Book/Printed Material Equal suffrage : the results of an investigation in Colorado made for the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of New York State General Collections copy

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  • Image 1 of General Collections copy EQUAL SUFFRAGE
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 2 of General Collections copy EQUAL SUFFRAGE THE RESULTS OF AN INVESTIGATION IN COLORADO MADE FOR THE COLLEGIATE EQUAL SUFFRAGE LEAGUE OF NEW YORK STATE BY HELEN L. SUMNER, Ph.D. HARPER & BROTHERS PUBLISHERS NEW YORK AND LONDON MCMIX
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 3 of General Collections copy 09-29195 JK1911 .C6W6 Copy 2 ©CLA251237 R Copyright, 1909, by Harper & Brothers. All rights reserved. Published November, 1909.
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 4 of General Collections copy v CONTENTS CHAP. PAGE Introduction xiii I. THE PROBLEM AND LOCAL CONDITIONS 1 1. Purpose and Scope of the Investigation 1 2. Methods 5 3. History of Equal Suffrage in Colorado 15 4. Social, Economic, and Political Conditions in Colorado 18 II. PARTY MACHINERY 23 1. Caucuses and Primaries 24 2. Conventions 31 A. Women Delegates 31 B. Effect on Outward Appearance 34 C....
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 5 of General Collections copy IV. WOMEN IN PUBLIC OFFICE 128 1. State Legislators 130 2. State Superintendents of Public Instruction 131 3. County Superintendents of Schools 137 4. Women in Other County Offices 140 5. Women in City Offices 141 6. Women on School Boards 143 7. Women on State Boards 145 8. Conclusion 147 V. ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF EQUAL SUFFRAGE 150 1. Public Employment 151 2. Private...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 6 of General Collections copy APPENDIXES INDEX PAGE Text of Equal Suffrage Bill and Equal Suffrage Proclamation 261 Documents—Woman's Republican League of Colorado, 1900 262 Vote and Registration in Pueblo County, 1904-05 267 Tables Showing Tenancy, Naturalization, and Conjugal Condition of Denver Persons Registered in 1906, by Wards 268 Proportion of Teachers to Persons of School Age in Seventeen States and the United States 272 Women in Office 272...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 7 of General Collections copy ix PREFACE This investigation is a serious attempt to disentangle from other political factors the influence of equal suffrage upon political and social life. It is not pretended, of course, that such a study can affect in anyway the right of women to the ballot. It has been made for the purpose of assisting toward a rational conclusion those fair-minded, impartial men and women...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 8 of General Collections copy x actual field-study was not concluded until December, 1907, after which another half-year was needed to sift results, prepare summaries, and formulate conclusions. In all I have spent nearly two years upon the subject of equal suffrage, with special reference to its actual results and achievements in Colorado. Half a dozen or more assistants, too, have given, under direction, valuable aid, for which I...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 9 of General Collections copy Colorado, I have received important help in the preparation of the chapter on legislation, and from my mother continuous and unwearied aid and sympathy throughout my task. Helen L. Sumner. Madison, Wisconsin.
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 10 of General Collections copy xiii INTRODUCTION The Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of New York State, in submitting to the public the following report of conditions in Colorado in 1906, after twelve years of complete woman's suffrage, made by Miss Helen L. Sumner for the League, wishes to draw the attention of the reader to certain salient points in it. As Miss Sumner states, the investigation was conducted by...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 11 of General Collections copy xiv of things of interest to the student of social psychology. Before considering these lessons in detail, it is proper to examine the peculiar influences to which public opinion in Colorado is subjected. On the north, Colorado is bounded by Wyoming, where women have been citizens on the same terms as men since 1869, and on the west by Utah, where women voted in...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 12 of General Collections copy xv who come to her in the search for health, and all these people bring with them the beliefs that have been fostered in them by their native surroundings. It is, I think, fair to suppose that the majority are not believers in woman's suffrage, and that, coming from communities where publicly to advocate it has until quite recently constituted, in the eyes of...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 13 of General Collections copy xvi as a whole, we must not fail to remember the complexity of the phenomenon we are attempting to study. Analyzing her results with a view to discovering what they show in regard to general sentiment about woman's suffrage, Miss Sumner tells us that of the 616 men who answered the question-blank sent them, 94, or 15.3 per cent, did not definitely state whether...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 14 of General Collections copy xvii answering Miss Sumner's question, we find that 340, or 65.1 per cent., were in favor, so that is the figures here submitted show anything, they show a notable gain in sentiment favorable to women's voting among the men of Colorado. Some men are still unconvinced by its twelve years of trial that it is a good thing, some are still doubtful, and some...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 15 of General Collections copy xviii type of woman. We have learned, it is true, by experience that the educated woman who may, if she wishes, attend colleges and universities and practise professions, is a different creature from the illiterate or the uneducated woman, and that the woman whose right in her children is legally recognized, and who may control property or engage in business independently of her husband,...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 16 of General Collections copy xix unreasonable, and doomed to disappointment. We cannot expect from many people the combination of common sense and enthusiasm shown by the man from Weld County, quoted by Miss Summer on page 220. He says: “I am entirely satisfied with the results that have been achieved. I voted for women's suffrage in 1893, at the time it was carried in Colorado, but I did...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 17 of General Collections copy xx We have, unfortunately, no means of comparing the belief in equal suffrage among the women of Colorado in 1996 with that before the vote was actually given them, and we must, therefore, content ourselves with noting that while the proportion of women declaring themselves indifferent or undecided is nearly as large as the proportion of men, the proportion of women believers is much...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 18 of General Collections copy xxi voters of Denver, and primarily, it is conceded, by the women voters. A few experiences of this sort are teaching the bosses some most salutary lessons, even while they keep in their grasp the power over the votes given them by the present primary laws. Already it has come about that saloon-keepers and men of notoriously immoral lives are rarely, if ever, nominated...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 19 of General Collections copy xxii problem, and is, moreover, well adapted to teach the student a most salutary lesson in open-mindedness. It is of the very greatest interest to see what these unfavorable men and women have to say to justify their disbelief in equal suffrage. Almost no support is given to the contention that women's influences on politics would be bad, and hardly a mention is made...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 20 of General Collections copy xxiii long practised by many men and sanctioned, tacitly at least, it must be believed, by some women, makes an exaggerated impression. No person, however unreasonable, maintains that all women are honorable, and no reasonable person fails to realize that political power will uncover a certain amount of moral weakness in women now passing as honorable. But the vote is not withheld from men...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 21 of General Collections copy xxiv their exploiters, and yet the police continue to hold their offices. In Denver, soon after the enfranchisement of women, they even carried their insolence so far as to force the prostitutes to vote for them to help keep them in office, and this fact raised a storm against woman's suffrage from many high-minded people. It was well known before that the police and...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 22 of General Collections copy xxv of Denver no longer vote in large number, but the respectable women to whom they appealed do vote, and in time—for the must have time—they will help to save the prostitutes from other things more harmful to the community than their voting. Quite a number of people unfavorable in principle to equal suffrage, answering Miss Sumner's questions, say that its effect on women's...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 23 of General Collections copy xxvi grown-up children only, and that others with little children enter politics as a means of getting money for them, which cannot be called neglect of them, though it may seem such to superficial observers. In the second part of her investigation, which has to do no longer with public opinion, but with ascertainable facts, Miss Sumner has shown that the women of Colorado,...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 24 of General Collections copy xxvii twelve years under consideration, posts for which their experience as non-enfranchised citizens has most obviously prepared them. It is both natural and fortunate that this should be so, for we must not forget that we are studying a period of transition. Women have always been the teachers of children; they form a large majority of the public-school teachers in the United States; they...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 25 of General Collections copy xxviii always in large measure fallen upon women, and the sentiments of sympathy and pity to which women are usually more susceptible than men, and the greater leisure they often enjoy, have always made women, however powerless politically, concern themselves with the fate of unfortunate individuals about them, even when these individuals were not their direct charge. Godiva, of legendary days, using her influence...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 26 of General Collections copy xxix municipal and county vote gives them joint control with men. In fact, English philanthropists frequently point out that in America, as a rule, private charities in the management of which women take a large share are better run than public charities to which women contribute much less, while no such disparity exists in England. A study of English public charitable institutions is recommended...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 27 of General Collections copy xxx per cent. of the price charged the state. Now, in Colorado, a woman member of a controlling board, or it may be a woman housekeeper of an institution, has power to make the people responsible for such meanest of all thefts really afraid of dismissal, for she has behind her a great mass of silent women voters quite ready, when a moral issue...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 28 of General Collections copy xxxi effectively in their own interest, and it is, of course, idle to except the small number of women now enfranchised in the United States to control so vast a problem. Therefore, it should surprise no one that Miss Sumner finds the wages of women in Colorado very little, if at all, affected by their possession of the vote. But, none the less, the...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 29 of General Collections copy xxxii other men practising professions that prevent their active participation in politics. Bringing up children and managing a family are time-consuming occupations, especially when the mother must also help in supporting it, as too often happens; and precisely for this reason it would seem that women should be given an easy way, like the ballot, of making the qualities fostered in them by motherhood...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 30 of General Collections copy xxxiii obtained in California; and the laws concerning homesteads, made in the interest of the family, have also often been cited. It should cause small wonder that little was left to do in putting women on a legal equality with men in regard to property and business opportunity, since the granting women the franchise is but the last logical step in their gradual emancipation....
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 31 of General Collections copy xxxiv are women, Miss Sumner tells us (page 191). The benevolent women of Colorado are doing their humane work, not as private individuals in private societies, but as citizens under the control of a government for which, as voters, they are responsible, a fact very salutary, in my opinion, both for them and the government. Thus, when in 1907 an effort was made to...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 32 of General Collections copy xxxv the minds of humane people who know about them, and I venture to submit that this horror is responsible for the emergence into public life of our women philanthropists against heavy odds. They have been goaded by overmastering pity to use their abilities for the good of the community against the will, as it were, of the community, since the community does not...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 33 of General Collections copy the chief gain to the state from their enfranchisement, and it seems, indeed, as though very few things could be of more importance to a state than the intelligence and public spirit of nearly half of its members. But this improvement in the women of the community is by no means the whole of this gain, since women exert an immense influence over the...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 34 of General Collections copy 1 EQUAL SUFFRAGEITHE PROBLEM AND LOCAL CONDITIONS -1. Purpose and Scope of the Investigation Shall women vote? Upon this question nearly every one has an opinion—usually founded upon a more or less conscious and coherent philosophical theory of the relation of the sexes. The consistent advocates of the theory of natural rights usually favor equal suffrage, upon the ground that women have an inalienable...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 35 of General Collections copy 2 Eliminating without deciding, then, the question of right, the investigation proceeds on the assumption that the answer to the proposition, “Shall women vote?” is to be found in the good or evil results of equal suffrage in practice. “An ounce of fact is worth a ton of theory.” Here, again, however, it must be kept distinctly in mind that there are at least...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 36 of General Collections copy 3 this provision in the constitution under which the state was admitted into the Union in 1876. New Hampshire and Oregon followed in 1878, Massachusetts in 1879, New York and Vermont in 1880, Nebraska in 1883, Wisconsin in 1885, North and South Dakota, Montana, Arizona, and New Jersey in 1887, Illinois in 1891, Connecticut in 1893, and Ohio in 1894. At present there are...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 37 of General Collections copy 4 vote on all questions except the membership of the national legislature. In Russia municipal officers are elected by the votes of real-estate owners regardless of sex. 1 It is said that women possess at the present time some form of suffrage in every European nation except Greece, Spain, Portugal, Holland, and some German states. 1 Woman Suffrage Hearing before the Committee on the...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 38 of General Collections copy 5 selected for an intensive study, in the belief that this state furnishes the best example of the practical working of equal suffrage and the best indication at present obtainable of its probable results if introduced into other communities. 2. Methods The principal methods employed in the investigation were four: First, the circulation of question-blanks, designed to cover points incapable of direct statistical measurement...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 39 of General Collections copy 6 the investigation covers condition in the whole state, but on certain other questions, such as the proportion of women voting, it was impossible to cover the entire state with the thoroughness desired, and, therefore, nine representative counties were selected for special investigation. Denver was, of course, chosen as the largest and most important industrial centre. The other countries chosen were Boulder, Delta, Huerfano,...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 40 of General Collections copy 7 one on the eastern slope one on the western, combine agriculture with mining and smelting, Boulder being the seat of the State University, and Durango the county-seat of La Plata County and the “Metropolis of the Southwest.” The results obtained by a careful study of these communities should furnish a pair picture of conditions throughout the state. The questions on the blank mentioned...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 41 of General Collections copy 8 answering believed in equal suffrage, what political work he or she had done or offices held, what was his or her occupation, whether married or single, and how many children. The replies to these last questions give interesting facts in regard to the women who are active in politics. These question-blanks were sent to women and men delegates to conventions, members of political...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 42 of General Collections copy 9 who refused to fill the blank, twenty-six said they were not interested in politics, a number of them denying that they had ever taken any part whatever, though their names and addresses had been published as delegates to conventions. Two said they had never even voted. Eight or ten more who refused gave enough information to answer a number of questions, and are...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 43 of General Collections copy 10 thought men looked better on the platform than women, to the state legislator who volunteered the following general observation: “The advocates of female suffrage make a great mistake in claiming wonderful advantages and improvements as sure to result therefrom. Women are not naturally more honest or more unselfish than men. Equal suffrage should be demanded as a matter of justice and right, and...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 44 of General Collections copy 11 of sex prejudice on the one hand sex pride on the other, but also because what the men think and what the women think is of separate interest and importance. These two points of classification are carried out for all questions except the personal descriptions furnished by Questions 18, 19, 22, and 23, where the division according to belief or disbelief in equal...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 45 of General Collections copy 12 class have had any experience in politics. Most of these women are either in business, or are teachers, postmasters, or officers of local women's clubs. With the exception of the answers from the few Denver people classified as members of the State Legislature or county superintendents, and from a dozen or so wholly inexperienced persons classified among the other citizens of the state,...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 46 of General Collections copy 13 no importance by adding the prominent Denver women's answers to the answers of the Denver women delegates. The main divisions made for answers to these latter questions are, then, only three: (A) State Officers, (B) Political Workers, State, and (C) Delegates, Denver. The summary tables of the answers to each question will be found under the section in which that question is considered....
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 47 of General Collections copy 14 conventions, and political meetings. This includes a consideration of the corruption of women in politics, whether greater or less than that of men, and takes women through the partisan work of election day. Though several of the subjects considered do not relate exclusively to the two great political parties, they fall under the general heading, “party machinery.” The next subject is naturally the...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 48 of General Collections copy 15 3. History of Equal Suffrage in Colorado As early as 1868 an effort was made to introduce the equal-suffrage question in the Territorial Legislature of Colorado, and in 1870 Governor Edward McCook recommended the measure in his message to the legislature. This was followed by the introduction of a bill, which was defeated in the Council-Chamber by a majority of one, and in...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 49 of General Collections copy 16 was defeated in the legislative, and in 1891 a bill asking for a constitutional amendment giving full suffrage went by default because of failure to introduce it within the required time. It was not until the wave of Populist enthusiasm of 1892 that equal suffrage became again a live political issue. The Populists had an equal-suffrage plank in their state platform, and their...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909
  • Image 50 of General Collections copy 17 majority of 6818 in its favor. 1 The total vote was 35,798 for, and 29,451 against—a majority of 6347 votes. It is of interest to note that the equal-suffrage amendment was not submitted at the time of a state election, but at the county elections, which were then held in the odd years. The total vote on the proposition was only 65,249, while...
    • Contributor: Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura) - Catt, Carrie Chapman - National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1909

About this Item

Title
Equal suffrage : the results of an investigation in Colorado made for the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of New York State
Summary
An examination of the effects of woman suffrage on "political and social life," using Colorado as a case study.
Contributor Names
Sumner, Helen L. (Helen Laura), 1876-1933.
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947, former owner.
National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection (Library of Congress)
Created / Published
New York ; London : Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1909.
Subject Headings
-  Women--Suffrage--Colorado
-  Collegiate Equal Suffrage League
Notes
-  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site.
Medium
xxxv, [1], 281, [1] p. ; 22 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
JK1911.C6 W6
JK1881 .N357 sec. VII, no. 11 Bookplate: library, Carrie Chapman Catt. Gift of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, Nov. 1, 1938.
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.rbc/rbnawsa.n9195
Library of Congress Control Number
09029195
Online Format
image
online text
pdf
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/09029195
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection.

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Chicago citation style:

Sumner, Helen L, Carrie Chapman Catt, and National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection. Equal suffrage: the results of an investigation in Colorado made for the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of New York State. New York ; London: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1909. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/09029195/.

APA citation style:

Sumner, H. L., Catt, C. C. & National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection. (1909) Equal suffrage: the results of an investigation in Colorado made for the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of New York State. New York ; London: Harper & Brothers, Publishers. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/09029195/.

MLA citation style:

Sumner, Helen L, Carrie Chapman Catt, and National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection. Equal suffrage: the results of an investigation in Colorado made for the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of New York State. New York ; London: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1909. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/09029195/>.

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