Newspaper Image 22 of New York journal (New York [N.Y.]), September 27, 1896

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Athletic Employes of the Will
iamsburg Jute Mills Who
Don't Need Chaperons.
They Carv Run, Jump, Swim, Swing
Indian Clubs and Box
Like Men.
Miss Freeman, a Former Jute Worker, Be
came the Champion Female Heavy
weight Pugilist of the World.
Noonday Meetings.
There are many peculiar types about the
Williamsburg girl, but the many peculiari
ties that the ordinary girl In Williamsburg
possesses are nothing when compared to the
two thousand or more up-to-date girls who
are employed in the large jute mills along
the water front. They are "new women,"
inasmuch as they have many of the ac
complishments that the "new woman" is
supposed to possess. They are for the best
^lart athletic young women, who can run,
jump, swing Indian clubs, swim, ride a bi
cycle, and last, but not least, they can box,
as many a young man living in Williams
burg will attest to.
The "jute workers," as the girls are
called, receive but scanty wages for their
work, but they always seem to be hapjjy
at all seasons of the year.
The September weather seems to agree
with the girls employed in the big mills
along the water front. Each pleasant day
during the week groups of them are to be
seen in the streets about the mills indulg
ing in athletic sports. The only time they
have for enjoyment during the day is the
half hour they are allowed for lunch. Wheu
the steam slackens at the noon hour they
leave their machines and, after disposing
of a light lunch, rush from the mills into
the streets, where they indulge in all sorts
of exercises. They jump, wrestle, play
baseball, and. if any two of the girls should
have n grievance, they settle it with fisti
cuffs. They don't bandy words, as their
more fortunate sisters do. If they quarrel
while at work it is mutually agreed upon
that the dispute shall be settled during the
time allotted them to dispose of their
frugal lunch. These contests for supremacy
without boxing gloves would delight such
men as Corbett or Fitzsimmons, who are
not like the "jute girls." The battles be
tween the girls are almost of daily occur
rence. They don't seem to mind a bleeding
nose or a discolored eye. and the winner of
a contest is always carried off on the shoul
ders of her followers, while the loser's
friends console with her and advise as to
what she should have done while the fight
was on.
That the "jute girls"are not pugilistically
Inclined when let alone is a fact. but. as
they believe, and so do their friends, that
talk is cheap and not as effective as it
should be, they have of recent years taken
up the study of the manly art of self de
fence, and they don't require the assistance
of a chaperon when they care to go for a
day's outing or are compelled to work late
at night.
The girls, although they can use their
hands to good effect, don't at all times
fight each other. In the mills about 500
rung men are employed. Where you find
.00 men and 2,000 of the weaker sex at
work in the one building, it is generally
the case that among the list of men are to
be found some who will at times insult the
young women. When any girl is insulted,
should she be too weak to retaliate with a
bl<?w. one of her stronger sisters will take
her part, and the young man is sure to re
ceive a sound thrashing.
The ages of the females employed by the
American Manufacturing Company ranee
from fourteen to thirty years.
The free swimming bath at the foot of
Noble street Is patronized by the "jute
girls" on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri
days during the warm weather, but it has
been hinted that some of the girls don't
like the idea of the small free swimming
bath, and have, when they desired to take
a plunge, dived into the East River.
The plant of the Chelsea jute mills is at
Commercial street. In these mills the
same class of sir's as are employed in the
mills of the American Manufacturing Com
pany predominate. They, like their sis
ters' are athletically inclined. The "jute
girls" each year hold a reception in one of
the largest halls in Williamsburg.
A fair sample of the "jute girl" is Miss
Oussie Freeman, who lays claim to be the
champion female heavyweig'm pugilist of
the world. Miss Freeman until four years
ago was employed in the Waterbury mills
in Williamsburg. She did work that would
have required the'services of two men. She
could box. play baseball, and. in fact. com.
pete with the ordinary man in athletic
Hattle Leslie, now dead, who claimed to
be the champion female heavyweight pugi
list of the world, at that time was meeting,
r 11 comers at a Grand street theatre. The
many girls who were employed in the mill
with Miss Freeman urged the latter to
meet Hattle Leslie, and Miss Freeman
finally consented to appear before the pub
lie as a female boxer. She was not long
in defeating the Leslie woman, and a
month after her victory she left the mills
and travelled with a burlesque company,
meeting all comers, including men. She
never met with defeat, and once she issued
?i challenge to soar Corbett four rounds,
but he refused the offer. The life on the
road wit's not to the liking of Miss Free
man. and she returned to Williamsburg
and ooened a liquor store, where she acted
as her own barkeeper. She quieted all
disturbances in her saloon, and if a cus
tomer was boisterous she handled him in
her own peculiar way. The Raines law
compelled her to retire from the liquor
I .siness. and she seriously thinking of
returning to the mills. t
All the girls in the mills are not adepts i
in athletics, as many of them are of a re
'iring disposition and don't take part in
the giimes indulged in by the others. One
f-iet about the girls that work in the mills
'.'?is been noted by the police, and the at
tache* of the police courts, and that is that
when a ir 1 leaves the mills to become the
wife of some workingman she never has
cause to have him arraigned in court for
assaulting her. She can take care of her
National Fair to Be Held in Brooklyn to Raise
Funds for the Project.
The steady growth of the Swedish com
munity In Brooklyn has made It a pressing
necessity 1? some manner to alleviate the
suffering of their stick poor. It has there
fore been (Jecided to build a Swedish hos
The Swedish Hospital was Incorporated
on July 21, 189G. and the officers are as
follows: Charles G. Edllng, president,
No. 10SG Pacific street, Brooklyn; Hon.
Ernest Lundgren, vice-president, No. 1
Agate court, Brooklyn; H. A. C. Dahl,
cashier, No. 228 Scheruierhorn street,
Brooklyn; Charles K Johanson. financial
secretary, editor of the North Star, Tost
Office Box 50, New York; C. E. Elfstrom,
consulting medical doctor, No. 445 State
street. Brooklyn.
It will be an entirely charitable associa
tion, and no deduction of any sort will be
made for the payment to individuals, the
whole of the subscriptions being devoted
to the charity.
On November 21, 1896. to and Including
th" 28th day of same, aionth. a Swedish
national fair will be held nt the Universal,
Washington street, Brooklyn. The idea of
this fair Is to raise funds for the hospital,
and with lh? talent and energy at their
command it is confidently anticipated to
make it botb artistic, instructive and suc
cessful, _
Attractions at the
Brooklyn Theatres.
Famous specialists, representing various
lines of divert ing entertainment,, are com
I prised in the 11st of vaudevillers who have
been made nu mbers of Charles B. Jeffer
i son's "Olyinpiu" company. Sandow, who
is admittedly '.fhe foremost athlete known
hto modern times, is the* top liner in the ag
gregation. ami in addition to exhibiting his
remarkable pvweirs of resistance to weight
and force he w:Jl appear in "Cleon," a
drama in one a?ct which is said to be thrlll
ingly sensational. Aside from his unique
contributions to> the entertainment Alcide
Capitaiue. the queen of aerial perform
ers; Muldoon, thti champion wrestling pony;
Ara, Zebra and Vara, premier pyramidlsts
of Continental Eiirope; Wood and Shepard,
old-fashioned negi o conn*dians; Jessie Mer
riles, an eccentric ?Jun;-?r, and Mandate,
Spanish juggler, are enumerated as being
important among the ailing company. As
this will bfc' the first vaudeville troupo to ap
pear in the hallowed hills of the aristo
cratic Columbia, aru". as Sandow has a very
extensive vogue, nntth is expected by the
management from tj?e engagement, which
begins to-morrow night.
That really remarkal ?le man Edward Har
ligan has been given iihii pleasant duty of
inaugurating the season at the pretty Park
Theatre, the doors 01* which will open
to-morrow night. Mr. tHarrigan will be
been In the most rec< trt play which his
fertile fancy has tboug hv out. "Marty Ma
lone" is the character; ?tic title of it, and
while it may be consic iered a rather quiet
play by some of the luthor-actor's many
admirers, the fact thf it boisterous horse
play, noisy explosions and free and fierce
fights between the dra inatis personae are
noticeable chiefly beci luse they are not
shown is matter for c ongrfltulatlon. Of
the several new songs s ang during the per
formance "Savannah Sue" is credited with
being the best. Several of the most capa
ble members of Mr. Har rigan's former com
panies, notably Dan C< >llyer, Thomas Le
Mack and Harry A. Flsl ler, are in the cast
of "Marty Malone," ai id with them are
such well liked newcomers aa Catherine
Lewis and Maggie Fiel< Hng.
Two famous actresse?, Jeffreys Lewis
and Jane Coombs will civide the honors
here next week. They a re to appear in a
dramatization of Charles Dickens's "Bleak
House," and they will alternate in the
characters of Lady Dedlc ick and Hortense.
The play is decidedly guewsome? more so
probably, than any of t le dramas which
have been made from t >e novels of the
famous Englishman. The woes of Poor Jo,
the crossing sweeper, who was constantly
"moving on" at the mand ate of the police,
and the brusciue brutal Ity of Inspector
Bucket, are incidents in fhe story of the
miseries of Lady Dedlo< ik which aid to
make up a picture which will linger long
in the memory.
Lillian Lewis will not down; Indeed, she
will not even languish. I) ri ermittently sto
ries come from various p ?lnts of the com
pass to the effect that the company of
which she is the advertised stellar mag
net has collapsed becai use of a non-ap
preciative public?that she has been shot,
or has met with some .serious accident,
which has brought her dangerously near
to death: that she has retired from the
stage forever and for aye, and other dis
tressing tales. But she bobs up serenely
after a brief absence from public view and
renews her war upon the Philistines who
affect to disregard her. This time she
emerges from her Summer season retire
ment under exceptionally ambitious and
hopeful conditions. She has a new play,
and what is much more surprising, a really
excellent assortment of actors. Players of
established repute, such asi Eleanor Carey,
Lawrence Hanlev, Theodoix* Hamilton and
Mrs. Frank A. Tanenhill, tire to unite with
her here next week in exploiting "An In
nocent Sinner," a drama of the Blue Ridge
A ptay that Is expected to take high rank
among rne new offerings this season Is
"Failen Among Thieves." Frank Harvey
wrote It, and it is on a plane with tiie
many crime terrorizing dramas that he
has turred out in the past decade. Davis
and Keogh are the managerial sponsors of
it, and they have given it an environ
ment of sensational scenery and an inter
preting company which is expected to prove
Itself fully competent.
Minstrelsy of the best class will be pro
vided here during the coming week by the
allied forces of W. S. Cleveland and J.
H. Haverly.
Robert Manchester's new Night Owls
burlesque troupe, which contains several
pretty girls and a brace of fun-making
comedians, is scheduled to appear her*
every afternoon and evening for the week,
which begins to-morrow.
Hal Ileld's effective drama "Human
Hearts" which was seen at the Grand a
fortnight ago, is to be the stage attrac
tion at the Gaiety next week.
The Vaudeville Club of Messrs. Weber
Fields moves over from Hyde Beh
man's to this houBe to-morrow for a
week's stay.
The Annual Retirement Begins at Brent
wood, L. I., To-morrow.
When the convent bells at Brentwood, L.
I., ring at 5 o'clock to-morrow morning
it will be to awaken a distinguished gath
ering of prelates from all parts of the
Catholic diocese of Long Island, who have
come to this beautiful spot to begin the an
nual retreat of recollection and silence.
The Bight Rev. Bishop McDonnell will pre
side over the gathering. The retreat will
last two weeks, but the priests who attend
the first week will not be required to be
present at the second week's session.
Every priest in the diocese will be re
quired to attend. These retreats in former
years have been held in St. John's College,
Willoughby and Lewis avenues, Brook
lyn, but owing to poor accommodations for
such a large number of visitors it was
deemed advisable to hold it In the country,
where there would be more freedom and
out of the noise of the city.
Father Gleason, S. J., will preach the
sermon and conduct the spiritual exercises.
He is an eloquent orator.
Throughout the world the secular clergy
go in retreat once a year, which is gener
ally held in the Autumn season. At a re
treat the priests rise at 5 o'clock in the
morning and until 0 o'clock at night 4acb
clergyman is kept busy. The regularity of
the exercises and the silence of the sur
roundings gives a new vigor to the prelate,
and he returns at the close of-the retreat
to his parish refreshed spiritually and
Everything for housekeeping. Make your
own terms. The finest and best ussorted
stock in the city. We never take advan
tage of customers who get in arrears
through uo fault of theirs. Call and see
for yourself.
2F,;?o;rs,rm Brooklyn, n. y.
Open Urtil 10 P. M. Saturdays.,
The Club to Give an Entertain
ment to Raise Money for Campaign
The Wyandance Democratic Club is pre
paring to give an entertainment at Eck
ford Hali, Brooklyn, for the benefit of the
Journal's campaign fund. Thursday, Octo
ber 15 is the date fixed, and the plans of
those who hare the arrangement of the pro
gramme in charge warrant the assertion
that the affair will be one of decided merit.
The Wyandance Club is one of the most
popular political organizations in Brooklyn.
Peter J. Knect is president, Fred W. Ep
ping secretary, John J. Mahoney, treas
urer, and the Committee on Entertainment
is composed of Joe M. Lawrence, chairman;
Adam Elch, John O'Neill and William
Reynolds. Mr. Latimer, the chairman of
the committee In charge of this entertain
ment, is the secretary of the Actors' Na
tional Protective Union, which will fur
nish the talent for the entertainment. He
is not ready as yet to announce any of the
features ,but gives his assurrance that the
list of those who will take part will 'con
tain some of the best-known people on
variety stage.
The Mollenhauers to Build a Large Structure
;n Opposition to the Trust.
The work of demolishing the old build
ings of the People's Gas Light Company,
on Kent avenue, Brooklyn, has been accom
plished and plans have been under inspec
tion for some time for the building of a
mammoth sugar refinery, to be owned and
controlled by the Mollenhauers, who have
been waging war against the Sugar Trust
for years. The work of demolishing the old
buildings was completed yesterday, and
the debris has been removed from the
grounds, which is one of the finest pieces
of property on the water front of Brook
The large refinery now conducted by the
Mollenhauers Is across the way from where
the proposed new house is to be built. The
Mollenhauers bought the plant of the Peo
ple's Gas Light Company months ago, pay
ing an enormous price for it. The work
of removing the old buildings and retorts
has been going on for months, and now, as
the way is cleared, the building of another
large sugar refinery, It Is expected, will
be begun shortly.
The plans for the building of the new
structure will not be made public for some
time, but it is said that the new refinery
will surpass any of those owned by the
Trust in Brooklyn. 1
Mrs. Church Is Known as the
Angel of the Williamsburg
Police Court.
She Has Aided and Secured the
Release of Almost Two Thousand
Deserted by Her Husband for Another
Woman, She Chose the Life of a
Missionary?Conducts Religious
Services Regularly.
A little, frail woman, about thirty-five
years old. may be seen any day in the
Ewen Street Police Court. Williamsburg,
pleading with Justice Lemon for the re
lease of some unfortunate member of her
own sex. who through force of circum
stances or a vicious mind is a prisoner
upon some charge or other. The little,
frail woman, who during the week secured
the release of six women, some of them not
as old as herself and two of them not yet
In their twenties, is known as the "angel."
Mrs. Maria Church is a woman of a
sweet temperament. She began the life of
a missionary four years ago. Her hus
band, Samuel Church, was then a member
of the Brooklyn Police Department, and
was regarded as one of the handsomest
looking men connected with the Bedford
Avenue Station. His good looks won for
him the admiration of many of the beUes
of Williamsburg, and for one of tbepi he
abandoned his wife and children. IX was
then that Maria Church decided that as
her lot was a cruel one she would not lead
a life of bitterness, but that she would de
vote what spare time she had to the edu
cating of her other unfortunate sisters.
She became attached to a little mission
house In North Second street, and there
met the Rev. A. S. Orne, who had just
come to Brooklyn to work among the poor.
She became very much attached to the
methods employed by the Rev. Orne as he
went among the poorer classes preaching
the gospel, and she asked to be allowed
to assist in the good work. The clergyman
and "angel" worked together for months,
when the Ewen Street Police Court, by an
act of the Legislature, was established.
William Watson, a man who haij 110 tend
encies toward any sect, was appointed to
preside over tlio court. The old building
at Ewen and Powers streets was turned
into a courtroom, and the court, that is
now known as the Essex Market Court of
Brooklyn, was opened for the administra
tion of justice. One day the Rev. Orne had
occasion to visit the court to speak for the
release of a prisoner who had been one of
his converts, but who had gone back to
the old life of sin and shame. With the
clergyman was Mrs. Church. A number of
women, young and old. were arraigned
charged with various violations of the
law. She felt keenly for these women pris
oners, and after a consultation with her
clerical friend the two decided to ask Jus
tice Watson to permit them to do mis
sionary work in the court house. Judge
Watson granted the desired permission.
Thus it was that the first missionary
work was established In a Brooklyn police
court, and from that day has continued.
Justice Watson aided Mr. Orne and Mrs.
Church, in many ways. One day a man
and wife Jiiade counter charges of assault.
They had been married over a year, and
as the case was gone over with and it de
pended on the Justice what punishment
should be meted out to the couple, he
called the two missionaries to him and
said: "Where do you hold religious cere
monies 011 Sundays?"
'*Ve have 110 place at the present time
In which to conduct services," was the an
"You can have the use of this courtroom
each Sunday afternoon until such time as
you can secure a place of worship," said
the Justice. Looking at the young couple
who stood before the bar. Justice Watson
added: "Why don't you young people live
happily? I don't want to send you to jail,
and as this courtroom will be open on
Sunday afternoons as a house of worship,
I ^sentence each of you to attend the reli
gious services for the next six Sundays."
The couple were pleased to escape with
what they termed a light punishment.
Other persons received similar sentences.
Mrs. Church visited the courtroom each
day. She went among the women of the
streets who were taken prisoners. She
consoled and advised them, and for those
who promised they would reform she plead
ed for their release, and her request in
most cases was granted.
Last year she was left alone in her
work, the Rev. Mr. Orne having sought an
other field up the State. Since then she
has secured the release of 110 less than
500 women. Last week Mrs. Church had
some severe customers to handle. She
pleaded with one drunken woman, who had
been arrested in Greenpoiut, but to her
kind words she received nothing but curses
and threats. Her one aim among women
is to have them, leave Intoxicating drinks
alone. She blames liquor for bringing 90
per cent of the women to the court, and
when she finds a young girl who is ad
dicted to strong drink she always pleads
that the unfortunate be committed to her
charge for a few days, when, if the girl
still insistes 011 drinking, she is usually
sent to an institution for six months.
Mrs. Church is at the court eacli morn
ing at 8 o'clock and stays until the pro
mis Handsome Sill Parlor sin 015 pieces, win 535.00, $16.00.
Clothing, Furniture and Carpets
221, 223, 225, 227 Grand St.,
Newtown, Corona, Maspeth and Meeker Ave. cars
pass our door. Qet off Broadway and Nassau cars, at
Driggs Ave., and walk a short distance to drand St.;
Crosstown cars pass our corner.
166, f68, 170 Smith Street,
Smith St. and Coney Island cars pass our door; all
Brooklyn Heights lines transfer to Court St. Get off at
Wyckoff and walk one block to our new five-story build
ing on the corner.
ceedings are over, when she returns to her
home or goes among the poor In the
crowded colonies, where she Is met by
children, who confide to her how their
parents have been acting since her last
call. The work of the "angel" is not done
until each night at 10 o'clock. She pre
sides over the Bethany Mission on Grand
street, which she and the Rev. Mr. Orne,
with the assistance of former Justice Wat
son. the attaches of the Ewen Street Court
and business men along Grand street,
founded. The unfortunates who are re
leased from custody in the court are re
quested to attend the services in the mis
sion, and many of them do so. Mrs.
Church, although not a woman of wealth,
wants for nothing. When she decided to
devote her life to the work of reforming
the weaker members of her sex, she de
cided to accept no contributions for her
own personal use, and. as she says a wo
man's needs are not many, she lives in
frugal style on the interest of a small
amount she saved"during her life. Like
Mrs. Foster, the angel of the Tombs, the
"angel" of the Williamsburg court finds a
home and employment for those who are
willing to allow themselves to be taken in
her charge. In conversation Mrs. Church
is very mild mannered, and bears that air
of refinement that distinguishes her rrorn
the other women who visit the Ewen Street
Police Court. She never talks of the good
work she is doing, her one thought being
of the reformation of other women, and it
is estimated that of the two thousand or
more women to whom fh<> has brought
joy to during the last four years by secur
ing their release from jail, about half of
that number have changed their modes of
Since Justice Lemon has presided over
the Ewen Street Court he has contributed
liberally toward the support of the Beth
any Mission, and when he is in doubt as
to how to dispose of a case in which a
woman is interested he adjourns the mat
ter and requests Mrs. Church to make an
The husband of the woman who is now
doln so much good work is said to be liv
ing in luxury in South America.
Fifteen-Year-Old George Hutchinson Had
Talked of Running Away to England.
Fifteen-year-old George Hutchinson of No.
18S0 Dean stree, Brooklyn, has been mir
ing from his home since Tuesday, Septen
ber 13. He worked in a department stoi
on Pulton Street, and on that day acci
dentally broke a vase, for which he was
discharged. Sirx-e that time nothing lias
been seen or heard of him.
George is the oldest of seven children,
nil boys. His father is a conductor on
the Brooklyn Bridge railroad, and on the
night little George failed to come home
his notlier was waiting for him to go out
and buy him some birthday presents. She
became uneasy and all of George's cousins
and aunts were visited, but none of them
had seen him.
George's little brother, Johnnie, aged
ten. says that: George was a good boy, and
nevftv stayed out late at night or stood in
the corner. He spent all of his leisvfre
time reading, but Johnnie says lie did not
read dime novels. Johnnie says that one
day his father scolded him and he ran
down in the cellar, where George was, and
that George told him to stop crying and
run away. Johnnie asked him where he
wou?'d go. and was told to go to England,
Kvheri> they have an aunt living. Johnnie
could 1't see how he was going to England
without money, but George told him to
ship en a cattle boat and work his way
Bui: Johnnie doesn't think George has
gone to England. He had $5 when he left
the store. He wore a black derby hat and
a dark brown suit of clothes.
Police Headquarters was notified of the
missing boy, and a general alarm was sent
has been largely responded to. The single, the married, and the go
ing-to-be married came, saw and were conquered. Our Carpet and
Furniture bargains proved irresistible. Such goods at such prices,
and on such terms were never heard of before, but now they are fee
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This 5-piece Parlor Suit, upholstered in good quality brocatelle or
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We Never Advertise What We Can t Supply.
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Every piece of it we guarantee. It's the sort of stuff that has made Mason's the most
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A great bargain in a solid oak. massive, claw-foot, 3-leaf extension table for S4.75,
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8 V a a ^3 C0r> Bridge St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

About This Newspaper

New York journal (New York [N.Y.]), September 27, 1896
Contributor Names
Library of Congress
Place of Publication
New York [N.Y.]
Of Publication
Created / Published
New York [N.Y.], September 27, 1896
Subject Headings
-  New York (N.Y.)--Newspapers
-  New York (State)--New York
-  United States--New York--New York--New York
-  Daily
-  No. 4,994 (July 19, 1896)-no. 5,250 (Apr. 1, 1897).
-  Also issued on microfilm from Recordak Corp., Eastman Kodak Co.
-  Also available in digital format on the Library of Congress website.
-  Merged with: Morning advertiser (New York, N.Y. : 1891); to form: New York journal and advertiser.
-  Morning advertiser (New York, N.Y. : 1891) (DLC)sn 83030034 (OCoLC)9340838
-  New York journal and advertiser (DLC)sn 83030180 (OCoLC)9364300
48 pages
Call Number/Physical Location
Library of Congress Control Number
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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

New York journal. (New York, NY), Sep. 27 1896.

APA citation style:

(1896, September 27) New York journal. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

New York journal. (New York, NY) 27 Sep. 1896, p. 22. Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

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