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Program Cataloging in Publication

What is Ineligible?

These categories of material are ineligible for CIP


  • Books that are already published
  • Books without a U.S. city as place of publication on the title page or the copyright page
    • A statement indicating distribution in the U.S. is not sufficient.
  • Books in non-Western European languages
  • Books paid for or subsidized by individual authors
  • Books published on demand
  • Books published by firms that have published books by fewer than three different authors
  • Books for which a Library of Congress Control Number has been preassigned via the Preassigned Control Number (PCN) Program

Certain editions

  • Added volumes to multipart sets
    • Multipart sets are complete in a finite number of volumes
    • CIP data are not created for additional volumes of a set
    • Publishers may print unaltered CIP data provided for the earliest published volume(s) in any later volume(s)
  • Certain textbooks
    • Below the college level except U.S. history, which is also collected at the high school level
    • Multiple volumes when a single-volume edition exists 
    • Brief editions
    • Teacher's editions 
  • Repackaged editions
    • Example: a set of books previously published individually and now republished as a set
  • Translations   
    • Foreign language works translated into English or Spanish are eligible
    • All other translations are ineligible
  • Vest pocket editions
    • Primarily intended for personal portable on-site reference rather than for acquisition by libraries for their permanent collections


  • Audiovisual materials including mixed media
    • Examples: videos, DVDs, audio CDs, kits
  • Computer files
    • Examples: CD-ROMs, computer disks, Web sites
  • E-books only
    • Books published only in electronic format
    • Books published simultaneously in print and electronic format are eligible. Please see CIP E-books Program for more information. 
  • Mass market paperbacks
    • Produced for distribution to grocery stores, etc.
  • Microforms
    • Most microforms are ineligible
    • Items originally published in microform but now published in print form are eligible.
  • Music scores
    • Examples: sheet music, music collections, hymnals, songbooks, etc.
  • Serials
    • Periodicals, magazines, journals, annuals, and other publications issued regularly under the same title
      • Only the date or volume number change from one issue to the next
      • Intended to continue indefinitely
    • Reprint of a previously published serial issue
    • Single articles reprinted from periodicals and other serials
    • Publishers of serials are encouraged to contact the U.S. ISSN Center at the Library of Congress for assignment of an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) 
  • Travelguides
    • Most "general" travel guides, e.g. typical city and country guides, are treated as serials
    • "Specialized" travel guides are eligible for the CIP Program if they are issued no more frequently than every three (3) years
    • Examples of “specialized” travel guides
      • 100 best ranch vacations in North America
      • The Alpine 4000m peaks by the classic routes
      • The beat generation in San Francisco : a literary tour
      • Civil War battlefields and landmarks

Special formats

  • Ephemeral and/or consumable materials
    • Examples: trade catalogs, telephone books, calendars, coloring books, comics, write-in books, cutout books, etc.
  • Gift books
    • Produced and marketed primarily to be purchased as gifts
    • Often directed to friends or family members
    • May address such personal events as weddings or parenthood or to celebrate a particular holiday
    • Examples: illustrated collections of inspirational, clever, sentimental, or humorous verse, sayings, or quotations 
  • Instructional materials
    • Examples: laboratory manuals, teachers' manuals, programmed instruction test sheets, workbooks, religious denominational instructional materials
  • Phonic books
    • Curriculum books generally used primarily in classrooms and which help with learning to read and spell based on the use of phonics
  • Tie-ins
    • Generally (though not exclusively) children's books, derived from movies, TV shows, comics, video games, toys, food, etc.