Newspaper Image 1 of The stars and stripes (Paris, France), January 17, 1919

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The Official
Newspaper
of the A. E. F.
VOL. I—NO. 50
3RD MEETS SHOCK
SOUTH OF MARNE,
CROSSES IN TURN
Americans on River Front
from Chateau-Thierry
to Jaulgonne
ADVANCE TO FERE FOREST
Every Foot of Way Contested in
15 Kilometer Gain That Cost
5,986 Casualties
During the days from May 31 to
Juno 4, 1918, while the 7th Machine
Gun Battalion of the 3rd United States
Division was making its gallant stand
at Chateau-Thierry itself, the other or
ganizations of this division wore
guarding and improving other cross
ing places of the Marne along an ex
tensive stretch of the river, both east
and west of that city.
As the front of this section settled
to a slate of semi-stability, during the
month of June, the elements of the
3rd Division were gradually brought
together into a more compact sector
of about a ton kilometer front, reach
ing from Chateau-Thierry, on the west,
to the Jaulgonne Bend in the Marne
on the cast. This sector the division
proceeded, always more or less under
the harassing fire of the Germans on
the high hills north of the Marne,
gradually to strengthen with strong
points and bells of wire entanglement
which were designed eventually to be
extended until they should form three
complete lines of defense reaching
back from the river.
The work had been completed oniv
in small degree when the great Ger
man offensive began on July 10, che
extreme right of their attack falling
on the 3rd Division. The results made
the completion of defensive lines in
this region entirely unnecessary.
The 3rd Division at this time was
under command of Maj. Gen. Joseph
T. Dickman, who had- under him the
sill Infantry Brigade, Brig. Gen. Fred
W. Sladen, made up of the 4th and
7 Hi infantrv and-the Bth Machine Gun
Battalion; the 6th Infantry Brigade,
Brig Gen. Charles Crawford, made
up of the 30th and 38th Infantry and
the -9th Machine Gun Battalion; the
3rd Field Artillery Brigade, Brig. Gen.
William M. Cruikshank, made up ot
the 10th. 18th and 7Gth Field Artillery
Regiraents; the 6th Engineers and di
visional troops.
French on Both Flanks
The division had in support posi
tions behind it, the 28lh United States
Division, and the 12th French Divi
sion was on its right and the 391 h
French Division on its left, the latter
crossing the Marne below Chatcau-
Thicrry and connecting up, in turn,
with the 26th United States Division.
The German attack had been ex
pected and the preliminary bombard
ment, which began at midnight, was
forestalled and largely neutralized by
the violence of the counter-prepara
tion fire put down by the 3rd Divi
sion Artillery at 15 minutes betorc
midnight. Nevertheless, the Germans
put in, it was reliably estimated, about
84 batteries in this sector against 31
American and French batteries, so
tbev had rather the best of the ar
tillery duel, drenching the whole coun
try with gas and pocking it. with nigh
explosive, and when the German In
fantrv began moving down to the river
about 3:20 a. in., partly concealed by
smoke screens, it came in great force.
No crossing was attempted opposite
the 4th Infantry, the left element of
the 3rd Division near Chierry and
Blosmes, but at Le Ru Chailly Farm,
in front of the 7t.h Infantry, opposite
Mont St. Pore, and at Mezy, in front
of the 30th Infantry; on the
stretch of river between Mezy and
Jaulgonne, in front of the 38lh In
fantry, and again along the river bc-
Coutinucd on Pag© 8
ANTHRAX LAID TO
SHAVING BRUSHES
Thirty Cases in A.E.F. in
1918 —Nearly 6,000
Had Measles
A year-long fight to prevent the
spread through the A.E.F. of an
thrax, a malignant disease communi
cable from horses to man, resulted in
a federal regulation requiring that all
shaving brushes must be stamped with,
the name of the manufacturer.
This fact has just been made known by
the Chief Surgeon’s office in connec
tion with a report on communicable
diseases during 1918, which showed
that, in the 12 months, 30 cases of
anthrax developed among American
soldiers in France, and that, the dis
ease was rapidly fatal in many of the
c&scs.
Practically all the cases occurred
among newly arrived troops and were
traced to the use of infected shaving
brushes. As a part of tho prevention
campaign thousands of brushes under
suspicion were taken from Q.M.C. stores
and sterilized.
The disease is characterized by the
appearance of what looks to be a boil
at the back of the jaw. The sore de
velops rapidly, deepens malignantly
and, in the absence of prompt surgi
cal attention, usually causes death
within several days. Most of the cases
in the A.E.F. followed small cuts
made while shaving.
Communicable diseases figured im
portantly In A.E.F. hospital records
for 1918. There were 3,456 cases of
diphtheria reported during the year
and 5,953 cases of measles. These
diseases occufted principally among
troops newly arrived from the States.
There were 185 cases of chickenpox
and 579 cases of typhoid and para
typhoid fever.
Typhoid fever increased after No
vember 1 and was largely confined to
divisions which had been in the pro
longed fighting between the Argonne
and the Meuse, where pure drinking
water often was not available. A total
of 316 cases of typhoid and para
typhoid were reported in the last two
months of the year.
IDENTIFICATION NO. 1
Every time a soldier has had his
identification disc handled out ..to
him with 217,862 or 2,985,643 or
some such indistinguishable num
ber on it, he has ruminated on all
those figures and said or-thought,
“I wonder who’s got Number 1?”
Number One was assigned in the
infancy of the A. E. F. to Sgt. Ar
thur B. Crean of the Medical De
partment. Where and what is he
now? A lieutenant colonel, prob
ably. What has become of Number
One?
SHOW EACH NIGHT,
PLAN OF BIGGEST
BOOKING AGENCY
G.H.Q. Aims to Send O.D.
Entertainers Around
A.E.F. Circuits
REAL PLAY FOLKS DIRECT
Every Encouragement to Develop
ment of Soldier Talent Urged
in General Order
Tho A.E.F. is now setting in mo
tion the biggest theatrical booking
agency in the world.
All the professional and amateur
show folks in olive drab are being or
ganized to the end that some sort of
show shall be staged every night in
every place occupied by American
troops.
All this is in pursuance of G.O. 241,
and Colonel John R. Kelly' of G-l is in
charge. All entertainment activities
in the A.E.F. are under his command.
It is his job to co-ordinate all that is
being done or planned by' the troops
themselves and by the auxiliary serv
ices in order to bring under one head
all O.D. amusement enterprises, from
the big theater which turns ’em away
every night at Savcnay to the little
shows that are being put on by vol
unteer talent in the combat divisions.
Barnstorming troupes, recruited from
the troops, are to be shipped around
like rations —hokum, jasbo and gravy
are to be issued like socks.
The general order puls it in the fol
lowing nutshell:
“All commanders will give every en
couragement, consistent with military
requirements to the development of
soldier talent within their commands;
First in the production of theatrical
shows within the division or other
unit, and second, for the training of
small groups of good entertainers suit
able for giving entertainments in
neighboring 'units and for touring the
A.E.F."
Military Attache for Y.M.
Mreacly several traveling companies
are being organized and will lour the
Y.M.C.A. circuits. As there is noth
ing in military regulations which
allows a soldier to be ordered to re
port for duty to the Y.M.C.A., that
organization has acquired a military
attache, and the Yank actors are re
porting for duty to him. They will
really bo on detached service under
him,' and that service can last four
months if they go big with their audi
ences. Presumably a frost means the
brig for the entire company.
Plans will soon be announced for a
competition for the best 20-minutc
vaudeville act in the A.E.F., and the
winning act will in all probability get
such an award, as vaudeville actors
vearn for in their day dreams.
It nuiv bo hinted in advance, how
ever, that in the eyes of the powers
that be, the best act will not neces
sarily be the kind made up of
the best known players from the thea
ters back home. It will be the kind
of act that can do without footlights
and center-door-fancies, that can play
as well on a moss-table in the Forest
of Argonne as on the finest stage in
thcaterdom.
Lieut. Colonel Wainer, secretary to
the General Staff, 5.0.5., is in charge
of the entertainments for the region of
Continued on Page 2
NEW LEAVE CENTER
OPENS IN PROVENCE
Coblenz Made Temporary
Rest Spot for Army
on Rhine
Another leave area, capable of car
ing for between 600 and 1,000 D. D. por
missionaries, opened this week at
Nimes, in La Provence, hall-way be
tween Avignon and Montpelier. At the
same time it was announced that Cob
lenz has been made a temporary lim
ited leave area for members of the
A. of O.
An Ideal field for baseball, football
and other sports adds to the advantages
fo Nimes. The field is the area of an
ancient Homan amphitheater which. If
there were people enough to fill it, would
seat 10,000. It is in a better state of
preservation than the Coliseum at Home.
Special trains, contracted for by the
Y.M.C.A., run to Pont du Card, a splen
did aqueduct finished by the Romans in
19 8.C.; the city of Avignsn, residence
of the Popes during the so-called Baby
lonian captivity; to the city of Arles
and other points. For men going
through to the Riviera and having to
wait over between trains at Marseilles,
the Y.M.C.A. has instituted a sight-see
ing trolley car service throughout the
city.
Up on the Rhine, Coblenz, the limit
ed leave area of the Third Array, is pro
viding entertainment for 2,000 men
daily. Soldiers of the Army of Occupa
tion outside of Coblenz are being given
a day’s outing in the American bridge
head city. They are transported from
end to their billets by truck. Tentative
plans for additional entertainment for
men on leave; which may not be worked
out until next spring, contemplate boat
trips up and down the Rhine, including
an excursion to the famous Lorelei rock.
450,000 MEMBERS
OF A.E.F GIVE TO
WAR ORPHAN FUND
Average Contribution from
Donors 4.444 Francs
and Then Some
LIEUTENANTS SCORE HIGH
Enlisted Men Tie Captains in In
dividual Adoptions—Majors
Good Fourth
'More than 450,000 members of the
‘A.E.F. have contributed to the support
of French war orphans through the War
Orphan Department of THE STARS
AND STRIPES. The average per cap
ita contribution for the 450,000 is 4.4444-
plus francs.
These two facts were gleaned this
week from a complete re-check of the
card index system of the A.E.F.’s family
of 3,444 children. The figures are ap
proximate. The 450,000 total was
gained by tabulating the adoption by
units, ascertaining the authorized mem
bership of these units and assuming
from available data that in the units 60
per cent of the membership actually
subscribed. The 450,000' estimate is
more likely low than high.
The 4,4444-plus franc figure was
gained by dividing 450,000 into 2,000,000,
the number of francs taken in, an intri
cate mathematical stunt especially rec
ommended for rainy afternoons because
of the large number of fours obtainable.
Check-Up Doesn’t Show Much
The check-up was the one the Orphan
Department promised a mouth ago, fol
lowing the receipt of numerous letters
from various organizations asking if
thev weren’t entitled to the mud pic for
being the most notable adopters in the
A.E.F. The check-up was to determine
this—or, rather, these—questions. It
didn’t determine much of anything as
far as championships and superlatives
go. This for several reasons. In the
first place a goodly number of units
which stand high in the list of par
lains of the A.E.F. have, in addition to
making their original adoptions, con
tributed to the S.O.S. fund. In the sec
ond place a certain number of adop
tions made by units were listed, as per
instructions, in -the names of individu
ais;-and in the third place many of the
contributions are from groups of units
stationed at air centers, training camps
and the like, and are credited to these
stations and not to the individual or
ganization. To name the champeen
adoplory, therefore, is impossible, even
if it were possible to tabulate gener
osity.
More Complications Coming
When it conies to determining who’s
who among the different brandies of
the service, difficulties are likewise met.
There have been so many transfers of
organizations from one branch of the
service to another, and to corps of the
service which only came into existence
during the last few months that, any
Continued on Page 2
ARMY ALONG RHINE
SETS LOW RECORD
Only 33 Venereal Cases in
Week —Whole A.E.F.
Rate Down
Thirty-three venereal cases among
233.000 men.
This report by the Army of Occupa
tion for the week of December 25 marks
a new low record in disease incidence in
the history of the American Army, ac
cording to the Chief Surgeon’s office. It
represents a yearly rate of 7 cases per
thousand men. For the whole A.E.F.,
the rate has been cut down to 34 cases
per 1,000 men a year. The Army’s be
fore-the-vwr rate was 80 to 90 cases per
1.000 men, which. Itself, is far below
the civilian rate.
Establishment of venereal segregation
camps at Le Mans, St. Algnan, St. Na
zairc, Nantes and Bordeaux, embarka
tion centers, mean that no soldier will
bo returned to the States while capable
of spreading infection, the Chief Sur
geon says. Men found diseased will bo
kept in quarantine at the embarkation
points until they have been restored to
health.
Intensive medical treatment and a
program of daily working parties arc
features of the quarantine system. The
quarantine Is expected to average more
than 40 days a man. All troops marked
for embarkation for the States will un
dergo a scries of rigid inspections.
COURTM ARTIAL FOR Y MEN
Rev. Hugh B. Adkins, of Eagle Pass,
Tex., and A. Schoeftel, of Rochester,
N. Y., both Y.M.C.A. workers, are In
prison, following their arrest early this
week, and awaiting trial by courtmartial
on a charge of misappropriation of
Y.M.C.A. funds. A third man, arrested
on the same charge, has been released
from prison, but will be a defendant at
the court-martial proceedings.
Adkins, who worked at Toul, admitted,
according to Y.M.C.A. officials, that he
had Y.M.C.A. money in his possession,
'some of which he had stored and some
of which he had invested in French
bonds. Schoeffel is accused of having
appropriated and secreted 87,000 francs,
a large share of which, it is said, be
longed to A.E.F. men who had given it
to him to be sent to the United States.
The greater part of the stolen money
has been recovered in all cases.
E. C. Carter, chief secretary of the
Y.M.C.A. in Franco, announces the or
ganization has asked the Army to prose
cute the cases to the limit and to im
pose full penalty. Mr, Carter’s state
ment also calls attention to the fact
that, out of a business for 1918 of over
$30,000,000, the Y.M.C.A. ha£ found In
its own investigations, misappropria
tions of only $38,840.
FRANCE, FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 1919
BIG PART OF ARMY
TO FILTER HOME
THROUGH LE MANS
Inland City to Be Clearing
Station for Brest and
St. Nazaire
FINAL RELEASE, THEN SHIP
Combat Divisions Will Stay on
Banks of Sarthc Until
G.H.Q. Says “Go!”
When peace, transportation and a few
other predominant questions of the time
are decided and the A.E.F. finally faces
westward and begins its homeward
trend in that direction, it will be Le
Mans, a hitherto inconspicuous (to the
A.E.F.) city on the banks of the river
Sarlhe which will be the great Yank
Mecca in France.
Le Mans, it was announced from
Headquarters, 5.0.5., this week, will be
the clearing station for a big percentage
of tho A.E.F. It will be the first stop
of note on the way home, and will be
come, to borrow a term from tho Ship
ping Board, the principal bottle neck
through which the tide of olive drab in
France will flow back to the United
States.
Le Mans owes its selection almost
wholly to its geographical location. It
is 413* kilometers inland from Brest and
considerably less distant from St. Na
zaire, two of the main points of depart
ure for the A.E.F., and is in direct rail
connection with both.
The official program of most of the
A.E.F. for the return trip to America, as
outlined by Headquarters, 5.0.5., will
be divided roughly into six phases, at
least as far as combat divisions are con
cerned: Conditional release by G.H.Q.to
Headquarters, 5.0.5.; ’journey to Le
Mans; final release by G.H.Q.; excur
sion on American shuttle trains to
Brest or St. Nazaire; embarkation;
"U.S.A., everybody out!"
To Converge Upon Le Mans
From wherever t.ho conditional re
lease by G.H.Q. finds them, the divi
sions will converge upon L.e Mans. The
town has billeting accommodations,
which are now being improved, for two
divisions, and the surrounding area,
which includes a former Belgian depot,
will provide quarters for six more.
The divisions will arrive with full field
equipment, including animals and such
other appendages as they may have ac
quired in France. They will remain
nominally in reserve until finally re
leased by G.H.Q. When the release
conies they are definitely homeward
bound, and things will begin to happen
fast.
They will move to a “clean camp,”
where* the troops will he deloused,
scrubbed, disinfected and otherwise puri
fied, and received new clothes and what
ever else they may need to bring their
individual, equipment up to date.
From the “clean camp,” which has a
billeting capacity of two divisions and
is officially known as a forwarding
camp, the departing divisions will go to
Brest or St. Nazaire for embarkation.
The trip down to the coast will bo made
in a shuttle train pulled by an American
locomotive run by an American engin
eer over trackage which is partially
American, at least.
Eight of these shuttle trains are now
running. They consist of American cars
—of the box variety. The last train ride
in France, if not in a “Chevaux 8,
Hommes 40” will be in a conveyance
strangely remindful of one. Each of
the shuttle trains will bo equipped with
its own kitchen. The present model
comprises kitchens mounted on two flat
cars roofed over. From these kitchens
the passengers will be fed. Each of the
trains, it the present standard is con
tinued, will haul 1,750 men each trip.
On account of tho weather at the
ports—at Brest especially where, in
1918, there were 330 rainy days out of
a possible 365—the stay for the imme
diate future, at least, will bn brief.
There will bo quarters for only a
comparatively few thousand men at
Brest and St. Nazaire for the present,
just enough to fill up a transport or two
which may happen to stray in unexpect
edly. The general policy will be to keep
the* soldiers in the more healthful in
land climate as long as possible.
Eventually, according to present plans,
there will be accommodations in Brest,
for 25,000 troops and for 75,000 more in
the Brest area, and in St. Nazaire for
15,000 troops with 45,000 In the environs.
At Bordeaux a somewhat similar Cocd-
Ing-in system will be worked out. Pres
ent plans call for the fitting out of
quarters for 10,000 soldiers in Bordeaux
and 30,000 more in its environs.
MERIT CERTIFICATES
FOR S.O.S. FAITHFUL
May Be Given by C.-in-C
to Most Deserving
Soldiers
The plugging heroes of the S.O.S. are
not going to bo overlooked.
While medals for bravery are not be
ing given away to men who spent hard
and monotonous months between the
ocean and the trenches, men in the back
areas who performed "especially meri
torious services” may get something to
show for those services in the coming
years. If the intimation of a W.D.
cablegram is carried out they will be
given, upon the approval of the C.G.,
5.0.5., certificates signed by General
Pershing.
Immediate commanding officers will
make the original recommendations. The
new certificate Is designed to reward
men whose services do not Quite call for
the D.S.M. But G.O. 1, Hq., 5.0.5.,
specifies that "great care will be exer
cised In making and forwarding recom
mendations," to insure that only un
usually deserving men are recognized.
.Lust Shle in Box Car
RIP VAN WINKLE
GUARD SALVAGED
Bucks Wait Two Months for Re
lief That Hasn't Come Yet
Veteran heroes of the guard roster
who know the satisfaction of challeng
ing the last relief after a two-on-and-
pSSr^
four-off will appreciate the feeling of
Private William Johnson and Herbert
Spoerke, who walked their post for just
two months, waiting for a relief that
never came and were finally salvaged
by a detachment of Pioneers.
Both men were casuals who had been
shot into the 23rd Infantry and suffered
its troubles and triumphs from St.
Mlhlcl to the Argonne, where they were
finally put on guard over excess bag
gage left behind when the doughboys
started on their victorious drive through
the woods. The pair were posted in a
building near the town of Bxermont and
ordered to wait for the return of their
outfit.
But the outfit never returned —It kept
on going—and Johnson and Spocrko
stuck to their post while days turned
into weeks and weeks to months. They
saw troops going in and coming out
along the road across the hill, but they
saw no relief. And then, when the armi
stice was signed, they saw no one at all.
For awhile they took turns holding up
passing trucks for a spare ration, but
it was a long way to the high road, and
soon that ceased to be a source of sup
ply. With one man on guard the other
foraged, brought back his trophies and
divided them with his pal.
Finally, on December 14, a detach
ment of the 805th Pioneers, detailed as
scavengers, found, among tho discarded
packs, bedding rolls and equipment, two
lonely and hairy, doughboys quite ready
to be salvaged and turned over to the
cook and barber for external and in
ternal repairs'.
They are now recuperating and rub
bing smooth chins.
BAGGAGE POOLERS
GET STERN REBUFF
Squad Pianos Barred Un
der 75 Pounds Per
Man Rule
The plan of the sergeant who intend
ed to have the Army of Occupation pool
its baggage allowance and ship one of
the German castles back to Hoboken
has been frustrated. Although G.H.Q.
announced in G.O. 222 that each cor
poral or private would be allowed 75
pounds of baggage, they had to apply a
more strict interpretation when three
German pianos and an airplane, all la
beled “soldiers’ baggage,” arrived at
Brest along with outfits that carried the
contents of their barracks bags In their
packs.
When the cars were unloaded and the
fust piano was dumped on the platform
an R.T.O. stepped up to a corporal who
was anxiously directing the work.
“What in hell Is that?” ho politely in
quired.
“That’s my squad’s baggage," quietly
remarked the corporal, “just 600
pounds. Be careful of those pedals."
But it didn’t get by, and the piano,
along with two others, is doing fatigue
in a Y.M.C-A. hut while its former own
ers are playing jewsharps on the tossing
deep.
This incident was considered a joke,
but when a salvaged airplane rebuilt to
fit a French box car arrived, the
R.T.O.’s got mad, and the Aero Squad
ron that hoped to fly over the Alle
ghanies in their own sky-cart got scant
sympathy.
Whatever G.H-.Q. said about 75
pounds per man, it is now plain they
meant "not transferable.” So Cologne
Cathedral and the Kaiser’s bathtub are
safe.
CAMPAIGN HISTORY
ON SERVICE RECORD
List of Engagements to Be
Part of Discharge Pa
pers, Says G.O.
Providing that every enlisted man's
service record shall contain a list of the
engagements participated in by him and
that this record shall form a part of his
discharge papers, G.O. No. gives a list
of “eleven major operations, during war
of movement,” which is to he the basis
of the notations.
Both defensive and offensive opera
tions are listed, being defined as the
"concerted action of several large units
in offensive or defensive warfare.” The
11 recognized operations are to be listed
as given below with the dates of the
period In which the soldier’s organiza
tion was engaged.
Sommo defensive. 21 Mar.-6 Apr.
I..ys defensive, 9 Apr.-27 Apr.
Alsnc defensive (Chomln des Dames
and northeast of Reims), 27 May-3 June.
Montdldlcr-Noyon. defcnsi .c, 9 Jun.-13
Jun.
Champngne-Marne defensive, 15 July
-18 July.
Alsne-Mame offensive, 18 July-6 Aug.
Somme offensive. 8 Aug.-H Nov.
Olse-Alsno offensive, 18 Aug.-ll Nov.
Ypres-Lys offensive, 19 Aug.-ll Nov.
St. Mlhlel offensive, 12 Sept.-16 Sept.
Mcusc-Argonno offensive. 26 Sept.-11
Nov.
A soldier is to he considered as hav
ing taken part in any major operation If
he was present for duty with his or
ganization while it was engaged in the
operation.
Methods of noting participation In
other battle operations, such as the de
fense of a sector and local engage
ments, are also given in the order.
RECORD SHIPLOAD
SAILS FOR HOME;
26,980 IN WEEK
Cheers Smother Blast of
Whistle as Manchuria
Starts With 5,000
25 CARGO CARRIERS READY
x£B till’
Battleships Continue to Expedite
Movements as Total Depart
ures Pass 178,000
When the steamship Manchuria loft
her dock at Saint Nazairo at midnight
last Friday, carrying 15,000 American
soldiers, including several hundred
wounded, and poked her bows, covered
with cheering, homcbQund warriors, to
ward open sea, the largest single ship
ment of returning troops bade goodbye
to the rainswept shore of France.
During the earlier hours of the night,
the songs of the soldiers had attracted
thousands of the French population to
the pier. When the ship’s huge whistle
finally tooted the get-away blast, the
cheers which smothered even the noise
of the whistle could be hoard in every
corner of the town.
Commencing January 26, 25 cargo
ships, now being converted into trans
ports, will be available for service.
Kadi will have a capacity of 2,000 sol
diers per trip.
During the week ending January 8,
which is the latest dale for which
G.H.Q. has compiled the numbers of
officers and enlisted men sailing for the
States, 1,183 officers and 25,797 enlisted
men answered the call of the challeng
ing officer at the gang-plank. This brings
the official total of departures to 11,018
officers and 160,186 enlisted men.
As in previous weeks, several United
States battleships and cruisers were
pressed into service to expedite the
movement of troops toward the States.
The list of late sailings includes the
following:
5.5. Manchuria, 87th Division Hdqrs..
Ilq. Tr.. 312th Sanitary Train Dct.. 3121!i
Train Ilq. and M.P., Ilq. Med. and Orel.
Dots, and Vul. Field Unit. Sanitary Squad
No. OS. ISOth Ainb. Co. (IMlh San. Tr.)
(30th Div.), 11 .‘.til Aram. Train; Co. 1.5. (391 h
Div.). 301sl Tr. Mortar Btry. (70th Div.).
7th Tr. Mortar Battery (7th Div.). 7lh
Hoavv Mobile 1 Ord. Repair Shop. Itliith En
gineers' Pontoon Train. !)7lh Aero Squad
ron. 154th Aero Squadron, 491st Aero Squad"
ron, Ist Casual Ordnance Battalion. St.
Aignan Casual Co. No. 403, Salnt-Nazaire
Casual Cos. No. 12G, 127, 328..
U.S.S. tVilholminn. SCth Div. Cadre, com
posed of 331st. 332nd. 33rd. M.G. Bns. and
341st, 342nd, 343rd, 311th Inf. and Div. Ilq.
H.M.S. Bolgic. 49th Infantry, I’, and S.
Mod. Dots., ist and 2nd Bns., St. Aignan
Casual Cos. No. 428. 429. 433, 43a, Chem
ical Service Casual Co. No. 3.
5.5. Calamarcs. casuals only.
U.S.S. Pueblo, 53 rd Amm. Train, Hq.
Dot., Med. Del. ami Cos. A, B, C. and 15.
Saint Aignan Casual Cos. No. 415, 416, 421,
422. 426, 436.
U.S.S. I.ouisiana, 5!)lh Artillery C.A.C.
F. nd S. Dot. Hq. Co. Supply Co. Mod.
Detachment and Btries. A, II and C.
U.S.S. New Hampshire, 50th Artillery
C.A.C.. detachment Hq. Co.. -Mod. Del.
and Btries. D, M. F.
U.S.S. Do Kalb. H3lh Sanitary Train
(SSth Division), 2nd Army Artillery Hq.
Troop.
5.5. Huron, 361 h F.ng. Prov. Bn., Cos. F.
I. K, M. St. Nazaire Casual Cos. 121. 122,
123, 124, 125, 412. 413, 414. Field Heap. No.
304 (301st San. Tr.. T6tb Div.). 2nd Heavy
Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop.
5.5. Suffolk casuals only.
5.5. Accomac, Bordeaux Casual Detach
ment No. 11.
5.5. Comfort, casuals only.
U.S.S. Atonas. Iset. Hdqrs. Tr. 92nd Div..
Dot. Bordeaux Casual Co. No. 11.
5.5. Suriname. Detachment Bordeaux
Casual Co. No. 10.
U.S.S. Siena. 337th Field Artillery (SSth
Div.), Hq. F and S Hq. Co. and Btrles. A.
B. C, F, K. and Medical Detachment. Beau
Desert Casual Cos. No. 31. 35. 38 and 102.
5.5. tVest Galeta. casuals only.
5.5. Canada, casuals only.
5.5. Hampden. Detachment Bordeaux
Casual Co. No. 12.
PRICE: 50 CENTIMES gSES* ihutaFn! sixra.vca
List of Sailings
S.S. General Goethals. Dot. 34th Div.
Cadre composed of Div. Hq. Div. Hq.
Trains, G7th and 68lh Inf. Brigades, 100th
Train Hq. and M.P.. 126th. 125!h. 127th
M. G. Bns.. 133rd, 131 th, 13rit.li and 136th
Inf.
5.5. Cretic. casuals only.
5.5. Lapland, casuals only.
U.S.S. Montana, 3rd Tr. Mortar Bn., 4th
Tr. Mortar Bn.. Dot. 66th Bog. Art. C.A.C.
U.S.S. South Dakota, 56th Art., C.A.C..
less Btry. F and Del. -17-Hli Aero Squadron.
U.S.S." Minnesota, casuals only.
5.5. Mercy, casuals only.
NO FORMAL DECLARATIONS
FOR CUSTOMS AUTHORITIES
Officers and men of the A.E.F. upon
arriving on transports at ports in the
United Slates will not. be required to
make formal declarations of baggage
for the customs authorities, according
to cabled instructions from the War De
partment.
In lino with the standing customs reg
ulations governing the bringing home
of articles acquired abroad by the naval
forces, the commanding officer of every
transport will designate an olficer to
procure from each officer and soldier a
statement, in the form of an invoice, de
scribing and valuing articles bought in
Europe.
Customs collectors will visit the ves
sels at a specified time and the same
procedure will be observed as in exami
nation of baggage on passenger vessels.
No examination will be made of .the
baggage and effects of officers and men
except those listed and offered for ex
amination, save in unusual cases.
.Must Prepare Lists
After the examination and collection
of duty, customs supervision will be
without any customs formalities
The lists to be prepared will show
separately articles bought for personal
use, those intended for sale and those
purchased for others on a commission
basis.
These rules apply only to officers and
men, and do not apply to Red Cross,
Y.M.C.A. or other Army workers, ac
cording to a bulletin issued by Hq..
S.O.S.
Late rules governing preparation of
A.E.F. baggage for shipment home pro
vide that each organization will prepare
six copies of lists, consecutively num
bered, covering separately personal prop-
Contlnned on Pago S
By and For
the Soldiers
of the A. E F
FORMAL OPENING OF
PEACE CONFERENCE
SET FOR TOMORROW
Food, Transport, Troops’ Re
turn First Questions
to Coinc Up
ARMISTICE IS PROLONGED
Sixty-six Delegates from Allied
Nations, Great and Small,
to Frame Treaty
The formal opening of the Peace Con
ference, composed of 66 delegates rep
resenting all the Powers which declared
war upon Germany or broke relations
with her, together with the new coun
tries born of the war, will open tomor
row afternoon at 2:30 o’clock in the
French Ministry of Foreign Affairs at
the Quai d’Orsay in Paris.
The final date for the beginning of
tlie Conference, which is to frame the
treaty the delegates of the Central
Powers must one day sign, was fixed by
the Supreme Allied War Council, with
President Wilson in attendance for the
first time.- At this meeting the terms of
the prolongation of the armistice and
the further demands upon Germany
were decided. It was also decided to
send delegates to Trier to meet the
German representatives.
“Peace by midsummer” is the mes
sage that a number of iho correspond
enls are sending to America. In the
interim it is planned to expedite the
return of American troops by the use of
Germany’s greatest passenger ships,
which are to be put into the hands of
Ihe Allies.
American Food in German Ships
llesides demanding that the gold re
serve in Die Rcichsbaitk and other valu
ables be moved from Berlin to a point
nearer the occupied /.one, and that
French machinery taken from the fac
tories of northern France he immedi
ately returned, the delegates sent, to
meet the Germans at Trier to prolong
the armistice ordered all German ships,
in home ports or in neutral harbors,
turned over to the Allies. American
food will bo sent in these bottoms and
in such other ships as are available to
the countries in distress, Germany and
Iter former allies included.
At the Fence Conference tomorrow,
each of the five grout powers, the
United Slates, Groat Britain, Franco,
Italy and Japan, are to have five repre
sentatives each. Brazil will have three
delegates, Belgium, Serbia, Greece, Rou
mania, C/.ccho-Slavia, Poland and
China, two each; Portugal and Siam,
one each.
The following nations, which declared
war upon Germany but, took no active
part, will also have one representative
each: Cuba, Panama, Guatemala, Costa-
Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Haiti and
Liberia. Eequndor, Bolivia, Peru and
Uruguay, having only broken relations
with Germany, will also have one voice
each.
British Colonies Represented
The British colonies have been ac
corded special representation, in addi
tion to the British delegates, and Can
ada, Australia, South Africa and India
have two representatives each and New
Zealand and Newfoundland one each.
This does not mean, however, that Eng
land, with her colonics, will have 15
votes. In firm! decisions, cadi country,
largo or small, has but one vote. The
question of Russian representation had
not been decided yesterday.
The most pressing questions now are
those of transport, food for the stricken
countries, and the return homo of sol
diers on foreign duty.
Such ships as the Germans turn over
to the United States will fly the Ameri
can flag and will, in all probability, be
operated by the United States Navy or
Merchant Marino.
COMRADE MEETINGS
FOR A.E.F. CENTERS
Gatherings at Tours, Bor
deaux and Nevers
Next Tuesday
The campaign to enroll the men of
the A.E.F. in “Comrades in Service,”
launched last Sunday night with a large
mass meeting in Paris, which President
Wilson attended, made progress during
this week at several A.E.F. centers.
At a number of the larger centers the
nature of the organization was ex
plained, emphasis being laid on its non
sectarian features and the fact that the
organization aims to build up a better
typo of American eitzenship, using the
A.E.F. as Its foundation.
Tuesday evening a mass meeting in
the interest of the Comrades was held
at Tours, preceded by a conference in
the afternoon attended by the workers
of the A.E.F.’s auxiliaries in the
Touraine district. Tonight at Mar
seilles a similar will be hold,
the speakers being Bishop J. Do Wolf
Perry, of the Red Cross Chaplains’
Bureau; Rabbi H. G. Endow, director
of the Jewish Welfare Board; Chaplain
Jones, of the Salvation Army,.and Chap
lain Edwin F. Lee, U.S.A.
At Ncvers next Tuesday the same
speakers, with.the addition of a Knights
of Columbus representative, will outline
the organization's scope and purposed
activities, and another representative
group will perform the same duty on the
same day at Bordeaux. A meeting Is
scheduled at Giovrcs for Wednesday,
and one at Meshes and Le Mans for
Thursday, and there will be another
mooting at Novera next. Friday.
The Paris meeting was addressed by,
among others. Bishop Charles I-I. Brent,
senior chaplain of the A.E.F.; Dr. E. C.
Carter, Chief Secretary of the Y.M.C.A.,
and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, of New
York. Progress of the movement in can
tonments in the Slates and at A.E.F.
camps was outlined by the speakers.

About This Newspaper

Title
The stars and stripes (Paris, France), January 17, 1919
Contributor Names
Library of Congress
Place of Publication
Paris, France
Created / Published
Paris, France, January 17, 1919
Subject Headings
-  World War (1914-1918)
-  World War, 1914-1918--Periodicals
-  World War, 1914-1918--United States--Periodicals
-  United States
-  1914-1918
-  France--Paris
Genre
Periodicals
Notes
-  Weekly
-  Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 8, 1918)-v. 2, no. 19 (June 13, 1919).
-  "By the Soldiers of the A.E.F. to the People of the United States."
-  Issue for July 12, 1918 called "France Number."
-  Unnumbered special issue published Sept. 28, 1918; Hospital gift edition from American Red Cross published Mar. 7, 1919.
-  Some issues accompanied by supplements.
-  Also issued online.
-  Available on microfilm from Library of Congress Preservation Microfilming Program.
-  Continued by: Stars and stripes (Washington, D.C.), established June 14, 1919.
-  Stars and stripes (Washington, D.C.) (DLC)sn 89071339 (OCoLC)20405528
Medium
8 pages
Call Number/Physical Location
D501 .S7
DS01 .S7
Library of Congress Control Number
20001931
Language
English
Online Format
image
pdf
online text
Description
Paris, France
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/20001931
Additional Metadata Formats
MODSXML Record
MARCXML Record
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Serial and Government Publications Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

The Stars and Stripes. (None, Paris, $s), Jan. 17 1919. https://www.loc.gov/item/20001931/1919-01-17/ed-1/.

APA citation style:

(1919, January 17) The Stars and Stripes. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/20001931/1919-01-17/ed-1/.

MLA citation style:

The Stars and Stripes. (None, Paris, $s) 17 Jan. 1919, p. 1. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, www.loc.gov/item/20001931/1919-01-17/ed-1/.