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies, the standard for digital preservation medadata) and BIBFRAME.
Another study is investigating use of the SRU protocol for retrieving from a triple store backend.
MARC: Update No. 20 to the MARC 21 formats was published online in April 2015. It was a small update covering the changes approved by the MARC Advisory Committee in January 2015. The Update was provided to CDS to keep its Cataloger’s Desktop product in synch with the Web-published MARC documentation.
The 2015 ALA Midwinter Meeting saw the third meeting of the new MARC Advisory Committee (MAC) which took on the responsibility of continuing MARBI's mission to foster open discussion about the MARC standard and to review and vote on proposed changes to the MARC formats. The MAC includes representatives from national libraries, various library associations, and library system vendors and networks. The MARC partners--Library of Congress, Library and Archives Canada, British Library, and Deutsche Nationalbibliothek--are the conveners of the MAC.
LC's Linked Data Service (ID/LDS) Project
The period from January 2015 through June 2015 for LC's Linked Data Service-Authorities & Vocabularies (ID/LDS) (URL <id.loc.gov>) was primarily a maintenance period. ID/LDS was strengthened in small but meaningful ways, particularly with an eye toward leveraging it more and more in support of BIBFRAME. Small datasets, such as MARC Genre/Form Schemes, MARC Subject Schemes, MARC Description Schemes, Publication Frequency, and Resource Components, were added to LC’s Linked Data Service in support of BIBFRAME. To support the implementation of International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations (ISIL), ISIL code was added to the Code List for Cultural Heritage Organizations.
ID/LDS is primarily for developers to enable them to programmatically interact with vocabularies (as “linked data”) commonly found in standards promulgated by LC. The system provides the vocabularies for individual records and bulk download in a number of formats including various RDF and XML formats, in addition to a Web interface for end users. Because ID/LDS contains nearly all of the Library’s authority data, ID/LDS is foundational to BIBFRAME, which is actively exploring an RDF model and embracing Linked Data ideas.
Digital Portal Projects
The Performing Arts Encyclopedia (PAE) (URL: <www.loc.gov/performingarts>), Veterans History Project (VHP), and other portal projects continue to enable NDMSO to investigate new approaches to digital site creation and delivery to end users. Since ALA 2015 Midwinter Meeting, a database of tap dance performances in the 20th century was “tested” prior to a release later this summer. Two new features were also added to the VHP site, URL <www.loc.gov/vets>: “Please Write Often”: Wartime Correspondence and VHP’s 15th Anniversary: Year of the Interviewer.
MODS 3.6 was released May 5, 2015. The MARC to MODS 3.6 mapping and XSLT are in the process of being updated to reflect the 3.6 revision of MODS--along with the MODS Guidelines and other MODS-related XSLTs. These transformations are used extensively by the international community and by LC in a number of applications, including the Permalink service that resolves Library of Congress Control Numbers and exposes LC records as MARC, MARCXML, MODS, and Dublin Core. The Library of Congress will also release a draft MODS to BIBFRAME XSLT based on a mapping of the current BIBFRAME vocabulary in early June 2015.
The PREMIS Editorial Committee completed work on a major revision of the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata, which was published as version 3.0 on June 10, 2015. The changes enhance the ability to describe technical characteristics, provenance and rights information for groups of digital objects (“intellectual entities”). In addition they allow for better description of hardware and software environments and their components, which themselves need to be preserved in order to use digital objects in the future given rapid technological changes.
The Committee also issued a revised statement about what it means to be conformant to the specifications of the PREMIS Data Dictionary. The new statement retains some of the previous statement in terms of establishing principles of use and degrees of freedom in interpreting implementation of the Data Dictionary. In addition the new statement introduces a graduated series of conformance levels. Although the Data Dictionary is designed to be technically neutral, the conformance statement is necessary to ensure data consistency among and across preservation repositories. The new statement is available at URL <www.loc.gov/standards/premis/premis-conformance-20150429.pdf> [PDF, 127KB].
A day-long workshop on the PREMIS Data Dictionary will be held in conjunction with the Society of American Archivists’ annual meeting on August 17, 2015.
Other Standards Projects
The Extended Date/Time Format (EDTF) 1.0 specification, based on ISO 8601 (Representation of Dates and Times), defines features to be supported in a date/time string beyond those contained in ISO 8601. It was completed and submitted to ISO/TC154 (the International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee that developed ISO 8601) and a joint committee was set up with ISO TC46 (Information and Documentation) to revise ISO 8601 and incorporate the content of EDTF.
OASIS Standard searchRetrieve, encompassing Version 2.0 of SRU (Search and Retrieve via URL) along with CQL (Contextual Query Language), was accepted into ISO/TC46 for progression as an ISO (International Organization for Standardization ) standard.
Policy and Standards
RDA 2015 Update
The 4th annual update to RDA: Resource Description & Access (RDA) was published in April 2015, containing the changes based on constituency proposals discussed at the 2014 meeting of the Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA. To assist catalogers applying the new and revised instructions, PSD provided a summary table that highlights changes to RDA, available on the PSD Web site at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/rda/pdf/summary_rda_changes_2015.pdf> [PDF, 79KB]. The “Core Elements for LC” document (URL <www.loc.gov/aba/rda/pdf/core_elements.pdf> [PDF, 43KB]) was updated accordingly.
Library of Congress-Program for Cooperative Cataloging Policy Statements
The RDA Toolkit release in February 2015 contained 77 revised statements, the vast majority focused on aligning the LC-PCC PSs with the PCC CONSER Standard Record (CSR) and PCC BIBCO Standard Record (BSR). The LC-PCC PSs included in the April 2015 release of RDA Toolkit were focused on the changes to RDA as a result of the JSC constituency proposal process. It included changes to 46 statements and 11 new statements; 17 statements were deleted. Summaries for each LC-PCC PS release are available at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/rda/lcps_access.html>.
RDA relationship designators in bibliographic records
LC’s RDA catalogers will implement the new “Training Manual for Applying Relationship Designators in Bibliographic Records” produced earlier this year by the PCC Standing Committee on Training. While many LC catalogers already provide relationship designators that meet or exceed the PCC requirements (relationship designators for all creators), all LC catalogers will be asked to do so beginning on July 1, 2015. The PCC continues to work on guidelines for the use of relationship designators in authority records.
PCC RDA Authorities Phase 3 Task Group
Staff at LC continue to work with Gary Strawn (Northwestern University) and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) Phase 3 RDA Authorities Task Group to prepare for the final phase of recoding all eligible name authority records in the LC/NACO Authority File with the appropriate RDA indicia. Phase 3B is projected to take place during the summer of 2015, with the exact date yet to be determined. The two major tasks to be achieved in Phase 3B include: recoding AACR2 authority records as RDA when 1XX fields contain no RDA-contrary elements; and most importantly, adding 024 fields for ISNI (the International Standard Numerical Identifier) to names in the LC/NAF that match the OCLC-Leiden supplied list of ISNI (these additions may occur on records already coded as RDA).
As part of this collaboration with OCLC-Leiden, LC and the British Library have agreed to a workflow for future maintenance in order to assure that all newly assigned ISNI will be added. As reported earlier, Phase 3B will not include any change to name authority field 1XX. Besides changes in the two major areas, other changes to name authority records will include: replacing obsolete indicators in 1XX, 4XX and 5XX fields with blanks; adjusting Leader/17 appropriately; adjusting 008/39 to remove obsolete data; supplying qualifiers for initialisms and acronyms in 410 fields, when that can be done reliably; evaluating contents of 370 field for compliance with LC/Name Authority File or LCSH, etc.; generating 046 field from $d or 670 for personal names, and formulating 046s with hyphens and adding $2 edtf. This last enhancement was added as a result of cataloger discussions on the PCClist discussion list and the subsequent deliberations of the PCC Standing Committee on Standards, the Network Development and MARC Standards Office at LC, and the Phase 3 Task Group that determined that adopting the Extended Date and Time Format would provide greater efficiency for catalogers as they no longer will need to remember when to use hyphens and the subfield $2, and when not to use it. Some examples of what the 046 will look like follow:
046## $f [1666, 1667] $2 edtf
046## $g [1268-11-28,1268-11-29] $2 edtf
046 ## $f 1936-09-07 $g 1959-02-03 $2 edtf
046## $f 1946 $2 edtf
Documentation (DCM Z1 and LC-PCC PSs) will be updated in accordance with this best practice; catalogers should wait for these changes before using the new edtf formulation. Detailed descriptions of the changes in the upcoming Phase 3B are contained in the Task Group’s report found at URL <files.library.northwestern.edu/public/rdaphase3/docs/ External>.
Redefined Coding in the 046 Field
MARC Update no. 20 (April 2015) was issued recently, and in that release 046 subfields $s and $t have been redefined and subfields $q and $r have been added for use with corporate bodies. Please continue to use the former definitions for $s and $t (RDA’s corporate establishment date and termination date, respectively) until the new values are implemented. Remember that catalogers may not use any new MARC fields in a NAR contributed to the LC/NAF until LC gives the green light. LC works with the NACO-nodes to determine if all are ready to exchange the fields, successfully tested, and announcements have been made with a start date. LC has a project on the back burner to programmatically handle the change from $s and $t to $q and $r after Phase 3B.
All subject cataloging and classification publications are freely available online in PDF form from the Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access web site, at URL <www.loc.gov/aba>.
Subfield Coding in the 682 Field of Authority Records
In order to better support automated linking, the Policy and Standards Division has revised its policy on the coding of the 682 field (Deleted Heading Information) of cancelled authority records for LCSH, Children’s Subject Headings, LCGFT, and LCMPT.
Previously, the LCCN of the heading that replaces the one being cancelled was coded in subfield $i, which is intended for explanatory text and not control numbers. Going forward, all LCCNs will be coded in $0, which is repeatable and defined specifically for the replacement authority control number. A revision to SHM instruction sheet H 193, Deleted Heading Information, has been posted on the free SHM downloads page, at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/publications/FreeSHM/freeshm.html>.
Bibliographic resources may discuss one or more choreographic works. Headings for individual choreographic works are established in the name authority file according to RDA instructions, and those headings may be used as subjects.
It is common for resources to collectively discuss several related choreographic works that share the same music or story, and often also share a title. In some other cases, it may not be possible to determine which individual choreographic work is being discussed in the resource being cataloged, usually because the choreographic work is referred to solely by title. Headings that represent these cases used to be established in the name authority file under guidance provided in an LCRI. Effective immediately, they are now established in LCSH.
PSD has issued a new SHM instruction sheet, H 1366.5, Choreographic Works, which provides guidance on establishing those headings and on the assignment of headings to resources on choreographic works in general. It is available as a freely downloadable PDF at URL <www.loc.gov/aba/publications/FreeSHM/H1366_5.pdf> [PDF, 86KB] and it will be added to Cataloger’s Desktop in the next update.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
In February 2015, Bosnia and Hercegovina was removed from the list of exceptions in LC-PCC PS 188.8.131.52, and the BGN-approved form of name, Bosnia and Herzegovina, is now the authorized form of heading. More than 80 LCSH authority records in which Bosnia and Herzegovina is used in a qualifier or scope note, or as a geographic subdivision in a broader term reference, were revised.
Revision to LC Subject Headings Romance literature and Love stories
In LCSH, the heading Romance literature has been used for literary works written in the Romance languages. The heading Love stories is assigned for fiction that deals with romantic love. Since love stories are often called romances in common parlance, the heading Romance fiction – which refers to fiction written in Romance languages – is often misapplied to love stories. The newly approved genre/form term for fiction that deals with romantic love is Romance fiction.
In order to promote consistency between LCSH and LCGFT and to resolve the long-standing confusion over these headings, in May 2015 the LC subject heading Romance literature was revised to Romance-language literature. Its narrower terms were also revised (e.g., Romance fiction was revised to Romance-language fiction; Bawdy poetry, Romance to Bawdy poetry, Romance-language).
The heading Love stories and headings in the form Love stories, [language or country] (e.g., Love stories, Hebrew; Love stories, Argentine) will be revised to Romance fiction and Romance fiction, [language or country], respectively. The revisions will appear on a tentative list no earlier than September 2015.
The project to revise these headings is being undertaken in two parts in order to give libraries time to update their bibliographic records for Romance-language literary works before the changes are made to Love stories. Since the former heading Romance fiction (meaning fiction in Romance languages) will be the same as the revised heading for Love stories, confusion could result if both headings were revised at the same time.
The former heading reference Romance fiction SEE Romance-language fiction is provided as a service for those libraries whose ILSs automatically update headings. It will be removed when the heading Love stories is updated, because a heading cannot match a UF reference. A note about the history of the heading will be inserted into the record for Romance-language fiction.
Classification Schedule for Law of Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
The first part of the schedule, KIA-KIK (Law of Indigenous Peoples in the Americas: North America) was soft-released in June 2014, and the related expansion of KF (Law of the United States) in the range KF8200-8578 (Federal laws related to Indians) has likewise been input into the schedules. Catalogers are still requested to refrain from using KIA-KIK and KF8200-8578 because captions, references, and notes are being fine-tuned to ensure consistency. The fine-tuning is expected to be complete in July or August 2015. Questions about the project should be directed to Libby Dechman at [email protected].
Law schedules for the Indians of Mexico and some countries of Central and South America are now being developed. Research is being supported by three interns in the LC Knowledge Navigator Program. Work is also continuing on the Indigenous Law Portal, a free LC resource created by PSD and the Digital Resources Division of the Law Library of Congress. The portal will bring together digitized collection materials from the Law Library with links to tribal websites and primary source materials found on the web.
Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT)
In cooperation with its partners, the Policy and Standards Division continues to expand the scope of LCGFT.
Music Project. The music genre/form project is a partnership undertaken by PSD and the Music Library Associations’ Bibliographic Control Committee, Form/Genre Task Force.
PSD approved 567 genre/form terms for music in February 2015. The Task Force and PSD are continuing to discuss approximately 100 more terms. As the issues with those terms are resolved, proposals for them will be published and approved on future Tentative Lists according to the standard practice.
Literature Project. The literature genre/form project is a collaboration undertaken by PSD and the ALA/ALCTS Subject Analysis Committee’s Subcommittee on Genre/Form Implementation, which formed the Working Group on LCGFT Literature Terms.
In May 2015, PSD approved approximately 230 genre/form terms for literary works, which was about half of the proposals that appeared on Tentative List 1515. Review of the remaining proposals was postponed due to staffing and workload levels within PSD. Proposals from Tentative List 1515 that were not reviewed now appear on Tentative List 1516, and will be approved in September 2015.
Religion Project. The religion genre/form project is a collaboration between PSD and the American Theological Library Association. Tentative List 1518, which comprises the initial terms for religious materials was approved in September 2015. The comment period ended on August 31, 2015.
Proposals for new and revised genre/form terms. PSD is not currently accepting proposals for new and revised terms in the areas of music, literature, religion, or the “general” terms (e.g., handbooks, dictionaries), but continues to accept proposals in the areas of moving images, non-musical recorded sound, cartography, and law.
LC implementation. The Music Division and the Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, which catalog music, books on music, and musical sound recordings, began to implement genre/form terms in new cataloging in April and May 2015, respectively. Library of Congress’ Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate, which catalogs most of the textual works acquired for the Library’s general collections, has not yet decided when it will implement the “general,” religion, and literature genre/form terms.
Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT)
LCDGT will be used to describe the creators of, and contributors to, resources, and also the intended audience of resources. It will be created and maintained by the Policy and Standards Division, and be distinct from the other vocabularies that are maintained by that division.
A Tentative List comprising the pilot vocabulary and the guiding principles under which it was developed were made available for public comment in May 2015 (see www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/lcdgt-announcement.html for the announcement). The three goals of the LCDGT pilot were to indicate how LC intends to structure the vocabulary, provide consistent patterns for future development, and generate a discussion that will help inform LC as it fine-tunes the guiding principles. There was no attempt at comprehensiveness within the vocabulary, but representative terms from each category were included. Some terms were incorporated because they illustrate a particular problem (e.g., a conflict situation) and the solution to that problem.
The pilot vocabulary was revised and approved in June 2015, and PSD thanks all those who provided their insights. PSD will now undertake a second phase of development and enhance LCDGT’s scope and coverage. Since the initial development of LCDGT will take place within PSD, proposals for new and revised terms are not being accepted at this time.
PSD recommends that libraries wait until the second phase of development is completed before widely implementing LCDGT in cataloging; the vocabulary is not yet robust enough to support general use. Libraries that choose to implement immediately do so at their own risk.
Last year’s work on Cataloger’s Desktop resystemization has been receiving some fine tuning. Desktop has been moved to the cloud, with both system reliability and response times dramatically improved. The most significant visible change over the past six months has been to adjust Desktop to work and display well on all types of computer displays including tablets like Apple’s iPad. There have also been many enhancements to Desktop’s search engine: (a) synonym searches have been tuned to refine result sets to make them smaller but much more relevant; (b) the AACR2-RDA rule concordance was enhanced to leverage its retrieval set to all relevant Cataloger’s Desktop resources; (c) search stemming and lemmatization was added to ensure that all forms of keywords are retrieved; (d) spell checking and spell correction was implemented to allow searchers to retrieve all keywords that they intended but may not have input.
These enhancements have been enthusiastically received. In the coming months LC staff will be surveying Desktop subscribers to identify needs for future development and support. Suggestions for survey questions, new content, or improved features should be sent to Bruce Johnson at LC at <[email protected]>. Subscribe to the free Cataloger’s Desktop discussion list at URL <www.loc.gov/cds/desktop/ugroup.html>.
ALA-LC Romanization Tables
The pace of ALA-LC Romanization Table development has slowed over the past six months. During the period, two revision proposals and two new tables were approved, and only one revision proposal is currently in development. Staff in PSD and elsewhere in the Library of Congress worked closely with ALA’s Committee on Cataloging: African and Asian Materials (CC:AAM) and Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access (CC:DA) to develop and review these tables.
Highlights of 2015 include:
- A proposed Mande languages (in N’ko script) table was developed by Charles Riley of Yale University. The table was reviewed and approved by CC:AAM in February.
- A proposed Cham table was developed by Larry Ashmun of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and recommended by CORMOSEA. The table was reviewed and approved by CC:AAM in February.
- A revision of the Uighur table was developed by Wayne Richter (Western Washington University). This proposal was initially submitted in 1999, but additional work was needed to complete it. The table was reviewed and approved by CC:AAM in February.
- A Tibetan revision proposal based on the Wylie transliteration scheme was developed by Lauran Hartley (Columbia University). The proposal completed constituent review and was referred to CC:AAM in March. The table was subsequently approved by them in April.
- A revision of the Mongolian table is being developed by Wayne Richter. This proposal was initially submitted in 1998 and needs considerable additional editorial work. No completion target date has been set.
All current ALA-LC romanization tables are available on the Web at URL <www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/roman.html>, as well as in Cataloger’s Desktop. Any questions about romanization table development should be directed to Bruce Johnson (Policy & Standards Division) at [email protected].
U.S. Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Division (USASH)
The Library Services manager for the Library’s eDeposit Program is Theron (Ted) Westervelt of the U.S. Serials-Arts, Sciences, and Humanities Section (USASH). The Library of Congress has been actively expanding its acquisition of eSerials through the eDeposit program over the course of the past year. Between a mix of regular demands and Special Relief Agreements with publishers, the Library has issued demands for nearly 2000 electronic journal titles. In the coming year, it is looking to expand that number exponentially through improved ingest services which will enable the Library to pursue the content of an even larger number of publishers of all sizes. The Library has added over 7600 individual issues of online serials to its collection since the eDeposit program began in 2010. This has enabled the Library to maintain its unparalleled collection while reducing the gaps in holdings which tend to occur when journals move from print to online-only. This program has also enabled the Library to save some of the most at-risk scholarly publications, for some of which the copies that the Library maintains are the only preservation copies in existence outside their own Web sites.
Recommended Format Specifications
Since the Library issued its Recommended Format Specifications in summer 2014, it has been very pleased to see the positive feedback they have received. There has been a steady stream of comments and interest from around the world and from a range of sources. The British Library has used the Recommended Format Specifications to help develop its own format guide for its legal deposit program, while the National Library of New Zealand informed us that they would be using our Specifications informally themselves and would direct queries about format specifications from their stakeholders to our Web site. Beyond the value other national libraries have seen in them, we are pleased by the positive reaction from business groups, such as the Recording Industry Association of America. The Library is now in the process of taking the experience of the past year and of the feedback from its various stakeholders to revise the Recommended Format Specifications. This is the first such annual review and revision and will lead to the release of the new 2015/2016 edition in the coming weeks.
Library of Congress Acquisitions and Cataloging Production
|Acquisitions Work||FY2015 (Sept.-March)||FY2014||FY2013|
|Items purchased for LC collections||152,726||717,339||1,001,354|
|Items acquired for LC by non-purchase||39,821||2,630,724||1,585,323|
|Expenditures for collections purchases||$5,659,009||$24,539,936||$20,497,843|
|Bibliographic Records Completed
(FY15 is ABA Directorate only)
|Minimal level cataloging||4,326||25,826||31,190|
|Total records completed||95,568||276,804||265,162|
|Total volumes cataloged||N/A||359,072||363,467|
|Authority Work||FY2015 (Sept.-March)||FY2014||FY2013|
|New name authority records||36,089||77,652||75,318|
|New LC Subject Headings||N/A||1,786||4,016|
|New LC Classification Numbers||N/A||5,806||2,273|
|Total authority records created||36,089||85,244||81,607|
Library Services / Collections and Services Directorate (CS)
Humanities and Social Sciences Division (HSS)
Only a Driver’s License (photo identification) is required to register to use Library’s Reading Rooms!
On Columbus Day, October 12, 2015, the magnificent Main Reading Room of the Thomas Jefferson Building will be open to the public for a special open house on the federal holiday from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Photography will be allowed. Library staff will be available to demonstrate the Library’s online resources and discuss access to the Library’s vast onsite collections. On that day, no other reference services will be available and all other Library of Congress reading rooms and buildings will be closed.
The Humanities & Social Sciences Division (HSS) received the Digital Reference Team via a realignment assignment in March 2015. In May Sheree Budge began a temporary appointment with the Local History & Genealogy Section, and in June HSS welcomed four summer interns. The selection of three new Humanities & Social Sciences Division librarians is expected to be completed in the coming weeks with all aboard before September 30, 2015.
Outreach: Connecting Users with LC’s Collections
On the Presidents’ Day holiday, Monday, February 16, 3,999 visitors braved the frigid weather to learn more about the Library, how they could use the Library, and the services and special, unique collections that are found here. Special treats included readings by 2014 National Bobbitt Prize for Poetry winner Patricia Smith, the presence of Phillip Bobbitt who presently endows the Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry, and several collection displays. The visitors asked their questions at the Ask-a-Librarian station, toured the Main Card Catalog, saw gems of the collection at the Conservation table, discovered presidential cookbooks in the Science display, heard recordings from the Archive of Hispanic Literature at the Hispanic Division’s station, discovered the resources of the Library for pursuing family history, saw a demonstration of Chronicling America, and realized that they too could obtain a readers’ card and use the Library’s collections.
On the evening of March 3, 2015, the Main Reading Room hosted more than 200 guests as part of the Congressional Relations Office’s “After Hours” Open House, to which Members and congressional staff were invited. Additional highlights featured in the Great Hall included: Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, a display in the Great Hall of Rosa Parks collection items, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 exhibit.
The African and Middle Eastern Division and the Humanities and Social Sciences Division, in cooperation with Juneteenth Book Festival, Inc., will host “The Juneteenth Book Festival Symposium on Black Literature and Literacy” on Friday, June 19 at the Library of Congress. The symposium opens with a history of Juneteenth, presented by Hari Jones, curator of the African American Civil War Museum in Washington, D.C. The full day program includes three panel discussions which explored the topics of literature, literacy and the creative arts in the African Diaspora.
Web Archiving. HSS, collaborating with other divisions, formed the Election 2016 Web Archiving Team. Sites that will be crawled are those produced by presidential, congressional (Senate and House) and gubernatorial candidates from Democratic, Republican, major independent, and third parties.
HSS staff continued adding Web sites to the Public Policy Web Archive, The Civil War 150 Web Archive and the War of 1812 archiving project.
Prints and Photographs Division (P&P)
With more than 15.5 million pictures in the Prints & Photographs Division collections, it can be hard to know where to start looking for pictures. The best bet is the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog that describes all the collections, with more than one million items already digitized, at URL <www.loc.gov/pictures>. But many useful research aids provide handy summaries and pathfinders for popular topics at URL <www.loc.gov/rr/print>. You can also enjoy collection highlights through the blog Picture This!, where fascinating images appear at URL <blogs.loc.gov/picturethis> to highlight such serious themes as D-Day and Lincoln’s funeral along with lighter notes about hair length and motorcycles.
The Prints and Photographs Division reference and cataloging services are summarized in a cataloging & digitizing toolbox at URL <www.loc.gov/rr/print/cataloging.html>.
Flickr Commons Project
The Flickr Commons reached the major milestone of 100 contributors in March 2015. The Flickr blog noted that “The Flickr Commons was started in 2008 when we joined with the U.S. Library of Congress for a pilot project. Since then, it has grown to include galleries, libraries, archives, and museums around the world, from small volunteer projects like the Costică Acsinte Archive, to the millions of images uploaded by the British Library. In total, there are more than 4 million images in the Commons. The collection has been viewed more than 1.3 billion times and the Flickr community has added 53 million tags, 1.5 million faves, and 220,000 comments.”
The Library of Congress continues to participate actively and has gained valuable identifications for the pictures posted in Flickr. We’ve updated the catalog records for nearly 8,000 photos to improve collection access. Our followers have exceeded 60,000. The Library’s photos can be seen and tagged at URL <www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ External>.
New Online Reference Aid
Women Photojournalists: Zaida Ben-Yúsuf, URL <www.loc.gov/rr/print/coll/womphotoj/ben-yusufessay.html>
Serial and Government Publications Division (SER)
The Serial and Government Publications Division (SER) performs a wide range of collection development, collection description, collection preservation, and reference service activities for its temporary and permanent collections. SER’s permanent collections include: newspapers, comic books, pulp magazine, and several government document collections. The newspaper collection consists of approximately 1,100,000 current loose newspaper issues, over 38,000 bound volumes, and more than 737,800 microfilm reels. The newspaper collection also includes many original print holdings of commemorative and anniversary editions, and first printings of significant United States documents. The comic book collection includes more than 9,000 titles and more than 133,000 issues. SER’s pulp magazine collection is based on original print issues that have been reformatted to microfilm or preserved through facsimile reproduction; additionally, the original color covers of over 9,000 issues have been preserved. The Division is the official repository of archival sets of U.S. Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) documents, holding approximately 63,971items. SER also houses master copies of U.S. Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) documents distributed on microfiche. As of fiscal 2013, SER is also custodial for bound serials with minimal level cataloging (WMLC), a collection of approximately 5,000 volumes stored off-site. SER holds the complete United Nations working document set in multiple formats. SER is also the custodial stakeholder for digitized newspapers acquired through the National Digital Newspaper Program, now approximately 9.5 million pages. The current periodical collection includes more than 40,000 domestic and foreign titles, including government serials, and 1,176,000 loose items that reside temporarily in the Division prior to binding or microfilming and transfer to the general collection.
With an increased funding allocation for microfilm reformatting of newspapers beginning October 2015, SER has begun to address the backlog of newsprint issues (newspapers and periodicals) needing preservation microfilming. The division participates in the Library’s preservation microfilming program, filming titles that are not available for commercial purchase. Many of the titles filmed are from developing countries and ethnic US communities and are held by few if any other US institutions, so filming SER’s issues makes the titles available for Interlibrary Loan.
SER acquired several significant additions to its collections in the past year. In addition, by way of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Small Press Expo (SPX), the division continued to acquire by donation additional items (including award-winning Web sites) from creators participating in the 2014 SPX annual expo. The division also sponsored its annual SPX program with a talk by noted creator and Retrofit Comics publisher Box Brown, How to Make Comics Every Day and Still be Alive, to coincide with the annual SPX. The division is in its fourth year of collaboration with SPX.
The division also acquired some rare and valuable original newspaper and comic book issues, including:
- 5 18th-century issues of the Edinburgh Evening Courant published during the American Revolution, including two relating to the Declaration of Independence: Samuel Adams’s defense of the Declaration appeared in the Oct 28, 1776 issue and the November 25, 1776 issue provided a repudiation of it in the article, "An Answer to the Declaration of the American Congress";
- 15 rare issues of the New York Packet and the American Advertiser published by Scottish immigrant Samuel Loudon covering the American Revolution;
- Comic books: Negro Romance no. 1 (1950), held by no other public institution (according to OCLC), and no.38 (April, 1940) of Detective Comics, containing the first appearance of Batman's sidekick, Robin;
- By way of Memorandum of Understanding with the Small Press Expo (SPX), acquired by donation 1,282 items from the SPX annual expos of 2013 and 2014. In addition, 13 Web sites of Ignatz Award-winning creators were added to the Small Press Expo Web archive.
The Division will host a number of unpaid interns and fellows this summer. Three interns will work on newspaper and comic book collections. The Division will host two Junior Fellows and a Congressional Fellow who will work on Topics Pages for Chronicling America.
National Digital Newspaper Program/Chronicling America
Begun in 2004, the National Digital Newspaper program (NDNP) is a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC) to provide free public access to historic American newspapers through the Chronicling America Web site (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/). Applying digital technologies for enhancing and sustaining access to this important primary source of American history, the program will, over the long-term, fund digitization of historic newspapers in all U.S. states and territories. To support access to newspapers not available in digital form, the site also offers bibliographic information for 150,000 American newspapers published from 1690 to the present, including library holdings. In addition to providing enduring access, the Library’s responsibility to sustain NDNP content over time provides a testing ground for the viability of new digital acquisition and preservation strategies and architectures at the Library.
Each two-year award provides funding to a state library, historical society, or university library. The institution is responsible for selecting, digitizing, and delivering 100,000 newspaper pages, representing its state and regional history within the scoped time period of the collection (1836-1922), using technical specifications established by the Library. The new 2014 awardees – Nevada and South Dakota - joined 36 other states currently participating in the program. These states and territories include Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, Vermont and Virginia. Other states – Arizona, California, Hawaii, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Washington have “graduated” from the program, no longer receiving awards, but continue to be involved in program activities.
Library participation in the program, a joint operation by the Office of Strategic Initiatives’ (OSI) Repository Development Group and Library Services’ SER Division, continues to be successful in meeting program goals. Project teams (technical and quality assurance) in these service units worked together to develop technical guidelines and requirements, monitor operations, improve data infrastructure, and provide access to the content. A joint LC/NEH oversight committee also actively worked on other ongoing program management, outreach, and awardee support. Currently, the program supports 26 active awardees in various stages of data production, receiving approximately 140,000 images per month (7 TB).
In specific accomplishments since January 2015, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers added more than 736,000 pages to provide full-text access to 9.5 million newspaper pages published between 1836 and 1922 (approximately 38 million digital items), representing 1750 selected newspapers from 36 states and territories and the District of Columbia. The site now hosts more 121 ethnic newspapers, published in French, German, Italian or Spanish. These titles are in French and Spanish from Arizona, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Texas, Italian from Pennsylvania and Vermont and German from Iowa, Ohio, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio and Pennsylvania, representing 285,000 pages. More are expected in the coming year. More than 920 newspaper history essays written by awardees, describe the background and significance of each digitized title.
New content is added to the site as it is accepted into the collection. To stay updated on new additions, view the Recent Additions RSS feed at chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/newspapers/feed/.
Chronicling America distributes another general interest RSS (Real Simple Syndication) feed through the Library’s GovDelivery service, notifying subscribers of interesting NDNP program news and content updates, and announces new Topics Guides created by SER staff. Interested members of the library community and the public may subscribe at URL <www.loc.gov/rss> . Twitter users can follow @librarycongress, using #ChronAm to discover highlights of the collection.
Newspaper Topics Pages
SER continued producing its series of research pages called Topics in Chronicling America, commonly referred to as Topics Pages, designed to aid users of the NDNP’s Chronicling America. Topics Pages (www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics) focus on newsworthy historic events reported in the American press between 1836 and 1922 and searchable in Chronicling America. Topics Pages consist of three parts: the timeline, which lists important dates related to the topic; a list of suggested search terms or search strategies to locate stories; and a bibliography of between ten and fifteen sample stories from Chronicling America’s digital newspaper collections. SER now provides Topics Pages for more than 230 subjects, with newly added guides for Marconi, Samuel Gompers, Lincoln’s Assassination and the building of the Eiffel Tower.
Orientation and Outreach
SER sponsors an orientation to its collections and its reading room, the Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room, the last Tuesday of each month at 10:00. Members of the general public are welcome. In addition, SER organizes special orientations and tours for university classes and other groups with interests related to the collections. In mid-November 2014, SER joined the Library’s Twitter feed, providing tweets on a daily basis under the #ChronAm and #NewsRR hashtags.
Veterans History Project
Marking its 15th year, the Veterans History Project (VHP) in the American Folklife Center is taking this opportunity to spotlight the role of the interviewer, as it continues to meet its congressional mandate to collect, preserve and make accessible the war stories of America’s veterans. There are more than 96,000 collections in VHP now, and with the first 100,000 in sight, the Project recognizes that this important milestone would not be in reach without individual volunteers and organizations nationwide, including many libraries that work tirelessly to help gather and submit oral histories and supporting materials for VHP. All collections are served in LC’s American Folklife Center Reading Room, and more than 16,000 are digitized and available online. The VHPs web site, www.loc.gov/vets, provides access to required forms, instructional materials, a training video, and a searchable database of veterans. In addition are the Field Kit, which is a how-to-record-a-story booklet, and the companion 15-minute video, both found on the Web site with quarterly themed presentations of “Experiencing War” web features. The most recent also explores “The Year of the Interviewer.” Libraries continue to play a pivotal role in this effort by distributing information, coordinating VHP interviewing events and making their facilities available to local VHP volunteers. For additional information, see the project Web site, www.loc.gov/vets, or call 202-707-4916.
Library Services / Partnerships & Outreach Programs Directorate (POP)
See also under Library of Congress Exhibit Booth
Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS)
Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS), a unit of the Office of Business Enterprises (BE), markets, publishes, and distributes the Library’s cataloging records and cataloging-related services for catalogers within the Library and for libraries around the world.
CDS will have two product experts available in the booth to demonstrate and answer questions about Cataloger’s Desktop and Classification Web, our web-based subscription services. Product demonstrations in the exhibit booth are available on a walk-in basis and formal presentations will be held daily in the booth theater.
A booth theater presentation, “More Than Just a New Look: Cataloger’s Desktop New Interface,” will be presented on Saturday, June 27, at 12:30 p.m. and on Monday, June 29, at 11:00 a.m. For a free 30-day trial subscription to Cataloger’s Desktop visit URL <www.loc.gov/cds/desktop/OrderForm.html>.
A booth theater presentation, “Classification Web: All About Searching,” will be presented on Saturday, June 27, at 10:00 a.m. and Sunday, June 28, at 10:00 a.m.
For a free 30-day trial subscription to Classification Web visit URL <www.loc.gov/cds/classweb/classweborder.html#ordering>.
CDS Promotions Available in the Exhibit Booth
A pocket-size Library of Congress Classification reference brochure and a large, handsome poster of the same are available for free to booth visitors. Also, available to all visitors is a pencil advertising Cataloging Distribution Service. All promotions are available while supplies last.
Duplication Service. Duplication Service (DS) will distribute 10" x 12" copies of a ca.1878 vintage map of San Francisco to showcase its copying and reproduction services for visitors to the booth. Available while supplies last.
Retail Service. Bookmarks bearing the Retail online website will be distributed to booth visitors.
Business Enterprises has purchased a promotional traffic 'lobby sign' to drive visitors to the Library booth. The lobby traffic sign features Cataloger’s Desktop and Classification Web booth presentations on one side and Duplication Service’s free San Francisco map promotion on the reverse.
For information on product development, see ACQUISITIONS AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC ACCESS DIRECTORATE/Policy and Standards/Cataloging Tools in this document.
Center for the Book
The Library’s Center for the Book was established by Congress in 1977 to stimulate public interest in books, reading, literacy and libraries. A public-private partnership, the center sponsors educational programs that reach readers of all ages through its affiliated state centers, collaborations with nonprofit reading promotion partners and through its Young Readers Center and Poetry and Literature Center at the Library of Congress. The center has major responsibilities for the National Book Festival and manages the Library of Congress Literacy Awards program. In collaboration with the Children’s Book Council (CBS) and the CFB Foundation, it sponsors the National Ambassador for Young People’s Literature program. The center also maintains and updates the Library’s literacy-promotion Web site at URL <READ.gov>.
The Center for the Book’s two national networks met at the Library of Congress in the spring of 2015. The affiliated state centers for the Book met May 7 and 8: the reading and literacy promotional partners met on March 17.
National Book Festival. The National Book Festival will celebrate its 15th anniversary in 2015. For the second time, the festival will be held at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center. On Saturday, September 5 from 10:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m., more than 150 writers, poets, and illustrators will make presentations and sign their books. The Center for the Book hosts the Pavilion of the States which is sponsored by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). The American Library Association, IMLS, and the National Endowment for the Humanities will host tables in the pavilion.
Letters About Literature. More than 50,000 young readers across the country participated in the 2014-2015 competition. The competition open to students in grades four through 12, challenges young people to write letters to their favorite authors explaining how their writing changed their lives. Many affiliated state centers for the book hosted ceremonies honoring their state winners.
Literacy Awards. Created and sponsored by philanthropist David M. Rubenstein, the Library of Congress Literacy Awards seek to reward those organizations that have been doing exemplary, innovative and easily replicable work over a sustained period of time and to encourage new groups, organizations and individuals to become involved. The 2015 awards ceremony will be at the Library of Congress on October 27, 2015.
The Young Readers Center (YRC) continued to be overwhelming popular offering programs for toddlers and teens. Among its many events this year were two outstanding programs. 1) On April 30, the Center for the Book and the YRC presented a panel discussion “Using Books and Stories to Strengthen Families: A Multicultural Perspective.” 2) On May 6, during Children’s Book Week, the Center for the Book and the YRC presented the annual Jonah S. Eskin Memorial Lecture. Two past National Ambassadors for Young People’s Literature, Jon Scieszka and Kathryn Paterson and the current ambassador, Kate Di Camillo, remembered the 3rd ambassador Walter Dean Myers. Myers son Christopher presented a mover remembrance of his father.
Poetry and Literature Center
On June 11, 2015, Librarian of Congress James H. Billington announced the appointment of Juan Felipe Herrera as the Library’s 21st Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry.
The Federal Library and Information Network (FEDLINK) has announced the winners of its national awards for federal librarianship, which recognize the many innovative ways that federal libraries, librarians and library technicians fulfill the information demands of government, business and scholarly communities, and the American public.
FEDLINK honored the 2014 award winners at the FEDLINK Spring Exposition on May 5, 2015, at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. The names of the winners will remain on permanent display in the FEDLINK offices at the Library of Congress.
Federal libraries and staff throughout the U.S. and abroad competed for the awards. The winners are:
2014 Federal Library/Information Center of the Year
Large Library/Information Center (with a staff of 11 or more federal and/or contract employees): Barr Memorial Library, Fort Knox U.S. Army Garrison, Kentucky, is recognized for its leadership role in delivering flexible, innovative and relevant programs and services to support, build, and sustain a constant state of Army readiness.
Small Library/Information Center (with a staff of 10 or fewer federal and/or contract employees): Darnall Medical Library, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, is recognized for dedicated library leadership in support of quality patient care and health education.
2014 Federal Librarian of the Year
Richard James King, Branch Chief and Information Architect, National Institutes of Health Library, Bethesda, Maryland, is recognized for his unique ability to blend technology with librarianship to lead and implement information solutions.
2014 Federal Library Technician of the Year
Maria Walls, library technician, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., is recognized for her outstanding level of quality research assistance and library service to the agency’s Civil and Criminal Division attorneys.
National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
During the last six months, the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) has been expanding its use of technology, recognizing achievements within the network of cooperating libraries, and raising its online profile.
BARD Mobile for Android
NLS released the long-awaited BARD Mobile App for Android devices on June 11, 2015. The app will allow users of the braille and talking book program to download and read talking books on Android devices. Like its iOS predecessor, the app allows searching, downloading, and reading books and magazines on one fully accessible, mainstream device. It makes the NLS talking book collection portable. The app is available from the Google Store.
Network Library of the Year Awards.
The Michigan Braille and Talking Book Library of Lansing, Michigan, received the Network Library of the Year Award and the Washtenaw Library for the Blind & Physically Disabled at the Ann Arbor District Library (AADL), received the Network Subregional Library of the Year Award on June 19. Both awards, which carry a $1,000 prize, recognize outstanding accomplishments of libraries serving people with visual and physical disabilities in the U.S. and its territories. The criteria, established by the American Library Association Revised Standards and Guidelines for Service, include mission support, creativity and innovation in providing service, and record of reader satisfaction.
That All May Read
NLS launched a public education website at URL <www.loc.gov/ThatAllMayRead> to help eligible readers, their caregivers, and the professionals who work with them learn about the benefits of the braille and talking book program. In addition to links to applications, the site offers a video that features patrons sharing their experiences with the service. NLS also launched a Facebook page that links to the site and offers more information about events and activities that may interest patrons and support partnerships NLS has engaged in with similar organizations.
Library Services / Preservation Directorate (PRESERV)
The mission of the Preservation Directorate at the Library of Congress is to ensure long-term, uninterrupted access to the intellectual content of the collections in original or reformatted form. The Preservation Directorate fulfills this mission directly through the provision of conservation, binding, mass deacidification, reformatting, materials testing, and staff and user education; and indirectly through the coordination and oversight of all Library-wide activities relating to the preservation and physical protection of the collections.
Jeanne Drewes, Chief of the Binding and Collections Care Division is the recipient of the 2015 Paul Banks and Carolyn Harris Preservation Award, given annually by the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS) Preservation and Reformatting Section (PARS). The Banks-Harris Preservation Award honors the memories of Paul Banks and Carolyn Harris, early leaders in library preservation and teachers and mentors for many in the field of preservation, and recognizes the contribution of a professional preservation specialist who has been active in the field of preservation of library materials. The award will be presented June 27 at the ALCTS Awards Ceremony during the 2015 ALA San Francisco Conference. Jeanne Drewes will also be presented the Federal and Armed Forces Librarians Round Table (FAFLRT) Achievement Award during the conference.
Conservation Division (CD) staff were involved in the display of Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address as part of the 200th Anniversary of the U.S. President’s assassination. This manuscript is rarely put on display since it has already been severely damaged by long exposures to light throughout the document’s history; well before the damaging effect this exposure was understood, and CD staff met with the members of the press to explain conservation considerations when displaying the manuscripts. Michael Ruane (Washington Post) visited CD, and then published an article in the February 8, 2015, edition of the Post featuring both the history and significance of the Address and the current preservation state and exhibition history. The story caught the attention of other media outlets, and a film crew from C-SPAN visited, filmed, and broadcast 15 minute segments on the Address and its preservation. See URL <www.c-span.org/video/?324462-1/president-lincolns-second-inaugural-address External>. The Chief of Staff to the First Lady and the U.S. President’s Chief Speechwriter contacted the Library of Congress to request a private viewing of the document, resulting in a visit from President Barack Obama in March.
The Preservation Directorate will host twelve summer interns from the Junior Fellows, Knowledge Navigator and Preservation internship programs throughout its four divisions. Projects include digital and database developments, assessment of glass flutes, and a range of paper and iron-gall ink research analyses.
Additional updates can be found below and on the Preservation Web site, URL <www.loc.gov/preservation>. New additions to the Web pages include the Collections Care Treatment Manual and an update of practices for Preservation Facsimile; see URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/care>.
The guidance on valuation of collections was updated and can be downloaded as an Excel file with formulas, URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/emergprep/insurancevaluation.html>. By continuously updating the site, the Library aims to improve user accessibility and navigation of the Library’s Web properties, as well as to promote the Library’s strategic plan to lead in the advancement of knowledge.
The Preservation Directorate continues to contribute to the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions PAC (Preservation and Conservation) Strategic Programme as an active regional center, as well as supporting the IFLA Preservation and Conservation Section through Web support.
- France, Fenella G., Wilson, M. and Hessler, J. “Multivariate Image Analysis and Detection of Environmental and Treatment Changes on Cultural Heritage Documents and Objects”, CMA4CH 2014, Multivariate Analysis and Chemometrics in Cultural Heritage and Environment Fields, Rome, Italy, December 2014.
- France, Fenella G., “Sustainable and Accessible Integrated Heritage Science Datasets”, Imaging Science and Technology (IS&T) Archiving Conference, Los Angeles, May 2015.
Binding and Collections Care Division & Mass-Deacidification Program (BCCD)
The Binding & Collections Care Division manages the care of the Library's permanent research collections through binding preparation and contract management; collections conservation; in-house binding such as pamphlet binding; and collections housing, using state-of-the-art automated box-cutting machines. Mass deacidification is a process to treat modern acidic library collections to reduce the degradation of the paper fibers by neutralizing the acid found in the processed papers. Housing and treatment are key strategies for protecting and making collections fit for use for generations to come. Staff assists in processing serials for binding as well as reviewing monographs for appropriate binding or housing.
The Division continues to provide updates on the Web site including the Collections Care Manual, a generic binding contract (URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/care/>) and updating of the insurance valuation page, URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/emergprep/insurancevaluation.html>. The special project this year for Preservation Week this year was a display “Saving Our Stuff” created by the BCCD staff. Three cases featured the themes “Because a little care goes a long way”, “Because location matters” and “Because technology changes” and the exhibit will continue through June. This information is also available as a virtual display through the Library Web site, URL <www.loc.gov/preservation/outreach/workshops/public/PW2015/index.html>.
BCCD continues to host interns and volunteers who learn a variety of tasks and assist the Division in goals. This summer will include two interns working in the area of collections and binding.
Conservation Division (CD)
The Conservation Division cares for the Library's special collections, including rare books and manuscripts, works of art and other unique documents on paper, photographs, maps, objects, and other special formats. The Division also monitors storage and exhibition environments, stabilizes materials for optimized storage, exhibition, and digitization, and manages the Library's collections emergency team in the event of collections emergencies.
Staff continued to support the preparation for digitization and conservation of the Rosa Parks collection, loaned to the Library of Congress by the Buffett Foundation. As part of the support, staff worked with collection managers to assess the collection's condition and determine how to safely scan, display and serve the collection to readers. Preservation Specialists have provided rehousing materials to the archivists processing the collection and have made specialized housings for Rosa Parks’ family scrapbooks and photograph albums and fragile photographs. The Rosa Parks Family Bible is undergoing conservation treatment, with close to 200 hours already spent mending the leaves damaged by many generations of handling. Compensations are made for losses in the paper and the original sewing structure, which had disappeared before the Bible was delivered to the Library, will be recreated to rebind the book. In addition to the Old and New Testaments, the item contains a wealth of unpaginated supplemental material. Since the Bible arrived at the Library with many detached pages, considerable effort has been spent on research to determine the original collation.
Preservation Reformatting Division (PRD)
The Preservation Reformatting Division provides access to at risk Library materials by converting items to new formats such as microfilm, facsimile copies or digital reproductions. Work to convert materials is accomplished through programs for microphotography and digital capture. Microfilming, both vendor and in-house production, represents most of the reformatting work in PRD. The division reformatted nearly 2,000,000 pages and conducted quality review prior to returning film to custodial divisions. The vast majority of material microfilmed continues to be foreign newsprint serial publications that are voluminous to store, are highly acidic, and are not well suited for digitization.
PRD staff are planning an “Audio Media Preservation through Imaging” conference at the Library in July 2015. The conference will focus on the development of the IRENE machine (Image, Reconstruct, Erase, Noise, Etc.) and explore the development and application of modern imaging technology in the preservation and access of historical sound recordings. The sessions will cover the current status of optical scanning technology, collection needs, development of specifications and best practices, and future perspectives on new approaches to preservation and access for historical sound recordings.
The Tangible Media and other PRD digital reformatting operations are undergoing a reengineering process to automate the many manual data entry steps currently required. PRD staff are designing and implementing a workflow management system applicable from optical disk scanning workflows to microfilm scanning workflows. PRD staff ingested and saved to Long Term Storage 1657 titles, 4.541 TB. PRD staff continue to work with Library archivists to identify and document useful extraction and analysis functions and to develop relevant digital forensic knowledge bases and skills using the Digital Intelligence Forensic Recovery of Evidence Device (FRED), a computer hardware and software system designed to safely recover and analyze optical and magnetic media.
Preservation Research and Testing Division (PRTD)
Preservation Research and Testing Division staff conducted research to assess factors that endanger our collections, focused on five areas: environmental preservation of traditional materials, audiovisual and digital materials, and time-based media; technology transfer to develop best non-invasive techniques for analysis and identification of substrates and media to ensure stability and preservation; and the development of an experimental sample reference collection to support and reduce risk to collections. PRTD has continued to be been active in establishing long-term research projects for preservation of Library materials in storage and exhibit, quality assurance of library materials and the development of new specifications, contributing to core Library activities through the three programmatic areas of: analytical services, research projects, and quality assurance (QA). An expansion of the QA program included testing of all building materials for the Architect of the Capitol for new secure storage facilities (SSFs) since these locations will locate high profile collection items and with a lower air flow to maintain a tighter control, require a higher level of scrutiny than general collection areas.
PRTD hosted a three-day symposium with Italian colleagues “Fostering the Transatlantic Dialogue on Digital Heritage and EU Research Infrastructures: Initiatives and Solutions in the USA and in Italy”. The conference presented the current landscape of EU research infrastructures in Heritage Science, centering on the beginning of the Horizon2020 framework program, and with a special focus on research infrastructures for digital heritage. Challenges and successes associated with the development and use of digital materials in the humanities and heritage science were presented and discussed. In addition successful tools and methodologies were demonstrated, through the context of transatlantic case studies, and a final next steps meeting was held at the Embassy of Italy. This symposium engendered significant interest from funding bodies with the mission to create a global infrastructure that supports preservation of and access to scientific and humanities research data. The integration of the current PRTD Center for Linked Analytical Scientific Studies - Digital (CLASS-D) initiative, with these global research infrastructures advances our ability to share and disseminate collections research and data that support the preservation of our collections.
PRTD will be hosting seven interns and visiting scholars during the summer of 2015. These students will work on a range of projects, including continued testing for the 100-Year Natural Aging Study, imaging and analysis of flasks in the Kislak Collection, studies into iron-gall ink, and paper degradation studies.
The Division has been involved in a large number of major collaborations requiring significant activity from a number of PRTD staff. These include further progress with PRTD hosting doctoral students from the new Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Science and Engineering in Arts, Heritage and Archaeology (SEAHA) as a heritage partner, where students will gain experience from academic, heritage and industry partner advisors. An additional collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania libraries is the development of a national study to assess what condition information is needed to determine when additional copies can be removed from circulation. Other collaborations include the assessment of parchment degradation mechanisms with the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), database structures with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science (E-RIHS) with Italian and European Union partners.
Library Services / Technology Policy Directorate (TECH)
Integrated Library System Program Office (ILSPO)
Integrated Library System
The Library continues to add enhancements to the new user interface to the Library of Congress Online Catalog at URL <catalog.loc.gov>. In December 2014 the ILS Program Office incorporated its open URL resolver, called FindIt!, into the record displays for books, serials and integrating resources. Catalog users can click on the FindIt! button to discover all the options for access to titles as licensed content in the Library’s Electronic Resources Online Catalog or other sources.
The Library also added COinS metadata objects to the LC Online Catalog, which enable users from other institutions to search for additional resources using their own libraries’ OpenURL resolvers, similar to LC’s FindIt! The COinS object is used by browser extensions/plugins, such as OCLC’s OpenURL Referrer (URL: <addons.mozilla.org/en-us/firefox/addon/openurl-referrer/ External>).
The old user interface to the LC Online Catalog is still available at URL <catalog2.loc.gov>, but the Library is planning to decommission it. Users of the old interface are encouraged to try the new version of the LC Online Catalog, which has all the functionality of the old version. There were several factors behind the decision to migrate the LC Catalog to a new, modern user interface, highlighted below:
Making the LC Online Catalog Accessible to All. The new user interface to the LC Online Catalog is accessible to all users including those with disabilities. The Library’s experts in assistive technology have tested the new design with screen readers such as Window-Eyes and JAWS to ensure that users who prefer those tools can use the LC Online Catalog. The new user interface meets the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), but the old interface does not. This change supports the Library’s mission to make its resources available to Congress and the American public.
Flexibility in Design to Enable New Functionality. The new software allows much more flexibility in the design and will enable the Library to add functionality, such as integration with the Library’s OpenURL resolver, FindIt! Library developers have added new functionality such as “Cite Record,” which provides easy copy and paste of citations into bibliographies, and the ability to view and save bibliographic records in XML and MODS. The new design also provides better information security for patrons requesting materials from the Library’s stacks.
The Library is working to implement responsive design in the LC Online Catalog to enable easy use of the catalog on all types of mobile devices.
Implementing the Library of Congress Web Standards. The new user interface reflects the Library’s latest Web standards and provides a modern look and feel that users have come to expect of search systems on the Web. This update brings the LC Online Catalog into harmony with the Library’s home page and other LC Web pages, which will give users a more consistent experience across the Library’s Web site.
The Library upgraded the LC Integrated Library System (ILS) to Voyager 8.2.0 in February 2014.
LCCN Permalink (URL <lccn.loc.gov>), a Web service that allows users to create permanent URL links to bibliographic and authority records in the Library's Online Catalog (URL <catalog.loc.gov>) and authority records in the LC Authorities Service (URL <authorities.loc.gov>), continues to be popular, resolving approximately 15,000 requests each day. LCCN Permalink enables researchers to reference materials from the Library's collection in blogs, reference guides, web pages, emails, bibliographies, and more.
The Library recently enhanced LCCN Permalink to include LC holdings information and OpenURL links to the Library’s FindIt! SFX resolver along with COINS metadata. LCCN Permalink is completely standards-based, leveraging widely used XML technologies, Z39.50/SRU, and metadata schemas.
LC EAD (Encoded Archival Description) Archival Finding Aids
Since January 2015, Library Services Collections and Services Directorate divisions created 37 new EAD archival finding aids, bringing the total number of LC EAD finding aids to 2,195. Users can access 59.6 million archival items in LC's collections through these documents at URL <findingaids.loc.gov>. A monthly RSS feed provides information on the Library’s new and substantially revised finding aids (URL <www.loc.gov/rss/#updates>).
LC Persistent Identifiers
Library staff registered approximately 13,357 handles since January 2015 to manage and provide persistent identifiers for LC-generated electronic resources. As of June 2015, the Library's handle server contained 3,569,197 handles. Over the past year, LC staff assigned handles to born digital e-resources stored with the Library’s digital repository applications and to content digitized for LC cooperative projects, U.S. legislation searchable in congress.gov, and digital books created by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.
Electronic Resource Management System (ERMS)
In 2014, the Library changed the customization specifications for bibliographic records to include changes stemming from the RDA cataloging rules. At the end of the year ILS Program Office staff loaded more than 300,000 bibliographic records into the ERMS that reflect the customization for RDA.
The Library’s ERMS currently contains approximately 962,941 bibliographic, 1,124,741 holdings, 1,672 resource, and 1,335 license records. In 2014 patrons and LC staff performed 982,681 searches in the Electronic Resources Online Catalog.
Managing the Library’s Digital Collections
A major focus of the ILS Program Office’s activity in 2014 was the ingest and management of digital collections. The ILS Program Office continued working with the Library’s Repository Development Center to further integrate the Delivery Management Service (DMS) with the LC ILS as part of the Copyright eDeposit Project. Holdings records for deposited digital e-journals are updated in the LC ILS and persistent identifiers (handles) are assigned as the content is ingested from publishers.
For the first time in its history in fiscal 2014 the Library ingested e-books directly from ten publishers participating in the Cataloging in Publication (CIP) Program and stored them securely in a digital repository. The Cataloging in Publication (CIP) Program in recent years began collecting metadata from publishers of electronic books and creating catalog records for those e-books.
ILSPO worked with the Repository Development Center and the Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate to define requirements for the ingest of e-books received from CIP Program partners. The resulting software enables creation of holdings records and assignment of persistent identifiers (handles) for the e-books files as they are ingested from publishers. This project leverages and utilizes the previous programming of the Content Transfer System and other repository services developed by the OSI Repository Development Center.
HathiTrust Authentication via Shibboleth
In December 2014, the Library of Congress implemented a new method for staff and patrons to access materials in the HathiTrust. The Library is a member of the HathiTrust, a partnership of academic and research institutions, offering a collection of millions of titles digitized from libraries around the world. The HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository that provides access to digital content. LC staff and patrons have access to Library of Congress titles that are in the public domain and that have been digitized by the Library or another member of the HathiTrust.
The new method of authentication uses a system called Shibboleth to authenticate users for access to the full range of services offered in the HathiTrust Digital Library. Authenticated users may:
- Download full-PDFs of public domain works
- Access the Collection Builder application, which makes it possible for users to aggregate works into permanent collections either for private use or to share publicly with others
- Access content for researchers with a print disability (only in the U.S.; see URL <www.hathitrust.org/accessibility External>).
- Access works held in print by partner institutions that are missing or brittle and also out of print (only in the U.S.; see URL <www.hathitrust.org/out-of-print-brittle External>).
Detailed information on Shibboleth access and how to log in to the HathiTrust Web site is available here at URL: <www.hathitrust.org/shibboleth External>.
LC patrons with Reader Identification Cards and LC staff with patron accounts in the Integrated Library System (ILS) will be prompted to select the Library of Congress from a drop-down menu and then provide the first two letters of their surname and their account number in order to access the full functionality of the HathiTrust Digital Library.
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER
Elizabeth R. Scheffler, Director of Public Records and Repositories in the U.S. Copyright Office, continues on detail to the position of Associate Librarian of Congress for Strategic Initiatives/Chief Information Officer. Judith A. Conklin, chief of the Automation Planning and Liaison Office, is detailed to the position of Deputy Associate Librarian for Strategic Initiatives, effective January 26, 2015.
National Digital Newspaper Program
This past year, staff managed 29 Web archive collections comprising more than 9.2 billion files or 582 terabytes of data. Information about the program and its activities can be found at URL: <www.digitalpreservation.gov>.
New content found on www.loc.gov/Web sites: United States Congressional Archive: Burma/Myanmar General Election 2010 Web Archive, Egypt 2008 Web Archive, Laotian General Election 2011 Web Archive, Thai General Election 2011 Web Archive, Vietnamese General Election 2011 Web Archive, and the Winter Olympic Games 2002 Web Archive. For further information see ULR: <blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/2015/05/a-new-interface-and-new-web-archive-content-at-loc-gov/>.
Digital Preservation Outreach and Education (DPOE)
DPOE fosters outreach and education about digital preservation on a global scale. To date, DPOE has conducted two needs assessment surveys disseminated to cultural heritage institutions and professional associations affiliated with libraries, archives, and museums to better understand what capacity these organizations and their staff have to effectively preserve digital content and to identify gaps in current professional practice. In addition, DPOE convened subject matter experts to: develop and routinely review and update a digital preservation curriculum; develop a set of guiding principles to support DPOE trained instructors in their efforts to develop impactful and relevant training events; develop coursework and design a train-the-trainer workshop; host six train-the-trainer workshops with external collaborators (four in the U.S., two in Australia); and support the exchange of knowledge for a national network through an email list and calendar of training opportunities.
Future plans include: adding content to enhance its baseline curriculum and accommodate online delivery through webinars and videos; exploring new collaborative opportunities to host regional train-the-trainer workshops; including one in California scheduled for September 2015; and, on-demand and online training product development. For more program information, please visit URL <www.digitalpreservation.gov/education>.
National Digital Stewardship Residency (NDSR)
The National Digital Stewardship Residency is a program offering recent masters and doctoral graduates an opportunity to work on relevant projects in the Washington, D.C., Boston, and New York City areas.
The mission of the NDSR is to build a dedicated community of professionals who will advance our nation’s capabilities in managing, preserving, and making accessible the record of human achievement held in digital form. The program was developed through a partnership between the Library of Congress and the Institute of Museum and Library Services, allowing future generations to fully realize the potential of digital resources now and for years to come.
The pilot NDSR program (September 2013- May 2014) was held in Washington, D.C., and was managed by the Library of Congress. Residents in that class worked on projects at one of 10 Washington, D.C., area institutions, and all have subsequently accepted jobs or fellowships related to digital curation. The second Washington, D.C., residency class will be held from June 2015 to June 2016. The five residents in this class will work on projects at the American Institute of Architects, District of Columbia Public Library, the Government Publishing Office, the National Library of Medicine, and the U.S. Senate Historical Office. This residency term will incorporate some changes and improvements based on pilot-year feedback. An additional residency class in Washington, D.C., is scheduled for June 2016. Other future plans for the NDSR include: collaboration with the Library’s Packard Campus of the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center; and the development of a comprehensive national digital preservation residency field manual. For more program information, please visit URL <www.loc.gov/ndsr>.
Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines (FADGI)
The Library continues to lead the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative (FADGI), a group of 19 federal agencies collaborating on the development of digitization guidelines and best practices (see URL <www.digitizationguidelines.gov>). During 2014, work concentrated on comparing digital still image and video formats in terms of suitability for preservation. For 2015, FADGI still image work is concentrating on two efforts: an extensive revision of its main guideline document to bring it up to date and make it more understandable to a variety of audiences; and a refinement of the toolset that evaluates the performance of scanning devices. The audiovisual group is concentrating its current efforts on the development of tools and methods to measure the performance of audio analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), which will help archives and libraries implement the FADGI ADC performance guideline published in 2012. The audiovisual group also plans to complete and publish a report pertaining to motion picture film scanning, which is in response to questions from federal agencies facing increasing requests for high quality digital files.
Web Services Division
Content Delivery Work
Web Services is the Library’s main Web team, creating and managing Web sites and applications while providing strategic input across all aspects of the Library’s web program. Our team works to provide project management, requirements analysis, information architecture, visual design, development, integration, testing, and operational support to hundreds of Library Web sites and applications, as well as managing the technical and policy aspects of the Library’s external social media and content distribution presence.
Key Work In Progress
Over the past four years, Web Services has been focused on the strategic content delivery area, supporting the development of new capabilities while maintaining support for the large body of content and functionality already extant on “loc.gov” and related sites. The focus on implementation of systems and supporting processes for content delivery and core technology is enabling significant improvements to the Library’s ability to deliver content and services in a modern, supportable, user-focused manner.
Congress.gov - Web Services has continued to collaborate with the Library’s Information Technology Services (IS), Congressional Research Service (CRS), and Law Library on new releases of Congress.gov, the official Web site for U.S. federal legislative information. In January 2015, the site was updated for the start of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). In February 2015, a major new feature was added to allow users to create accounts to receive alerts based on legislative activity. The first release of the alerts function allows the user to receive email notifications about a Bill, a Member, and the Congressional Record. Future releases will add additional types of alerts. The March 2015 release of Congress.gov added new content, including Treaties, Executive Reports, and current floor activity. The March 2015 release also included enhancements to core site functionality, including advanced search, browse, appropriations tables, and member profiles. The May 2015 Congress.gov release added the Federalist Papers to the site, and included additional improvements to search, browse, and accessibility. For a complete list of enhancements for Congress.gov, see URL <www.congress.gov/about/enhancements> .
In addition to working on the new congress.gov system, ITS worked to maintain the legacy THOMAS and LIS systems. In January 2015, both THOMAS and LIS were updated to support the dissemination of legislative content from the new/114th Congress. R&D CRS also deployed updates to LIS to improve system uptime, as well as to reduce manual intervention when unscheduled updates are provided by our legislative partners.
Loc.gov - Library Collections - Objects, Sets, and Formats - Web Services continues to collaborate with content owners across the Library to improve access to collections materials. Work continues to blend migration of items and supporting materials from legacy applications to new presentations, and implementing streamlined processes to quickly add new collections. New collections included the Archive of Recorded Poetry and Literature, The Tibetan Oral History Project, The Confederate States of America, and Alexander Hamilton Stephens. Many collections were also migrated to enhanced presentations, including Woody Guthrie, Center for American Linguistics, Country Studies, the Thomas Jefferson Papers, Chesapeake Bay Books, Puerto Rico Pamphlets, Spalding Baseball Guides, John and Ruby Lomax 1939, Dayton C. Miller, Roger Reynolds, Continental Congress, the James Madison Papers, 21 Web Archives collections, and all 61 Prints and Photographs Division online collections. New format-based landing pages for Audio and Photos are also now available. All Library digital collections are available at URL <www.loc.gov/collections>.
Additional Projects - Web Services is working with content owners across the Library to convert existing programs and site sections to mobile-friendly universal designs. Recent work includes the National Recording Registry and a new promotional site for the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped. Web Services also worked with the Library’s Interpretive Programs Office to mount several new online exhibits, including Out of the Ashes, Pointing their Pens, Launch of Grand Illusion: The Art of the Theatrical Design, and First Among Many: The Bay Psalm Book and Early Moments in American Printing.
Repository Development Center (RDC)
The eDeposit eSerials Access Project was chartered and kicked off in January 2015. Copyright Acquisition Division (CAD) and the Library Services Acquisitions & Bibliographic Access Directorate (ABA) have been working with RDC since the last decade with publishers to bring electronic journals through the eDeposit program for the strategic goal of building e-journals collections. The Delivery Management System (DMS) application was enhanced to update a viewer called Stacks, which allows users to view and search electronic serials when the user clicks on an electronic resource link on the Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC). The project was challenging because of Copyright 2010 regulations; only two onsite simultaneous users should be able to view an eJournal article at a particular time with the restriction for patrons to download and save any such article. This was achieved in the pilot phase by customizing DMS/Stacks/OPAC to be used on two restricted workstations in the Microform and Electronic Resources Center (MERC) reading room. These e-journals were also cataloged with a handle and ILS Voyager customization to allow only non-Special relief e-journals to be available for access on Stacks. Multiple Reading Room reference librarians were trained by Library Services on using Stacks and its functionality. The eDeposit eSerials access project completed its first pilot phase in June, in which 300 e-books were made available in the MERC reading room through the eDeposit program. Library Services is currently piloting this until September, during which time additional e-journals from publishers such as Platts are being added to the collection available through Stacks.
Educational Outreach Division
The Library’s Educational Outreach Team, through its Teaching with Primary Sources Program (TPS), provides educators with methods and materials that build student literacy skills, content knowledge, and critical thinking abilities.
In 2014, educational resource specialists at the Library of Congress and our partners in other institutions and organizations across the country provided a wide variety of primary sourced-based professional development opportunities for educators. From workshops to institutes, from conferences to webinars, our efforts reached teachers on-site, off-site, and at a distance. All told, the TPS program served 23,196 teachers from 374 Congressional Districts—86.5 percent of the nation’s 435 Congressional Districts.
The majority of these teachers were served by our 28 institutional partners comprising the TPS Educational Consortium who delivered TPS workshops and academic courses to teachers in 17 states. An additional 197 school districts, universities, library systems, cultural institutions, and educational associations, operating in 44 states and the District of Columbia, incorporated TPS materials into their programs for teachers under the TPS regional program.
Our professional development offerings included five Summer Teacher Institutes held at the Library. During one week, we offered our first-ever Seminar for Science Educators. Participants included K-12 science teachers in a variety of subject areas, including some library media specialists. Also, in conjunction with the Library’s exhibit on the Civil Rights Act of 1964, staff offered a Civil Rights Institute which focused on related collections. In total, 136 educators from 33 states, representing 104 congressional districts, participated in the summer programs. In summer 2015, we will again offer five institutes. See URL <www.loc.gov/teachers/professionaldevelopment/teacherinstitute>.
During 2014, educators who were unable to participate in on-site or in-person programs had more opportunities than ever to connect with the Library. The Library promoted and conducted seven webinars, serving more than 400 educators. In addition, the Educational Outreach team conducted webinars for collaborating organizations such as National History Day, reaching an additional 250 participants. Through a continued collaboration with PBS’ Teacherline, 90 teachers completed the online Teaching with Primary Sources course in 2014, bringing the total number of educators served in the past three years to 429. In the second quarter of 2014, the TPS Teachers Network beta site, a professional networking site for educators interested in using Library of Congress primary sources more effectively in their classrooms, officially launched. By the end of 2014, more than 1,200 educators were actively using the site.
In 2014, the Educational Outreach team also provided the Library's large and growing K-12 audience with tools and resources via a wide range of distribution channels, from print journals to social media. We published two new primary source sets, a set of resources for the 50,000 National History Day teachers, six “Sources and Strategies” articles in Social Education (the journal of the National Council for the Social Studies), and launched a new feature called “Right to the Source” in The Science Teacher, the journal of the National Science Teachers Association. We also worked with HISTORY on the publication of a special edition Idea Book for Educators related to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and have distributed it in print and online.
Educational Outreach addressed the needs of the growing tablet-based educational community by launching the Library of Congress Student Discovery Sets, free educational e-books. These interactive e-books allow students to electronically draw on, analyze, and explore primary sources from the Library’s collections. See URL <itunes.apple.com/us/artist/library-of-congress/id361683896?mt=11 External>.
In 2014, the Library’s Web site for teachers, loc.gov/teachers, increased its readership by nearly 15 percent over 2013 and recorded more than 10 million views for the year. We continued to build the audience of @TeachingLC, the Library's Twitter feed for K-12 educators, acquiring more than 5,000 new followers, including teachers, librarians, authors, educational organizations and thought leaders, and members of Congress. Finally, we published 106 posts on the Teaching with the Library of Congress blog, showcasing the Library’s collections and strategies for using them in the classroom, and encouraging readers to share their teaching strategies with us.
In April 2015, the Library posted a new Notice of Funds Availability that will enable Educational Outreach to make available grants for the development of online interactives and apps for classroom use on Congress and civic participation.
Annually, the Library of Congress recruits an educator to work with its Educational Outreach division to help teachers and school librarians incorporate the Library’s digitized primary sources into the classroom. Each Teacher-in-Residence undertakes a project to benefit his or her home school or district to be implemented during the following academic year. For the 2015-16 school year, we are excited to be welcoming two Teachers in Residence—one is a STEM educator and one is an elementary school librarian who will work primarily with the Library’s audio visual collections.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES (ITS)
Technology Assessment Group (TAG)
The Technology Assessment Group (TAG) is responsible for performing in-depth studies in information technology’s constantly growing and changing hardware and software architecture, programming, and analysis tools and practices. The group recommends new technology to the Director which offers users efficient and effective access to information in a variety of disparate forms and formats.
In the last year, TAG has continued to test new releases of the new Windows OS and Office software releases. TAG has also continued a project to evaluate and test possible internal Library uses of Linux and other open source software systems.
TAG supported the Accessible Technology Demonstration Center (ATDC), which continued to provide Section 508 and Americans with Disabilities Act reasonable accommodations to staff members and also to some reading room patrons. TAG worked with other Library units to improve the accessibility of internal and public web pages. TAG has acquired and is continuing to use an automated scanning system to help test Web pages for ADA compliance.
TAG has initiated an Accessibility Advisor program to assist project managers including ADA/508 capabilities in new projects as they are developed. In the past year, one TAG staff member completed the Assistive Technology Applications Certificate Program, a nationally recognized credential.
Research & Development, Library Services/Law Library (R&D/LS&LL)
The Research and Development Group for Library Services and the Law Library (R&D/LS&LL) is responsible for all activities relating to systems analysis, design, selection, acquisition, development, integration, support, and maintenance related to specific systems and projects for Library Services (LS), including the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center (NAVCC), the National Library Service for the Blind & Physically Handicapped (NLSBPH), the Law Library of Congress (LL), as well as Voyager ILS support for the U.S. Copyright Office (COP) and support for the Senate Office of Compliance (OOC).
Web Duplicate Material Exchange Program (WebDMEP) Project
The Web Duplicate Material Exchange Program (WebDMEP) Project is designed to take the current Web-based DMEP Application and re-engineer it into a more modern, robust program with increased efficiency and supportability. The new application will also allow a number of enhancements to be incorporated, such as automated clearing of the user shopping carts at the end of each month and allowing institutions to create multiple user sub-accounts. A number of manual supporting tasks currently performed by Library Services staff will also be automated including fully automating inventories and the material upload process. Additionally, the Library’s Surplus Books Program will be incorporated as a module of the new system. The projected implementation date is the fourth quarter of calendar 2015, except for the Surplus Books module, which is planned to be completed later in calendar 2016.
Consolidated Traffic Manager (CTM) Project
The Consolidated Traffic Manager (CTM) Project is an effort to develop a software application that will allow the Library to achieve significant savings by combining two separate projects, Electronic Cataloging in Publication (ECIP) Traffic Manager Modernization and ISSN Traffic Manager Enhancements into one. The ECIP Traffic Manager currently allows publishers to submit CIP requests and have them forwarded automatically through the internal workflow process. The new application will also consolidate all of the ECIP modules into a single common application, resulting in less maintenance and reducing the requirements for additional skill sets to maintain some of the “one-off” modules that currently exist. The ISSN Traffic Manger will allow publishers of serial publications to request ISSN numbers for their publications online. Additionally, the CTM will automate the ISSN workflow and will provide selected updates automatically to both LS staff and to the publishers. Combining both Traffic Managers will allow the sharing of a common back-end, including database that will result in significant cost and time savings during development and in ongoing maintenance once in production. The projected implementation is now scheduled to be implemented in the first quarter of calendar 2016 and fully functional shortly thereafter.
HathiTrust Shibboleth Project
The HathiTrust Shibboleth service has been fully implemented and is no longer using IP filtering to facilitate access from the Library’s main campus workstations. This authentication service allows all registered patrons of the Library’s Voyager ILS, including members of Congress, both on and off the Library’s main campus to access the digital content provided by more than 60 HathiTrust partners.
Research & Development, Congressional Research Service (R&D CRS)
The Research and Development Group for Congressional Research Service is responsible for software development and operational maintenance of the Library’s critical systems that manage and disseminate legislative content. The customer-facing systems supported include congress.gov, which is the successor to both THOMAS for the general public and LIS (Legislative Information System) for use by the Congressional Research Service, members of Congress and their staff, and other Legislative Branch agencies. The R&D CRS group also develops and maintains content management systems that are used by the Congressional Research Service’s Legislative Analysis and Information Section for legislative content quality assurance and other value-added operations, such as the preparation of summaries and digests of bills and resolutions of the United States Congress.
R&D Infrastructure Group (R&D INF)
The R&D Infrastructure (R&D INF) group is responsible for the management of enabling technology for the Office of the Librarian (LIBN/O), including Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO), Office of the General Counsel (OGC), Congressional Relations Office (CRO), Office of Special Events & Public Programs (OSEPP), Office of Communications/Public Affairs Office (OC), and Office of Contracts and Grants Management (OCGM) and for the Office of Support Operations (OSO), including Integrated Support Services (ISS), Human Resources Services (HRS), Office of Opportunity, Inclusiveness, & Compliance (OIC), and Office of Security & Emergency Preparedness (OSEP). This includes performing project management, systems requirements analysis, design, selection, acquisition, development, integration, support, and maintenance. In addition, this group acts as a customer service liaison between all these support units and ITS.
The R&D INF group has supported several major initiatives in 2015 thus far. In collaboration with OCFO, we provided leadership to several updates to the Library Financial Management System (Momentum), as well as moving Momentum to the Cloud. The Momentum migration to the Cloud was a complex project that was a collaboration by OCFO and ITS; it also included many Legislative Branch agencies, including the U.S. Capitol Police, the Congressional Budget Office, the Office of Compliance, and the Open World Leadership Center. We continue to lead the Strategic Planning Office (OCFO/SPO) Strategic Planning System (eLCplans) enhancement project. The group provided extensive technical support to OSO/ISS in enhancing the Tririga Platform system that supports the FAME program, including the deployment of the Asset Management System that houses information on all physical assets within the Library and the Keys Information Management System (KIMS) that tracks all the keys for all Library buildings. The group also assisted in several solution assessments and market research to create Cost Benefit Analysis for solutions for several shared services initiatives such as the Library’s Print Management Services Program, Enterprise Records Management Services Program, and Mobile Event Guest Management System.