• Map
    Plan of the battle of Savage's Station, Virginia, fought Sund... Concerns the Battle of Savage's Station, Henrico County, Va., which was one of the Seven Days' Battles, 26 June-1 July 1862.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-06-29
  • Map
    Map of Walker's Mtn. land
    Map of Walker's Mountain land
    Shows land in Bath County, Virginia. Pen-and-ink on 2 sheets pasted together at corner, on tracing linen, and mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H314 Includes inset of map entitled: Map of Walker's Mountain and vicinity, scale 1:160,000 and a probable geological cross section. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. In pencil on verso: 229.
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1879
  • Map
    A map of the state of Virginia, reduced from the nine sheet m... Relief shown by hachures. "Entered according to Act of Congress, the 31st day of October 1827 by W.B. Giles, Governor of the State of Virginia." Prime meridian: Washington. Includes geological remarks, memoranda, and tables of population, altitudes, and steam boat routes. Routes annotated and roads corrected in ink, pencil, and blue pencil; several ink blots on recto; annotated in two places on verso: Presented ...
    • Contributor: Böÿe, Herman - Buchholtz, L. V. (Lewis Von)
    • Date: 1859
  • Map
    Cold Harbor. [June 1-3, 1864] Scale 1:21,120. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 531.3 In this issue, the map is printed on a yellow background with the Chickahominy River colored green. Shows roads, "Virginia Central R. R.," houses, fences, names of inhabitants, vegetation, drainage, and relief by hachures. Entrenchments are colored red and blue. Description derived from published bibliography. Background and river are uncolored. Available also through the Library ...
    • Contributor: Michler, N. (Nathaniel) - Michie, Peter S. - Weyss, J. E. - Theikuhl, F. - Strasser, J. - Thompson, Gilbert - Michler, N.
    • Date: 1867
  • Map
    [Northern Virginia with adjacent parts of Maryland and West V... Relief shown by hachures. Endorsed (facsim.): Approved S. Howell Brown, 1st Lt. Engs: troops, in chg: Topl. Dept., A.N. Va., March 23rd 1864. "No. 22" in upper left corner. Map of Loudoun County, Virginia, and parts of the counties of Clark, Virginia, Berkeley and Jefferson, West Virginia, and Frederick and Washington, Maryland, showing towns and villages, drainage, roads, railraods, houses and names of residents. ...
    • Contributor: Hoffman, J. Paul
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Map of Fort Huger & Mulberry Pt. Battery with intermediate so...
    Map of Fort Huger and Mulberry Point Battery with intermediate soundings.
    "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer, Chief Engineer[.] Presented to the Virginia Historical Society by his only daughter, Mrs. J.F. Minis, Sav[ana]h, Ga."--Note on map. Forms part of the Gilmer Map Collection. Illustrates the layout of the Fort Huger in Isle of Wight County along the James River, with the Mulberry Point Battery, on Mulberry Island, Warwick County ...
    • Contributor: Virginia. Engineer Dept - Confederate States of America. Army. Dept. Of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    [Maps illustrating the Gettysburg campaign. June 3-July 3, 18... Various scales. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 356 From Century illustrated monthly magazine, v. 33, Nov. 1886 Maps indicate troop and cavalry positions and lines of march from Fredericksburg (June 3) to Gettysburg (July 3, 3:15-4:30 P.M.) Maps 19 and 20 illustrate the cavalry engagement on July 3rd. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as ...
    • Contributor: Wells, Jaco
    • Date: 1886
  • Map
    The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia position of Union Ar... Shows the position of Union troops on the second day of the Battle of Chancellorsville, including Oliver Otis Howard's 11th Corps, Daniel Edgar Sickles' 3rd Corps, George Gordon Meade's 5th Corps, Henry Warner Slocum's 12th Corps, cavalry troops of William Woods Averell, David McMurtrie Gregg, and Wesley Merritt, and Joseph Hooker's headquarters.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map
    Plan of the city of Washington in the District of Columbia : ... Depths shown by contours. Also covers Rosslyn (Va.). Also shows block numbers, water and sewer lines, streetlights, major buildings, and streetcar lines. "Entered according to Act of Congress in the Office of the Clerk of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia in the year 1870." Includes notes, insets of D.C. avenues and Alexandria, and population table. LC copy darkened, fold-lined, soiled, missing ...
    • Contributor: Forsyth, William - District of Columbia. Office of the Surveyor - District of Columbia. Board of Public Works
    • Date: 1870
  • Map
    Map of Dinwiddie County, Va. Relief shown by hachures. Shows names of some residents, and indicates wooded areas. Ink on tracing cloth, with roads in red, mounted on cloth. Water damage to left side, some spotting overall. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H28 LC Land ownership maps, 1247 Holograph beneath title: Approved July 1st 1864, J. Innes Randolph, 1st Lt. Engr's. act. in chg. Top. Dept. DNV. Available ...
    • Contributor: Sommers, S. L. - Graves, H. M. - Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - Randolph, Innes
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    The new war map of Virginia, Maryland & Pennsylvania. General map of the Middle Atlantic and Chesapeake Bay regions showing railroads, highways, and selected forts in eastern Virginia. Does not show Civil War battle locations or troop positions. Relief shown by hachures. Printed in brown. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy fold-lined. Acquisitions control no.: 91-52 CW3
    • Contributor: Russell, (Benjamin ) - Russell
    • Date: 1860
  • Map
    J.H. Colton's topographical map of Virginia, Maryland & eastn...
    Topographical map of Virginia, Maryland & eastn. Tennessee
    "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1861 by J.H. Colton in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York." "No. 2" in upper left corner. Also cover parts of Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey and North Carolina. Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by isolines. This item is in the Map ...
    • Contributor: Colton, J. H. (Joseph Hutchins) - Lang & Laing Lith
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    Highland Co. & notes at foot of North Mt.
    Highland County and notes at foot of North Mt.
    Shows names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Date, title, and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pencil and pen-and-ink over pencil grid on paper, mounted between transparent paper. Ink blotch on upper left. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H83 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. In ink on red bordered label in upper right ...
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    [Map of part of Fairfax and Prince William Counties, Virginia]. Shows roads, railroads, towns, etc. from Fairfax Station to the north to Dumfries on the south and the Potomac River on the east to Manassas Station on the west. Relief shown by hachures. Title derived from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Transferred from the Jubal Anderson Early Papers in the Manuscript Division, L.C. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 536.3 Red and black ink ...
    • Date: 186?
  • Map
    Map showing the location of battle fields of Virginia Scale ca. 1:680,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 504 Map includes "Chesapeake & Ohio R.R. after the war," "other railroads after the war," "railroads during the war," "plank roads and turnpikes," "other roads," rivers, towns, and relief by hachures. Title when folded: 26th annual encampment, G.A.R. Sept 20th 1892. Washington, D.C., via Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Poole Bros., Chicago. Description derived from published ...
    • Contributor: Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company
    • Date: 1892
  • Map
    Map of eastern Virginia Scale ca. 1:875,000. Relief shown by hachures. Also covers Maryland, and southeastern Pennsylvania. Shows radial distances from Richmond and Washington, D.C. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.) 481.5 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. From the papers of Joseph Roswell Hawley. In right lower corner: August. AACR2
    • Contributor: Nicholson, W. L. - Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas) - Krebs, Charles G. - Hawley, Joseph R. (Joseph Roswell) - U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Perspective map of the city of Waynesboro, Va. Perspective map not drawn to scale. LC Panoramic maps (2nd ed.), 965 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Bird's-eye-view. Includes illus., index to points of interest, text, and map "Waynesboro railway connections." AACR2
    • Contributor: American Publishing Co. (Milwaukee, Wis.)
    • Date: 1891
  • Map
    Plan of the Battle of Spotsylvania C.H., Virginia : fought Ma... Shows the Confederate forces located around and to the north of Spotsylvania Court House, with the Po River at their back. The Union forces were positioned along the Ny River so as to attack on both the Confederate left and right. Several landmarks are indicated, including houses used as headquarters by various officers, and the "mule shoe" salient known as the "bloody angle" because ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-05-08
  • Map
    [Federal fortifications near Petersburg in the region of Fort... Anonymous pen and ink manuscript map drawn on tracing linen showing Civil War fortifications, roads, railroads, rivers and vegetation. Drawn on a 1-inch grid. This item is in the Map Collection of the Library of Virginia; please contact the Library's Archives Research Services department for more information. Title from bibliography. Swem, E.G. Maps relating to Virginia, 1095 Available also through the Library of Congress ...
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    [Map of Greenbrier, Summers, Raleigh, Mercer and Monroe Count... Covers the area between Raleigh Court House, Blue Sulphur Springs and Pearisburg, W. Va. Drawn with colored ink and pencil on lined paper. Shows towns, roads, rivers and residences with some distances given. Not drawn to scale. One of a series of eight maps of southwestern Virginia and West Virginia. Originally in envelope with notations: "Maps of various kinds by residents of Western Virginia. ...
    • Contributor: Loring, William Wing
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    A new map of Virginia, Mary-Land, and the improved parts of P...
    New map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvania and New Jersey
    Relief shown pictorially. Watermarks: AB; [fleur-de-lis]. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copies imperfect: Fold-lined, torn at fold line, mounted on cloth backing. Statement of dedication at foot of title: Most humbly inscrib'd to the Right Hon. the Earl of Orkney &ct., Knight of ye most Noble and Anciet [sic] Order of ye Thistle. Includes embellished ...
    • Contributor: Senex, John
    • Date: 1719
  • Map
    Preliminary map of Orange County, Virginia Shows names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Pen-and-ink and pencil, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H302 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. In pencil on verso: 224.
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1871
  • Map
    Skeleton map of battlefield of Bull Run Virginia : showing 1s... Shows area between Sudley Springs to the north and Manassas Junction to the south. Locations of railroads and Warrenton Turnpike are indicated.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    Plan of the battle of Chantilly, Virginia. Fought Septr. 1st ... This engagement, known as the Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, was the last action in the 2d Bull Run Campaign (June-September 1862). This map focuses on western Fairfax County, Va. Stonewall Jackson's forces occupy both sides of the road from Centreville to Chantilly, with additional forces based on Ox Hill overlooking the town from the north. There is also a substantial force located ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-09-01
  • Map
    Perspective view of northwest Alexandria : showing location w... Bird's-eye view. Partial cadastral map showing block and lot numbers and dimensions. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. DCP
    • Contributor: Gedney & Roberts - Gorman, A. M. (Alexander M.)
    • Date: 1890
  • Map
    Map of the battlefield of Bull Run, Virginia. Brig. Gen. Irvi... "Bell Bros. photo-lithographers, Washington, D.C." Description derived from published bibliography. Gives roads, railroads, hachures, vegetation, drainage, villages, houses, fences, and names of residents. "Dotted lines near Centreville indicate sites of [Union] bivouacs on the night of July 20th. Full lines denote the position of the forces on the next day at the commencement of the engagement at Sudley's Springs; blue marking the United States ...
    • Contributor: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers
    • Date: 1877
  • Map
    [Battery no. 3] ; : outwork no. 1 ; outwork no. 2.
    Batteries nos. 1, 2 & 3 and outworks no. 1 & 2 to battery no. 3 | Outwork no. 1
    Gives measurements and latitude and longitude of perimeters. Map annoted with names of land owners: John P. Dickinson, W. Lucius Harrison, John Atkinson and Wm. Walden. One of a series of ten maps drawn by showing the plats of land appropriated for Batteries 1-10 around Richmond. Original maps are included in Personal Papers Collection, accession 26971, B.M. Jones Papers. This item is in the ...
    • Contributor: Jones, M.
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    Topographical sketch of a portion of the North Mountain Range... Shows northern part of the Shenandoah Valley. Relief shown by hachures. Date from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink and pencil (some col.) on graph paper, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H149 Imperfect: Top left corner lacking. In pencil on verso: 21. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Potomac, Fredericksburg, & Piedmont R.R. from Fredg., to O.C.... Sketch map of part of Virginia from Fredericksburg to Orange Court House. Shows relief by form lines, drainage, cities and towns, and the line of survey in red. Chartered as the Fredericksburg and Gordonsville Rail Road. See entry 412.
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah - Potomac, Fredericksburg, and Piedmont Railroad
    • Date: 1876
  • Map
    The heart of the rebellion: scene of the late Seven Days batt... Scale ca. 1:138,000. Relief shown by hachures and pictorially. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 650.2 From the Philadelphia Inquirer, Saturday, July 19, 1862, p. 1. Map indicates battle sites, "Union redoubts abandoned," "batteries," "line of Union retreat," and the "present Rebel picket lines." Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Atlas of fifteen miles around Washington, including the count... Some p. were originally folded. Phillips 1500 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy deacidified and rebound with each leaf encapsulated. Pages 86-87 numbered 76-77. Map of the United States on p. [90]-[91] and world map on p. [94]-[95].
    • Contributor: Hopkins, Griffith Morgan
    • Date: 1879
  • Map
    [Map of the vicinity of Richmond, north and east of the James... Shows some fortifications, troop positions and names of some residents. Title and date from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink and pencil on tracing linen sectioned in 2, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H178 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. Includes note. In pencil on verso: 178.
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Position of Union Army April 5th and 6th 1862 Shows the area of Wormsley Creek to the north and Poquoson River to the south as McClellan's forces prepared to launch the siege of Yorktown, Va. The locations of Howard's Bridge across the Poquoson and the road from Yorktown to Hampton are also indicated.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-05
  • Map
    Map of Campbell Co.
    Map of Campbell County | Chief Engineer's Office, D.N.V., Maj. Gen. J.F. Gilmer, chief engineer
    Shows names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Blue-line print. "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer Chief Engineer. Presented to the West Point Military Academy by his only daughter, Mrs J.F. Minis, Savh. Ga." LC Land ownership maps, 1230 "Gilmer maps no. 14." Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
    • Contributor: Gilmer, Jeremy Francis - Dwight, C. S. - Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - Minis, Louisa Porter - Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office - United States Military Academy
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Preliminary map of a part of the south side of James River
    South side of James River, 1864
    Shows the names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Oriented with north toward upper left. At head of title: Chief Engineer's Office D.N.V. Maj Genl. J.F. Gilmer, chief engr. On sheets nos. 1 and 2: Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer, Chief Engineer. Presented to the West Point Military Academy by his only daughter, Mrs J.F. Minis, ...
    • Contributor: Gilmer, Jeremy Francis - Patton, J. Houston - Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office - United States Military Academy - Virginia Historical Society
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    War map, showing the vicinities of Baltimore & Washington, Scale ca. 1:450,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 241.5 "Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1861 by G. M. Hopkins." General map of eastern and central Maryland, Washington, D.C., and northern Virginia. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Contributor: Hopkins, Griffith Morgan
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    Map of a part of the Rappanhannock River above Fredericksburg... Scale 1:63,360. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 619.5 "Note: This map is distributed in duplicate in order that one copy may be returned with any reliable additions and corrections that may be made upon it. Office of Surveys & Maps for the Army of the Potomac, 78 Winder's Building, Washington, D.C." "No. 57" is written in ink in the upper right corner. A ...
    • Contributor: Paine, William H.
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    York River and Mobajack [sic] Bay, Va.
    York River and Mobjack Bay, Va.
    Depths shown by soundings. Shows roads, settlements, farmsteads with residents' names, battery on North River tributary, and low-water line. Title (in ink handwriting) from verso. Pen-and-ink (black and red). Oriented with north to the right. Imperfect: Fold-lined. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), 672.5 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
    • Contributor: Humphreys, A. A. (Andrew Atkinson) - Franklin, William Buel - United States. Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers - Humphreys, A. A.
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Map of Roanoke County Va. : southern section
    Map of Roanoke County, Virginia, southern section.
    "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer, Chief Engineer[.] Presented to the Virginia Historical Society by his only daughter, Mrs. J.F. Minis, Sav[ana]h, Ga."--Note on map. "Southern section"--handwritten note on map. Forms part of the Gilmer Map Collection. Relief shown by hachures. Shows towns, waterways, roads, geographic features and land owners. Available also through the Library of Congress web ...
    • Contributor: Confederate States of America. Army. Dept. Of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office - Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - Coyle, John M. - Hutchinson, W. - Izard, Walter
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Sketch of the battles of Chancellorsville, Salem Church, and ... "Accompanying report of Gen. R.E. Lee, C.S. Army Series I. Vol. XXV Part 1: page 795." Plate 41, map 1 from: Atlas to accompany the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. Washington : GPO, 1891-1893. Relief shown by hachures. Shows location of Union and Confederate forces. This item is in the Map Collection of the Library of Virginia; please contact the Library's ...
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1891
  • Map
    [Preliminary field sketches of parts of the Chancellorsville ... Some maps show troop positions. Relief shown by hachures on some maps. Title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pencil (some col.) on ledger paper, mounted between sheets of transparent paper. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H133 In pencil: 289. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Map of Louisa County, Virginia. "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer, Chief Engineer[.] Presented to the Virginia Historical Society by his only daughter, Mrs. J.F. Minis, Sav[ana]h, Ga."--Note on map. Forms part of the Gilmer Map Collection. Relief shown by hachures. Shows towns, waterways, roads, geographic features and land owners. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. ...
    • Contributor: Confederate States of America. Army. Dept. Of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office - Blackford, L. (Benjamin Lewis) - Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - O'connor, James
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Map showing position of the brigades of 2nd Corps, C.S. Army ...
    Campaign of "The Wilderness"
    Pen-and-ink on an irregularly shaped sheet of paper pasted to a larger sheet of paper, mounted on cloth. Similar to the map reproduced in the Atlas to accompany the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1891-95, pl. 83, no. 1. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H166 In pencil on verso: 34. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as ...
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Map of route and positions, First Corps, Army of Va., Maj. Ge... Scale not given. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 461 In upper right corner: Ho. Reps. Ex. Doc. no. 81-37th Cong. 3rd Sess. The route of the First Corps is shown from Middletown, Virginia, to the defenses of Washington. Roads, towns, vegetation, drainage, houses, and names of residents are indicated along the line of march. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the ...
    • Contributor: Kappner, Franz
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Position of Richmond, Va. Shows positions of Federal and Confederate armies in June and July 1862 in Richmond region. Relief shown by hachures. Pen-and-ink and watercolor on irregularly shaped piece of tracing linen, sectioned in 2 and mounted on cloth. "Copied from a map captured from the enemy June 27th 1862." LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H97 Imperfect: Discoloration along right edge and along fold lines. Available ...
    • Contributor: Abbot, Henry L. - McClellan, George (George Brinton) - Humphreys, A. A. (Andrew Atkinson)
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Map showing the war operations, in Virginia & Maryland. Scale not given. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 449 Indicates railroads, principal towns, and a few batteries. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Contributor: Bufford, John Henry
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    [Map of cavalry engagement near Bridgewater, Va., Oct. 4th an... Relief shown by hachures. Title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink on verso of lined paper, mounted on cloth. Similar to the map reproduced in the Atlas to accompany the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1891-95, pl. 82, no. 12. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H193 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. In ...
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    This survey of the River Patapsco and part of Chesapeake Bay, Scale ca. 1:40,960. Hand colored. Depths shown by shading and soundings. Includes notes, "Description of ranges," and insets of "Annapolis Harbour & roads" and "Survey of the harbour of Baltimore and the waters adjacent." Maps for an Emerging Nation, #44. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault AACR2
    • Contributor: Brantz, Lewis - Lucas, Fielding
    • Date: 1819
  • Map
    [Map of parts of Highland County, Va., and Pendleton County, ... Relief shown by hachures. Date and title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pencil over pencil grid on brown tracing paper, mounted between transparent paper. The lower right corner is lacking, leaving part of the title which reads "Highla" and "5 mi to." LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H82 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Date: 1861
  • Map
    Plan of the Union and Rebel position at Yorktown, Va., April ... Illustrates a portion of York County, Va., showing headquarters camps of the various generals of the U.S. Army of the Potomac, including the Sawmill, headquarters of General Samuel P. Heintzelman, in the Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-07
  • Map
    The struggle of Petersburg. The lines of rebel intrenchments ... Scale not given. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 612 Newspaper map showing "Gen Baldy Smith's line, Wednesday, June 15th," "first line of Rebel works," "line of 2nd & 9th Corps, Thursday & Friday, June 16th and 17," "seocnd [sic] line of Rebel works," and "third line of Rebel works." Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site ...
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Part of the map of the military department of S.E. Virginia a... Scale 1:80,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 605 "Transferred from Office of Chf. Engr. Defenses of Washington to Engr. Dept., Jan'y. 1866." Map of the Peninsula from Richmond to Yorktown indicating fortifications, towns, roads, railroads, houses, names of residents, and drainage. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Contributor: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    [Map of Fauquier County, Va.]. LC Land ownership maps, 1254 Shows the names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Date, title, and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink over pencil grid, with hachures and some names also in pencil. Irregularly shaped piece of paper, lacking upper right corner, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H32 Available also through the Library of Congress web ...
    • Date: 186?
  • Map
    A map of the state of Virginia, constructed in conformity to ... Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings on Drummond's Lake only. "Entered according to Act of Congress, the 14th day of April 1826, by John Tyler, Governor of the State of Virginia." Prime meridian: Washington. Includes geological remarks, memoranda, tables of population, altitudes, and steam boat routes, and views of Richmond and the University of Virginia. Available also through the Library of Congress ...
    • Contributor: Böÿe, Herman - Buchholtz, L. V. (Lewis Von)
    • Date: 1859
  • Map
    The Union assault on the Rebel works at Lee's Mill, Yorktown,... Shows fortifications on opposite sides of the Warwick River, with the Confederate forces concentrated to the north of the river and the Union forces to the south around Lee's Mill.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-04-16
  • Map
    A map of Potomack and James rivers in North America shewing t... Scale ca. 1:950,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Has watermark. Relief shown pictorially. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault AACR2
    • Contributor: Ballendine, John
    • Date: 1772
  • Map
    Topographical map of the District of Columbia and a portion o... Partial cadastral map showing landowners' names in rural areas of D.C. Also shows density of built-up area in city. Relief shown by contours. Depths shown by soundings. Oriented with north toward the upper left. Includes source materials note. LC copy 1 fold-lined and annotated in blue pencil in upper margin: Gannett. Copy 2 sectioned to 6 sheets, annotated in ink on cloth backing, and ...
    • Contributor: Greene, F. V. (Francis Vinton) - Lydecker, G. J. (Garrett J.) - Bruff, William T. O. - United States. Army. Corps of Engineers - Office of the Engineer Commissioner D.C.
    • Date: 1884
  • Map
    [Sketch of a portion of Orange County, north and west of Gord... Relief shown by hachures. Shows the names of some residents. Date, title, and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink and pencil on an irregularly torn piece of ledger paper, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H102 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Date: 186?
  • Map
    Spottsylvania [sic] Court House Scale 1:21,120. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 658.1 Relief shown by hachures and pictorially. In this issue, the map is printed on a yellow background with rivers colored green. Detailed map giving Union works in blue and Confederate works in red, roads, houses, names of occupants, vegetation, drainage. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as ...
    • Contributor: Michler, N. (Nathaniel) - Michler, N.
    • Date: 1867
  • Map
    Map of western Virginia Relief shown by hachures. General map of western Virginia extending from Staunton to Cumberland Gap and showing roads, railroads, cities and towns, and rivers. This is one of three issues in the Library of Congress published in 1862. This issue is similar to G3880 1862 .N51 CW 465.55, except there is no break in the bottom border. In addition, the "Nolechucky (i.e. Nolichucky) and ...
    • Contributor: Nicholson, W. L.
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Position of Union Army Map shows the location of Union troops in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia poised to begin McClellan's Peninsular Campaign, March 1862. Among the landmarks noted are the location of McClellan's headquarters in Hampton from 23 March to 4 April 1862; the route of reconnaissance by Smith and Fitz-John Porter in the vicinity of Yorktown, Va., 27 March; and McClellan's new headquarters on the ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-08
  • Map
    [Map of King William County, Va.] "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer, Chief Engineer[.] Presented to the Virginia Historical Society by his only daughter, Mrs. J.F. Minis, Sav[ana]h, Ga."--Hanwritten note on map. "This county contains 310 square miles. The lines of the rivers as far as practicable were run by the instrument and the houses on the opposite sides were established by intersecting sights. ...
    • Contributor: Confederate States of America. Army. Dept. Of Northern Virginia. Chief Engineer's Office - Blackford, L. (Benjamin Lewis)
    • Date: 1865
  • Map
    Map showing the projected route of the Potomac and Ohio Railway. Middle Atlantic area showing drainage, cities and towns, county boundaries, coal in West Virginia and the railroads with emphasis on the main line. Incorporated by the West Virginia legislature, 1867-68.
    • Contributor: G.W. & C. Colton & Co. - Potomac and Ohio Railway
    • Date: 1874
  • Map
    Position of Union and Rebel armies at Fredericksburg, Decr. 1... Map shows the area surrounding Fredericksburg, Va., including Spotsylvania Courthouse, Chancellorsville and Falmouth, during the Fredericksburg Campaign. This image shows the situation several days before the battle of Fredericksburg, on December 13th, during which Burnside ordered several futile attacks against Lee's forces. After losing over 12,000 men, the Federal forces withdrew on December 15th.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-12-01
  • Map
    New defenses erected at Centreville, Virginia Originally built by the Confederates and used for winter quarters in 1861-1862, the defenses around Centreville were also used by the Union Army to cover the retreat back to Washington after both 1st and 2nd Bull Run. When Lee began concentrating his forces around Culpeper in July 1863, and Meade, not to be outdone, moved his army to a position opposite them along the ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Map of the state of Virginia : containing the counties, princ... Relief shown by hachures. Also covers Maryland (without relief). Military features not shown. Confederate imprint. "Copyright secured by W. & J., May 1, 1862." Prime meridian: Washington D.C. Imperfect: Copy 1 fold-lined, trimmed, torn at fold lines, missing cover; Copy 2 fold-lined, halved, missing small internal sections at fold-line crosses, mounted on paper backing. Includes railroad directory, ill. "View of Capitol Square, Richmond, Va.", ...
    • Contributor: West & Johnston
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    The first addition to Carlin Springs, Alexandria Co., Va. Scale ca. 1:1,650. Cadastral map showing block and lot numbers and dimensions. "The Norris Peters Co., photo-litho., Washington, D.C." Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. 2 copies. Copy 2 is negative photocopy. DCP AACR2
    • Contributor: Howell & Greenough - Carlin Springs Co-Operative Association - Curtis & Burdett - Norris Peters Co.
    • Date: 1890
  • Map
    Map of Albemarle County Shows villages, houses, names of residents, roads, and railroads. Relief shown by hachures. At head of title: Chief Engrs. Office, Maj. Genl. G. [i.e., J.] F. Gilmer Chief Engr. "Approved June 15, 1864 Albert H. Campbell Capt. P. Engrs in chge. Top. Dep. D.N. Va.". Pen-and-ink on tracing linen. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 520a.8 Available also through the Library of Congress web ...
    • Contributor: Dwight, C. S.
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Map of Spotsylvania
    Chief Engineer's Office D.N.V., Maj. Gen. J.F. Gilmer, chief engineer
    Relief shown by hachures. Shows the names of some residents. Oriented with north toward upper left. "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va. General J.F. Gilmer, chief engineer. Presented to the West Point Military Academy by his only daughter, Mrs. J.F. Minis, Savannah, Ga." LC Land ownership maps, 1354 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. ...
    • Contributor: Gilmer, Jeremy Francis - Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - Minis, Louisa Porter - Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Northern Virginia - United States Military Academy
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Map of a part of the eastern portion of Virginia showing the ... Covers Richmond region (Va.) northward to Fredericksburg. Shows cavalry routes of movement, engagements, encampments, roads, railroads, settlements, drainage, and the fortifications around Richmond. "Drawn by Capt. N.D. Preston, to accompany the paper, 'The Cavalry Raid to Richmond in May 1864', read by him before the Commandery of the State of Pennsylvania, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S., Wednesday evening, May 6, ...
    • Contributor: Preston, Noble D. - Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Map showing the location of battle fields of Virginia [Scale ca. 1:680,000]. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 506 Another edition. Title when folded: 32nd annual encampment, G.A.R. Sept 5th 1898. Cincinnati, Ohio, via Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. Poole Bros., Chicago. To right of map: Principal battles and engagements occurring within the limits of the accompanying map, and the losses sustained by the opposing forces- Comparative statement of the number of men furnished ...
    • Contributor: Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company
    • Date: 1898
  • Map
    Plan of the Battle of Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862. The village of Kernstown was located a few miles south of Winchester, Va. Jackson's Confederates attacked with the intention of drawing Union forces away from the Army of the Potomac's position on the Virginia Peninsula. Kernstown is considered to be the opening engagement of Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862-03-23
  • Map
    [Sketch map of the vicinity of Roanoke, Virginia]. Shows names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Title and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink and pencil over 3/4-inch pencil grid, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H330 Includes large inset of property owners. In pencil on verso: 484 crossed out. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Date: 188?
  • Map
    [Map of the environs of Petersburg from the Appomattox River ... In addition to fortifications, the map shows roads, railroads, and houses and names of some residents. Annotated in pen and ink. Sun print. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), 613.8 Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
    • Contributor: United States. Army of the Potomac. Engineer Department
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Volunteer militia and eastern army guide. One hundred and fif... Scale ca. 1:920,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 632.6 General map centered on Richmond, Virginia. The map is printed in blue ink. Insets: Ninety miles around Nashville, Tenn.-Ninety miles around Harrisburg, Pa.-Ninety miles around Vicksburg, Miss.-Ninety miles around Baton Rouge, La. Each inset 17 x 17 cm. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster ...
    • Contributor: Magnus, Charles
    • Date: 186?
  • Map
    Plan of the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 3rd. After two days' preparation, the main Federal assault took place in the early morning of June 3rd against a well-entrenched Confederate army. Federal losses were overwhelming, and by noon Gen. Grant called a halt to the entire attack. This map depicts the area of Hanover County, Va., that includes Old and New Cold Harbor, Gaines Mill, and Bethesda Church in relation to the Chickahominy ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1864-06-03
  • Map
    Chancellorsville, Va. Position of the 11th Corps at 6 p.m. Ma... Map shows the position of Union and Confederate troops in the area surrounding Chancellorsville, Va., at 6 p.m. on May 2, 1863. By late afternoon on May 2, Stonewall Jackson's troops had moved deeper into the Wilderness and were within striking distance of the 1st Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac, P.O. Howard, commanding. Jackson gave the order to attack at 6 p.m., pushing ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map
    Plan of the town of Alexandria in the District of Columbia, 1798 Relief shown by hachures. Authorship attributed to George Gilpin in P.L. Phillips' A list of maps of America. Oriented with north toward the upper right. Phillips. Maps of America, p. 97 Stephenson. Cartography of northern Virginia, pl. 21 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes index to points of interest and notes. Phillips. Washington 2 DCP Vault
    • Contributor: Gilpin, George - Clarke, Thomas - Thomas, John V.
    • Date: 1798
  • Map
    [Map of Royal Land Company of Virginia lands in Rockingham, a... Title, date, and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink, watercolor, and pencil over pencil grid on 3 sheets pasted together sectioned in 2, and mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H269 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. In pencil on verso: 330 crossed out.
    • Contributor: Oltmanns, C. W. - Royal Land Company
    • Date: 1877
  • Map
    Topographical sketch of ground 1 1/2 miles south west from Al... Shows an unidentified section of Fort Hunt Road in Fairfax County. Relief shown by form lines. Surname partially illegible, but transcribed as Frost in Stephenson's Civil War Maps. "Transferred from Office of Chf. Engr., Defenses of Washington, to Engr. Dept. Jany 1866." Oriented with north to the right. Red, blue, and black ink on tracing linen. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 536.2 Available ...
    • Contributor: Frost, Edward
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Frederick County Relief shown by hachures. Shows the names of some residents. Oriented with north toward upper left. Each sheet pasted together in 4 sections, sectioned in 2, and mounted on cloth. The manuscript original is at the Handley Library in Winchester, Virginia. LC Land ownership maps, 1260 "Photostat of blueprint loaned to L.C. ..." Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a ...
    • Contributor: Wood, John
    • Date: 1820
  • Map
    Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Scale ca. 1:95,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 556.5 Folded title: Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park, Virginia. "NMP. F.S. 7000." Includes text and illus. Text and illus. on verso. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. AACR2
    • Contributor: United States. National Park Service
    • Date: 1972
  • Map
    Map of Greenesville [sic]
    Map of Greensville | Chief Engineer's Office D.N.V., Maj. Gen. J.F. Gilmer chief engineer
    Relief shown by hachures. Shows the names of some residents. Each sheet pasted together in 4 sections, sectioned in 2, and mounted on cloth. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. "Map from the Confederate Engineer Bureau in Richmond, VA. General J.F. Gilmer Chief Engineer. Presented to the Virignia Historical Society by his only daughter, Mrs J.F. Minis, ...
    • Contributor: Campbell, Albert H. (Albert Henry) - Gilmer, Jeremy Francis - Minis, Louisa Porter - Confederate States of America. Army. Department of Northern Virginia - Virginia Historical Society - Campbell, Albert H.
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    [Map of portions of Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland, ce... Shows roads in red, and railroads, place names, etc. in black. Relief shown by hachures. Date from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Title derived from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Following the statement "Engineer Office" is an effaced inscription "[illegible] Corps". Drawn on a 1/2-inch grid. Ink with pencil annotation on tracing linen mounted on paper. Originally folded, with water damage along fold lines. ...
    • Contributor: Nauck, Chas. G. - Confederate States of America. Army of Northern Virginia. Engineer Office
    • Date: 186?
  • Map
    Position Sunday May 3rd at 3 p.m. The map depicts troops movements in the Chancellorsville area between 10 a.m. and 3 P.M. on May 3rd,1863. Union troops under generals Reynolds, Meade, Sickles and Slocum are located to the east between Chancellorsville and the Rappahannock River. Confederates troops under generals Stuart , McLaws, Rhodes and Anderson are located to the west near Dowdall's Tavern.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-03
  • Map
    [Overlay to the map of the siege of Petersburg, 1864-5]. This is an overlay designed to be used with the map of the siege of Petersburg by J.E. Weyss. Title derived from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 619 Includes brief field notes in pencil, red ink, and black ink, probably written by Federal engineers, and shows the location of several camps of the U.S. Engineers and the headquarters ...
    • Contributor: Weyss, J. E.
    • Date: 1865
  • Map
    [Map of Shenandoah County between Mt. Jackson and New Market,... Title, date, and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H150 In pencil on verso: 382. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Topographical map of the Estate of Great Falls Manufacturing ... Scale 1:25,000. Relief shown by contour lines and shading. Sun print. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
    • Contributor: De La Camp, J. (John) - Great Falls Manufacturing Company - De La Camp, J.
    • Date: 1866
  • Map
    [Culpeper County with parts of Madison, Rappahannock, and Fau... Shows names of residents. Relief shown by form lines. Also covers Culpeper city region (Va.). Title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Attributed to J. Schedler as engraver in Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 533 LC copy imperfect: Losses on outer edges. Call no. cited in LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.): G3883 186- .U51 Vault. Available also ...
    • Contributor: United States. Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers - Schedler, J. (Joseph)
    • Date: 1863
  • Map
    Map of the Confederate lines from New Bridge road to Chafins ... Shows fortifications in the Richmond region and names of some residents. Relief shown by hachures. Pen-and-ink on tracing linen, sectioned in 2, mounted on cloth. Similar to the map reproduced in the Atlas to accompany the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1891-95, pl. 135, no. 3. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), H180 Available also through the Library of Congress web ...
    • Contributor: Stevens, W. H. (Walter H.) - Hoffmann, J. Paul - Stevens, W. H.
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Position of both armies, August 30th - 4 to 5 p.m. Shows the area between Bull Run and the Sudley Road in Prince William County, Va., just before the Federal army retreat.
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    [Map of the Manassas battlefield area in Northern Virginia]. Shows fortifications. Does not include place names. Relief shown by hachures on central bottom sheet only. Wall map believed to have been used by the author after the Civil War for lecture purposes. Title and scale from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Pen-and-ink and watercolor on 9 sheets of paper pasted together, sectioned into 12 pieces, mounted on cloth, and laminated. Copy imperfect: Tears ...
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 186?
  • Map
    Portions of Virginia and North Carolina, embracing Richmond &... Relief shown by hachures. General map extending from Richmond, Virginia, south to Fayetteville, North Carolina. Lacks upper right corner. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 501.3 Description derived from published bibliography. Differs from G3880 1864 .U549 CW 501.2 in that the title is missing the oval border and an engineers graphic is to the left of the title information. Available also through the Library ...
    • Contributor: United States. War Department. Engineer Bureau
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Petersburg National Battlefield. Mar. 1967. Scale ca. 1:40,000. Folded title: Petersburg National Battlefield, Virginia. "NB-PET-17009." LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 615.4 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes map of "Petersburg siege lines," descriptive index, text, and illus. Text and illus. on verso.
    • Contributor: United States. National Park Service
    • Date: 1969
  • Map
    [Map of the Shenandoah Valley]. Shows the Shenandoah Valley from Winchester to Staunton, and from the Blue Ridge to the Alleghany mountains, and also shows the names of many residents. Relief shown by form lines and hachures. Date and title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. Drawn on a 3/4 in. grid. Ink and pencil on tracing linen, in three sections, mounted on cloth. LC Civil War maps (2nd ...
    • Contributor: Hotchkiss, Jedediah
    • Date: 1862
  • Map
    Map of a part of the city of Richmond showing the burnt distr... Scale not given. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 641 "The black markes indicates burnt." Confederate imprint. Another copy is in the Hubbard family papers, Manuscript Division, L.C., container no. 17. Description derived from published bibliography. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image.
    • Contributor: Smith, William Ira
    • Date: 1865
  • Map
    Plan of the battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia position, 5 ... Sneden uses his usual eye for detail in showing the nature of the terrain with crop fields, woods, areas of felled trees, roads, and waterways in the vicinity of the Battle of Chancellorsville. He particularly emphasizes the positions of the following corps in the U.S. Army of the Potomac: 2nd Corps (commanded by Winfield Scott Hancock), 3rd Corps (commanded by Daniel Edgar Sickles), 5th ...
    • Contributor: Sneden, Robert Knox
    • Date: 1863-05-02
  • Map
    Norfolk & Portsmouth, Virginia 1873. Perspective map not drawn to scale. Bird's-eye-view. LC Panoramic maps (2nd ed.), 958 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Indexed for points of interest. AACR2
    • Contributor: Drie, C. N.
    • Date: 1873
  • Map
    Map of the city of Richmond, Virginia Scale ca. 1:13,350. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 645.5 General map indicating streets and street names, important buildings, and relief by hachures. Water is tinted blue. LC Copy 1: This map was acquired by the Library of Congress in 1948 with the purchase of the papers and maps of Jedediah Hotchkiss. LC Copy 1: Longitude and latitude of the Washington Observatory added in ...
    • Contributor: United States Coast Survey
    • Date: 1864
  • Map
    Maps showing the Norfolk, Albermarle & Atlantic Railroad and ... Main map shows southern tidewater Virginia and eastern North Carolina. Indicates drainage, cities and towns, counties, canals, and railroads in blue and red.
    • Contributor: G.W. & C. Colton & Co. - Norfolk, Albermarle, and Atlantic Railroad
    • Date: 1891