Newspaper Image 2 of The stars and stripes (Paris, France), June 13, 1919

About this Newspaper | About this Item

Of4O£fr?OURTH
Sl/ftt.F. TO REMAIN
AFTER TEN DAYS
Continued from Page 1
tana. Rhode Island, North Carolina. Zeppe-
I Great Northern and Huntington.
Marseille was looking for the Heglna
D’Ualia. Taormina. Belvedere and Coserta.
It has also been announced that 32 ships
with a capacity of 84,235 men arrived at
base ports between June 4 and June 11.
Among these was the giant ship Imper
ator, which has Just put in at Brest, after
her first trip to the States, where she un
derwent extensive changes and Improve
ments looking to Increased capacity as a
troop carrier. She is expected to sail with
in the next few days with 1,100 first-class
and 8,005 third-class passengers.
Among them will he 800 Army nurses
and wives of soldiers married In the A.E.F.
The Agamemnon was also in this fleet of
ships, and probably lias already sailed from
Bust with 250 Army nurses, soldiers' wives
and 5,400 soldiers.
1,293,432 MEN LEFT
FRANCE UP TO JUNE 4
Following is a list showing number of of
ficers and enlisted men classified by
branches of service, who sailed for the
States in the week ended June 4:
Ortu-ers. Kill. Men.
41 2.126
2 106
27 B,OSS
8::2 2.754
22D 12,467
702
170 S.fiSfl
26 601
17 1 ,1.961
23 1.239
Ml 3.309
Air Service
Armv Service Cnrps.
ArtiHerv
U
Engineers
!!«•.;..'iiiartrrs
Infa'iiry
Maihi.io Cud
Medical
MiSfCI;.IMC<*US
Mm< r Traiis;>ort '>ri*B
Onli.;i!i' p
CUiiMt niiiister
(juarieniijMer. I,alMr
Slchhl (Vri-s
Trains (Ari’iimriilP'nl
Trains ((;u.:nrpua>tcr)
Trains (Supp'yj
Total far week.
Previously reportod
Total to date
O.S. SHIELD ON FLAG
MEANS OLD JOB BACK
Patriotic Employers Given
Right to Sport Symbol
by Government
A new symbol is now appearing in the
Untied States on the service banners which
employers proudly displayed during the
war—those banners on which every star
represented a nmn who had entered the
Army or Navy after giving up his job with
the concern that displayed the flag.
Today on many of those service banners
there Is appearing the shield of the United
Stares.
That shield is the symbol that the em
oyer putting it on his service flag is ful-
Ihng his moral obligations to take back
into his employ those men who have com
pleted their military service.
Authorization to display the shield Is be
ing granted by the Council of National
Defense, consisting of the Secretaries of
War. Navy, Labor, Interior, Commerce and
Agriculture.
To Get Special Citation
In addition to the right of displaying the
United States shield as a sign of their
n! dge to lake former employes back, patri
otic employers who fulfill this obligation
'•'ill receive a special citation from the
Oovei nment.
This citation is in the form of a certifi
cate, hrruh-d, “War and Navy Departments,
Veiled Stales of America.” and reading as
follows:
‘‘Tins certifies that has assured
th‘ War and Navy Departments that he
will gladly re-employ everybody who for-
Ti:t?ly worked with him and loft to serve
In the Army or Navy during the Great
War.”
The certificate carries the signatures of
N*Avion I>. Baker. Secretary of War; Jose
phus Daniels. Secretary of the Navy, and
A:thur Woods, Assistant to the Secretary
o r War. former police commissioner of New
Vork City.
FORROR! ST. AGONY
LOSES ITS GLORY
Casuals of Future Will Find
Other Outlet to Civil-
ian Life
St. Alpnan, place of hallowed memories
for A. E. F. replacements, casuals and
workful waiting third lieutenants, will be
one of the next American strongholds in
France to fall before the sweep of the
S.O.S. cleanup.
Orders have been issued under which
after Saturday no more lost, strayed or
otherwise loose members of the A.E.F. will
be sent through that point.
Hereafter enlisted casuals for discharge
or furlough in the States will remain with
the organizations to which they are at
tached in case of their release for sailing
within 20 days. Otherwise, they will be
transferred to some company booked to be
released within that time. When neither
is practicable, (hose in the Advance and In
termediate Sections, the District of Paris
and Tours will be sent to Brest, and those
within base sections to their respective
base ports.
Gleires as Good-bye Point
Those enlisted men who for various and
sundry reasons are to be discharged In
France or Knelund must say good-bye to
the Army at GU'vres. To make sure that
the whole case is covered, the order pro
vides that "all other casuals will be sent to
Brest for return to the United States,”
Officers returning to the States as casuals
will go direct to Brest and those being dis
charged m France or England to Gifcvres.
From hospitals, officers will go direct to
their organizations, if they are still In
France, or otherwise to the nearest base
port for return home. Those under charges
will stand trial at Glfcvres. The reclassifica
tion, reassignment and efficiency board ex
amination of officers will be discontinued.
7577/ CAVALRY ARE
PRIZE BENEDICTS
51 Fall Matrimonially for Beauty
of Mile*a. Now Yank Mrs/*
Wives, 0.D., French, Bt. the heaviest
matrimonial requisition made so far. goes
to the 15th Cavalry, according to reports
from St. Nazalre, which sent as many as
84 former Mile’s, now Mrs.'s, back on one
ship this week. The same passenger list
carried babies, female, Franco-Amerlcan,
two, on the sailing list.
Now that the 5.0.5., Is beginning to Alter
homeward, deuces turn up in largsr propor
tions than among the combat troops where
the ace la still favorite, and as high as 78
blushing brldss contribute their soprano to
the "We're Going Home" melodies that
make the hostess bouse at the debarkation
port merry these last days
And the bulletins read still read "more
to comb."
'¥'HE accompanying chart shows at a’
glance the movement of A.E.F.
divisions to and from France.
The single-barrel part of the column
representing each division indicates the
period when the elements of the division
were cn route to France. The beginning
of the solid black part shows the dale
when the whole division teas on French
soil. The white division line from top
to bottom stands for November 11,
Armistice Day. The shaded part to the
right of this shows the date the division
started on its return and the end of this
shading shows the date division whs en
tirely out of France.
It must be understood that many
divisions were practically complete in
France before the date indicated by the
beginning of the solid part of the col
umn. lacking perhaps only some of its
train elements. For instance the Ist
Division, ichich began to arrive in June.
1917, landed its Infantry and Artillery
regiments very early, but did not have
all its units in France until mid-Decem
ber. The 42 nd Division, which started
much later than the Ist. came to France
almost en-masse and happened to have
all its auxiliary units in the A.E.F. a
very short time in advance of the day on
which the Ist uxis complete.
The chart is complete up to the end of
446
767
1.355
2.1 r.o
52.136
1.123.603
r*:.e:3 i.2ir».7:.0
YANKEE DIVISIONS
WERE DECIDING
AID AT WAR’S END
side of the Invaders to the side of the In
vaded.
On a number of fronts, from this time to
the end, American divisions, fcy ones or
twos, did courageous and never unimpor
tant service. One look the important posi
tion of Juvigny, north of Soissons, in Au
gust, materially helping forward the French
offensive which eventually forced the Ger
mans to relinquish the line of the Vesle.
Two, in September, cleanly broke the pow
erful Hindonburg line on the British front
along the Scheldt canal tunnel. Two of
them, in October and November, helped
forward the great strides of the British,
French and Belgian Armies in Belgium.
Two others, in October, .aided the French
in the capture of one of the most stubborn
positions in the Champagne region, Blanc
Mont, and hastened the advance to the
Aisne.
In September the first complete American
Army wns ready to strike. It struck at St.
Mihiel, and so tremendous was its blow
that, almost overnight, it wiped out the
most annoying permanent salient on the
Western front, removed a grave menace to
Verdun, the pivot of the Allied Armies, and
established a like menace to Metz, the pivot
of the enemy’s armies. More than all. it
carried to the heart of Germany, like a
lightning flash, the horrifying knowledge of
America's power and courage and grim de
termination.
Almost immediately after came the
Meusc-Argonne offensive. Here 22 divi
sions. the major part of the seasoned
American troops yet In the field, ground
their way for a month and a half through
an appalling maze of defensive works held
by all the forces that the enemy could pos
sibly throw In to stop the attack that was
aimed at his very vitals.
Probably no other single 30 kilometers of
the front was in itself as important by fiir
as the 30 kilometers between the Meuse
and the Argonne through which the Amer
ican Army was tearing Us way, and prob
ably on no similar portion of the front
could the results of a clean break-through
be quite so vital and for reaching. The
American divisions did their immeasurable
task; they made the clean break-through,
and when the exhausted army, gasping and
begging for mercy, signed an armistice, the
troops in olive drab were far beyond the
Meuse.
EDITOR'S NOTE- This article In Hip last of
the aerie* dealing with the activities of Hie
A.B.P‘,'l combat units, the work of t'*apt. Joseph
Mills Hanson. FA.. The Stars and Strips' histo
rian at O.H.Q. These articles have been ap|**ar
liig Id these columns since November. If IS, and
constitute, in stun, a complete and authentic ac
count of the work of the American divisions ;n
France. Belgium and Italy, from antigny to the
armistice. It had been the Intention of The Stars
and Sirti'ee. with ('aplain Hanson’s permission,
to have these articles reprinted in ty«ok form, the
proceeds to go to so*.* cause connected with the
A.HF.'i interests In France, such as the fund tor
French War Orphans. Through legal complica
tions It was Impossible, and it is now Captain
Hanson's Intention to have them collected and
'published in the United States at an early date.
RHINE BRIDGED IN
NEW RECORD TIME
Ist Engineers Win Title and
150,000 Marks in 41
Minutes
Flinging bridges across the Rhine seems
to be one of the most popular outdoor
sports in the American occupied area.
The 308th Engineers, attached to the
Third Corps at Neuwled, Germany, started
It by laying a pontoon bridge over the
river at Honnlngen in something over two
hours. They were not after records, how
ever, merely wanting to show the Germans
that they could bridge the stream at a
point where it la 25 feet deep and running
at the rate of seven miles an hour.
Then along came the 2nd Engineers, who
got into the gams against time, and stuck
up a record of 68 H minutes.
Now the Ist Engineers have shoved one
across, 1,460 feet long, in 41 minutes. Two
battalions, working on opposite sides of the
river, tore into their Job at a.m. Sunday,
and at #:4l their colonel was pushing over
in bis automobile.
At 1 o’clock the bridge, had been taken
apart again, and the boys went out to enjoy
150,000 marks of the 2nd Engineers, who
didn't think their record .could be beaten.
Beta are now being made that the old
stream can be bridged in 85 minutes. The
2nd Engineers say It will be easy for them.
THE A.E.F., COMING AND GOING
Continued from Page 1
First Army at St. Mihlel
THE STARS AND STRIPES, FRIDAY, JUNE 13, 1919.
1916
9o;
tin,
May. In the early days of June, the 6th,
Ith and 81«< Divisions started their re
turn, and other divisions, such as the
60th, practically completed their depart
ure. In most cases the movements
HOW TO KEEP UP
WAR RISK INSURANCE
Regulations Permit Dis
charged Men to Continue
Benefiting by It
Recent regulations issued by theAVar De
partment tell how persons discharged from
the military or naval service may continue
their insurance. When such a person is dis
charged for reasons not precluding the con
tinuance of insurance, his premium will be
payable on the first day of the calendar
month following the date of his discharge,
and will continue to be payable on the first
day of each succeeding calendar month.
The premium, however, may be paid at
any time during the month, but if not so
paid, the Insurance lapses.
If this insurance has lapsed because of
non-payment, it may be reinstated, if an
application be made within two months
from the expiration of the month in which
the premium was payable. Also, if applica
tion is made any time subsequent to two
months, and before the expiration of five
months, upon the applicant’s signed state
ment that he is in as good health as he
was at the expiration of the month in
which his premium was payable. This
signed statement must be accompanied by
a reputable physician’s formal report, to
the satisfaction of the director of the Bu
reau of War Risk Insurance.
In cases of persons discharged from the
service prior to January 1. 1919, if the in
surance has lapsed for non-payment of the
first premium payable after discharge, such
insurance may be reinstated at any time
before June 30. 1910, under the same con
ditions.
In every case where reinstatement of
lapsed Insurance Is desired, the applicant
shall file a written application with the
Bureau of War Risk Insurance, and make
payment of all sums which would have
been payable as premium if the insurance
had not lapsed—provided, however, that no
application will be required in connection
with the reinstatement of insurance lapsed
foi non-payment of the first premium, pay
able after discharge, should such premium
be tendered within the second month fol
lowing the date of discharge.
Premiums may also be paid quarter, half
yearly or yearly, as may be desired, and
the method of payment may be changed at
will, upon notice in writing.
Checks and money orders should bo made
The Largest and Best Choice of
MACDOUGAL
1 Bis Rue Auber
goodS’ear
We are hoping that all of our men in the A.E.F. will come
back to the organization when they return to the States.
GOODYEAR INFORMATION BUREAU,
17 Rue Saint-Florentin, PARIS
AKRON, O, U.BA. (uu pi«c* a* ii cawotu.)
[s*>
lll>'
iv
homeicard of other divisions shown
shaded up to the line standing for the
end of Mag have been completed, with
the exception of one or possibly several
of the auxiliary units.
payable to the Treasurer of the United
Slates, and be sent to the “Disbursing
Clerk. Bureau of War Risk Insurance,
Washington, D. C.“ The letter inclosing
the remittance' covering the insurance
premiums should contain the full name of
the insured, his grade and organization at
time of discharge. Army serial number,
date of discharge and present address.
Information concerning conversion, indu
ing rates, blanks and forms, may be se
cured by addressing the Bureau of War
Risk Insurance. Conservation Section,
Washington, D.C.
CHAPLAIN RANKS
FOR ENGAGEMENTS
Maj. Dickson Was With 6th
Artillery from First
Shot to Finish
MaJ. Thomas J. Dickson, veteran chap
lain of the 6th Field Artillery, and now of
the Ist Division, may not be a “fighting
chaplain.” but he has been in more fights
than the average fighter in this war.
From the time the. 6th Artillery fired the
first shot to be fired by an American gun
against the Boche. Major Dickson was on
the front until the last gun was fired and
the march into Germany had begun. Al
though his work has been with the Ist Di
vision most of the time, he served also
with the 2nd, 4th, 32nd, 42nd and 80th Di
visions and a Scotch division and the
French Foreign Legion.
Major Dickson made a record for time
spent on the front, for he took charge of a
machine gun, whose crew had been put out
of action and operated it so successfully
against a low-flying airplane that the
Boche flyer was forced to come down be
hind the Yank lines. Once he was in a
hurry to get to two dying Artillerymen
and took a #hort cut, which led him across
No Man’s Land In front of a battalion of
Yank Infantry, who were forced to cease
filing to prevent hitting him. and the
Boche, unable to figure out. stopped firing
also while the chaplain walked his horse
across the open. He is a veteran of the
Spanish-American War, the Philippine In
surrection and the Mexican Border trouble.
A chaplain’s work at the front is not to
fight, according to Major Dickson, but there
arc a lot of other things for him to do.
CIVILIAN
SUITINGS
Can be Seen at
Civilian and Military Tyihrs
Took Oyer Machine Gnn
CO.
PARIS
ORPHAN FAMILY’S
FUND TO INCREASE
BY 85,000 FRANCS
Comrades in Service Donate
Tribune Profits to
War Waifs
When of the financial chariot of
The Stars and Strifes family of 3,567
French war orphans were turned over to
Tup: Stars and Strifes Bureau of the
American Cross six weeks ago, the old
vehicle wair fairly groaning under the
weight of the francs salvaged from the
A.E.F.
At the time It. was not anticipated the
load would be greatly increased, but the
capacity of the A.E.F. for salvaging was
sadly misjudged. Not only has the A.E.F.
continued to dump francs into the or
phans’ fund, but men back home. long
since demobilized, have been getting into
action again, causing the Continuation
Fund for the benefit of the dead poilus’
youngsters to giow a bit each week.
It remaind for the Comrades in Service,
aided ami abetted by the C.-in-C. to perpe
trate the best one in recent weeks on the
aforementioned financial chariot. Several
months ago the C.-in-C. was handed a
check for 106.000 francs by the Paris edi
tion of the Chicago Tribune, representing
the profits accruing from the Tribune’s
over-seas edition. When that paper was
launched it was announced that General
Pershing would be called upon to designate
some use for the profits resulting from its
sale, since its circulation was designed to
be largely in the A.E.F.
The Tribune’s profits were presented to
the Comrades in Service by the C.-in-C.
To the sum originally presented were added
francs from other sources, bringing the
bankroll of the Comrades in Service up to
11-1,000 francs at present. With the A.E.F.
being withdrawn, however, the Comrades
in Service foresaw they would be left In
France holding the bag of extra francs
when the affairs of the organization would
be liquidated.
General and Chaplain Decide
In order to assist with the liquidation.
Chaplain Paul Moody, of the Comrades in
Service, decided to salvage the francs. He
consulted the C.-in-C., who thought he had
disposed of the Tribune’s generous gift to
the A.E.F. once and for all when he pre
sented it to the Comrades in Service. And
then, almost simultaneously, the C.-in-C,
and the chaplain thought of The Stars and
Stripes Family.
Accordingly, when the Comrades in Serv
ice follow the A.E.F. home, they will leave
their surplus funds with The Stars and
Stripes Bureau of the American Red Cross
for the French war orphans. From the
114,000 francs on hand it Is expected ap
proximately 30,000 francs will be needed to
settle the affairs of the body. This will
leave approximately 85,000 francs to be
hauled the length and breadth of France In
the chariot which had brought untold Joy
and happiness to more than 3,000 widows
and their children.
The Germans have delivered their last
equipment to the American Receiving Com
mission under the terms of the armistice.
This equipment included 199 airplanes—
the 200th was badly damaged in a test
flight—and 119 pieces of heavy artillery,
together with about 2,000 motor trucks.
winaErs
Chew
It after
every meal
MADELEINE AND PARRAI
Introducing and presenting little Made
leine Drouancourt, 5*6 years old, adopted
In the third week of The Stars and
Strides’ campaign on behalf of the war or
phans of France; and also introducing and
presenting Sgt. Richard S. Claiborne, the
Tlrst individual soldier in the A.E.F. to
adopt an orphan "all on his own."
Sergeant Claiborne did not stop with a
500-franc donation, enough to support hffc
orphan for a year. He supplemented that
with gifts on the side, renewed his adop
tion. and now has little Madeleine going to
school out Montrnedy way outside Paris.
All of this represents about 2.500 francs
out of Sergeant Claiborne’s Army pay; but
he modestly says, with all those re-enllst
ments and everything, that it’s nothing.
The sergeant, who is Toe Stars and
Strides’ oldest man both in point of age
and Army service, and who is here to sot
up the last number as ho was for the first,
doesn't know this is going in the paper and
probably will bo sore when he sees it. But
we should worry, so long as Madeleine
likes it.
MARINE ENGINEERS
WIZARDS AT TRADE
Patching Transport Main
Line With Copper Kettle
Easy for Them
Who are the men who repair the machin
ery which runs the ships that take the boys
across the ocean—and home?
The Marine Engineering Division of the
A.E.F., comprising 19 oflicers and 120 men,
have been on the Job from a few months
after the United States entered the w r ar,
and when the armistice came along the
work of the personnel doubled and re
doubled. And they are at it still, hard at
it, and will be until the last soldier is sent
across the sea.
To show how they operated under trying
conditions and with limited facilities, one
might point to the day the big main steam
pipe burst on a vessel at Hassons that was
just ready to pull out. A thorough search
revealed that there wns no such thing as
copper with which to make repairs.
The superintending engineer went out
Into the highways and byways and re
turned at night triumphantly bringing with
him a wine kettle which ho had salvaged
from a vineyard. That ship is still in serv
ice. with its steam pipe generously patched
with the kettle.
|||BMn
This
long
lasting
Sweetmeat
m
is one of the
soldier’s best
friends.
It aids appetite and helps
digestion, quenches thirst,
steadies the nerves.
A delicious refreshment
and the most economical
sweetmeat you can buy.
Get (t at Canteen
Red Cross,
Y.M.C.A,
and other
stores.
The
Flavor
Lasts
PAPER’S BUSINESS
OFFICE TO CLOSE
More Than Three Million
Francs Goes to U.S.
Treasury
One of' the necessary evils of every re
spectable newspaper shop Is a business of
fice. All editorial men are a unit in de
claring that the business personnel gets
twice as much money as the editors for.
doing four times less work and that it is
always getting too many ads into the paper.
The exception proving the rule was the
business office of The Stars and Strpies,
which, being composed for the most part of
enlisted men. could not draw more money
than the reportorial personnel, nor did it
have to pull any vamp stuff on the adver
tisers, because, as the paper was not run
for profit, the occasions were numerous
when a large ad was lifted out to make
way for a story of greater interest to the
A.E.F.
The shoestring on which the business de
partment was started in February. 1918.
consisted of 24,725 francs, borrowed from
the G.H.Q. fund and put into the hand** of
Tub Stars and Strifes’ ofllcer in charge.
The money w T as repaid with interest seven
months later, but it could have been repaid
earlier, for the sheet was a money-getter
from the start—largely due to the efforts of
the A. W. Erickson Advertising Agency of
New York, which solicited copy and col
lected cheeks for us without charge.
At Us closing the paper has In sight ap
proximately 3,500,000 francs. Expenditures
by chock have amounted to 21,433.357
francs; cash expenditures have totaled 4.-
723,564; and the balance in cash on hand
.June 1 comes to 2,876,791.
A.E.F. Memorial Planned
What will be done with all this Jack?
Well, being newspaper men, we forgot we
were soldiers and decided to devote it to
something which would stand as a lasting
memorial of the A.E.F., something to which
every American soldier who had helped the
cause along by his 50-centime contribution
would agree. And then suddenly a decision
by the Judge Advocate General reminded
us that The Stars and Stripes was a very
integral portion of the United States Army,
and that, therefore, all profits would have to
accrue to the United States Treasury.
Come to think of it, if the paper had been
a financial failure throughout, the same
U.S.T. would have been compelled to carry
the financial hod, which is some consola
tion.
The business office of The Stars and
Stripes, then, will close June 20. All sub
sequent claims against the paper become
claims against the United Stales, and will
be handled through the Director of Mili
tary Intelligence, War Department. Wash
ington, D. C.
Many books have been written and many
will be compiled about America’s effort in
the world war, but tbe biggest one on rec
ord so far covers 32,500 cubic feet and
weights approximately 950.000 pounds. This
story of the A.E.F. is contained in the rec
ords of G.H.Q., which arc being shipped to
Washington in 5.000 boxes, six and a half
cubic feet in size and weighing approxi
mately 190 pounds each. Figuring that a
man can read an ordinary typewritten page
In a minute, it will take years for reader*
to peruse this detailed history of the actly
ties of the American Army in France.

About This Newspaper

Title
The stars and stripes (Paris, France), June 13, 1919
Contributor Names
Library of Congress
Place of Publication
Paris, France
Dates of Publication
1918-1919
Created / Published
Paris, France, June 13, 1919
Subject Headings
-  World War (1914-1918)
-  World War, 1914-1918--Periodicals
-  World War, 1914-1918--United States--Periodicals
-  United States
-  1914-1918
-  France--Paris
Genre
Periodicals
Notes
-  Weekly
-  Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 8, 1918)-v. 2, no. 19 (June 13, 1919).
-  "By the Soldiers of the A.E.F. to the People of the United States."
-  Issue for July 12, 1918 called "France Number."
-  Unnumbered special issue published Sept. 28, 1918; Hospital gift edition from American Red Cross published Mar. 7, 1919.
-  Some issues accompanied by supplements.
-  Also issued online.
-  Available on microfilm from Library of Congress Preservation Microfilming Program.
-  Continued by: Stars and stripes (Washington, D.C.), established June 14, 1919.
-  Stars and stripes (Washington, D.C.) (DLC)sn 89071339 (OCoLC)20405528
Medium
8 pages
Call Number/Physical Location
D501 .S7
DS01 .S7
Library of Congress Control Number
20001931
Language
English
Online Format
image
pdf
online text
Description
Paris, France
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/20001931
Additional Metadata Formats
MODSXML Record
MARCXML Record
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

The Stars and Stripes. (France Paris United States), Jun. 13 1919. https://www.loc.gov/item/20001931/1919-06-13/ed-1/.

APA citation style:

(1919, June 13) The Stars and Stripes. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/20001931/1919-06-13/ed-1/.

MLA citation style:

The Stars and Stripes. (France Paris United States) 13 Jun. 1919, p. 2. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, www.loc.gov/item/20001931/1919-06-13/ed-1/.

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