Sustainability of Digital Formats: Planning for Library of Congress Collections

Introduction | Sustainability Factors | Content Categories | Format Descriptions | Contact
Format Description Categories >> Browse Alphabetical List

MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Simple Profile

>> Back
Table of Contents
Format Description Properties Explanation of format description terms

Identification and description Explanation of format description terms

Full name ISO/IEC 14496-2:2004. Information technology -- Coding of audio-visual objects -- Part 2: Visual. Simple Profile (formal name); MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Simple Profile (common name)
Description

See also MP4_FF_2 and MPEG-4_V. Intended to serve mobile audio-visual services and low-complexity video for the Internet; other uses include small camera devices that record to disk or memory chips.

The Simple Profile permits the use of the following visual object type:

  • Simple: rectangular video, uses intra (I) and predicted (P) video object planes (VOPs, the MPEG-4 term for frames).

The Simple Profile permits the use of three compression levels with bit rates from 64 kbps in Level 1 to 384 kbps in Level 3.

Production phase Generally a final-state (end-user delivery) format.
Relationship to other formats
    Subtype of MPEG-4_V, MPEG-4, Visual Coding (Part 2)
    Used by MP4_FF_2_V, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with Visual Coding (All Profiles)

Local use Explanation of format description terms

LC experience or existing holdings  
LC preference  

Sustainability factors Explanation of format description terms

Disclosure Open standard. See MP4_FF_2.
    Documentation See MP4_FF_2.
Adoption Actual adoption not known to the compilers of this document. One indicator, however, is the specification for the video-capable iPod introduced by Apple in late 2005: MPEG-4 video up to 2.5 mbps, 480 x 480, 30 frames per sec., Simple Profile, associated with AAC_MP4_LC audio.
    Licensing and patents See MP4_FF_2.
Transparency See MP4_FF_2.
Self-documentation See MP4_FF_2.
External dependencies See MP4_FF_2.
Technical protection considerations See MP4_FF_2.

Quality and functionality factors Explanation of format description terms

Moving Image
Normal rendering Good support.
Clarity (high image resolution) See MP4_FF_2 and MPEG-4_V. Other profiles will produce greater clarity than the Simple Profile at a given picture size, data rate, and encoding algorithm.
Functionality beyond normal rendering See MP4_FF_2.

File type signifiers and format identifiers Explanation of format description terms

Tag Value Note
Filename extension mp4
 
Internet Media Type See related format. 

See MP4_FF_2

Magic numbers See related format.  See MP4_FF_2
File type brand (ISO Base Media File Format) See note.  Indicated in file wrapper and relates to "brands" defined in ISO_BMFF. Wrapping MPEG-4_V bitstreams in MP4_FF_1 would occasion the use of mp41; in MP4_FF_2, use mp42. See Part 15 of the standard, pp. 2-9, 13.
Indicator for profile, level, version, etc. See note.  Indicators for Simple Profile, levels 1, 2, and 3 are 00000001, 00000010, and 00000011, respectively. From Annex G of ISO/IEC 14496-2:2004, Table G.1

Notes Explanation of format description terms

General  
History  

Format specifications Explanation of format description terms


Useful references

URLs

Books, articles, etc.

Last Updated: 02/17/2017