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  • Map

    Battle of Kelly's Ford, Va. Plan of position of Union and Reb...

    Shows the route of Lee's retreat across the Rappahannock River. Map is oriented with pontoon bridge at Rappahannock Station in upper left of the image, protected by Confederate earthworks and redoubts. Tne Wheatley post office is shown in the center of the image. Kellysville and Kelly's Ford, protected by Ewell's Division, are in lower third, to the left; and Mount Holly is to the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Map

    Siege of Yorktown [Virginia].

    Illustrates the positions of the Union and Confederate armies in York County, Va., around Yorktown, showing entrenchments and redoubts.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-05
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

    Map is oriented with the Rappahannock River to the top (actually, north/northeast) and the Massaponax River [now Creek] to the right (actually, south). Shows the field of action for the first Battle of Fredericksburg, December 12-13, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-12
  • Map

    Route of troops and wagon trains from Warrenton Jnct. to Kett...

    Shows the area of Fauquier County, Va., between Greenwich and Bristoe to the north and Warrenton Junction to the south on the eve of 2nd Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-27
  • Map

    Second Battle of Bull Run position of troops at 6 p.m.

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem Church to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and Manassas Gap Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Revised plan of battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, 1862 (offic...

    Details the action of July 1, 1862, with most of the major Confederate forces under the command of Stonewall Jackson, D. H. Hill, and Magruder, identified in their location north of Malvern Hill, and all the Union troops due south of the Confederates, notably including Berdan's sharpshooters and the troops of Heintzelman, under whom Sneden served, Couch, Morell, and others.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-07-01
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sund...

    Concerns the Battle of Savage's Station, Henrico County, Va., which was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Map

    Plan of Battle of South Mills. Dismal Swamp Canal, N.C.

    Shows the area between South Mills, Camden County, N.C., and Joy's Creek to the north and the Pasquotank River to the south where a minor shirmish took place on April 19, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-19
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg. Fought 13th Decr. 1862.

    Map shows Gen. R. E. Lee's strong position on the heights overlooking Fredericksburg, Va. While he could not prevent the Union forces from crossing the Rappahannock River on December 13 and taking the town, they were unable, despite repeated suicidal assaults, to take the hills on which the Confederate forces were entrenched. After several days astride the river, the Union forces withdrew the night ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Map

    Map shewing [sic] vicinity of Winchester, Virginia, Potomac, ...

    Shows portions of southern Maryland and northern Virginia emphasizing Winchester, Va. Sneden notes on the map that Winchester was a city that changed hands 46 times during the war. He lists three major battles near Winchester, fought in March 1862, May 1864, and September 1864. Sneden considered the Battle of Kernstown, Va., to be the First Battle of Winchester but today historians consider the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-23
  • Map

    Plan of the second Battle of Bull Run Va. Showing position of...

    Shows the area of Sudley Springs, Va., to the north and Bethlehem to the south on the second day of the battle. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Map shewing [sic] retreat of Union Army from Savage's Station...

    Bottom margin: "The swamp was 8 miles long and 3 miles wide." Key across the bottom margin indicates the symbols for positions of the Union and Confederate armies, including infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Farms, homes, and churches are included as well as all major roads and waterways. NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this diary page. This item is from the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Glendale and White Oak Swamp, Virginia,...

    Concerns the Battle of Frazier's Farm, Henrico County, Va., 30 June 1862, variously known as the Battle of Glendale and the Battle of White Oak Swamp. Considered one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Map indicates Union and Rebel brigades with lines of cavalry and artillery and shows homes of local residents, churches, and locations of livestock.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map

    Battle of Five Forks 31st March and April 1st 1865 Copy of of...

    Map shows the area five Five Forks, Va., near Hatcher's Run in Diwiddie County. March 30, 1865 General Sheridan's troops engaged Pickett's army at Dinwiddie courthouse and the next day pursued General Pickett who was withdrawing to Five Forks. The Federal attacks overwhelmed the enrenchments, and the Confederates abandoned their efforts to protect the Southdside Railroad.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Map

    Position of Union and Rebel forces, Oct. 14, 1863

    Map shows Union troops on the road running parallel to the Orange and Alexandria railroad. Just past Bristoe Station, as Union troops crossed Broad Run, a Confederate battery emerged from woods north of the railroad. Next, Confederate skirmishers appeared on a hill overlooking the Union column. Finally, there were several Confederate charges. Union forces were able to return fire and, after several hours of ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Map

    Route from Manassas to Centreville, August 28th to 31st.

    Depicts the path General Samuel Heintzelman took during August 23rd to 31st from Manassas Junction in Prince William County, Va., traveling toward Centreville in Fairfax County, Va., directly before and during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-28
  • Map

    Plan of attack on Marie's Heights, Fredericksburg Va. By Maj....

    Area depicted includes the Rappahannock River to the northeast, Taylor Hill to the northwest and Deep Run to the south. The Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad is also indicated. As part of Gen. Hooker's plan to drive the Confederate Army back toward Richmond, Gen. Sedgwick was to undertake a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock River toward the Confederate entrenchments above Fredericksburg. On May 3rd, having ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

    Map shows the area between the Rappahannock and Massaponax rivers including Fredericksburg and Marie's Heights. The location of Confederate troops under Longstreet and Jackson and Union troops under Burnside are indicated. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, the Confederates were able to use the topography to their advantage, in particular the bluffs overlooking the town and river. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-12
  • Map

    Fort Lyon, near Alexandria, Virginia

    The map shows a close up drawing of Fort Lyon located on Eagle Hill in Alexandria, Virginia. Shows the fort's defenses, including abatis, ditches, salients, sally port, and bomb proof.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9...

    Gives Union Army positions around Harrison's Landing in Charles City County, Va., on July 9th, 1862, with details of the terrain and locations of headquarters for the following Union officers: David Bell Birney, Cuvier Grover, Samuel Peter Heintzelman, Joseph Hooker, Philip Kearny, Israel Bush Richardson, John Sedgwick, and George Sykes.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-07-09
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria ...

    Shows the area of Fairfax County, Va., which was the site of the Battle of Bristoe Station. The map is oriented with Cedar Run to the south, Bristoe to the west and indicates the route of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Also indicated are A. P. Hill's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, engaging the Union's II Corps during its withdrawal toward Centreville, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Map

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Va., including operations fro...

    Map depicts Hooker's attempt to flank Lee's position at Fredericksburg via Kelly's Ford and Chancellorsville, which backfired when Lee discovered it. Dividing his forces, Lee turned half to meet Hooker's Federals head on near Chancellorsville while Jackson's division moved through the Wilderness to flank Hooker's right. Meanwhile, Sedgwick's forces managed to cross the Rappahannock opposite Fredericksburg and dislodge the Confederates holding Marie's Heights, but ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Date: 1863-04-29
  • Map

    Second Battle of Bull Run sunset 5 p.m. Aug 30 1862.

    Shows the area between Bull Run to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The location of Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • Map

    "Camp Lawton" at Millen, Georgia : about 8,600 prisoners conf...

    Concerns a Confederate prison camp for Northern soldiers that was brand new in October 1864 when Sneden was transferred from Savannah, Ga., back inland to Camp Lawton at Millen, Ga. Sneden shows the 44-acre stockade and then the immediate area outside of the stockade where there was a Confederate camp, fort, hospital, and log residences for the Confederate officers. Also, depicted is a tent ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-11-14
  • Map

    Second battle field at Bull Run

    Shows the Union forces under Gen. John Pope and the Confederates under Gen. Robert E. Lee on the 29th, 30th, and 31st of August 1862 in an area of Virginia defined by the towns of Chantilly to the north, Manassas Junction to the South, Centreville to the east and Gainesville to the west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Map

    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia position of Union Ar...

    Shows the position of Union troops on the second day of the Battle of Chancellorsville, including Oliver Otis Howard's 11th Corps, Daniel Edgar Sickles' 3rd Corps, George Gordon Meade's 5th Corps, Henry Warner Slocum's 12th Corps, cavalry troops of William Woods Averell, David McMurtrie Gregg, and Wesley Merritt, and Joseph Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map

    Map of Cedar Mountain and vicinity - and battle.

    Shows the area of Cedar Mountain, Culpeper County, Va., to the north and Gordonsville to the south. Fredericksburg and Stannardsville are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-09
  • Map

    Plan of Second Battle of Bull Run Va. : position at 6 p.m. Au...

    Shows the area between Sudley Springs to the north and the Manassas and Gainesville Road to the south. The locations of the Warrenton Turnpike and the Manassas Gap Railroad are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-30
  • Map

    Investment of Petersburg by Genl. Grant 1865

    Map shows area surrounding Petersburg, Va., on the Appomattox River including all of the Union and Confederate fortifications during the siege of 1864-65 by Genl. Grant. Details include locations of roads, railroads, significant buildings, and creeks. Map extends to north as far as Fort Walthall, to west as far as Wells Church, to south as far as Reams Station, and to east as far ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1865
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia : fought 7th Nov...

    In this detailed view of Kellysville and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River, Sneden shows the placement of Union regiments in a semicircle to the east of town, and the opposing Confederate units in the town itself. Also indicated are the locations of various field fortifications and the difficulties experienced by a terrain that included heavy woods and swamps.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Map

    Plan shewing [sic] battle ground and cavalry fight, 17th Marc...

    Map shows the area surrounding Kellysville, Va., and Kelly's Ford on the Rappahannock River. On March 17, 1863, this was the site of a cavalry skirmish between Confederate forces under Fitzhugh Lee and Jeb Stuart, who were trying to defend the route to Brandy Station, and Union forces under Gen. W. W. Averell.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-03-17
  • Map

    Map of Harrison's Landing, James River, Virginia.

    Shows the locations along the James River of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 25 June-1 July 1862. Also shows locations of Berkeley and Westover plantations in Charles City County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Topographical map of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Showing ...

    Detail from a printed map of the Potomac River region of Maryland and Virginia, and including Washington, D.C., which Sneden has annotated to show the locations of Union forts and picket lines.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
  • Map

    Battlefield of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va. from official map ma...

    Map shows the area between Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks, Va., including the location of troops at different times during the engagement. Beginning on March 30, 1865, Sheridan advanced on the Five Forks area. He was stopped overnight at Dinwiddie Court House due to heavy rain. On March 31st he advanced toward Five Forks only to meet significant Confederate resistance, and was forced ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Paine, William H.
    • Date: 1865-03-31
  • Map

    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1...

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-01
  • Map

    Battlefield of Bull Run August 29th and 30th 1862.

    Shows the area of the Bull Run battlefield with the disposition of Union and Confederate forces. Union Gen. Pope's command faced that of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson, unaware that Longstreet's command had arrived to reinforce Jackson's position. On the second day of fighting, an assault by Pope's forces was repulsed by Jackson's troops, while Longstreet attacked Pope's unprotected left flank. Pope was defeated, but ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Gaine's Mill, Virginia fought June 27th...

    Concerns the Battle of Gaines Mill, Hanover County, Va., one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-27
  • Map

    [Map of Alexandria, Virginia]

    Illustrates Alexandria's central position in the defense of Washington, where at least 12 outlying forts surrounded the city. Military camps of various Union officers such as Samuel Peter Heintzelman are indicated on this map.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia

    Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    The Rebel entrenched position at Fredericksburg, Va. showing ...

    Regional map of the Chancellorsville area encompassing Kelly's Ford in the upper left, Stafford in the upper right, and Spotsylvania Court House at the bottom. Indicates roads and railroads, fords, bridges, and inhabited buildings. Also, indicates the route taken by Hooker's Union forces across the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford with the intention of attacking Lee's Confederates at Chancellorsville from the west. Union General ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map

    Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia 2nd & 3rd May 1863.

    Depicts the town of Chancellorsville and environs, including Marie's Bridge over Scott's Creek and the locations of the plank roads to Richard's Ford, Orange Court House, and Fredericksburg. Also shows locations of Union and Confederate troops at various times throughout the two days of battle.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map

    Battle of Cumberland Church, Va.

    Map shows the area between Farmville, Va., and Cumberland Courthouse to the north. This was a small skirmish just north of Farmville in Cumberland County on April 7, 1865, just following action at Highbridge and Rice's Station.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1865-04-07
  • Map

    Skirmish at Auburn, Va., Oct. 14th, 1863

    Map shows route of Union army (32nd and 38th New York Infantry Regiments, 10th Massachusetts Infantry and others) along the road from Bristoe Station to Warrenton, Va., when the column was attacked by part of A.P. Hill's forces. Shows road lined by stone walls as it crosses Cedar Creek, passes the McCormack farm house, and turns north toward Greenwich.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Map

    Map of Hampton to Howard's Bridge, Virginia.

    The area depicted includes the York River to the north, the James River to the south and the Hampton/Five Points area to the east.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-27
  • Map

    Battle of Malvern Hill showing Magruder's 1st attack June 30th

    Shows the area of Malvern Hill, Henrico County, Va., where McClellan's retreating army made a final stand, effectively ending the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-30
  • Map

    Plan of battles of Kelly's Ford and Rappahannock Station, Vir...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Rappahannock River as it runs from north to south; the Orange & Alexandria Railroad is also indicated. The battles of Rappahannock Bridge and Kelly's Ford were part of the Bristoe Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-07
  • Map

    Map of the battle of Chancellorsville, including operations f...

    Concerns the area between Wilderness in Orange County, Va., through Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County, Va., giving a general overview of the placement of troops just prior and during the Battle of Chancellorsville.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-04-29
  • Map

    Map showing route taken by Mosby with his prisoners, Nov. 27t...

    In this detail from an unidentified printed map, Sneden has traced the circuitous route he and other prisoners captured by Mosby's Guerillas during the Mine Run Campaign followed from near Rappahannock Station, Va., to Woodville, down the Blue Ridge Valley, through Madison Court House and on to Gordonsville. Sneden has annotated the map with the names and locations of many of the small communities ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-27
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., Decr. 13, 1862.

    Map shows the region surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Marie's Heights outside of the city and Falmouth across the Rappahannock River. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering of the Union forces, Lee was able to use the bluffs overlooking the river to his advantage. After sustaining heavy losses crossing the river, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Map

    The 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va., August 1862. Map showing pos...

    Below title: "Copy of Official Map Headquarters 3rd Corps. Drawn by R.K. Sneden, 40th N.Y. Vols. & Topog. Engineer. 3rd Army Corps." NOTE: Researchers will be served a color photocopy of this scrapbook image. Original scrapbook housed in the Museum Department of the Virginia Historical Society (1994.80.4-525) with restricted access. This item is from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society; please contact the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-26
  • Map

    [Map of the lower Potomac River showing picket lines, January...

    Concerns Union and Confederate pickets positioned north and south around Pohick Church and Accotink in Fairfax County, Va., in January 1862. Includes a balloon pictured near Pohick Church and labelled as "Decr. 1861," but as noted in Sneden's diary text on pp. 374-376, he indicates that Professor Thaddeus S. C. Lowe also was using the surveillance hot-air balloons in the same area in January ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.

    The village of Kernstown was located a few miles south of Winchester, Va. Jackson's Confederates attacked with the intention of drawing Union forces away from the Army of the Potomac's position on the Virginia Peninsula. Kernstown is considered to be the opening engagement of Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-23
  • Map

    Plan of 2nd battle of Bull Run, Va. : Shewing movements of tr...

    Shows the movement of troops in a three county area extending from Warrenton, Va., in Fauquier County through Manassas, Va., in Prince William County, ending to the east around Centreville and Fairfax, Va., in Fairfax County, during the Second Battle of Manassas or Bull Run.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-27
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Mine Run, Virginia : fought Monday 30th...

    Meade's intention was to cross the Rapidan River at Germanna Ford, travel west toward Orange Court House, and force Lee from his position in Orange County, just south of river. Alerted to these movements, Lee deployed his forces in strong defensive positions along Mine Run. There being no feasible point of attack, Meade withdrew his forces to winter quarters at Culpeper. Details on this ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-11-30
  • Map

    Second Battle of Bull Run showing rebel position 29 and 30 Au...

    Shows the location of Confederate troops along Sudley Springs Road in Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-29
  • Map

    Map of the Potomac River, Va. : from Alexandria to below the ...

    Regional map of the lower Potomac River in Virginia, including Alexandria and Fairfax Court House. The Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Map showing retreat of Union Army 13th and 14th Oct. 1863 fro...

    Map shows an area of central Virginia bordered by Gainesville to the north, Orange Court House to the south, Luray Gap to the west, and Bristoe to the east. With Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on the offensive, it's target Manassas and Washington, Union Gen. Meade had no choice but to pull back to protect the Federal capital.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-13
  • Map

    Map shewing [sic] advance of 6th Army Corps (Genl. John Sedgw...

    In January of 1863 Joseph Hooker replaced Ambrose Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac. His first order of business was to dislodge R. E. Lee from his position outside of Fredericksburg. Hooker envisioned a two-prong approach, with half his army attacking on Lee's left, while the other half, under the command of John Sedgwick, made a diversionary attack across the Rappahannock ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Blockade of the Potomac - by Rebels, winter of 1861

    Shows the Potomac River with the Confederate forces located near Cockpit Point, Prince William County, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    The Union army encampment at Hampton, Virginia Showing picket...

    Shows the landmarks in the area around Union-occupied Hampton, Va., including the Poor Farm, the Female Seminary, Buckrow's house, Hickman's farm, and "Fox Hill," the home of J. Fox.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862.

    Shows the Confederate and Union fortifications located between the York River to the north and the James River to the south during the Peninsular campaign of 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Map of the night march [from Malvern Hill to Harrison's Landi...

    Shows the route used by the retreating Union forces to march from Malvern Hill (Henrico County) to Harrison's Landing (Charles City County), July 2, 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-07-01
  • Map

    Position at Chancellorsville at 8 a.m. May 3rd 1863

    Shows the immediate area surrounding the town of Chancellorsville and the location of Union General Hooker's headquarters.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map

    The Mud march ... shewing [sic] movement on Bank's Ford Jany....

    In mid-January 1863, Union General Burnside ordered his exhausted troops to recross the Rappahannock River above R. E. Lee's left flank. A heavy rain fell as the army began to move and the road soon became a quagmire. Wagons and artillery sank; men and horses floundered. In the end the effort had to be abandoned, much to the disappointment of the amused Confederates who ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    [Map of Mosby's route through Virginia and North Carolina].

    This printed map of Virginia and North Carolina includes annotations by Sneden showing the route taken by Mosby's troops and their prisoners (Sneden among them) from Culpeper, Va., to Charlotte, N.C.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Va., September 1st, 1862, 5 ...

    Concerns the placement of Union and Rebel forces, including the headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, for the last scene of fighting of the Second Bull Run Campaign, June-September, 1862. Covers portions of Fairfax County, Va., including the area around Chantilly and Germantown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Map

    The Union position before Yorktown, Va., 18th April 1862

    A regional view of Yorktown, Va., and vicinity, with Yorktown and Gloucester Point on opposite sides of the York River and indicating where the Warwick River feeds into the James, and also the Poquoson River as it branches off from the York below Yorktown. The headquarters of Gen. John Sedgwick's VI Corps is shown at Warwick Court House.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of Fortress Munroe [sic], Va., 1862.

    Shows the area surrounding Fort Monroe, including the Chesapeake Bay, Old Point Comfort, and Camp Hamilton to the north.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m.

    Shows the area between Bull Run and the Sudley Road in Prince William County, Va., just before the Federal army retreat.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9th, 1...

    The newly-organized Union Army of Virginia under Gen. John Pope had as its mission to draw Lee's focus and forces away from the defense of Richmond. To that end, the army began moving toward Gordonsville in July, planning to approach the Confederate capital from the north. Realizing the seriousness of his position, with McClellen in front of him and Pope on his left flank, ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-09
  • Map

    [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run]

    Shows the movement of the Union and Confederate forces as their positions changed over the course of July 21, 1861, during the First Battle of Bull Run. Sneden illustrates the battle over the countryside in Prince William and Fairfax counties, Va.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies, 28th to 30th ...

    Shows the region surrounding Bull Run in Virginia, extending from the town of Centreville in the northeast to Brentsville in the southwest.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-28
  • Map

    The Union assault on the Rebel works Lee's Mill Va.

    Shows the fortifications of the Union and Confederate forces on opposite sides of the Warwick River in Warwick County [now city of Newport News], Va., at the time of the engagement Lee's Mill, also known as Burnt Chimneys.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-16
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia : September 1st 186...

    Scene of the last engagement of the Second Battle of Bull Run. Shows the area between Chantilly, Va., in the north and the Centreville Road to the south. The Little River Turnpike and Germantown are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Map

    Route of 3rd Corps from Cattlet's [sic] to Greenwich, Va.

    The maps shows the location of the Union III Corps under Sickles and Confederate troops under A.P. Hill between Catlett's Station and Manassas Junction, Va. The Manassas Gap and the Orange and Alexandria railroads are also indicated, and also shown is the location of the skirmish that took place at Auburn earlier in the day.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-10-14
  • Map

    Plan of works erected at Centreville, Va., by Union forces. U...

    Map shows the area surrounding Centreville in Fairfax County , Va., and includes the locations of abandoned Confederate fortifications on the outskirts of the town.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Barnard, J. G. (john Gross)
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Map of Warrenton Junction, Orange and Alexandria R.R., Virgin...

    Illustrates the position in October 1863 in Fauquier County, Va., of the Union 3rd Army Corps under General William Henry French. The Union troops were near Warrenton Junction along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. This was part of the Bristoe Campaign, 9 October-9 November 1863, during which the rail line was destroyed by the

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Position of Union and Rebel armies near Chancellorsville May ...

    Map shows the location of troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va. The main focus of the map is the troops under Union General Hooker located to the north along the Rapidan River as well as the Confederates under Lee and Stuart to the south and west.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-04
  • Map

    The Battlefield of Williamsburg, Va. : fought 5th May 1862.

    Concerns the Battle of Williamsburg, Va., which was part of the Peninsula Campaign, March-June 1862.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-05-05
  • Map

    Skeleton map of battlefield of Bull Run Virginia : showing 1s...

    Shows area between Sudley Springs to the north and Manassas Junction to the south. Locations of railroads and Warrenton Turnpike are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map

    Map showing position of Union and Rebel armies and Jackson's ...

    Fortunately, Pope's forces retained control of Henry House Hill, thereby allowing the bulk of his army to retreat safely across Bull Run toward Centreville. As part of Lee's plan to interrupt Pope's line of communications, he sent Jackson in a flank movement around the Union Army to take up a position between it and Centreville; Jackson chose the vicinity of Sudley Mountain. As the ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-28
  • Map

    Plan of Fortress Monroe, Virginia, March 6, 1862.

    Shows in close view the area surrounding Fort Monroe.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-06
  • Map

    Official map of the Union works in front of Yorktown, Va.

    Shows the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., including Union batteries located along the Warwick Court House Road. Also shows the Confederate barricade made up of abatis, palisades, slashings of trees, felled trees, and dams that flooded low-lying areas. The Union army, under Gen. McClellan, prepared to lay siege to Yorktown as part of its advance up the Virginia Peninsula toward the Confederate capital of Richmond.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox - Heine, William
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Fredericksburg to Petersburg, Va.

    The purpose of this map is uncertain; it may have been to identify the rail lines within the corridor between Fredericksburg and Petersburg. Included (as phrased by Sneden) are the Richmond and Danville Railroad, Lynchburg Railroad, Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, Virginia Central Railroad, and the Richmond Fredericksburg (Railroad). A few key events in the entire war are indicated such as the surrender of Lee ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
  • Map

    Plan of Union and Rebel position at Yorktown Va.

    Shows the area between the Warwick River and Yorktown to the north and Wormsley Creek to the south that was the Confederacy's first line of defense against McClellan's advance up the Virginia Peninsula. The location of the road to Warwick Court House is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-12
  • Map

    Plan of Battle of Malvern Hill Va. Fought 1st July 1862.

    Shows the terrain surrounding Malvern Hill in Henrico County, Va., the sight of the last of the Seven Days' Battles.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-07-01
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : shewing [sic...

    The map shows positions at the beginning of the battle, with the bulk the of Union Army located across the Rappahannock from Fredericksburg, awaiting the construction of a pontoon bridge. Once across, the Union forces were met with fierce opposition from Confederate forces located in the hills to the west and south of the town. Depicts the area surrounding Fredericksburg and on both sides ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Map

    Plan of Kettle Run and Bristoe Station August 27 1862.

    Shows the area between Greenwich, Va., to the north and Cedar Run to the south two days prior to the beginning of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run. The location of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad is also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-27
  • Map

    Map shewing [sic] country opposite Harrison's Landing, Va., a...

    Shows the location along the James River between Petersburg and Harrison's Landing, Va., of the camps of the U.S. Army of the Potomac after the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862. Positions of U.S. gunboats are indicated along the James River as well as Confederate strongholds and positions of the Cavalry.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map

    Plan of Rebel fort (Camp Misery) on Ship Point Road - Virginia.

    Shows the layout of "Camp Misery" and the surrounding woods and swamp; Ship Point Road is to the south. The camp was evacuated as the Union forces began their siege of Yorktown.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-11
  • Map

    2nd Battle of Bull Run, Va. position of both armies, 6 p.m. A...

    The map shows the area surrounding the Bull Run Mountains including Centreville and Kellysville, Va. As part of the Second Bull Run Campaign, Pope's U.S. Army of Virginia assigned to protect Washington, the Shenandoah Valley and draw Lee away from the defense of Richmond. Lee split his army, and Jackson's brilliant maneuvering thoroughly confused Pope, and allowed Longstreet to join with reinforcements. While Longstreet's ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-08-26
  • Map

    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. Ma...

    Map shows the position of Union and Confederate troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va., at 6 p.m. on May 2, 1863. By late afternoon on May 2, Stonewall Jackson's troops had moved deeper into the Wilderness and were within striking distance of the 1st Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac, P.O. Howard, commanding. Jackson gave the order to attack at 6 p.m., pushing ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map

    Plan of part of Richmond, Virginia : showing locations of Reb...

    Shows the streets of Richmond below Church Hill from the Canal to Broad Street and from 17th to 21st streets, including Castle Thunder and Libby prisons and the Union officers' and soldiers' hospitals.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Map of the field of operations, November 1863.

    Map shows the area between Culpeper Courthouse and Orange Courthouse including the location of Federal troops under Meade in Union-held towns and along the Rappahannock River. On November 7th, the Union army began its advance across the Rappahannock River at Rappahannock Station. The map also indicates the location of Confederate strongholds along the Rapidan River.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map

    Plan of the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia : fought Decr....

    Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg during the first battle, December 12-13 1862. Due to Burnside's slow maneuvering, Lee was able to take advantage of the terrain in disbursing his troops. After heavy losses crossing the Rappahannock River, Burnside decided against renewed attacks and withdrew on the 15th of December.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-13
  • Map

    Position of Union Army April 5th and 6th 1862

    Shows the area of Wormsley Creek to the north and Poquoson River to the south as McClellan's forces prepared to launch the siege of Yorktown, Va. The locations of Howard's Bridge across the Poquoson and the road from Yorktown to Hampton are also indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-05
  • Map

    The battle of Fair Oaks, Va., 2nd Day's battle, Sunday June 1...

    Shows the area of Henrico County, Va., between Cold Harbor and White Oak Swamp. The Chicahominy River and the Richmond & York River Railroad are indicated.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-01
  • Map

    Plan of battle of Salem Church near Bank's Ford, Virginia : M...

    As part of a series depicting the Chancellorsville Campgain, this map gives details of the area around Salem Church, where Union Gen. Sedgwick's forces, en route from Fredericksburg to reinforce Hooker near Chancellorsville, met Confederate opposition under Wilcox. Lee's quick assessment of the potential of the situation led him to redeploy his forces in the hope of destroying Sedgwick's corps. While prevented from joining ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map

    Plan of the Battle of Winchester, Va. Fought September 19th, ...

    Detail of Winchester, Va., and environs includes roads, railroads, creeks, mills, fords, and the locations of the Confederate Signal Station, "Millroy's Forts," Milltown, Kernstown, Stephenson's Depot, and Greenwood Church. The Confederate line, with Early commanding, is in front of Winchester. Union forces under Gen. Sheridan are shown east of the town, while the Union cavalry is located to the north at Stephenson's Depot. The ...

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-09-19
  • Map

    Plan of the redoubt and rifle pits ensilading [sic] the Leesb...

    Includes main roads, buildings used for the hospital, chapel, stables, theater, and headquarters encampment of Brigadier General John Sedgwick.

    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861