Current Literature, Volume 43, Issue 4
The following titles have been selected from materials that were added to the NLS reference collections from July 2017 through September 2017. Entries are arranged alphabetically, according to subject headings developed and used by the NLS Reference Section for its collections.
Americans with Disabilities Act, P. L. 101-336, Revised Regulations
ADA access obligation applies to customers and public as well as employees. (2017, September 21). Business Management Daily. Retrieved from www.businessmanagementdaily.com/49689/ada-access-obligation-applies-to-customers-and-public-as-well-as-employees External.
Businesses are obligated to both employees and the public when considering ADA access.
Davis, L. and D. Perry. (2017, September 27). Protecting the rights of people with disabilities is not optional. Washington Post. Retrieved from www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/protecting-the-rights-of-people-with-disabilities-is-not-optional/2017/09/26/dbb2072e-a2c4-11e7-8cfe-d5b912fabc99_story.html External.
Disability Studies scholars reflect on possible changes to the ADA.
Phanthavong, C.E. (2017, September 22). ADA does not require employers to provide multi-month leave beyond expiration of FMLA leave-Seventh Circuit. Lexology.com. Retrieved from www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=05484a95-b733-47eb-84cb-fc811e90e359 External.
Ruling by the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals found that the ADA does not require employers to provide multi-month leave beyond the expiration of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA).
Arts for People with Visual Impairments
Visually-challenged kids touch, smell paintings at art exhibition in Chandigarh. (2017, September 28). Express News Service. Indian Express. Retrieved from http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/chandigarh/visually-challenged-kids-touch-smell-paintings-at-art-exhibition-in-chandigarh-4864639/ External.
Exhibition at the Modern Indian Art Museum offers blind students tactile and olfactory replicas of art in the museum.
Pardes, A. (2017, July 20). The wearables giving computer vision to the blind. Wired . Retrieved from www.wired.com/story/wearables-for-the-blind/ External.
Aira’s agents help blind people with daily tasks such as navigating the grocery store or running the Boston Marathon.
Penrose, C. (2017, September 8). 4 keys to unlocking more inclusive smart cities. Economic Times. Retrieved from http://telecom.economictimes.indiatimes.com/tele-talk/4-keys-to-unlocking-more-inclusive-smart-cities/2594 External.
“Smart cities” are being built with barrier-free design in mind.
Assistive Technology Products for Daily Living
Mignucci, M. (2017, September 22). As-seen-on-TV products aren’t for ‘lazy people’—they make disabled people’s lives easier. Bustle. Retrieved from www.bustle.com/p/as-seen-on-tv-products-arent-for-lazy-people-they-make-disabled-peoples-lives-easier-2432833 External.
Many as-seen-on-TV products make everyday tasks easier for people with disabilities.
Assistive Technology Products for People with Visual Impairments
AT&T, Aira and the National Federation of the Blind launch innovative “Back-to-School” program for blind college freshmen. (2017, September 28). PRNewswire. Retrieved from www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/att-aira-and-the-national-federation-of-the-blind-launch-innovative-back-to-school-program-for-blind-college-freshmen-300527044.html External.
AT&T, Aira, and the National Federation of the Blind are teaming up to make Aira smart glasses connected to Aira’s network of certified agents through AT&T available to 100 college freshman who are blind.
Burgess, M. (2017, September 28). Tech is helping the blind to see. Wired. Retrieved from www.wired.co.uk/article/blind-technology-accessibility-ar-voice-aria External.
Artificial intelligence powers rapid development in computer vision and voice recognition, taking accessibility features mainstream.
Gorny, N. (2017, September 10). Life-changing technology is helping blind people see. The Blade. Retrieved from www.toledoblade.com/local/2017/09/10/Life-changing-technology-is-helping-blind-people-see.html External.
eSight, NuEyes, OrCam, and Aira helping people who are blind to see.
Platoni, K. (2017, July 12). Smartglasses connect the blind with remote human guides. KQED.org. Retrieved from https://ww2.kqed.org/futureofyou/2017/07/12/google-glass-feed-connects-the-blind-with-remote-human-guides External.
Author tries out Aira, the service that offers “visual interpretation” for the blind and visually impaired.
Attitudes of People with Visual Impairments
Hosie, R. (2017, September 14). Blind people describe what beauty means to them. The Independent. Retrieved from www.independent.co.uk/life-style/blind-people-beauty-what-means-attraction-appearance-video-a7946126.htm External.
Three people who are blind describe what beauty means to them.
Attitudes toward People with Disabilities
Lu, W. (2017, September 5). What journalists can do better to cover the disability beat. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved from www.cjr.org/the_feature/journalism-disability-beat.php External.
The National Center on Disability and Journalism provides guidance for journalists covering the disability beat.
Smith, S.E. (2017, August 30) The growing neo-Nazi public profile is of grave concern to disabled people. Rewire. Retrieved from https://rewire.news/article/2017/08/30/growing-neo-nazi-public-profile-grave-concern-disabled-people/ External.
A look at modern-day eugenics in the neo-Nazi movement.
Attitudes toward People with Visual Impairments
Deaderick, L. (2017, September 3). Showing others that blindness is not a tragedy. San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved from www.sandiegouniontribune.com/lifestyle/people/sd-me-one-cody-20170830-story.html External.
The “Marvelous Adventures with Marly & Aerie” is a children’s book series narrated by two guide dogs.
Tucker, J. (2017, September 23). SF group’s awards allow blind baker, beekeeper and kayaker to inspire. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from www.sfchronicle.com/bayarea/article/SF-group-s-awards-allow-blind-baker-beekeeper-12224147.php.>/a> External.
Three San Francisco men win the Holman Prize, receiving $25,000 each from the LightHouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired in San Francisco.
Awards—Dr. Jacob Bolotin Award (NFB)
Columbus Dispatch. (2017, September 27). Dr. Paul Barlett recognized in blindness field. Retrieved from www.dispatch.com/lifestyle/20170927/dr-paul-barlett-recognized-in-blindness-field.
A doctor from Overland Park, Kanas, won the 2017 Dr. Jacob Bolotin award for creating tactile anatomical images for blind students.
Blind Senior Adults
Brody, J.E. (2017, September 25). Vision and hearing loss are tied to cognitive decline. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/09/25/well/vision-and-hearing-loss-are-tied-to-cognitive-decline.html External.
Studies link cognitive decline with undiagnosed vision and hearing loss in the elderly.
McVeigh, K. (2017, September 27). ‘Alternative Nobel’ winner: ‘Women need to see role models to become leaders.’ The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/sep/27/yetnebersh-nigussie-ethiopia-disability-activist-lawyer-right-livelihood-award-alternative-nobel#img-1 v
Yetnebersh Nigussie, an Ethopian lawyer blind from birth, won the Right Livelihood award for “her inspiring work, promoting the rights and inclusion of people with disabilities.”
Blindness in Media
Anderson, T. (2017, July 12). ‘Blind’ film takes heat for casting Alec Baldwin in lead role. DisabilityScoop.com. Retrieved from www.disabilityscoop.com/2017/07/12/blind-casting-alec-baldwin/23909/.
The Ruderman Family Foundation, an organization advocating on behalf of people with disabilities, has come out against the film “Blind” for casting Alec Baldwin as the blind lead.
Kit, B. (2017, May 16). Cannes: Emma Roberts to star in drama ‘Now I See You’ (Exclusive). Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved from www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/cannes-emma-roberts-star-drama-i-see-you-1004505 External.
Emma Roberts has been picked as the lead in the movie “Now I See You,” the true story of Nicole Kear, who found out as a senior at Yale that she only had a few years before she would completely lose her eyesight.
Griffith, G. (2017, July 24). Author describes the road to facing reality in a memoir. CNWeekly. Retrieved from www.troyrecord.com/general-news/20170724/author-describes-the-road-to-facing-reality-in-a-memoir.
Nicole C. Kear, author of Now I See You: A Memoir, which is being made into a motion picture, has written the new children’s book series Fix It Friends.
Greenspan, S. (2017, September 10). Emperor X: ‘We are much more than the sum of the diseases and disabilities we carry’. NPR: Weekend Edition. Retrieved from www.npr.org/2017/09/10/549489252/emperor-x-we-are-much-more-than-the-sum-of-the-diseases-and-disabilities-we-carr External.
Florida singer-songwriter Chad Matheny, who performs as Emperor X, is touring the United States and Europe to promote Oversleepers International, his newest album, which touches his experience of being legally blind and his recent cancer diagnosis.
MacMillen, H. (2017, July 5). This is what it’s like to “come out” as blind. Allure Magazine. Retrieved from www.allure.com/story/coming-out-as-blind External.
Conchita Hernandez opens up about “coming out” as blind, teaching braille-based salsa dance lessons, and reclaiming her agency.
Simpson, D. (2017, June 28). A girlfriend of my own. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/06/28/opinion/disability-blind-public-school.html External.
Daniel Simpson, author of the poetry collection School for the Blind, explores dating while blind.
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. (2017, July 19). Eye freckles? Dark spots on iris may be caused by sun exposure [Press release]. ScienceDaily.com. Retrieved from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170719141217.htm External.
Study shows that “eye freckles,” dark spots on the colored part of the eye, are more frequently found in people with a higher lifetime exposure to sunlight. Eye freckles could indicate the presence of sunlight-triggered eye diseases such as macular degeneration and cataracts.
Johnston, R. (2017, September 20). Australian scientists are using artificial intelligence to prevent blindness in people with diabetes. Gizmodo.com. Retrieved from www.gizmodo.com.au/2017/09/australian-scientists-are-using-artificial-intelligence-to-prevent-blindness-in-people-with-diabetes/ External.
Eye-screening technology can be used by general practitioner to test for diabetic eye disease.
Wang, A.B. (2017, August 21). “’20 seconds of burning’: friends partly blinded after watching solar eclipse warn of dangers.” Washington Post. Retrieved from www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2017/08/21/20-seconds-of-burning-friends-partially-blinded-after-watching-solar-eclipse-warn-of-dangers External.
Louis Tomososki and his friend Roger Duvall watched a solar eclipse with the naked eye in 1963 as junior high school students. They recall how it feels to lose one’s eyesight by staring at the sun.
Brown, K.V. (2017, July 10). DARPA is funding brain-computer interfaces to treat blindness, paralysis and speech disorders. Gizmodo.com. Retrieved from http://gizmodo.com/darpa-is-funding-brain-computer-interfaces-to-cure-blin-1796779062 External.
The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency announced plans to spend $65,000 to develop advanced neural implants that will connect our brains to computers in order to treat blindness.
Gaffey, C. (2017, July 11). U.S. military gives out $65 million to develop brain implants that could treat blindness and deafness. Newsweek. Retrieved from www.newsweek.com/us-military-65-million-brain-implants-blindness-deafness-634900 External.
U.S. military funds brain implants that could treat blindness and deafness.
Hamzelou, J. (2017, September 18). Blind people repurpose the brain’s visual areas for language. New Scientist. Retrieved from www.newscientist.com/article/2147696-blind-people-repurpose-the-brains-visual-areas-for-language/ External.
The finding builds on previous research showing that the parts of the brain responsible for vision can learn to process other kinds of information, including touch and sound, in people who are blind.
New AI device for diabetes eye screening to complete FDA clinical trial. (2017, July 6). hitconsultant.net. Retrieved from http://hitconsultant.net/2017/07/06/new-ai-device-diabetes-eye-screening/ External.
IDx-DR, a screening solution for diabetic retinopathy, is currently conducting an FDA clinical trial.
Mackenzie, M. (2017, July 11). Great, well apparently facial fillers can make you go blind. Allure Magazine. Retrieved from www.allure.com/story/facial-fillers-causing-blindness External.
A recent study in the Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons found that facial filler material can block blood vessels, leading to blindness.
Tarantola, A. (2017, July 12). High-tech solutions top the list in the fight against eye disease. engadget.com. Retrieved from www.engadget.com/2017/07/12/high-tech-solutions-in-the-fight-against-eye-disease/ External.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans are revolutionizing the field of ophthalmology.
Taylor, R. (2017, September 18). Don’t retune your telly: Channel 4 broadcasts blurry adverts to raise awareness of eye conditions. The Mirror. Retrieved from www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/adverts-blurred-c4-blind-rnib-11195270 External.
The Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) used different filters to simulate common kinds of vision loss during commercials on BBC 4.
Ellis, L. (2017, August 11). Curious Louisville: Does Louisville have the highest blind population in the U.S.? WFPL.org. Retrieved from https://wfpl.org/curious-louisville-louisville-highest-blind-population-u-s/ External.
A history of American Printing House for the Blind in Louisville, Kentucky, by the numbers.
NASA creates book to help blind people experience eclipse. (2017, August 12). NBC News. Retrieved from www.kwqc.com/content/news/NASA-creates-book-to-help-blind-people-experience-eclipse-440064963.html External.
NASA and the College of Charleston in South Carolina teamed up to create tactile books so that people who are blind can follow the solar eclipse.
Braille Books for Children
Mora, O. (2017, August 4). Cutest blind 18-month-old learns how to read braille at the first camp for blind toddlers in Phoenix. WUSA9.com. Retrieved from www.wusa9.com/news/cutest-blind-18-month-old-learns-how-to-read-braille-at-the-first-camp-for-blind-toddlers-in-phoenix/461977963 External.
The National Federation of the Blind in Arizona offers a two week summer program for pre-literate children who are blind called the Braille Enrichment for Literacy and Learning (BELL).
Botta, M. (2017, September 14). Braille in pharma: Differing views in the U.S. and Europe. Pharmaceutical Processing. Retrieved from www.pharmpro.com/article/2017/09/braille-pharma-differing-views-us-and-Europe External.
In Europe, it is the law that prescription labels include braille. Should the United States follow?
Zoukis, C. (2017, August 22). Female inmates learn to transcribe books to braille. Huffington Post. Retrieved from www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/female-inmates-learn-to-transcribe-books-to-braille_us_599ce4d8e4b02289f76190fe External.
The popularity of the American Printing House for the Blind’s braille transcription course in women’s prisons.
Khullar, D. (2017, July 13). Who will care for the caregivers? New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/01/19/upshot/who-will-care-for-the-caregivers.html.
A new study by AARP and the National Alliance for Caregiving has found that approximately 40 million Americans help a parent, grandparent, child, relative, or neighbor with basic needs and that the average family caregiver is a 49-year-old woman carrying for an older relative.
Porter, E. (2017, August 29). Home health care: Shouldn’t it be work worth doing? New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/08/29/business/economy/home-health-care-work.html External.
Despite the importance of caregiving, the United States is facing a severe shortage of paid caregivers.
Clothing for People with Disabilities
Monteiro, C. (2017, September 14). Nonprofit merges hi-tech and high fashion to make clothes for people with disabilities. NBC News. Retrieved from www.nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/nonprofit-merges-hi-tech-high-fashion-make-clothes-people-disabilities-n800731 External.
Open Style Lab (OSL) is a non-profit whose mission it is to make clothing accessible to people with disabilities through design and technology.
College Students with Disabilities
Cooper, L. (2017, September 18). Highlighting the importance of mental health among students with physical disabilities. Daily Illini. Retrieved from https://dailyillini.com/news/2017/09/18/ui-student-highlighting-importance-mental-health-among-students-disabilities/External.
A University of Illinois graduate student with cerebral palsy from the College of Applied Health Sciences puts the emotional health of students with disabilities front and center.
Deaf-Blind Centers and Services
Jones, M. (2017, September 25). Ruth Silver lost her sight at 16, then her hearing and went on to found the Center for Deaf-Blind Persons. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved from www.jsonline.com/story/news/obituaries/2017/09/25/ruth-silver-lost-her-sight-16-then-her-hearing-and-went-found-center-deaf-blind-persons/698796001/External.
Obituary for Ruth Silver, founder of the Center for Deaf-Blind Persons in Milwaukee and author of Invisible: My Journey through Vision and Hearing Loss.
Deaf-Blind Children—Centers and Services
GlobeNewswire. (2017, September 22). greyhealth group and Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths & Adults partner to unveil a new campaign to educate society to connect through the power of touch. [Press release]. Retrieved from http://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/greyhealth-group-and-Helen-Keller-National-Center-for-Deaf-Blind-Youths-Adults-Partner-to-Unveil-a-New-Campaign-to-Educate-Society-to-Connect-Through-the-Power-of-Touch-1002423778 External.
The Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths & Adults partners with greyhealth group to educate others about touch signals and other forms of deaf-blind communication.
Roberto, A. (2017, September 17). Free program can help deaf-blind communicate. Guam Daily Post. Retrieved from www.postguam.com/news/local/free-program-can-help-deaf-blind-communicate/article_ea66908c-9928-11e7-a1b8-fb66d68bd065.html External.
iCanConnect, a technology to help people who are deaf-blind communicate, launches in Guam.
Bindi, T. (2017, September 11). CSIRO unveils AI screening tech for early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy. ZDNet. Retrieved from www.zdnet.com/article/csiro-unveils-ai-screening-tech-for-early-diagnosis-of-diabetic-retinopathy/ External.
Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) has successfully diagnosed early diabetic retinopathy with its artificial intelligence-powered eye-screening technology.
Jones, S. (2017, July 7). Progression of diabetic retinopathy linked to obstructive sleep apnea. OpticianOnline.net. Retrieved from www.opticianonline.net/news/progression-of-diabetic-retinopathy-linked-to-obstructive-sleep-apnea External.
Obstructive sleep apnea increases the risk of diabetic retinopathy in people who suffer from type 2 diabetes.
Lee, T. and S.L. Nararyana. (2017, September 22). Panelists strike an optimistic tone on artificial intelligence. Harvard Crimson. Retrieved from www.thecrimson.com/article/2017/9/22/iop-robots-economy/ External.
A panel of experts in artificial intelligence spoke at Harvard about the Google machine-learning system that uses data mining to detect early forms of diabetic retinopathy.
MarketResearchNest.com. (2017, September 21). Proliferative diabetic retinopathy drugs and companies pipeline review H2 2017 [Press release]. Retrieved from www.medgadget.com/2017/09/proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-drugs-and-companies-pipeline-review-h2-2017.html External.
An overview of proliferative diabetic retinopathy drugs currently before the FDA.
Hale calls for empowerment of disabled people. (2017, September 27). The Nation. Retrieved from http://nation.com.pk/islamabad/27-Sep-2017/hale-calls-for-empowerment-of-disabled-people External.
The American Embassy in Pakistan is collaborating with Mobility International to empower Pakistanis with disabilities.
Disabilities in Media
Nawaz, A. (2017, July 11). Comic Maysoon Zayid is making disability mainstream. ABC News. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/comic-maysoon-zayid-making-disability-mainstream/story?id=48545823 External.
Twenty percent of Americans have a disability, but only 2 percent of screen actors do. Additionally, 95 percent of disabled protagonist roles go to non-disabled actors. Comic Maysoon Zayid, who has cerebral palsy, wants to change that.
Bialik, K. (2017, July 27). 7 facts about Americans with disabilities. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/07/27/7-facts-about-americans-with-disabilities/ External.
From the Pew Research Center, seven facts about Americans with disabilities, including older Americans are more likely to have a disability, Americans with disabilities earn 70 percent less than their peers without a disability, and seven in ten disabled Americans voted in the 2016 election.
Davis, E. (2017, July 13). Institute for Disability Studies awarded five-year continued federal funding. WDAM.com. Retrieved from www.wdam.com/story/35875623/institute-for-disability-studies-awarded-five-year-continued-federal-funding External.
The Federal Administration for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities has awarded the University of Southern Mississippi Institute for Disability Studies $5 million in federal funding over the next five years.
Gonzalez, O. (2017, August 31). What it takes to be an expert human echolocator. Wired. Retrieved from www.wired.com/2017/08/takes-expert-human-echolocator/ External.
Durham University published a study in PLOS Computational Biology on how people who are blind are able to use echolocation.
Wilson, C. (2017, August 31). This is how some blind people are able to echolocate like bats. New Scientist. Retrieved from www.newscientist.com/article/2145962-this-is-how-some-blind-people-are-able-to-echolocate-like-bats/ External.
Explores how people who are blind use echolocation by making clicks with their mouths to help them understand the environment around them.
Economics of Disabilities
Khullar, D. (2017, September 28). The high price of failing America’s costliest patients. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/09/28/upshot/the-high-price-of-failing-americas-costliest-patients.html External.
Five percent of Americans account for 20 percent of medical costs. By meeting the needs of these Americans earlier, we can reduce both cost and suffering.
Education for Blind Children—Residential Schools
Honaker, A. (2017, September 21). Georgia Academy for the Blind students chosen for state advisory council. The Telegraph. Retrieved from www.macon.com/news/local/education/article174582026.html External.
Students from the Georgia Academy for the Blind are chosen to work with Georgia’s superintendent on the state advisory council.
Education for Blind People
Smith, D. (2017, September 24). Dr. Tina Herzberg leads program to help teach visually impaired. GoUpstate.com. Retrieved from www.goupstate.com/articles/20170924/dr-tina-herzberg-leads-program-to-help-teach-visually-impaired External.
The University of South Carolina is becoming known nationally for producing teachers with the skills to teach visually impaired students.
Education for Children with Disabilities
Diament, M. (2017, July 11). Feds find fewer states meeting special ed obligations. DisabilityScoop.com. Retrieved from “www.disabilityscoop.com/2017/07/11/feds-fewer-states-special-ed/23904/ External.
The U.S. Department of Education found that only 22 states were in compliance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Gilmour, M. (2017, July 11). My son is in special education and I want him to be challenged. nprEd.org. Retrieved from www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/07/11/534787935/my-son-is-in-special-education-and-i-want-him-to-be-challenged External.
Frustrated with public school, a mother finds her son with disabilities is finally thriving at a private school that has high expectations for students with disabilities.
Liu, O. (2017, September 19). Students with learning disabilities can learn new language. Learning English. Retrieved from https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/students-with-learning-disabilities-can-learn-new-languages/3991760.html External.
Study shows students with print and learning disabilities can learn new languages.
Employment of People with Disabilities
Koch, F. (2017, September 21). An epic adventure (on horseback) shows that disability is everyone’s business. Forbes. Retrieved from www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2017/09/21/an-epic-adventure-on-horseback-shows-that-disability-is-everyones-business/#5660f010f219 External.
Caroline Casey, a legally blind social entrepreneur, hid her impairment for 28 years. Now she helps people with disabilities start their own businesses.
Dejean, A. (2017, August 8). Many people with disabilities are being paid way below the minimum wage, and it’s perfectly legal. Mother Jones. Retrieved from www.motherjones.com/politics/2017/08/many-people-with-disabilities-are-being-paid-way-below-the-minimum-wage-and-its-perfectly-legal External.
A provision in the Fair Labor Standards Act allows employers to waive the minimum wage for employees with disabilities.
Kessler Foundation. nTide June 2017 jobs report: Ongoing job growth reflects Americans with disabilities striving to work [Press release]. Retrieved from https://globenewswire.com/news-release/2017/07/07/1041543/0/en/nTIDE-June-2017-Jobs-Report-Ongoing-Job-Growth-Reflects-Americans-with-Disabilities-Striving-to-Work.html External.
Americans with disabilities reach a 15-month high in job gains according to the National Trends in Disability Employment issued by the Kessler Foundation and the University of New Hampshire Institute on Disability.
Employment of People with Visual Impairments
Autobodynews.com. (2017, September 7). Lighthouse for the Blind-Saint Louis acquires RapidFix assets from Boss Products USA. Retrieved from www.autobodynews.com/index.php/midwestern/item/13757-lighthouse-for-the-blind-saint-louis-acquires-rapidfix-assets-from-boss-products-usa.html External.
Lighthouse for the Blind in Saint Louis, Missouri, has acquired the company RapidFix, a manufacturer of bonding products sold in hardware and auto-parts stores.
Gerasole, V. (2017, September 22). Positively Chicago: Lighthouse Industries. CBS Chicago. Retrieved from http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2017/09/22/positively-chicago-lighthouse-industries/ External.
The Lighthouse for the Blind in Chicago, Illinois, has made 6 million clocks since 1977 and is the last factory of its kind in the United States. The secret to its longevity? Eighty-five percent of its employees are blind.
Klecker, M. (2017, September 15). $3.5 million Outlook Nebraska expansion will create more employment, outreach opportunities for visually impaired. Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved from www.omaha.com/news/metro/million-outlook-nebraska-expansion-will-create-more-employment-outreach-opportunities/article_17f0f872-9a5e-11e7-a94e-1b6a91427dac.html External.
Outlook Nebraska’s $3.5 million expansion will mean many more job opportunities for people with visual impairment.
Moneymaker, L. (2017, August 30). Losing sight shouldn’t mean giving up hope. The Herald-Tribune. Retrieved from www.batesvilleheraldtribune.com/opinion/losing-sight-shouldn-t-mean-giving-up-hope/article_bf672d08-eee8-510d-a28d-6f93c699e5fb.html External.
According to the National Federation of the Blind, 70 percent of blind or visually impaired adults face unemployment nationally and 30 percent of adults in the U.S. who are blind live in poverty.
Phanor-Faury, A. (2017, September). Two blind brothers are disrupting the fashion world with their designs. Konbini.com. Retrieved from www.konbini.com/us/lifestyle/two-blind-brothers-clothing-brand-cure-blindness/ External.
Two brothers living with Stargardt disease founded an apparel company selling the “softest clothing ever made.” Proceeds go to curing blindness.
Segrist, L. (2017, September 27). Lighthouse for the Blind a beacon for workers with impaired vision. Charleston Regional Business Journal. Retrieved from https://charlestonbusiness.com/news/manufacturing/73003/ External.
The Lighthouse for the Blind in Charleston, South Carolina, makes parts for Boeing.
Gomes, I. (2017, September 25). Here’s how Miami’s blind handled hurricane Irma. Miami New Times. Retrieved from www.miaminewtimes.com/news/miamis-blind-navigated-hurricane-irma-with-preparation-county-help-9686035 External.
The majority of the blind or visually impaired residents in Miami-Dade County chose to ride out the storm at home.
Perry, D.M. (2017, August 29). Inside the organization saving disabled people during hurricane Harvey. Pacific Standard. Retrieved from https://psmag.com/social-justice/saving-disabled-people-during-hurricane-Harvey External.
Portlight Inclusive Disaster Strategies, founded in 1990, focuses on people with disabilities during a disaster.
Respaut, R. and B. Thevenot. (2017, September 10). “She can barely walk:” Florida’s elderly complicate hurricane response. Reuters.com. Retrieved from www.reuters.com/article/us-storm-irma-elderly/she-can-barely-walk-floridas-elderly-complicate-hurricane-response-idUSKCN1BL0RV/ External.
How emergency responders mobilize to care for senior citizens will have a profound impact on the number of deaths and injuries from hurricane Irma.
Williams, A. (2017, September 2). Why evacuating is a bigger hurdle for the poor, elderly and disabled ahead of major disasters. AccuWeather.com. Retrieved from www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/why-evacuating-is-a-bigger-hurdle-for-the-poor-elderly-and-disabled-ahead-of-major-disaster/70002624 External.
During hurricane Harvey, elderly, sick, and disabled Texans stayed home.
Willitts, P. (2017, September 1). Hurricane Harvey has grim disaster planning lessons for disabled people. Global Comment. Retrieved from www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/why-evacuating-is-a-bigger-hurdle-for-the-poor-elderly-and-disabled-ahead-of-major-disaster/70002624.
Telling sick, disabled, or elderly people they must evacuate is unrealistic if no help is offered to move them.
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). (2017, September 25). Lowe’s Companies sued by EEOC for disability discrimination [Press release]. Retrieved from www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/lowe-s-companies-sued-by-eeoc-for-99248/ External.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says Lowe’s Companies Inc. violated federal law when it refused to accommodate a department manager with a disability.
Gaming for People with Disabilities
Lofthouse, K. (2017, September 19). Changing the game for disabled people. Business Cloud. Retrieved from www.businesscloud.co.uk/news/changing-the-game-for-disabled-people External.
Playing video games help people with disabilities interact with their peers in a way that nothing else does.
Foundation Fighting Blindness. (2017, July 26). 4D Molecular Therapeutics teams with Foundation Fighting Blindness to develop gene therapies [Press release]. Retrieved from www.healio.com/ophthalmology/retina-vitreous/news/online/%7Bf90dfb5c-52f0-4ecd-af8a-5bdde4711836%7D/4d-molecular-therapeutics-teams-with-foundation-fighting-blindness-to-develop-gene-therapies External.
4D Molecular Therapeutics and Foundation Fighting Blindness are developing intravitreal gene therapeutics for patients with inherited retinal degenerations and dry age-related macular degeneration.
Kolata, G. (2017, September 11). New gene-therapy treatments will carry whopping price tags. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/09/11/health/cost-gene-therapy-drugs.html External.
New gene therapy treatments could cure inherited blindness, but the costs for one treatment are in the millions of dollars.
CRISPR used to prevent development of angiogenesis of the retina. (2017, July 27). Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. Retrieved from www.technologynetworks.com/tn/news/crispr-used-to-prevent-development-of-angiogenesis-of-the-retina-290705 External.
The Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear has successfully prevented mice from developing angiogenesis of the retina.
Withers, I. (2017, August). US biotech Spark hires UK team as cure for inherited blindness edges closer. The Telegraph. Retrieved from www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2017/08/11/us-biotech-spark-hires-uk-team-cure-inherited-blindness-edges/ External.
US biotech company Spark Therapeutics chooses UK for launch of inherited blindness gene therapy.
EBS Technologies GmbH. (2017, September 21). Eyetronic therapy: New milestone reached with 300 patients treated [Press release]. Retrieved from www.marketwired.com/press-release/eyetronic-therapy-new-milestone-reached-with-300-patients-treated-2234611.htm External.
German company EBS Technologies has treated 300 people who have glaucoma with Eyetronic, an optic nerve stimulation that improves field of vison.
Gatlin, A. (2017, September 22). Aerie tumbles ahead of FDA panel review of glaucoma drug. Investor’s Business Daily. Retrieved from www.investors.com/news/technology/aerie-tumbles-ahead-of-fda-panel-review-of-glaucoma-drug/ External.
New glaucoma drug Rhopressa comes before the FDA.
Researchers report new paths to glaucoma treatment. (2017, September 19). Institute for Basic Science. Retrieved from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-09-paths-glaucoma-treatment.html External.
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation could result in the development of therapies to treat primarily open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
Marriott, N. (2017, July 6). Nemus Bioscience’s cannabis drug treats glaucoma in animal models. Drug Target Review. Retrieved from www.drugtargetreview.com/news/24066/cannabis-drug-treats-glaucoma/ External.
Nemus Bioscience announced that tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) derived from NB1111, its proprietary prodrug version of THC, achieved significant tissue concentrations in multiple compartments of the eye that correlated with the lowering of intraocular pressure.
McShane, J. (2017, July 24). Visual field damage undetected by standard tests in some glaucoma patients. MedicalNewsBulletin.com. Retrieved from www.medicalnewsbulletin.com/visual-field-damage-undetected-standard-tests-glaucoma-patients/External.
For glaucoma patients with damage to the macular area of the retina, standard visual field tests can miss the resulting central vision impairment.
Newcombe, D. (2017, September 12). UNMC glaucoma research could lead to changes in diagnosis and treatment. KIOS Omaha Public Radio. Retrieved from http://kios.org/post/unmc-glaucoma-research-could-lead-changes-diagnosis-and-treatment External.
Visual field damage is undetected by standard visual tests in some glaucoma patients.
Rossetto, J.D., L.A. Melo Jr., M.S. Campos, and I.M. Tavares. (2017, July 10). Agreement on the evaluation of glaucomatous optic nerve head findings by ophthalmology residents and a glaucoma specialist. Clinical Ophthalmology, 11. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S140225 External.
New study finds poor recognition of glaucoma in ophthalmology residents.
Higher Education for Blind People
Santucci, J. (2017, September 3). Blind student and Paralympic skier sues Dartmouth over accessibility. USA Today. Retrieved from www.usatoday.com/story/news/college/2017/09/03/blind-student-and-paralympic-skier-sues-dartmouth-over-accessibility/614196001/ External.
Dartmouth College convinced Staci Mannella, who is legally blind, that it could meet her accessibility needs. Now she’s suing the school for failing to live up to its promises.
Corbray, K. (2017, July 26). At the library: Can’t get to the library? It can come to you. Yakima Herald-Republic. Retrieved from www.yakimaherald.com/scene/literature/at-the-library-can-t-get-to-the-library-it/article_17f9e61c-7245-11e7-a430-57afeee08e21.html External.
Outreach Services in Yakima County, Washington, has teamed up with the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library to bring the gift of books to people who are homebound.
Haynes, R. (2017, September 26). Is macular degeneration caused by c-reactive protein? MedicalNewsBulletin.com. Retrieved from www.medicalnewsbulletin.com/macular-degeneration-c-reactive-protein/ External.
New findings suggest C-reactive protein does not cause macular degeneration.
Kemin Industries. (2017, July 12) New study finds no additional benefit from (RS) meso-zeaxanthin [Press release]. Retrieved from www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-study-finds-no-additional-benefit-from-rs-meso-zeaxanthin-300486958.html External.
(RS) Meso-zeaxanthin contributes no additional efficacy to the AREDS2 formulation in subjects with early age-related macular degeneration.
Kim, M. (2017, September 18). Preventing age-related macular degeneration . . . finally! ABC30.com. Retrieved from http://abc30.com/health/preventing-age-related-macular-degeneration—finally/2429760/ External.
New drug Levodopa may delay the onset of age-related macular degeneration.
TRACON Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (2017, July 25). Santen and TRACON announce initiation of a phase 2a study of wet age-related macular degeneration [Press release]. Retrieved from https://globenewswire.com/news-release/2017/07/26/1058180/0/en/Santen-and-TRACON-Announce-Initiation-of-a-Phase-2a-Study-of-DE-122-for-the-Treatment-of-Wet-Age-Related-Macular-Degeneration.html External.
Santen Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. and TRACON Pharmaceuticals Inc. announced that Santen has initiated a Phase 2a clinical study of DE-122 in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration.
Khullar, D. (2017, July 11). Doctors with disabilities: Why they’re important. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/07/11/upshot/doctors-with-disabilities-why-theyre-important.html External.
Studies show that many doctors and medical practitioners won’t see people with disabilities.
Kohrman, N. (2017, July 5). We need more doctors with disabilities. Slate. Retrieved from www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2017/07/increasing_the_number_of_doctors_with_disabilities_would_improve_health.html External.
People with disabilities are more likely to need medical attention but less likely to seek it.
Mobile Apps for People with Visual Impairments
Beeler, C. (2017, August 11). Helping the blind ”see” the solar eclipse. PRI.org. Retrieved from www.pri.org/stories/2017-08-11/helping-blind-see-solar-eclipse External.
Eclipse Soundscapes used touch and sound to help people with visual impairments experience the solar eclipse.
Blazina, E. (2017, September 25). CMU developing smartphone system to help blind people cross the street. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved from www.post-gazette.com/business/tech-news/2017/09/25/CMU-device-blind-people-cross-the-street-smartphone/stories/201709240098.ILE External.
With a $2 million grant from the Federal Highway Administration, Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Institute is developing a system that would allow smartphones to communicate with traffic signals to give people who have difficultly crossing the street more time.
Dussault, J. (2017, September 11). Tech that opens eyes: How apps help connect the blind and seeing worlds. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from www.csmonitor.com/Technology/2017/0911/Tech-that-opens-eyes-How-apps-help-connect-the-blind-and-seeing-worlds External.
Single-purpose assistive devices are giving way to more accessible apps.
Hurst, N. (2017, August 14). What does an eclipse sound like? Smithsonian. Retrieved from www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/what-does-eclipse-sound-180964203/ External.
App Eclipse Soundscapes answers the question what does an eclipse sound like?
Metz, R. (2017, August 4). A smart watch to help blind people navigate. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from www.technologyreview.com/s/608402/a-smart-watch-to-help-blind-people-navigate/ External.
Sunu is a wrist-worn device with a sonar sensor that buzzes harder the closer an object is.
Thorpe, J.R. (2017, September 1). Aipoly app uses AI to show blind people the world around them & it’s a great tool for accessibility. Bustle Magazine. Retrieved from www.bustle.com/p/aipoly-app-uses-ai-to-show-blind-people-the-world-around-them-its-a-great-tool-for-accessibility-80137 External.
Aipoly is an app that uses recognition technology to “pick” and “see” objects that are announced through a smart phone.
Harris, S.A. (2017, September 11). New £10 note feature for visually impaired people praised as ”absolutely fantastic.” It’s got a brilliant new feature. Huffington Post UK. Retrieved from www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/new-10-note-release-date-blind_uk_59b65b18e4b0354e4412e2a7 External.
The new £10 note in the United Kingdom will be released with braille so that consumers with visual impairments can feel more secure.
Lewis, A. (2017, September 11). What you need to know: Plastic £10 note being launched this week. The new £10 will be issued almost a year from the launch of the plastic £5. Cambridge News. Retrieved from www.cambridge-news.co.uk/news/uk-world-news/new-10-plastic-note-tenner-13568173 External.
Five years after the launch of the plastic £5 note, the United Kingdom releases a £10 note that is accessible to braille readers.
McClean, A. (2017, July 20). New £10 note features raised dots for blind and partially sighted. Optometry Today. Retrieved from www.aop.org.uk/ot/industry/charity/2017/07/20/new-10-pound-note-features-raised-dots-for-blind-and-partially-sighted External.
With the introduction of a braille note, the United Kingdom is raising the bar for barrier-free currency design.
Music for People with Visual Impairments
Kramer, M. (2017, August 21). A brand new musical composition will help people who are blind experience the solar eclipse. Mashable.com. Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2017/08/19/total-solar-eclipse-soundtrack/#H7g50gDc.mqM External.
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology created an original composition meant to mimic the solar eclipse.
Sylvester, O. (2017, September 25). A legal expert weights in on Student Disability Services’ accidental leak of 299 emails. Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved from www.thedp.com/article/2017/09/a-legal-experts-weighs-in-on-student-disability-services-accidental-leak-of-299-emails External.
University of Pennsylvania accidently leaked personal information of 299 students receiving accommodations—a violation of the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), according to a Drexel University law professor.
Green, R. (2017, September 25). Meet the student puppy sitters helping raise future service dogs. American Kennel Club News. Retrieved from www.akc.org/content/news/articles/student-puppy-sitters-help-raise-future-service-dogs/ External.
High schools in Enumclaw, Washington and Lemoore, California have a special extracurricular activity: socializing puppies to be seeing-eye-dogs.
Hawley, A.N. (2017, September 27). Learn about guide dogs in the workplace during National Guide Dogs Month. Daily Herald. Retrieved from www.dailyherald.com/submitted/20170927/learn-about-guide-dogs-in-the-workplace-during-national-guide-dogs-month External.
National Guide Dogs Month is a great time to learn about guide dogs in the workplace.
Snider, C. (2017, September 25). The difference between a service animal and an emotional support animal. EastIdahoNews.com. Retrieved from www.ksl.com/?sid=45934370&nid=1419 External.
What is the difference between a service and emotional support animal?
Social Security Programs—Statistics
Congressional Budget Office. (2017, September 25). Preliminary analysis of legislation that would replace subsidies for health care with block grants. Retrieved from www.cbo.gov/publication/53126 External.
Report by the Congressional Budget Office on the economic impact of repealing the Affordable Care Act.
Sports for People with Visual Impairments
Hassanzadeh, E. (2017, September 26). Legally blind athlete finds success on and off the field. Ketv.com. Retrieved from www.cbo.gov/publication/53126 External.
Danni Schutz, a legally blind honor-roll sophomore who was diagnosed with Stargardt disease, relies on her peripheral vision. She plays golf for her school and is a cheerleader.
Carmel, M. (2017, September 26). Pamplin quilting group makes special blankets for children with low vision. News & Advance. Retrieved from www.cbo.gov/publication/53126
Virginia quilting group is making tactile blankets for children with low vision to prepare them for learning braille.
Clark, K. (2017, August 21). Blind students ”touch” the eclipse with help of technology. Courier-Journal. Retrieved from www.courier-journal.com/story/news/2017/08/21/blind-students-technology-solar-eclipse/585270001/ External.
Students at the Kentucky School for the Blind experienced the solar eclipse with a grid of pins that raise and lower to show images that a person can experience through touch.
Snell, T. (2017, September 25). Touch to see: Braille map in the MSC. The Battalion. Retrieved from www.thebatt.com/news/touch-to-see-braille-map-in-the-msc/article_aacaed82-a19e-11e7-8327-2baf1e218ba9.html External.
Texas A&M University has always had maps of the campus in its student center. Now the maps are tactile and marked with braille.
Travel for People with Disabilities
Said, C. (2017, September 5). Accomable creates vacation-rental market for people with disabilities. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/Accomable-creates-vacation-rental-market-for-12168289.php External.
Rejected because of a disability? Meet Accomable, the vacation rental app for people with disabilities.
Transportation for People with Disabilities
Hunt, E. and Guardian readers. (2017, September 22). ”I feel like a second-class citizen”: readers on navigating cities with a disability. The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/cities/2017/sep/22/second-class-citizen-readers-navigating-cities-disability External.
From New York to London, Copenhagen to Prague, Caracas, Venezuela, to Auckland, New Zealand, people with disabilities weigh in on public transportation.
Transportation for People with Visual Impairments
Baker, J. (2017, September 12). U.S. Secretary of Transportation unveils new driverless-car guidance at Mcity. Michigan Daily. Retrieved from www.michigandaily.com/section/government/us-secretary-transportation-visits-mcity-announce-new-federal-guidance External.
U.S. Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao unveiled new guidance for self-driving cars. Speakers at the event emphasized the advantages of self-driving cars for people who are blind or have other disabilities.
Veterans with Disabilities
Wounded Warrior Program. (2017, August 21). Cyber Timez and the Wounded Warrior Program team up to help blind veterans [Press release]. Retrieved from www.newswire.com/news/cyber-timez-and-the-wounded-warrior-program-team-up-to-help-blind-19870822 External.
The Wounded Warrior Program, which helps injured veterans find employment, has teamed up with Vuzix M300.
Wentling, N. (2017, September 24). Facing high denial rates for VA claims, 3 gulf vets intervene. Stars and Stripes. Retrieved from www.military.com/daily-news/2017/09/24/facing-high-denial-rates-for-va-claims-3-gulf-vets-intervene.html External.
The National Gulf War Resource Center is intervening in cases where veterans have been turned down for disability claims.
Mullin, E. (2017, September 18). Blind patients to test bionic eye brain implants. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from www.technologyreview.com/s/608844/blind-patients-to-test-bionic-eye-brain-implants/ External.
The world’s first commercial artificial retina is launching a clinical trial for a brain implant designed to restore vision to blind and low-vision patients.
Ossola, A. (2017, September 15). A Stanford neuroscientist is working to create wireless cyborg eyes for the blind. Futurism. Retrieved from https://futurism.com/a-stanford-neuroscientist-is-working-to-create-wireless-cyborg-eyes-for-the-blind/ External.
A Stanford team of neuroscientists has created a bionic eye that communicates between the retina and the brain.
Zaleski, A. (2017, September 20). Amazing electronic glasses help the legally blind see, but they are costly. CNBC.com. Retrieved from www.cnbc.com/2017/09/20/these-amazing-electronic-glasses-help-the-legally-blind-see External.
Smart glasses, called eSight, could help people with eye conditions see.
Belluck, P. and D.G. McNeil. (2017, September 28). The Zika virus grew deadlier with a small mutation, study suggests. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/09/28/health/zika-mutation-microcephaly.html External.
For decades, the Zika virus was active in Africa and Asia, causing few problems. A mutation in the virus during an outbreak in French Polynesia changed a harmless virus into a deadly one.
McNeil, D.G., Jr. (2017, September 7). Infectious mosquitoes are turning up in new regions. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2017/09/07/health/mosquito-zika-yellow-fever.html External.
Mosquitoes that carry the Zika virus, the West Nile virus, and malaria have turned up in parts of Europe where they have never been seen before.