Manuscript/Mixed Material Letter, Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker expressing his belief that blacks possess talents equal to those of "other colours of men," 30 August 1791.

About this Item

About this Item

Title
Letter, Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker expressing his belief that blacks possess talents equal to those of "other colours of men," 30 August 1791.
Created / Published
30 August 1791
Subject Headings
-  African Americans
-  Slavery
-  Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)
-  Presidents
-  Banneker, Benjamin (1731-1806)
-  Condorcet, Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de (1743-1794)
-  Mathematicians
-  Manuscripts
Genre
Manuscripts
Notes
-  Reproduction number: A54 (color slide); LC-MSS-27748-21 (B&W negative)
-  While serving as secretary of state, Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), one of Virginia's largest planters and slaveholders, wrote this 30 August 1791 response to Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806), an African-American mathematician and surveyor living in Maryland, who had written a forceful letter to Jefferson the day before, chastising him for holding slaves and questioning his sincerity as a "friend of liberty." (Banneker's 19 August 1791 letter to Jefferson is held by the Massachusetts Historical Society). Jefferson and Banneker had been in contact previously, and the future president had been so impressed by Banneker's skills that he had recommended him for employment as an assistant surveyor of the new federal district. In a polite response to Banneker's August 1791 letter, Jefferson expressed his ambivalent feelings about slavery and assured the surveyor that "no body wishes more ardently to see a good system commenced for raising the condition" of blacks "to what it ought to be." Jefferson also indicated that he had sent an example of Banneker's work to the Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794), secretary of the Royal Academy of Science and a strong advocate of racial equality, for the marquis's use in disposing of other people's doubts about black inferiority. Years later, however, Jefferson reneged on his favorable comments to Banneker about blacks in letters to Henri Gregoire (1750-1831) and Joel Barlow (1754-1812) in 1809.
Source Collection
Thomas Jefferson Papers
Repository
Manuscript Division
Online Format
image
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

Rights & Access

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Letter, Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker expressing his belief that blacks possess talents equal to those of "other colours of men," 30 August. 30 August, 1791. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/mcc.028/.

APA citation style:

(1791) Letter, Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker expressing his belief that blacks possess talents equal to those of "other colours of men," 30 August. 30 August. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mcc.028/.

MLA citation style:

Letter, Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker expressing his belief that blacks possess talents equal to those of "other colours of men," 30 August. 30 August, 1791. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mcc.028/>.

More Manuscripts/Mixed Material like this