Photo, Print, Drawing 2. Overall view from a closer position, looking northwest. - Hooded Fireplace Pueblito, On a northern point of Superior Mesa about 700 meters west of Largo Canyon Wash, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM Photos from Survey HABS NM-160

About this Item

About this Item

Title
Hooded Fireplace Pueblito, On a northern point of Superior Mesa about 700 meters west of Largo Canyon Wash, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM
Contributor Names
Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Pueblo Indians
Navajo Indians
Fosberg, Stephen, field team
Jacobson, Louann, field team
Botsford, Manton, field team
Goddard, Roger, project manager
Wegman-French, Lysa, transmitter
Thallheimer, Arnold, photographer
Metzinger, Mira D, delineator
Shaw, Rodney B, delineator
Miller, Evan E, delineator
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1933
Subject Headings
-  pueblos
-  ruins
-  stone buildings (sandstone)
-  Indians of North America
-  building deterioration
-  settlement patterns
-  archaeology
-  New Mexico -- Rio Arriba County -- Dulce
Notes
-  Significance: The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and subsequent Spanish reconquest of 1692 forced many pueblo tribes to flee northwestward and seek temporary refuge in the traditional homeland of the Navajo, Dinetah. Hooded Fireplace Pueblito was one such refugee site. Subsequent attack by the Indians from the north, including the Ute, in combination with Spanish hostility, resulted in the construction of these defensive structures. This period is called the Gobernador Phase by archeologists. Hooded Fireplace Pueblito is located on a low sage-covered bench near Largo Canyon and has expansive views to the east and to the north. Larger than most pueblitos, the sandstone structure contains at least six ground-floor rooms. At least three of these rooms apparently had second stories. Portions of the original roof and roof hatch have survived. The pueblito reflects both Spanish and Pueblo architectural elements. The most notable Spanish detail involves the corner, hooded fireplace located in one of the rooms. The site also contains three large stone circles, probably the foundations for Navajo forked stick hogans, and a scatter of surface artifacts. Gobernador polychrome and Dinetah gray pottery sherds, usually associated with Pueblo Indians, are the most common ceramic found at the site. An analysis of the ceramics at the site suggest that Hooded Fireplace was probably occupied during the first half of the 18th century.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N564
-  Survey number: HABS NM-160
Medium
Photo(s): 7
Measured Drawing(s): 3
Photo Caption Page(s): 1
Call Number/Physical Location
HABS NM,20-DUL.V,7-
Source Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
nm0167
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Language
English
Online Format
image
pdf
Description
Photo(s): 7 | Measured Drawing(s): 3 | Photo Caption Page(s): 1

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Pueblo Indians, Navajo Indians, Stephen Fosberg, Louann Jacobson, Manton Botsford, Roger Goddard, Mira D Metzinger, Rodney B Shaw, and Evan E Miller, Thallheimer, Arnold, photographer. Hooded Fireplace Pueblito, On a northern point of Superior Mesa about 700 meters west of Largo Canyon Wash, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM. Dulce New Mexico Rio Arriba County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/nm0167/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Pueblo Indians, Navajo Indians, Fosberg, S., Jacobson, L., Botsford, M. [...] Miller, E. E., Thallheimer, A., photographer. (1933) Hooded Fireplace Pueblito, On a northern point of Superior Mesa about 700 meters west of Largo Canyon Wash, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM. Dulce New Mexico Rio Arriba County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/nm0167/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographer by Thallheimer, Arnold. Hooded Fireplace Pueblito, On a northern point of Superior Mesa about 700 meters west of Largo Canyon Wash, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/nm0167/>.