Book/Printed Material Image 26 of Persian Gulf states : country studies

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Partly as a result of this limited contact with the gulf and partly because of the mountains that cut off the interior from the coast, Oman has the most distinctive culture of the five states.
In general, the gulf has served as a major facilitator of trade and culture. The ancient civilization of Dilmun, for example, in present-day Bahrain existed as early as the fourth millen- nium B.C.
The Persian Gulf, however, also constitutes a ready channel for foreign conquerors. In addition to Britain, over the centu- ries the gulf states have known such rulers as the Greeks, Parthians, Sassanians, Iranians, and Portuguese. When England 's influence first came to the area in 1622, the Safavid shah of Iran sought England 's aid in driving the Portuguese out of the gulf.
Britain did not play a major role, however, until the early nineteenth century. At that time, attacks on British shipping by the Al Qasimi of the present-day UAE became so serious that Britain asked the assistance of the ruler of Oman in ending the attacks. In consequence, Britain in 1820 initiated treaties or truces with the various rulers of the area, giving rise to the term Trucial Coast.
The boundaries of the Persian Gulf states were considered relatively unimportant until the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 caused other gulf countries to define their geographic limits. Britain 's 1968 announcement that in 1971 it would aban- don its protectorate commitments east of the Suez Canal accel- erated the independence of the states. Oman had maintained its independence in principle since 1650. Kuwait, with the most advanced institutions — primarily because of its oil wealth — had declared its independence in 1961. Bahrain, Qatar, and the UAE followed suit in 1971. In the face of the Iranian Revolu- tion of 1979, all of the Persian Gulf states experienced fears for their security. These apprehensions led to their formation, together with Saudi Arabia, of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in May 1981.
Of all the gulf states, Kuwait clearly has the greatest security concerns. By early 1994, Kuwait largely had succeeded in rebuilding its damaged infrastructure and oil industry facilities ravaged by Iraq in the course of its August 2, 1990, invasion and subsequent scorched-earth policy concerning Kuwait 's oil wells. By June 1993, Kuwait had increased its oil production to such an extent that it refused the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) quota of 1.8 million barrels per
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Title
Persian Gulf states : country studies
Contributor Names
Metz, Helen Chapin, 1928-
Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
Created / Published
Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1994.
Contents
Historical setting. -- Kuwait. -- Bahrain. -- Qatar. -- United Arab Emirates. -- Oman. -- Regional and national security considerations.
Subject Headings
-  Persian Gulf States
Notes
-  "Research completed January 1993."
-  Supersedes the 1984 ed. of Persian Gulf states : country studies, edited by Richard F. Nyrop.
-  Includes bibliographical references (p. 417-433) and index.
-  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site and the Internet Archive Web site.
Medium
472 p. : ill., maps, charts ; 25 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
DS247.A13 P47 1994
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gdc/cntrystd.bh
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gdc/scd0001.00019188267
Library of Congress Control Number
93046476
Online Format
image
online text
pdf
Description
Book. 472 p. : ill., maps, charts ; 25 cm. Metz, Helen Chapin, 1928- , Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1994. Call Number: DS247.A13 P47 1994. Persian Gulf States "Research completed January 1993." Supersedes the 1984 ed. of Persian Gulf states : country studies, edited by Richard F. Nyrop. Includes bibliographical references (p. 417-433) and index.
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/93046476
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Sample format for citing a Country Study:

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed. Turkey:  A Country Study. Washington, DC: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1996.

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Chicago citation style:

Metz, Helen Chapin, and Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. Persian Gulf states: country studies. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, 1994. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/93046476/.

APA citation style:

Metz, H. C. & Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. (1994) Persian Gulf states: country studies. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/93046476/.

MLA citation style:

Metz, Helen Chapin, and Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. Persian Gulf states: country studies. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, 1994. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/93046476/>.