Book/Printed Material Speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt, New York (Transcript)
125. The President Requests War Declaration
125 ( "December 7, 1941 A Date Which Will Live in Infamy" Address to the Congress Asking That a State of War Be Declared Between the United States and Japan.
December 8, 1941
Mr. Vice President, and Mr. Speaker, and Members of the Senate and House of Representatives:
YESTERDAY, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
The United States was at peace with that Nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its Government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American Island of Oahu, the Japanese Ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time the Japanese Government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
125. The President Requests War Declaration
Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong:
Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our Nation.
As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.
But always will our whole Nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.
I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.
With confidence in our armed forces with the unbounding determination of our people we will gain the inevitable triumph so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire
NOTE: Less than 24 hours after the reciept of the first news of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the President drove to the Capitol to deliever the foregoing message to a joint session of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The President spoke grimly for six and a half
About this Item
- Speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt, New York (Transcript)
- Contributor Names
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Speaker)
- Created / Published
- Subject Headings
- - English language--Dialects--New York (State)
- - Men, White--New York (State)--Language
- - Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. Address to Congress requesting a declaration of war, Dec. 8, 1941
- - World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, Japanese
- - Presidents--United States--Language
- - Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945--Language
- - Essays
- - Speeches
- - Transcripts
- - United States -- New York
- - For rights information contact the collector’s institution: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library. Hyde Park, NY
- - Address to Congress asking that a state of war be declared between the US and Japan.
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1986/022: AFS 24,312, folder 22
- Source Collection
- Center for Applied Linguistics Collection (AFC 1986/022)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
- online text
- IIIF Presentation Manifest
- Manifest (JSON/LD)
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Chicago citation style:
Roosevelt, Franklin D. Speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt, New York Transcript. 1941. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/afccal000483/.
APA citation style:
Roosevelt, F. D. (1941) Speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt, New York Transcript. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afccal000483/.
MLA citation style:
Roosevelt, Franklin D. Speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt, New York Transcript. 1941. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afccal000483/>.