Map Image 1 of Map of the Ocean Showing the Different Routes of the Navigators around the World.

About this Item

About this Item

Title
Map of the Ocean Showing the Different Routes of the Navigators around the World.
Other Title
Carte de l'Océan où sont tracées les différentes routes des navigateurs au tour du monde
Summary
Carte de l'Océan où sont tracées les différentes routes des navigateurs au tour du monde (Map of the ocean showing the different routes of the navigators around the world) was made by the French cartographer Jean-Nicolas Buache (1741-1825) to plan and subsequently chart the discoveries made on the voyage around the world of the French explorer Jean-François de Galaup La Pérouse (1741-88). In 1783 the French government decided to send an expedition to the Pacific to complete the work begun by the British explorer James Cook, and in particular to chart the Bering Sea, the geography of which was still poorly understood by Europeans. La Pérouse, a naval officer who had distinguished himself in two wars, including the American Revolution, was chosen to head the expedition. The preparatory map made for La Pérouse's voyage constituted a veritable catalog of geographic uncertainties in the Pacific Ocean. The map showed both the planned itinerary of La Pérouse and the routes of the principal European voyages in the Pacific up to the 1780s. In North America, a large part of the coast between Mount Saint Elias (in present-day Alaska) and the port of Monterey had yet to be explored. Five copies of the map were made; one copy was sent to King Louis XVI, who had it filled in as he received news about the progress of the expedition. Findings from the exploration of the western coasts of America were carefully noted in a loose-leaf folio. The image showing La Pérouse's route and discoveries then could be superimposed, for direct comparison, on those showing the discoveries of Cook, the Spanish, and other explorers. La Pérouse sailed from Brest August 1, 1785. He made important discoveries in the North Pacific--determining, for example, that Sakhalin is an island--but he never made it back to France. In March 1788 he was shipwrecked at Vanikoro, Santa Cruz (present-day Solomon Islands).
Contributor Names
Buache, Jean-Nicolas, 1741-1825 Cartographer.
La Pérouse, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de, 1741-1788 Associated Name.
Created / Published
[place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1785.
Subject Headings
-  China
-  Democratic People's Republic of Korea
-  Japan
-  Republic of Korea
-  Russian Federation
-  Mexico
-  Canada
-  United States of America
-  1785
-  Cook, James, 1728-1779
-  Exploration and encounters
-  Explorers
-  La Pérouse, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de, 1741-1788
-  Manuscript maps
-  Pacific Ocean
Notes
-  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
-  Original resource extent: 1 map in 3 sheets : handwritten, accented with colors and lined with blue silk ; (1) 62.5 x 162.5 centimeters, (2) 59.5 x 182 centimeters, (3) 62.5 x 182 centimeters.
-  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Leslie R. Marchant, "La Pérouse, Jean-François de Galaup (1741--1788)," in Australian Dictionary of Biography (Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, 1967- ).
-  Original resource at: National Library of France.
-  Content in French.
-  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
Medium
1 online resource.
Digital Id
https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.wdl/wdl.15486
Library of Congress Control Number
2021668634
Online Format
compressed data
pdf
image
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/2021668634
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Buache, Jean-Nicolas, Cartographer, and Jean-François De Galaup La Pérouse. Map of the Ocean Showing the Different Routes of the Navigators around the World. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1785] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668634/.

APA citation style:

Buache, J. & La Pérouse, J. D. G. (1785) Map of the Ocean Showing the Different Routes of the Navigators around the World. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668634/.

MLA citation style:

Buache, Jean-Nicolas, Cartographer, and Jean-François De Galaup La Pérouse. Map of the Ocean Showing the Different Routes of the Navigators around the World. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1785] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668634/>.

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