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For Professionals Working with Braille

Resources for Braille Transcribers

2018 Braille Formats Study Guide
National Braille Association
Familiarizes transcribers of books with the proper formatting guidelines to prepare for the formats certification test. Purchase Braille Formats Study Guide External

The ABCs of UEB: A Guide for the Transition from English Braille American Edition (EBAE) to the Rules of Unified English Braille (UEB)
Constance Risjord
Braille Authority of North America (BANA) External
Outlines the major differences between English and American Braille (EBAE) and Unified English Braille.

Braille Byzantine Music Notation
Father Dositheos
Saint Anthony’s Monastery External
Provides the braille code for musical chants commonly sung in Eastern Orthodox churches.

Burns Braille Guide: A Quick Reference to Unified English Braille 2015, 2nd Edition
Mary F. Burns
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) Press
Reflects the transition from English Braille American Edition (EBAE) to Unified English Braille (UEB). Available in HTML and EBook (ePUB and Kindle formats). Purchase Burns Braille Guide as ISBN 978-0-89128-717-9. External

Braille Code Instruction and Braille Code Books
American Printing House for the Blind External
APH “Handy List” of past and present official braille codebooks offered by the American Printing House for the Blind, the Braille Authority of North America (BANA), The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS).

Diacritics and More, 2015
National Braille Association
Examines words divided into syllables, words that have diacritic markings, and other types of grammar. Purchase Diacritics and More. External

Guidelines and Standards for Tactile Graphics
Braille Authority of North American (BANA) and the Canadian Braille Authority, 2010 External
Provides guidance on best practices and methods for the production of tactile graphics. Purchase Guidelines and Standards for Tactile Graphics (print) and 5-35935-00 (braille). External

An Introduction to Braille Mathematics: Using UEB and the Nemeth Code
Lindy B. Walton and Barbara Taffet External
Library of Congress, April 2017
Provisional revision of 1978’s Introduction to Braille Mathematics. Includes modifications to the Nemeth Code due to the adoption of Unified English Braille. PDF.

Introduction to UEB Foreign Language Transcription
Melissa Pavo-Zehr
California Transcribers and Educators for the Blind and Visually Impaired External
Quickly and comprehensively explains UEB foreign language transcription.

Literary Braille Transcribing Course
National Federation of the Blind External
Covers the braille alphabet, braille contractions, and rules for writing braille. Completion is signified by a signed certification from the Library of Congress.

Manual for Braille Transcribing 2015 UEB Edition
National Federation of the Blind External
Used in the curriculum for transcribers seeking Library of Congress certification. Available in PDF and BRF.

Mathematics and Science Braille
Braille Authority of North America External
Provides guidance for transcribing using the Nemeth and chemistry codes within UEB contexts. Available in PDF, HTML, and BRF.

Music Braille Code, 2015
Braille Authority of North America (BANA), 2015 External
Explains the most recent edition of the Music Braille Code, with rules and procedures adjusted to comply with the adoption of UEB. Available in PDF and BRF.

Music Braille Transcribing Course
National Federation of the Blind External
Teaches students to transcribe print music materials into braille. Upon completion, a student receives a Library of Congress certificate in music braille transcribing.

New International Manual of Braille Music Notation.
Braille Music Subcommittee
World Blind Union External
Describes standards for braille music rules and signs as adopted by the World Blind Union.

Overview of Changes from Current Literary Braille to UEB
Braille Authority of North America, March 2013 External
Lists the differences between UEB and English Braille American Edition.

Provisional Guidance for Transcribing Foreign Language Material in UEB
Braille Authority of North America, May 2015 External
Explores the range of approaches available for transcribing foreign language text into Unified English Braille. PDF.

The Rules of Unified English Braille, 2nd Edition
International Council on English Braille, 2013 External
Provides comprehensive rules for transcribing UEB code.

Specialist Braille Codes Explained
Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) External
Provides glossary of specialist braille codes, including chess, music, mathematics, computer, and Welsh.

Tips and Resources for Learning More about Unified English Braille
Braille Authority of North America, September 2013 External
Suggests ways braille readers and transcribers may begin the transition to UEB. Offers tips on how to set braille reading and writing devices to UEB.

Unified English Braille for Math: For Sighted Learners
Heather Harland and Cheryl Roberts
Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired, 2014 External
Provides rules for numbers in Unified English Braille.

World Braille Usage, 3rd Edition
International Council on English Braille, Perkins School for the Blind, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2013 External
Compiles braille codes for foreign languages. Available in PDF and BRF.

Resources for Teachers

Accessible Tests Resource Center
American Printing House for the Blind External
Transcribes tests into braille, creates tactile graphics, and proofreads transcribed braille tests using certified proofreaders, and support schools, teachers, and students by providing test preparation materials, practice tests, and administration manuals.

American Foundation for the Blind Braille Literacy Mentors in Training: The Next Generation – Teaching Special Codes: Nemeth, CBC, and Tactile Graphics
Diane Spence and Susan A. Osterhaus.
Workshop in Fremont, California (August 7-9, 1997) and Atlanta, Georgia (September 11-13, 1997).
Short guidelines for creating tactile graphics. Available online from the American Foundation for the Blind.
Includes:
Basic Principles for Preparing Tactile Graphics External
Deciding Whether to Create Tactile Graphics External

Assessment of Braille Literacy Skills (ABLS): UEB and EBAE
Carol Farrenkopf
Region 4 Online Store External
Allows assessment of student progress in braille literacy. ISBN 9781937403744.

Beginning with Braille: First Hand Experiences with a Balanced Approach to Literacy, 2nd Edition
Anna M. Swenson
American Foundation for the Blind Press, 2015
Assists educators teaching early braille literacy to students. Updated using Unified English Braille (UEB). Available as print, ePUB, Kindle, and HTML. Purchase Beginning with Braille External

Braille Guidelines for the Classroom Practitioner
Positive Eye
Paths to Literacy, 2014 External
Suggests best practices for teaching braille to children.

Braille Literacy: A Functional Approach
Diane P. Wormsley
American Foundation for the Blind Press, 2004
Provides a meaning-centered approach to teaching the reading and writing of braille. Available in HTML, PDF, print, ASCII, ePUB, and Kindle. Purchase Braille Literacy: A Functional Approach as ISBN 978-09128-876-3 External

Braille Music Resources Updated to UEB
International Council on English Braille (ICEB)
Braille Music External
Lists resources for students and teachers of braille music updated for UEB.

Braille Requisite Skills Inventory: Assessment and Planning Tool
Region 4 Online Store
Provides a tool to determine if braille is an appropriate literacy medium for students with visual impairments. Teacher’s manual and student workbook included. Available in print. Purchase Assessment and Planning Tool as ID number 741-0811External

Early Braille Trade Books
American Printing House for the Blind External
Provides information on selecting and using trade books for early braille readers.

Expanded Dolch Word Cards, Updated
American Printing House for the Blind
Provides a method for assessing a student’s ability to read words in contracted braille and spell words in uncontracted braille. Flashcards have both print and pictures on one side and braille on the back. Purchase Expanded Dolch Word Cards External

Foundations of Education, Third Edition: History and Theory of Teaching Children and Youths with Visual Impairments, Volume 1

Foundations of Education, Third Edition: Instructional Strategies for Teaching Children and Youths with Visual Impairments, Volume 2
Editors M. Cay Halbrook, Tessa S. McCarthy, Cheryl Kamei-Hannan, and Kim T. Zebehazy
American Foundation for the Blind Press, 2017
Includes new chapters that contextualize the education of students with visual impairment to the broader context of educational theory in volume 1 and best practices and new chapters on the core curriculum in volume 2. Available in print, eLearning, ePUB and Kindle formats. Purchase Instructional Strategies for Teaching Children and Youths with Visual Impairments as ISBNs 978-0-89128-695-0 and 978-0-89128-696-7 External

I-M-ABLE: Individualized Meaning-Centered Approach to Braille Literacy Education
Diane P. Wormsley
American Printing House for the Blind
Introduces instruction approach to teaching braille to children emphasizing key vocabulary words and phrases based on the child’s experiences and interests. Available as paperback print, e-book (ePUB and Kindle), and HTML. Purchase Individualized Meaning-Centered Approach to Braille Literacy Education as ISBN 978-0-89128-722-3 External

Guidelines and Games for Teaching Efficient Braille Reading
Myrna R. Olson and Sally S. Mangold
American Foundation for the Blind
Adapts a general reading program to the needs of braille readers. Available as print. Purchase Guidelines and Games for Teaching Efficient Braille Reading as ISBN 978-0-89128-105-4. External

Integrating Print and Braille: A Recipe for Literacy
Sharon Maneki, Editor
National Federation of the Blind External
Assesses a student’s ability to learn print, braille, or both. Includes teaching methods and case studies.

Pre-Braille Assessment
Paths to Literacy External
Helps educators evaluate the braille skills of their students.

SAL2 Mangold Braille Reading Program
Touch Graphics, Inc. and Exceptional Teaching Inc. External
Tracks student’s performance and provides a report on individual student activities and progress.

Strategies and Resources for Teaching Braille to Adults
American Foundation for the Blind External
Provides strategies for motivating adult students learning braille as well as resources for the adult student interested in learning braille.

Sustaining Braille Proficiency
Northeast Resource Center for Vision Education (NERCVE) External
Provides self-paced study opportunity for vision professionals to maintain literary and Nemeth braille code skills.

Susan Osterhaus’ Math Packet
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired External
Shares links for teaching math and science to children and teens with visual impairment using braille.

Teaching Braille Reading and Writing
Lucia Hasty
Perkins School for the Blind External
Discusses the importance of early literacy, language and concept development for children who are blind, and specific skills needed for braille literacy. Video with HTML transcript.

Teaching Tactile Graphics
Lucia Hasty
Perkins School for the Blind External
Offers advice on teaching spatial relationships and graphic literacy to children with visual impairments. Video with HTML transcript.

Types and Producers of Tactile Graphics
Susan A. Osterhaus
Teaching Math to Visually Impaired Students Home Page
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired External
Contact information for producers of tactile graphics. American Foundation for the Blind. HTML.

UEB Online
Renwick Center
Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC) External
Provides fully online, self-paced, braille training program suitable for teachers, teacher’s aids, and other professionals supporting children and adults with vision impairment. Accessible version of course available. No need for special equipment.

When You Have a Visually Impaired Student in Your Classroom: A Guide for Teachers
Susan J. Spungin
American Foundation for the Blind Press
Offers advice for regular classroom teachers working with students with visual impairment. Available in print packet, HTML, PDF, ASCII, and e-book (ePub and Kindle). Purchase When You Have a Visually Impaired Student in Your Classroom: A Guide for Teachers External