Sustainability of Digital Formats: Planning for Library of Congress Collections

Introduction | Sustainability Factors | Content Categories | Format Descriptions | Contact
Format Description Categories >> Browse Alphabetical List

BIIF Profile for JPEG 2000, Part 1, Core Coding, Version 01.00

>> Back
Table of Contents
Format Description Properties Explanation of format description terms

Identification and description Explanation of format description terms

Full name ISO/IEC BIIF Profile BPJ2K01.00 -- Information technology - Computer Graphics and Image Processing - Registered Graphical Item - Class: BIIF Profile - Version 01.00 (2004) (formal name); JPEG 2000 BIIF Profile (common name)

Implementation of JPEG 2000 Core Coding (Part 1) that constrains the use of variables in the specification and has been designed to support NATO and U.S. military applications. A number of recommendations are outlined in the specification (pp. 20-21), including but not limited to:

  • To enable quality scalability: lossy (19 quality layers) to be used when "visual exploitation" is the main function, lossless (20 quality layers) for "radiometric exploitation"
  • To enable resolution scalability: 5 levels of wavelet decomposition to ensure that 6 resolution levels are available from the codestream
  • To enable easy "chipping and parsing": image tiles at 1024x1024, each tile is self-contained

Full representation of multispectral imagery (e.g., from satellites) requires the use of features of J2K_EXT, and extended BIIF-related profiling is anticipated.

Additional general information about JPEG 2000 profiles is provided in the Notes to J2K_C Notes.

Production phase See J2K_C
Relationship to other formats
    Subtype of J2K_C, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding System
    Used by JP2_J2K_C_BIIF_01_00, JP2 File with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, BIIF Profile (v. 01.00)
    Has later version Version 01.10 (BPJ2K01.10, 2009), not described at this Web site at this time.

Local use Explanation of format description terms

LC experience or existing holdings See J2K_C
LC preference See J2K_C

Sustainability factors Explanation of format description terms

Disclosure Open standard. See J2K_C
    Documentation ISO/IEC BIIF Profile BPJ2K01.00 -- Information technology - Computer Graphics and Image Processing - Registered Graphical Item - Class: BIIF Profile - Version 01.00 (30 July 2004)
Adoption Although the documentation and other information suggest (prescribe?) use by military organizations, the compiler of this document has not found information that characterizes the extent of adoption; Comments welcome.
    Licensing and patents None
Transparency See J2K_C
Self-documentation See JP2_FF
External dependencies See J2K_C
Technical protection considerations See JP2_FF

Quality and functionality factors Explanation of format description terms

Still Image
Normal rendering See J2K_C
Clarity (high image resolution) See J2K_C. Use of the lossless option in this profile will provide the greatest clarity.
Color maintenance See J2K_C
Support for vector graphics, including graphic effects and typography See JP2_FF
Support for multispectral bands The specification states that the profile "is intended for the compression of literal imagery . . .[including] Multispectral . . . . It is expected that the multiple component transform framework from JPEG 2000 Part 2 (ISO/IEC 15444-2) will be included when the requirements for Hyperspectral imagery are established."
Functionality beyond normal rendering See J2K_C and JP2_FF

File type signifiers and format identifiers Explanation of format description terms

Tag Value Note
Filename extension See note.  See JP2_FF
Internet Media Type See note.  See JP2_FF
Magic numbers See note.  See JP2_FF

Notes Explanation of format description terms

General The following pertains to the synchronization of U.S. military standards with the BIIF profile: "The BPJ2K01.10 is the profile for the JPEG 2000 compression of digital imagery, incorporating the compressed digital imagery into NSIF files, and exchanging them within the user community. STANAG 4545 and (U.S.) MIL-STD-2500C are specific user community documents used for implementing the NSIF01.01 BIIF Profile and now, the BPJ2K Profile." (Web page consulted July 1, 2011.)

The specification makes frequent use of these acronyms: NIMA, National Imagery and Mapping Agency (now the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency [NGA]); NITF, National Imagery Transmission Format; NITFS, National Imagery Transmission Format Standard; NPJE, NSIF Preferred JPEG 2000 Encoding; and NSIF, NATO Secondary Image Format.

Format specifications Explanation of format description terms

Useful references


Last Updated: 02/21/2017