Book/Printed Material Image 40 of Poland : a country study

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strong advocacy of rapid capitalization of the economy, but in 1992 his traditional constituency, the workers in large factories, increas- ingly resisted painful transition steps such as wage controls and the closing of inefficient state-owned enterprises. Walesa failed to gain control of the national security policy-making apparatus in 1993, when the Sejm blocked legislation empowering the Nation- al Security Council that he had appointed.In the first months of 1993, Walesa 's position was destabilized by charges that his closest aide had collaborated with the communist secret police. This new phase in the campaign of Jaroslaw Ka- czynski, Walesa 's former chief of staff, to topple Walesa, aroused new questions about the deeds of present government officials in the communist era. It also endangered the unprecedented harmony that existed between Walesa and the Suchocka government in early 1993.As an institution, the Sejm 's performance in 1992 was mixed. Some sixty laws were passed, and numerous commissions met con- stantly. But most of the completed legislation covered rather nar- row topics. Urgent and fundamental issues such as privatization, electoral law, the role of the prosecutor general, and financial and penal law, were tabled, and the Sejm often was preoccupied with trivial disputes. Passage of the Little Constitution was considered a remarkable achievement, but emotional issues such as separa- tion of church and state made passage of a full constitution unlikely in the foreseeable future. Finally, the political qualifications of the average Sejm deputy were quite limited. Of the 460 members, six- teen were economists, twenty-two were lawyers, and few had sig- nificant political experience. This background had particular impact on the quality of legislation because in 1992 more bills were pro- posed by deputies than by the Council of Ministers.The coalition government of Prime Minister Suchocka, who took office in the summer of 1992, brought together seven parties with diverse programs. By that time, Solidarity, the political linchpin of the anticommunist drive and the soil from which many of the ruling parties had sprung, had disappeared as a unifying force. The branches that emerged reflected two major lines of thought from the old Solidarity. The Suchocka coalition united most of the major parties on the right side of Poland 's political spectrum. Within that grouping, the traditionalist right advocated continuing enough state intervention from the old communist system to protect social pro- grams for the disadvantaged; at the same time, it backed strong state regulation in religious and moral issues such as abortion. The leader of this subcoalition was the strongly Catholic Christian Na- tional Union. The " liberal " group, led by Suchocka 's Democraticxxxiv

About this Item

Title
Poland : a country study
Contributor Names
Curtis, Glenn E. (Glenn Eldon), 1946-
Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
Created / Published
Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1994.
Subject Headings
-  Poland
Notes
-  "Research completed October 1992."
-  Supersedes the 1984 ed. of Poland : a country study, edited by Harold D. Nelson.
-  Includes bibliographical references (p. 307-327) and index.
-  Also available in digital form.
Medium
xlix, 356 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
DK4040 .P57 1994
Library of Congress Control Number
93046235
Language
English
Online Format
image
online text
pdf
Description
"Research completed October 1992." Supersedes the 1984 ed. of Poland : a country study, edited by Harold D. Nelson. Includes bibliographical references (p. 307-327) and index. Also available in digital form.
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/93046235
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

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Sample format for citing a Country Study:

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed. Turkey:  A Country Study. Washington, DC: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1996.

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Chicago citation style:

Curtis, Glenn E, and Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. Poland: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, 1994. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/93046235/.

APA citation style:

Curtis, G. E. & Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. (1994) Poland: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/93046235/.

MLA citation style:

Curtis, Glenn E, and Library Of Congress. Federal Research Division. Poland: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, 1994. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/93046235/>.