Book/Printed Material Image 391 of Czechoslovakia : a country study

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Appendix D
Manifesto of Charter 77
[The following manifesto first appeared in Western Europe in early Janu-
ary 1977. Within a few days Charter 77 — as its anonymous authors called
the document and the movement responsible for its appearance — had been
translated into most major languages and had received attention through-
out the world. Charter 77 soon became well known within Czechoslovakia
as a result of Western radiobroadcasts. Charter 77 indicts the govern-
ment for violations of human rights provisions in the nation 's 1960 Con-
stitution and in various treaties and covenants of which Czechoslovakia
is a signatory. The translation presented here appeared in The Times of
London on January 7, 1977, bearing a notation that it was an " autho-
rized " translation. The notation indicated neither who had made nor
who had authorized the translation.]
IN THE CZECHOSLOVAK Register of Laws No. 120 of Oc-
tober 13, 1976, texts were published of the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights, and of the International Covenant
on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which were signed on
behalf of our republic in 1968, reiterated at Helsinki in 1975 and
came into force in our country on March 23, 1976. From that date
our citizens have enjoyed the rights, and our state the duties, en-
suing from them.
The human rights and freedoms underwritten by these covenants
constitute features of civilized life for which many progressive move-
ments have striven throughout history and whose codification could
greatly assist humane developments in our society.
We accordingly welcome the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic ' s
accession to those agreements.
Their publication, however, serves as a powerful reminder of
the extent to which basic human rights in our country exist, regret-
tably, on paper alone.
The right to freedom of expression, for example, guaranteed by
Article 19 of the first-mentioned covenant, is in our case purely
illusory. Tens of thousands of our citizens are prevented from
working in their own fields for the sole reason that they hold views
differing from official ones, and are discriminated against and
harassed in all kinds of ways by the authorities and public organi-
zations. Deprived as they are of any means to defend themselves,
they become victims of a virtual apartheid.
357

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Title
Czechoslovakia : a country study
Contributor Names
Gawdiak, Ihor, 1935-
Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
Created / Published
Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1989.
Subject Headings
-  Czechoslovakia
Notes
-  "Research completed August 1987."
-  Supercedes the 1982 ed. of Czechoslovakia : a country study, edited by Richard F. Nyrop.
-  Includes bibliographical references (p. 363-391) and index.
-  Also available in digital form.
Medium
xxix, 421 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
DB2011 .C93 1989
Library of Congress Control Number
88600487
Online Format
image
online text
pdf
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/88600487
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IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Sample format for citing a Country Study:

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed. Turkey:  A Country Study. Washington, DC: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1996.

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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Gawdiak, Ihor, and Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. Czechoslovakia: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, 1989. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/88600487/.

APA citation style:

Gawdiak, I. & Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. (1989) Czechoslovakia: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/88600487/.

MLA citation style:

Gawdiak, Ihor, and Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. Czechoslovakia: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, 1989. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/88600487/>.

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