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Volume 43, Issue 4

Current Literature, Volume 43, Issue 4


The following titles have been selected from materials that were added to the NLS reference collections from July 2017 through September 2017. Entries are arranged alphabetically, according to subject headings developed and used by the NLS Reference Section for its collections.

Americans with Disabilities Act, P. L. 101-336, Revised Regulations

ADA access obligation applies to customers and public as well as employees. (2017, September 21). Business Management Daily. Retrieved from External.

Businesses are obligated to both employees and the public when considering ADA access.

Davis, L. and D. Perry. (2017, September 27). Protecting the rights of people with disabilities is not optional. Washington Post. Retrieved from External.

Disability Studies scholars reflect on possible changes to the ADA.

Phanthavong, C.E. (2017, September 22). ADA does not require employers to provide multi-month leave beyond expiration of FMLA leave-Seventh Circuit. Retrieved from External.

Ruling by the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals found that the ADA does not require employers to provide multi-month leave beyond the expiration of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA).

Arts for People with Visual Impairments

Visually-challenged kids touch, smell paintings at art exhibition in Chandigarh. (2017, September 28). Express News Service. Indian Express. Retrieved from External.

Exhibition at the Modern Indian Art Museum offers blind students tactile and olfactory replicas of art in the museum.

Assistive Technology

Pardes, A. (2017, July 20). The wearables giving computer vision to the blind. Wired . Retrieved from External.

Aira’s agents help blind people with daily tasks such as navigating the grocery store or running the Boston Marathon.

Penrose, C. (2017, September 8). 4 keys to unlocking more inclusive smart cities. Economic Times. Retrieved from External.

“Smart cities” are being built with barrier-free design in mind.

Assistive Technology Products for Daily Living

Mignucci, M. (2017, September 22). As-seen-on-TV products aren’t for ‘lazy people’—they make disabled people’s lives easier. Bustle. Retrieved from External.

Many as-seen-on-TV products make everyday tasks easier for people with disabilities.

Assistive Technology Products for People with Visual Impairments

AT&T, Aira and the National Federation of the Blind launch innovative “Back-to-School” program for blind college freshmen. (2017, September 28). PRNewswire. Retrieved from External.

AT&T, Aira, and the National Federation of the Blind are teaming up to make Aira smart glasses connected to Aira’s network of certified agents through AT&T available to 100 college freshman who are blind.

Burgess, M. (2017, September 28). Tech is helping the blind to see. Wired. Retrieved from External.

Artificial intelligence powers rapid development in computer vision and voice recognition, taking accessibility features mainstream.

Gorny, N. (2017, September 10). Life-changing technology is helping blind people see. The Blade. Retrieved from External.

eSight, NuEyes, OrCam, and Aira helping people who are blind to see.

Platoni, K. (2017, July 12). Smartglasses connect the blind with remote human guides. Retrieved from External.

Author tries out Aira, the service that offers “visual interpretation” for the blind and visually impaired.

Attitudes of People with Visual Impairments

Hosie, R. (2017, September 14). Blind people describe what beauty means to them. The Independent. Retrieved from External.

Three people who are blind describe what beauty means to them.

Attitudes toward People with Disabilities

Lu, W. (2017, September 5). What journalists can do better to cover the disability beat. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved from External.

The National Center on Disability and Journalism provides guidance for journalists covering the disability beat.

Smith, S.E. (2017, August 30) The growing neo-Nazi public profile is of grave concern to disabled people. Rewire. Retrieved from External.

A look at modern-day eugenics in the neo-Nazi movement.

Attitudes toward People with Visual Impairments

Deaderick, L. (2017, September 3). Showing others that blindness is not a tragedy. San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved from External.

The “Marvelous Adventures with Marly & Aerie” is a children’s book series narrated by two guide dogs.


Tucker, J. (2017, September 23). SF group’s awards allow blind baker, beekeeper and kayaker to inspire. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from>/a&gt External.

Three San Francisco men win the Holman Prize, receiving $25,000 each from the LightHouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired in San Francisco.

Awards—Dr. Jacob Bolotin Award (NFB)

Columbus Dispatch. (2017, September 27). Dr. Paul Barlett recognized in blindness field. Retrieved from

A doctor from Overland Park, Kanas, won the 2017 Dr. Jacob Bolotin award for creating tactile anatomical images for blind students.

Blind Senior Adults

Brody, J.E. (2017, September 25). Vision and hearing loss are tied to cognitive decline. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

Studies link cognitive decline with undiagnosed vision and hearing loss in the elderly.

Blindness—Foreign Countries

McVeigh, K. (2017, September 27). ‘Alternative Nobel’ winner: ‘Women need to see role models to become leaders.’ The Guardian. Retrieved from v

Yetnebersh Nigussie, an Ethopian lawyer blind from birth, won the Right Livelihood award for “her inspiring work, promoting the rights and inclusion of people with disabilities.”

Blindness in Media

Anderson, T. (2017, July 12). ‘Blind’ film takes heat for casting Alec Baldwin in lead role. Retrieved from

The Ruderman Family Foundation, an organization advocating on behalf of people with disabilities, has come out against the film “Blind” for casting Alec Baldwin as the blind lead.

Kit, B. (2017, May 16). Cannes: Emma Roberts to star in drama ‘Now I See You’ (Exclusive). Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved from External.

Emma Roberts has been picked as the lead in the movie “Now I See You,” the true story of Nicole Kear, who found out as a senior at Yale that she only had a few years before she would completely lose her eyesight.

Blindness—Personal Narratives

Griffith, G. (2017, July 24). Author describes the road to facing reality in a memoir. CNWeekly. Retrieved from

Nicole C. Kear, author of Now I See You: A Memoir, which is being made into a motion picture, has written the new children’s book series Fix It Friends.

Greenspan, S. (2017, September 10). Emperor X: ‘We are much more than the sum of the diseases and disabilities we carry’. NPR: Weekend Edition. Retrieved from External.

Florida singer-songwriter Chad Matheny, who performs as Emperor X, is touring the United States and Europe to promote Oversleepers International, his newest album, which touches his experience of being legally blind and his recent cancer diagnosis.

MacMillen, H. (2017, July 5). This is what it’s like to “come out” as blind. Allure Magazine. Retrieved from External.

Conchita Hernandez opens up about “coming out” as blind, teaching braille-based salsa dance lessons, and reclaiming her agency.

Simpson, D. (2017, June 28). A girlfriend of my own. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

Daniel Simpson, author of the poetry collection School for the Blind, explores dating while blind.


Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. (2017, July 19). Eye freckles? Dark spots on iris may be caused by sun exposure [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

Study shows that “eye freckles,” dark spots on the colored part of the eye, are more frequently found in people with a higher lifetime exposure to sunlight. Eye freckles could indicate the presence of sunlight-triggered eye diseases such as macular degeneration and cataracts.

Johnston, R. (2017, September 20). Australian scientists are using artificial intelligence to prevent blindness in people with diabetes. Retrieved from External.

Eye-screening technology can be used by general practitioner to test for diabetic eye disease.

Wang, A.B. (2017, August 21). “’20 seconds of burning’: friends partly blinded after watching solar eclipse warn of dangers.” Washington Post. Retrieved from External.

Louis Tomososki and his friend Roger Duvall watched a solar eclipse with the naked eye in 1963 as junior high school students. They recall how it feels to lose one’s eyesight by staring at the sun.


Brown, K.V. (2017, July 10). DARPA is funding brain-computer interfaces to treat blindness, paralysis and speech disorders. Retrieved from External.

The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency announced plans to spend $65,000 to develop advanced neural implants that will connect our brains to computers in order to treat blindness.

Gaffey, C. (2017, July 11). U.S. military gives out $65 million to develop brain implants that could treat blindness and deafness. Newsweek. Retrieved from External.

U.S. military funds brain implants that could treat blindness and deafness.

Hamzelou, J. (2017, September 18). Blind people repurpose the brain’s visual areas for language. New Scientist. Retrieved from External.

The finding builds on previous research showing that the parts of the brain responsible for vision can learn to process other kinds of information, including touch and sound, in people who are blind.

New AI device for diabetes eye screening to complete FDA clinical trial. (2017, July 6). Retrieved from External.

IDx-DR, a screening solution for diabetic retinopathy, is currently conducting an FDA clinical trial.

Mackenzie, M. (2017, July 11). Great, well apparently facial fillers can make you go blind. Allure Magazine. Retrieved from External.

A recent study in the Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons found that facial filler material can block blood vessels, leading to blindness.

Tarantola, A. (2017, July 12). High-tech solutions top the list in the fight against eye disease. Retrieved from External.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans are revolutionizing the field of ophthalmology.


Taylor, R. (2017, September 18). Don’t retune your telly: Channel 4 broadcasts blurry adverts to raise awareness of eye conditions. The Mirror. Retrieved from External.

The Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) used different filters to simulate common kinds of vision loss during commercials on BBC 4.


Ellis, L. (2017, August 11). Curious Louisville: Does Louisville have the highest blind population in the U.S.? Retrieved from External.

A history of American Printing House for the Blind in Louisville, Kentucky, by the numbers.

Braille Books

NASA creates book to help blind people experience eclipse. (2017, August 12). NBC News. Retrieved from External.

NASA and the College of Charleston in South Carolina teamed up to create tactile books so that people who are blind can follow the solar eclipse.

Braille Books for Children

Mora, O. (2017, August 4). Cutest blind 18-month-old learns how to read braille at the first camp for blind toddlers in Phoenix. Retrieved from External.

The National Federation of the Blind in Arizona offers a two week summer program for pre-literate children who are blind called the Braille Enrichment for Literacy and Learning (BELL).


Botta, M. (2017, September 14). Braille in pharma: Differing views in the U.S. and Europe. Pharmaceutical Processing. Retrieved from External.

In Europe, it is the law that prescription labels include braille. Should the United States follow?


Zoukis, C. (2017, August 22). Female inmates learn to transcribe books to braille. Huffington Post. Retrieved from External.

The popularity of the American Printing House for the Blind’s braille transcription course in women’s prisons.


Khullar, D. (2017, July 13). Who will care for the caregivers? New York Times. Retrieved from

A new study by AARP and the National Alliance for Caregiving has found that approximately 40 million Americans help a parent, grandparent, child, relative, or neighbor with basic needs and that the average family caregiver is a 49-year-old woman carrying for an older relative.

Porter, E. (2017, August 29). Home health care: Shouldn’t it be work worth doing? New York Times. Retrieved from External.

Despite the importance of caregiving, the United States is facing a severe shortage of paid caregivers.

Clothing for People with Disabilities

Monteiro, C. (2017, September 14). Nonprofit merges hi-tech and high fashion to make clothes for people with disabilities. NBC News. Retrieved from External.

Open Style Lab (OSL) is a non-profit whose mission it is to make clothing accessible to people with disabilities through design and technology.

College Students with Disabilities

Cooper, L. (2017, September 18). Highlighting the importance of mental health among students with physical disabilities. Daily Illini. Retrieved from

A University of Illinois graduate student with cerebral palsy from the College of Applied Health Sciences puts the emotional health of students with disabilities front and center.

Deaf-Blind Centers and Services

Jones, M. (2017, September 25). Ruth Silver lost her sight at 16, then her hearing and went on to found the Center for Deaf-Blind Persons. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved from

Obituary for Ruth Silver, founder of the Center for Deaf-Blind Persons in Milwaukee and author of Invisible: My Journey through Vision and Hearing Loss.

Deaf-Blind Children—Centers and Services

GlobeNewswire. (2017, September 22). greyhealth group and Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths & Adults partner to unveil a new campaign to educate society to connect through the power of touch. [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

The Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths & Adults partners with greyhealth group to educate others about touch signals and other forms of deaf-blind communication.

Deaf-Blind Communication

Roberto, A. (2017, September 17). Free program can help deaf-blind communicate. Guam Daily Post. Retrieved from External.

iCanConnect, a technology to help people who are deaf-blind communicate, launches in Guam.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Bindi, T. (2017, September 11). CSIRO unveils AI screening tech for early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy. ZDNet. Retrieved from External.

Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) has successfully diagnosed early diabetic retinopathy with its artificial intelligence-powered eye-screening technology.

Jones, S. (2017, July 7). Progression of diabetic retinopathy linked to obstructive sleep apnea. Retrieved from External.

Obstructive sleep apnea increases the risk of diabetic retinopathy in people who suffer from type 2 diabetes.

Lee, T. and S.L. Nararyana. (2017, September 22). Panelists strike an optimistic tone on artificial intelligence. Harvard Crimson. Retrieved from External.

A panel of experts in artificial intelligence spoke at Harvard about the Google machine-learning system that uses data mining to detect early forms of diabetic retinopathy. (2017, September 21). Proliferative diabetic retinopathy drugs and companies pipeline review H2 2017 [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

An overview of proliferative diabetic retinopathy drugs currently before the FDA.

Disabilities—Foreign Countries

Hale calls for empowerment of disabled people. (2017, September 27). The Nation. Retrieved from External.

The American Embassy in Pakistan is collaborating with Mobility International to empower Pakistanis with disabilities.

Disabilities in Media

Nawaz, A. (2017, July 11). Comic Maysoon Zayid is making disability mainstream. ABC News. Retrieved from External.

Twenty percent of Americans have a disability, but only 2 percent of screen actors do. Additionally, 95 percent of disabled protagonist roles go to non-disabled actors. Comic Maysoon Zayid, who has cerebral palsy, wants to change that.

Disabilities—Statistics Reports

Bialik, K. (2017, July 27). 7 facts about Americans with disabilities. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from External.
From the Pew Research Center, seven facts about Americans with disabilities, including older Americans are more likely to have a disability, Americans with disabilities earn 70 percent less than their peers without a disability, and seven in ten disabled Americans voted in the 2016 election.

Disability Studies

Davis, E. (2017, July 13). Institute for Disability Studies awarded five-year continued federal funding. Retrieved from External.

The Federal Administration for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities has awarded the University of Southern Mississippi Institute for Disability Studies $5 million in federal funding over the next five years.


Gonzalez, O. (2017, August 31). What it takes to be an expert human echolocator. Wired. Retrieved from External.

Durham University published a study in PLOS Computational Biology on how people who are blind are able to use echolocation.

Wilson, C. (2017, August 31). This is how some blind people are able to echolocate like bats. New Scientist. Retrieved from External.

Explores how people who are blind use echolocation by making clicks with their mouths to help them understand the environment around them.

Economics of Disabilities

Khullar, D. (2017, September 28). The high price of failing America’s costliest patients. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

Five percent of Americans account for 20 percent of medical costs. By meeting the needs of these Americans earlier, we can reduce both cost and suffering.

Education for Blind Children—Residential Schools

Honaker, A. (2017, September 21). Georgia Academy for the Blind students chosen for state advisory council. The Telegraph. Retrieved from External.

Students from the Georgia Academy for the Blind are chosen to work with Georgia’s superintendent on the state advisory council.

Education for Blind People

Smith, D. (2017, September 24). Dr. Tina Herzberg leads program to help teach visually impaired. Retrieved from External.

The University of South Carolina is becoming known nationally for producing teachers with the skills to teach visually impaired students.

Education for Children with Disabilities

Diament, M. (2017, July 11). Feds find fewer states meeting special ed obligations. Retrieved from “ External.

The U.S. Department of Education found that only 22 states were in compliance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Gilmour, M. (2017, July 11). My son is in special education and I want him to be challenged. Retrieved from External.

Frustrated with public school, a mother finds her son with disabilities is finally thriving at a private school that has high expectations for students with disabilities.

Liu, O. (2017, September 19). Students with learning disabilities can learn new language. Learning English. Retrieved from External.

Study shows students with print and learning disabilities can learn new languages.

Employment of People with Disabilities

Koch, F. (2017, September 21). An epic adventure (on horseback) shows that disability is everyone’s business. Forbes. Retrieved from External.

Caroline Casey, a legally blind social entrepreneur, hid her impairment for 28 years. Now she helps people with disabilities start their own businesses.

Dejean, A. (2017, August 8). Many people with disabilities are being paid way below the minimum wage, and it’s perfectly legal. Mother Jones. Retrieved from External.

A provision in the Fair Labor Standards Act allows employers to waive the minimum wage for employees with disabilities.

Kessler Foundation. nTide June 2017 jobs report: Ongoing job growth reflects Americans with disabilities striving to work [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

Americans with disabilities reach a 15-month high in job gains according to the National Trends in Disability Employment issued by the Kessler Foundation and the University of New Hampshire Institute on Disability.

Employment of People with Visual Impairments (2017, September 7). Lighthouse for the Blind-Saint Louis acquires RapidFix assets from Boss Products USA. Retrieved from External.

Lighthouse for the Blind in Saint Louis, Missouri, has acquired the company RapidFix, a manufacturer of bonding products sold in hardware and auto-parts stores.

Gerasole, V. (2017, September 22). Positively Chicago: Lighthouse Industries. CBS Chicago. Retrieved from External.

The Lighthouse for the Blind in Chicago, Illinois, has made 6 million clocks since 1977 and is the last factory of its kind in the United States. The secret to its longevity? Eighty-five percent of its employees are blind.

Klecker, M. (2017, September 15). $3.5 million Outlook Nebraska expansion will create more employment, outreach opportunities for visually impaired. Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved from External.

Outlook Nebraska’s $3.5 million expansion will mean many more job opportunities for people with visual impairment.

Moneymaker, L. (2017, August 30). Losing sight shouldn’t mean giving up hope. The Herald-Tribune. Retrieved from External.

According to the National Federation of the Blind, 70 percent of blind or visually impaired adults face unemployment nationally and 30 percent of adults in the U.S. who are blind live in poverty.

Phanor-Faury, A. (2017, September). Two blind brothers are disrupting the fashion world with their designs. Retrieved from External.

Two brothers living with Stargardt disease founded an apparel company selling the “softest clothing ever made.” Proceeds go to curing blindness.

Segrist, L. (2017, September 27). Lighthouse for the Blind a beacon for workers with impaired vision. Charleston Regional Business Journal. Retrieved from External.

The Lighthouse for the Blind in Charleston, South Carolina, makes parts for Boeing.

Emergency Preparedness

Gomes, I. (2017, September 25). Here’s how Miami’s blind handled hurricane Irma. Miami New Times. Retrieved from External.

The majority of the blind or visually impaired residents in Miami-Dade County chose to ride out the storm at home.

Perry, D.M. (2017, August 29). Inside the organization saving disabled people during hurricane Harvey. Pacific Standard. Retrieved from External.

Portlight Inclusive Disaster Strategies, founded in 1990, focuses on people with disabilities during a disaster.

Respaut, R. and B. Thevenot. (2017, September 10). “She can barely walk:” Florida’s elderly complicate hurricane response. Retrieved from External.

How emergency responders mobilize to care for senior citizens will have a profound impact on the number of deaths and injuries from hurricane Irma.

Williams, A. (2017, September 2). Why evacuating is a bigger hurdle for the poor, elderly and disabled ahead of major disasters. Retrieved from External.

During hurricane Harvey, elderly, sick, and disabled Texans stayed home.

Willitts, P. (2017, September 1). Hurricane Harvey has grim disaster planning lessons for disabled people. Global Comment. Retrieved from

Telling sick, disabled, or elderly people they must evacuate is unrealistic if no help is offered to move them.


U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). (2017, September 25). Lowe’s Companies sued by EEOC for disability discrimination [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says Lowe’s Companies Inc. violated federal law when it refused to accommodate a department manager with a disability.

Gaming for People with Disabilities

Lofthouse, K. (2017, September 19). Changing the game for disabled people. Business Cloud. Retrieved from External.

Playing video games help people with disabilities interact with their peers in a way that nothing else does.

Gene Therapy

Foundation Fighting Blindness. (2017, July 26). 4D Molecular Therapeutics teams with Foundation Fighting Blindness to develop gene therapies [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

4D Molecular Therapeutics and Foundation Fighting Blindness are developing intravitreal gene therapeutics for patients with inherited retinal degenerations and dry age-related macular degeneration.

Kolata, G. (2017, September 11). New gene-therapy treatments will carry whopping price tags. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

New gene therapy treatments could cure inherited blindness, but the costs for one treatment are in the millions of dollars.

CRISPR used to prevent development of angiogenesis of the retina. (2017, July 27). Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. Retrieved from External.

The Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear has successfully prevented mice from developing angiogenesis of the retina.

Withers, I. (2017, August). US biotech Spark hires UK team as cure for inherited blindness edges closer. The Telegraph. Retrieved from External.

US biotech company Spark Therapeutics chooses UK for launch of inherited blindness gene therapy.


EBS Technologies GmbH. (2017, September 21). Eyetronic therapy: New milestone reached with 300 patients treated [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

German company EBS Technologies has treated 300 people who have glaucoma with Eyetronic, an optic nerve stimulation that improves field of vison.

Gatlin, A. (2017, September 22). Aerie tumbles ahead of FDA panel review of glaucoma drug. Investor’s Business Daily. Retrieved from External.

New glaucoma drug Rhopressa comes before the FDA.

Researchers report new paths to glaucoma treatment. (2017, September 19). Institute for Basic Science. Retrieved from External.

A study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation could result in the development of therapies to treat primarily open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Marriott, N. (2017, July 6). Nemus Bioscience’s cannabis drug treats glaucoma in animal models. Drug Target Review. Retrieved from External.

Nemus Bioscience announced that tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) derived from NB1111, its proprietary prodrug version of THC, achieved significant tissue concentrations in multiple compartments of the eye that correlated with the lowering of intraocular pressure.

McShane, J. (2017, July 24). Visual field damage undetected by standard tests in some glaucoma patients. Retrieved from

For glaucoma patients with damage to the macular area of the retina, standard visual field tests can miss the resulting central vision impairment.

Newcombe, D. (2017, September 12). UNMC glaucoma research could lead to changes in diagnosis and treatment. KIOS Omaha Public Radio. Retrieved from External.

Visual field damage is undetected by standard visual tests in some glaucoma patients.

Rossetto, J.D., L.A. Melo Jr., M.S. Campos, and I.M. Tavares. (2017, July 10). Agreement on the evaluation of glaucomatous optic nerve head findings by ophthalmology residents and a glaucoma specialist. Clinical Ophthalmology, 11. Retrieved from External.

New study finds poor recognition of glaucoma in ophthalmology residents.

Higher Education for Blind People

Santucci, J. (2017, September 3). Blind student and Paralympic skier sues Dartmouth over accessibility. USA Today. Retrieved from External.

Dartmouth College convinced Staci Mannella, who is legally blind, that it could meet her accessibility needs. Now she’s suing the school for failing to live up to its promises.

Library Services

Corbray, K. (2017, July 26). At the library: Can’t get to the library? It can come to you. Yakima Herald-Republic. Retrieved from External.

Outreach Services in Yakima County, Washington, has teamed up with the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library to bring the gift of books to people who are homebound.

Macular Degeneration

Haynes, R. (2017, September 26). Is macular degeneration caused by c-reactive protein? Retrieved from External.

New findings suggest C-reactive protein does not cause macular degeneration.

Kemin Industries. (2017, July 12) New study finds no additional benefit from (RS) meso-zeaxanthin [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

(RS) Meso-zeaxanthin contributes no additional efficacy to the AREDS2 formulation in subjects with early age-related macular degeneration.

Kim, M. (2017, September 18). Preventing age-related macular degeneration . . . finally! Retrieved from—finally/2429760/ External.

New drug Levodopa may delay the onset of age-related macular degeneration.

TRACON Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (2017, July 25). Santen and TRACON announce initiation of a phase 2a study of wet age-related macular degeneration [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

Santen Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. and TRACON Pharmaceuticals Inc. announced that Santen has initiated a Phase 2a clinical study of DE-122 in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration.

Medical Care

Khullar, D. (2017, July 11). Doctors with disabilities: Why they’re important. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

Studies show that many doctors and medical practitioners won’t see people with disabilities.

Kohrman, N. (2017, July 5). We need more doctors with disabilities. Slate. Retrieved from External.

People with disabilities are more likely to need medical attention but less likely to seek it.

Mobile Apps for People with Visual Impairments

Beeler, C. (2017, August 11). Helping the blind ”see” the solar eclipse. Retrieved from External.

Eclipse Soundscapes used touch and sound to help people with visual impairments experience the solar eclipse.

Blazina, E. (2017, September 25). CMU developing smartphone system to help blind people cross the street. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved from External.

With a $2 million grant from the Federal Highway Administration, Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Institute is developing a system that would allow smartphones to communicate with traffic signals to give people who have difficultly crossing the street more time.

Dussault, J. (2017, September 11). Tech that opens eyes: How apps help connect the blind and seeing worlds. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from External.

Single-purpose assistive devices are giving way to more accessible apps.

Hurst, N. (2017, August 14). What does an eclipse sound like? Smithsonian. Retrieved from External.

App Eclipse Soundscapes answers the question what does an eclipse sound like?

Metz, R. (2017, August 4). A smart watch to help blind people navigate. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from External.

Sunu is a wrist-worn device with a sonar sensor that buzzes harder the closer an object is.

Thorpe, J.R. (2017, September 1). Aipoly app uses AI to show blind people the world around them & it’s a great tool for accessibility. Bustle Magazine. Retrieved from External.

Aipoly is an app that uses recognition technology to “pick” and “see” objects that are announced through a smart phone.


Harris, S.A. (2017, September 11). New £10 note feature for visually impaired people praised as ”absolutely fantastic.” It’s got a brilliant new feature. Huffington Post UK. Retrieved from External.

The new £10 note in the United Kingdom will be released with braille so that consumers with visual impairments can feel more secure.

Lewis, A. (2017, September 11). What you need to know: Plastic £10 note being launched this week. The new £10 will be issued almost a year from the launch of the plastic £5. Cambridge News. Retrieved from External.

Five years after the launch of the plastic £5 note, the United Kingdom releases a £10 note that is accessible to braille readers.

McClean, A. (2017, July 20). New £10 note features raised dots for blind and partially sighted. Optometry Today. Retrieved from External.

With the introduction of a braille note, the United Kingdom is raising the bar for barrier-free currency design.

Music for People with Visual Impairments

Kramer, M. (2017, August 21). A brand new musical composition will help people who are blind experience the solar eclipse. Retrieved from External.

Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology created an original composition meant to mimic the solar eclipse.

Privacy Act

Sylvester, O. (2017, September 25). A legal expert weights in on Student Disability Services’ accidental leak of 299 emails. Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved from External.

University of Pennsylvania accidently leaked personal information of 299 students receiving accommodations—a violation of the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), according to a Drexel University law professor.

Service Animals

Green, R. (2017, September 25). Meet the student puppy sitters helping raise future service dogs. American Kennel Club News. Retrieved from External.

High schools in Enumclaw, Washington and Lemoore, California have a special extracurricular activity: socializing puppies to be seeing-eye-dogs.

Hawley, A.N. (2017, September 27). Learn about guide dogs in the workplace during National Guide Dogs Month. Daily Herald. Retrieved from External.

National Guide Dogs Month is a great time to learn about guide dogs in the workplace.

Snider, C. (2017, September 25). The difference between a service animal and an emotional support animal. Retrieved from External.

What is the difference between a service and emotional support animal?

Social Security Programs—Statistics

Congressional Budget Office. (2017, September 25). Preliminary analysis of legislation that would replace subsidies for health care with block grants. Retrieved from External.

Report by the Congressional Budget Office on the economic impact of repealing the Affordable Care Act.

Sports for People with Visual Impairments

Hassanzadeh, E. (2017, September 26). Legally blind athlete finds success on and off the field. Retrieved from External.

Danni Schutz, a legally blind honor-roll sophomore who was diagnosed with Stargardt disease, relies on her peripheral vision. She plays golf for her school and is a cheerleader.

Tactile Arts

Carmel, M. (2017, September 26). Pamplin quilting group makes special blankets for children with low vision. News & Advance. Retrieved from

Virginia quilting group is making tactile blankets for children with low vision to prepare them for learning braille.

Tactile Graphics

Clark, K. (2017, August 21). Blind students ”touch” the eclipse with help of technology. Courier-Journal. Retrieved from External.

Students at the Kentucky School for the Blind experienced the solar eclipse with a grid of pins that raise and lower to show images that a person can experience through touch.

Snell, T. (2017, September 25). Touch to see: Braille map in the MSC. The Battalion. Retrieved from External.

Texas A&M University has always had maps of the campus in its student center. Now the maps are tactile and marked with braille.

Travel for People with Disabilities

Said, C. (2017, September 5). Accomable creates vacation-rental market for people with disabilities. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from External.

Rejected because of a disability? Meet Accomable, the vacation rental app for people with disabilities.

Transportation for People with Disabilities

Hunt, E. and Guardian readers. (2017, September 22). ”I feel like a second-class citizen”: readers on navigating cities with a disability. The Guardian. Retrieved from External.

From New York to London, Copenhagen to Prague, Caracas, Venezuela, to Auckland, New Zealand, people with disabilities weigh in on public transportation.

Transportation for People with Visual Impairments

Baker, J. (2017, September 12). U.S. Secretary of Transportation unveils new driverless-car guidance at Mcity. Michigan Daily. Retrieved from External.

U.S. Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao unveiled new guidance for self-driving cars. Speakers at the event emphasized the advantages of self-driving cars for people who are blind or have other disabilities.

Veterans with Disabilities

Wounded Warrior Program. (2017, August 21). Cyber Timez and the Wounded Warrior Program team up to help blind veterans [Press release]. Retrieved from External.

The Wounded Warrior Program, which helps injured veterans find employment, has teamed up with Vuzix M300.

Wentling, N. (2017, September 24). Facing high denial rates for VA claims, 3 gulf vets intervene. Stars and Stripes. Retrieved from External.

The National Gulf War Resource Center is intervening in cases where veterans have been turned down for disability claims.

Vision Restoration

Mullin, E. (2017, September 18). Blind patients to test bionic eye brain implants. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from External.

The world’s first commercial artificial retina is launching a clinical trial for a brain implant designed to restore vision to blind and low-vision patients.

Ossola, A. (2017, September 15). A Stanford neuroscientist is working to create wireless cyborg eyes for the blind. Futurism. Retrieved from External.

A Stanford team of neuroscientists has created a bionic eye that communicates between the retina and the brain.

Zaleski, A. (2017, September 20). Amazing electronic glasses help the legally blind see, but they are costly. Retrieved from External.

Smart glasses, called eSight, could help people with eye conditions see.

Zika—Virus Infection

Belluck, P. and D.G. McNeil. (2017, September 28). The Zika virus grew deadlier with a small mutation, study suggests. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

For decades, the Zika virus was active in Africa and Asia, causing few problems. A mutation in the virus during an outbreak in French Polynesia changed a harmless virus into a deadly one.

McNeil, D.G., Jr. (2017, September 7). Infectious mosquitoes are turning up in new regions. New York Times. Retrieved from External.

Mosquitoes that carry the Zika virus, the West Nile virus, and malaria have turned up in parts of Europe where they have never been seen before.