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  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sund...

    Concerns the Battle of Savage's Station, Henrico County, Va., which was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Map

    Plan of Fort Magruder, Battlefield of Williamsburg, Virginia....

    Shows the area surrounding Confederate Fort Magruder just south of in Williamsburg, Va. Details include the network of ravines and slashed trees extending the width of the Peninsula used by the Confederate Army as part of its defenses.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-05-06
  • Map

    The Defences [sic] of Savannah, Georgia, November 1864.

    Regional view of Savannah and enrivons just before the Union arrival at that place. Shows the layout of canals, creeks, rivers, swamps, roads and railroads around Savannah as well as the various outlying Confederate batteries and those occupied by Federal troops. There is some indication of the names of property owners and also notations of rice and cotton fields that were either flooded or ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Capture of Mobile, Alabama

    A regional view of Mobile and environs, encompassing Mobile, Blakely, Spanish Fort, Alabama City, Williamsburg, Fort Morgan, Fort Gaines, and Fort Orwell. Also shows defenses of Mobile Bay, including use of torpedoes (mines), spikes, and sunken logs. The city of Mobile was abandoned by the Confederates on the night of April 11-20th, 1865.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria ...

    Shows the area of Fairfax County, Va., which was the site of the Battle of Bristoe Station. The map is oriented with Cedar Run to the south, Bristoe to the west and indicates the route of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Also indicated are A. P. Hill's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, engaging the Union's II Corps during its withdrawal toward Centreville, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Mechanicsville or Beaverdam Creek, Virg...

    Shows the area of Hanover County near Beaverdam Creek, oriented with the Chickahominy River to the south and the Mechanicsville Road to the north. Here, on the second day of the Seven Days' Battles, the Confederate forces launched an assault on the Federal troops, forcing them to retreat from Mechanicsville toward Gaines' Mill.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-26
  • Map

    Gettysburg in peace

    Printed map on which Sneden has indicated the places where his unit (the 40th New York) saw action on the battlefield.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Plan of Union and Rebel position at Yorktown Va.

    Shows the area between the Warwick River and Yorktown to the north and Wormsley Creek to the south that was the Confederacy's first line of defense against McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula. The location of the road to Warwick Court House is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-12
  • Map

    Map of Monocacy, Md., and vicinity.

    In this section of an unidentified printed map, Sneden shows just how close Early's men got to the Federal capitol. Several skirmishes are indicated, including Early and McCausland's cavalry battle on July 8th and the position of Confederate forces south of Rockville, Md., July 11-12, 1864.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Plan of the prison. March 1, 1864.

    Map shows the plan of Andersonville Prison Camp including the stockade, the town of Anderson Station on the Macon and Americus Rail Road, the locations of Confederate units serving as guards, and the headquarters of camp commandant Maj. Henry Wirz.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-03-01
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia. Fought Septemb...

    Despite a strong natural defensive position near Fisher's Hill, south of Strasburg, Va., Early's Confederates were overwhelmed by Sheridan's greater numbers. Map shows the flanking movement led by Crook as well as the position of the Union forces just prior to their frontal assault. The detail of the distribution of the Confederate forces was contained on that portion of the map that is missing.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-09-22
  • Map

    Capture of forts [sic] Henry ... Tennessee By U.S. Grant, Jan...

    Shows Confederate Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. The entire site was to include the fort on the low ground near the edge of the river with an entrenched camp (Fort Heiman) on a high plateau immediately above it. The work was not completed and on the day of the Union attack the river had partially flooded the fort site. Realizing the futility of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of the Wilderness, Va. : May 5th to 12th.

    While labelled the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6), this map depicts troop locations and movements during engagements in the days immediately following as both armies met at Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-12) and Union forces under Grant made slow but steady progress moving southeast toward the James River and their ultimate goal, Richmond. This map encompasses the Rapidan River to the northeast, and ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-05-05
  • Map

    The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    A regional view of Yorktown, Va., and vicinity, with Yorktown and Gloucester Point on opposite sides of the York River and indicating where the Warwick River feeds into the James, and also the Poquoson River as it branches off from the York below Yorktown. The headquarters of Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps is shown at Warwick Court House.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Sumter Co., Georgia.

    This is a revised plan showing the physical layout of Andersonville Prison in August 1864. This is a corrected drawing of his map cataloged as Mss5:1 Sn237:1 (v. 5, p. 451).

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia,...

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, Henrico County, Va., 30 June 1862, variously known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. Considered one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Map indicates Union and Rebel brigades with lines of cavalry and artillery and shows homes of local residents, churches, and locations of livestock.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map

    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1...

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-01
  • Map

    Plan of Fortress Monroe, Virginia, March 6, 1862.

    Shows in close view the area surrounding Fort Monroe.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-06
  • Map

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj....

    Area depicted includes the Rappahannock River to the northeast, Taylor Hill to the northwest and Deep Run to the south. The Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad is also indicated. As part of Gen. Hooker's plan to drive the Confederate Army back toward Richmond, Gen. Sedgwick was to undertake a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock River toward the Confederate entrenchments above Fredericksburg. On May 3rd, having ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Plan shewing [sic] battle ground and cavalry fight, 17th Marc...

    Map shows the area surrounding Kellysville, Va., and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. On March 17, 1863, this was the site of a cavalry skirmish between Confederate forces under Fitzhugh Lee and Jeb Stuart, who were trying to defend the route to Brandy Station, and Union forces under Gen. W. W. Averell.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-03-17
  • Map

    Sketch of the lines at Yorktown Virginia April 30th 1862.

    Shows an area that includes Gloucester Point on the north/east side of the York River, Yorktown on the south/west side of the river, and Wormsley Creek to the south of Yorktown as the Union forces finalized preparations to begin the siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-30
  • Map

    Fort Wagner. Morris Island

    In July 1863, Union Generals Gillmore and Dahlgren hoped to take Fort Wagner, on Morris Island in Charleston Harbor, in order to gain a vantage point from which to launch an attack on the city of Charleston. Strongly defended, the first Union assaults (July 10th and 18th) resulted in extremely high casualties. Gillmore began formal siege operations and had reached to base of the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Map of Falls Church and vicinity of Lewinsville, Virginia : s...

    Map shows the area surrounding Falls Church in Fairfax County, Va. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-10-30
  • Map

    Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee

    In this copy of an official map, Sneden gives a regional view of the area around Shiloh, Tenn.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    [Ge]ographical sketch of the city of Richmond, Virginia, with...

    Shows Confederate encampements and prisons in Richmond and south of the James River in Manchester and Spring Hill. Sneden has added an index listing the governenment buildings and the houses of important persons.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Winchester, Va. Fought September 19th, ...

    Detail of Winchester, Va., and environs includes roads, railroads, creeks, mills, fords, and the locations of the Confederate Signal Station, "Millroy's Forts," Milltown, Kernstown, Stephenson's Depot, and Greenwood Church. The Confederate line, with Early commanding, is in front of Winchester. Union forces under Gen. Sheridan are shown east of the town, while the Union cavalry is located to the north at Stephenson's Depot. The ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-09-19
  • Map

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-16
  • Map

    Map of part of battlefield of Bull Run July 1861 : showing po...

    Area depicted includes Buck Hill to the north and Bald Hill to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and Market Road are included.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Plan of Fortress Munroe [sic], Va., 1862.

    Shows the area surrounding Fort Monroe, including the Chesapeake Bay, Old Point Comfort, and Camp Hamilton to the north.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Carnifex Ferry, West Virginia.

    Carnifex Ferry is located on the Gauley River east of the town of Gauley Bridge. Floyd's Confederate forces are positioned with their backs to the Gauley River, and the Union is shown attacking chiefly in the center and on the left.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861-09-25
  • Map

    The attack on and surrender of Harper's Ferry

    Shows the area surrounding Harper's Ferry, W. Va., at the intersection of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers as the Confederate forces under Jackson began their assault, Sept. 12-15, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-14
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Map is oriented with the Rappahannock River to the top (actually, north/northeast) and the Massaponax River [now Creek] to the right (actually, south). Shows the field of action for the first Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-13, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-12
  • Map

    Map of operations at Bermuda Hundred and Drewry's Bluff, Virg...

    In this map Sneden attempts to show several engagements that took place between Butler's Army of the James and Beauregard's Confederates, May 6th through May 13th, 1864. He includes Port Walthall Junction, where Union forces first engaged Beauregard's Confederates; the Confederate defense of Fort Darling at Drewry's Bluff; and the Union entrenchments astride the Appomattox River at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, where they ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-05-10
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, July 9th, 1864.

    The map shows the location of troops on either side of the Monocacy River and north into the city of Frederick, Md. This engagement, part of "Early's Washington Raid" took place on July 9, 1864. Early's troops met Federal forces near the river. The Union troops were routed and retreated to Baltimore.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-07-09
  • Map

    Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Reb...

    Shows the route of Lee's retreat across the Rappahannock River. Map is oriented with pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station in upper left of the image, protected by Confederate earthworks and redoubts. Tne Wheatley post office is shown in the center of the image. Kellysville and Kelly's Ford, protected by Ewell's Division, are in lower third, to the left; and Mount Holly is to the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia, fought June 26t...

    While dated June 26th, the Battle of Gaines' Mill was actually fought on the 27th, the third day of the Seven Days' Battles. This map shows Hanover County, Va., with the Chickahominy River to the south, the town of Cold Harbor to the north, Powhite Creek to the west, and Elder Swamp to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-26
  • Map

    Defences [sic] of Vicksburg, Decr. 1862

    Map shows the area surrounding Vicksburg, Miss., including Warrenton, in December of 1862 at the time of the initial and unsuccessful Union assault, and on the eve of Grant's siege of the city. The Vicksburg & Texas and the Vicksburg & Jackson railroads are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    The Rebel defences of Charleston Harbor S.C., August 1863

    Map shows Charleston, S.C., the Confederate forts, the Union works surrounding Fort Wagner and the position of the Union monitor fleet in the harbor off of the coast. This view shows the Union attacks on Confederate fortifications lining the harbor, and on the city itself. The locations of artillery batteries and their ranges and targets are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Charleston Harbor S.C. Bombardment of Fort Sumter.

    Regional view of Charleston Harbor showing the city of Charleston on the Ashley and Cooper rivers, Castle Pinckney on Shute's Folly Island, Pleasantville and Mt. Pleasant Battery, Mechanicsville and batteries on Sullivan's Island, and the Morris and James island batteries, and their distances from Fort Sumter. Shipping channels and the U.S. warships and supply fleet are also noted.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Plan of Andersonville Prison or "Camp Sumter," April, 1864.

    Illustrates the layout of Andersonville Camp, as Sneden refers to the prison, and the surrounding area where Confederate guard troops of the 1st Florida Battery were stationed including the headquarters of Captain Henry Wirz, roads in and out, topographical features such as swampland, a graveyard presumed to be connected with the prison, and "Anderson Village." Sneden revised this map and it is available as ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    Illustrates Alexandria's central position in the defense of Washington, where at least 12 outlying forts surrounded the city. Military camps of various Union officers such as Samuel Peter Heintzelman are indicated on this map.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Plan of Yorktown, Virginia : showing the Rebel works after th...

    Shows the street plan of Yorktown and the fortifications surrounding the town following the Confederate removal up the Peninsula. The York River and the town of Gloucester Point are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-05-04
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th...

    Meade's intention was to cross the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford, travel west toward Orange Court House, and force Lee from his position in Orange County, just south of river. Alerted to these movements, Lee deployed his forces in strong defensive positions along Mine Run. There being no feasible point of attack, Meade withdrew his forces to winter quarters at Culpeper. Details on this ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-30
  • Map

    Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Map shows route of Union army (32nd and 38th New York Infantry Regiments, 10th Massachusetts Infantry and others) along the road from Bristoe Station to Warrenton, Va., when the column was attacked by part of A.P. Hill's forces. Shows road lined by stone walls as it crosses Cedar Creek, passes the McCormack farm house, and turns north toward Greenwich.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Map

    The line of the Rappahannock, 30th April 1863 Showing positio...

    This map shows the location of the two armies on the eve of the Chancellorsville Campaign. Union Gen. Hooker has moved his forces via Kelly's Ford into position south of the Rappahannock near Chancellorsville, Va., to launch what he believes will be a rear attack on Gen. R. E. Lee's Fredericksburg stronghold. Meanwhile Federal forces under Sedgwick continue a diversionary frontal assault on Fredericksburg. ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-04-30
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Roanoke Island. North Carolina. Feby 8t...

    Federal forces under Burnside quickly overcame the Confederate defenders, giving the Union control of Pamlico Sound and a base on the Atlantic coast for operations against North Carolina.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-02-08
  • Map

    Contours of Union forts on south side of Potomac, 1862 [map].

    This map shows the names and configurations of Union fortifications on the Virginia side of the Potomac River in 1862, and in some cases lists the name of the regiment that built the structure.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads : fo...

    NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the institution for more information. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. Robert Knox Sneden scrapbook (Mss5:7 Sn237:1), Virginia Historical Society. In the Robert Knox Sneden diary, 1861-1865 (v. 1, p. 361).

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-01-19
  • Map

    Map shewing [sic] movements of Union and Rebel armies from 30...

    Covers parts of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, focusing on the Gettysburg area south through Sharpsburg and Frederick City, Md., and ending around Harpers Ferry, Va. [now W.Va.]. At the end of June 1863, Union and Confederate troops were moving towards Gettysburg, Pa. The conflict at Gettysburg was fought July 1-3 with Confederate troops retreating south after that time. Sneden includes dates at various locations ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-06-30
  • Map

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-04
  • Map

    The Battle of Fair Oaks, Va. Fought 31st May 1862.

    This map shows an area of Henrico County, Va., east of the city of Richmond and south of the Chickahominy River, where the Battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, took place 31 May-1 June 1862. Confederate Gen. J. E. Johnston's plan to attack the Union Army of the Potomac's IV Corps (under Keyes) at Fair Oaks called for Longstreet to approach from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-05-31
  • Map

    Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Reb...

    Shows the streets of Richmond below Church Hill from the Canal to Broad Street and from 17th to 21st streets, including Castle Thunder and Libby prisons and the Union officers' and soldiers' hospitals.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Shows the area of Malvern Hill, Henrico County, Va., where McClellan's retreating army made a final stand, effectively ending the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map

    Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia 2nd & 3rd May 1863.

    Depicts the town of Chancellorsville and environs, including Marie's Bridge over Scott's Creek and the locations of the plank roads to Richard's Ford, Orange Court House, and Fredericksburg. Also shows locations of Union and Confederate troops at various times throughout the two days of battle.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map

    Gettysburg July 2nd The Union and Rebel forces in the cemetery.

    While purporting to depict a meeting of Union and Confederate forces at Cemetery Hill, this map instead shows in detail the disposition of Union forces on Cemetery and Culp's hills. Of greater interest is the indication of the location of Sickles's 3rd Corps along the Emmitsburg Road on the morning of July 2nd, and their new position at the base of Little Round Top ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-07-02
  • Map

    [Map of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864].

    Shows the area of the Shenandoah Valley including the Blue Ridge Mountains between Staunton and Front Royal, Va. In mid-1864 almost 50,000 troops were placed in the Middle Military Division under General Sheridan. Between August and November Sheridan engaged Early's troops several times at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Cedar Creek, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 fro...

    Map shows an area of central Virginia bordered by Gainesville to the north, Orange Court House to the south, Luray Gap to the west, and Bristoe to the east. With Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on the offensive, it's target Manassas and Washington, Union Gen. Meade had no choice but to pull back to protect the Federal capital.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-13
  • Map

    Plan of Fort Fisher and vicinity, North Carolina. Plan of sec...

    The first assault on Fort Fisher was made in December 1864 by Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, who withdrew when he realized a direct assault on the fort would be costly, and that Confederate reinforcements were only a few miles away. The second assault, led by Gen. Alfred Howe Terry, used a large naval force to bombard the fort before landing 8,000 assault troops. Two ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-12-15
  • Map

    Plan of Battle of South Mills. Dismal Swamp Canal, N.C.

    Shows the area between South Mills, Camden County, N.C., and Joy's Creek to the north and the Pasquotank River to the south where a minor shirmish took place on April 19, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-19
  • Map

    Battle of Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 12th and part...

    Maps shows the location of Union troops including the 2nd Division under Geary and 1st Division under Williams near Chancellorsville, Va., and the extends from the location of Gen. Hooker's and Gen. Slocum's headquarters in the south to Dowdall's Tavern in the north.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map

    The Battle of Gettysburg Penna. Showing positions held July 2...

    Gives locations of specific units with some attempt to indicate movement (i.e. direction of charges and assaults) during the course of the day. Also indicates the usual landmarks (Culp's Hill, Cemetery Ridge, Round Top, etc.) plus the locations of hospitals and headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-07-02
  • Map

    Plan of 2nd battle of Bull Run, Va. : Shewing movements of tr...

    Shows the movement of troops in a three county area extending from Warrenton, Va., in Fauquier County through Manassas, Va., in Prince William County, ending to the east around Centreville and Fairfax, Va., in Fairfax County, during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-27
  • Map

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, ...

    Shows portions of southern Maryland and northern Virginia emphasizing Winchester, Va. Sneden notes on the map that Winchester was a city that changed hands 46 times during the war. He lists three major battles near Winchester, fought in March 1862, May 1864, and September 1864. Sneden considered the Battle of Kernstown, Va., to be the First Battle of Winchester but today historians consider the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-23
  • Map

    The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    Concerns the Battle of Williamsburg, Va., which was part of the Peninsula Campaign, March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-05-05
  • Map

    The U.S. forts and batteries near Alexandria Va. Sept 1862 sh...

    Shows the locations of Union fortifications surrounding Alexandria, Va., including forts Lyon and Ellsworth in Fairfax County. The locations of Hunting Creek and the Potomac River are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Spotsylvania C.H., Virginia : fought Ma...

    Shows the Confederate forces located around and to the north of Spotsylvania Court House, with the Po River at their back. The Union forces were positioned along the Ny River so as to attack on both the Confederate left and right. Several landmarks are indicated, including houses used as headquarters by various officers, and the "mule shoe" salient known as the "bloody angle" because ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-05-08
  • Map

    Position of Union Army

    Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-08
  • Map

    Plan of Andersonville Prison, Georgia. Aug. 1864.

    Map shows a detailed plan of the Andersonville prison complex including locations of external defenses, guards' and officers' quarters, hospital, storehouses, cook house, and graveyard, and the use of the terrain (swamps, creeks) as boundaries.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Map showing route taken by U.S. prisoners of war, Feby. 1864,...

    Depicts railroad lines from Raleigh, N.C., through South Carolina and Georgia, highlighting in purple ink the particular train route Sneden took as a prisoner.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia position, 5 ...

    Sneden uses his usual eye for detail in showing the nature of the terrain with crop fields, woods, areas of felled trees, roads, and waterways in the vicinity of the Battle of Chancellorsville. He particularly emphasizes the positions of the following corps in the U.S. Army of the Potomac: 2nd Corps (commanded by Winfield Scott Hancock), 3rd Corps (commanded by Daniel Edgar Sickles), 5th ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map

    Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Shows the layout of "Camp Misery" and the surrounding woods and swamp; Ship Point Road is to the south. The camp was evacuated as the Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-11
  • Map

    2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. A...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-26
  • Map

    2nd attack on Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River, Georgia

    Also shown is the result of an attack by Union Gen. William B. Hazen's 2nd Division, 15th Corps, 1864 December 13, which succeeded in taking the garrison. Shows a portion of Big Ogeechee River and indicates the location of Confederate Fort McAllister. On March 3, 1863 Union gunboats and ironclads attacked the fort in order to test the effectiveness of their new monitors, which ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-03-03
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Map shows the area between the Rappahannock and Massaponax rivers including Fredericksburg and Marie's Heights. The location of Confederate troops under Longstreet and Jackson and Union troops under Burnside are indicated. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, the Confederates were able to use the topography to their advantage, in particular the bluffs overlooking the town and river. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-12
  • Map

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of armies 3rd May 1863 at 8 a....

    The map shows Union troops to the east near the Chancellor House and Confederate soldiers under Stuart to the west near Dowdall's Tavern, Va. At daybreak on May 3, Jackson's corps, now under Early's command, seized a low hill overlooking Chancellorsville from which they were able to shell the Union forces. With the Confederate forces attacking on several sides, the Union line formed an ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map

    Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April ...

    Illustrates a portion of York County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac, including the Sawmill, headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-07
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Va., September 1st, 1862, 5 ...

    Concerns the placement of Union and Rebel forces, including the headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, for the last scene of fighting of the Second Bull Run Campaign, June-September, 1862. Covers portions of Fairfax County, Va., including the area around Chantilly and Germantown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Map

    Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Shows the area between Bull Run to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • Map

    Plan of Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill above Alexandria, Va.

    Shows a detailed drawing of Union Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Fairfax County, Va. This fort was the headquarters for Major General Samuel Peter Heintzelman, U.S.A.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st ...

    This engagement, known as the Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, was the last action in the 2d Bull Run Campaign (June-September 1862). This map focuses on western Fairfax County, Va. Stonewall Jackson's forces occupy both sides of the road from Centreville to Chantilly, with additional forces based on Ox Hill overlooking the town from the north. There is also a substantial force located ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Map

    Battle of Gettysburg, Penna. Showing positions held 1st and 3...

    This map of the battlefield at Gettysburg juxtaposes locations of various units on the first and third days of the three-day battle. Most of the fighting on July 1st seems to have taken place to the northwest of the town of Gettysburg, while that on July 3rd is concentrated to the southeast.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Sunday May 3rd 9 p.m.

    Map shows troop locations around Chancellorsville, Va., and on both sides of the Rapidan River. The map depicts the formation of Confederate troops under McLaws, Slocum and Stuart to the west of Chancellorsville facing Union troops under Reynolds Meade and Hancock north and east of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map

    Map showing route taken by Mosby with his prisoners, Nov. 27t...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden has traced the circuitous route he and other prisoners captured by Mosby's Guerillas during the Mine Run Campaign followed from near Rappahannock Station, Va., to Woodville, down the Blue Ridge Valley, through Madison Court House and on to Gordonsville. Sneden has annotated the map with the names and locations of many of the small communities ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-27
  • Map

    Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (offic...

    Details the action of July 1, 1862, with most of the major Confederate forces under the command of Stonewall Jackson, D. H. Hill, and Magruder, identified in their location north of Malvern Hill, and all the Union troops due south of the Confederates, notably including Berdan's sharpshooters and the troops of Heintzelman, under whom Sneden served, Couch, Morell, and others.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-07-01
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of the North Anna fought May 23rd-26th, 1864.

    Grant's continued attempts to turn Lee's flank and allow the Union troops access to Richmond were once again thwarted at the North Anna. Hoping to lure the Confederates away from Spotsylvania Court House, Union forces under Hancock headed for Hanover Junction, an important intersection of the Virginia Central and Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac railroads, hoping Lee would follow. Anticipating this maneuver, Lee moved a ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-05-23
  • Map

    Plan of Battle of Cold Harbor, Va. : June 1st and 3rd 1864.

    The area of Hanover County, Va., covered by this map extends from Mechanicsville to the northwest, the Chickahominy River to the south and Cold Harbor to the east. The Confederate army was already in place along the lowlands of the Chickahominy River when Grant's army arrived on June 1. There was some fighting late in the day, with no Federal progress, but both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-06-01
  • Map

    Position of army at Centreville Va. 31st August

    Another view of Pope's Army of Virginia just prior to the Battle of Chantilly, the last engagement of the Second Bull Run Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-31
  • Map

    Map of Charleston Harbor with Morris Island and James, Broad,...

    Regional map of Charleston Harbor extending along the Atlantic Coast from Sullivan's Island just north of the harbor entrance to St. John's and Kiawah islands to the south. Indicates the presence of Union warships off the coast and places along the coastline where the Union has established a foothold.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
  • Map

    Plan shewing [sic] the Rebel concentrated assault on the 3rd ...

    Map depicts the situation just prior to Union Gen. Daniel Edgar Sickles' having ordered his 3rd Corps into an advanced position on a ridge overlooking the Emmitsburg Road, unknowingly exposing his left flank. Confederate forces under Longstreet and Hill attacked him, overwhelming the Union position and forcing the troops back, thereby succeeding in forming a wedge between the 2nd and 3rd Corps. Sickles was ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-07-02
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Map

    Plan of the tunnel and vicinity [of Libby Prison, Richmond, V...

    Map of an escape tunnel from Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., showing surrounding sites including other prisons, warehouses, the canal and dock closest to Libby, and the railroad depot.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia : September 1st 186...

    Scene of the last engagement of the Second Battle of Bull Run. Shows the area between Chantilly, Va., in the north and the Centreville Road to the south. The Little River Turnpike and Germantown are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Map

    The defenses of Richmond, 1864

    Shows the fortifications surrounding Richmond including, Brook Run to the north, and Harrison's Landing to the south. The James River and major roads and railroad lines are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia. Fought June 30t...

    "The position of Union forces at Malvern Hill was on the West. Overlooking Warren were 36 guns having full sweep of the Valley and over the River Road. These batteries were [Stephen Hinsdale] Weed's NYork battery, Edwards', Carlisle's, Smead's and Voegele's. To these later in the day were added the siege guns 1st Conn. Artillery under Col. Robert O. Tyler[,;] these were placed on ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Dranesville Va Decr 20th 1861.

    Shows Dranesville, Fairfax County, Va., and the area to the north. The locations of the Leesburg Turnpike, Centreville Road and Chain Bridge Road are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861-12-20
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9th, 1...

    The newly-organized Union Army of Virginia under Gen. John Pope had as its mission to draw Lee's focus and forces away from the defense of Richmond. To that end, the army began moving toward Gordonsville in July, planning to approach the Confederate capital from the north. Realizing the seriousness of his position, with McClellen in front of him and Pope on his left flank, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-09
  • Map

    Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. Au...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Va. Fought 31...

    Shows the distribution of troops during battle, with majority of McClellan's forces northeast of the Chickahominy River and the Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston attacking the two Union corps on the south side of the river. Map indicates locations of 9 Mile Road and Old Williamsburg Road, the Richmond and York River Railroad, and Confederate defenses, chiefly felled trees. Edwin V. Sumner's route of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Plan of the attack on Ft. Sumter, April 6th, 1863.

    Map shows a regional view of Charleston Harbor including Confederate fortifications and Union naval vessels. This April 1863 atttack by Union ironclads was unsuccessful.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-04-06
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr....

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg during the first battle, December 12-13 1862. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, Lee was able to take advantage of the terrain in disbursing his troops. After heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-13