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Women in the Global Community: Fulbright Program

For many years, the Library of Congress has collaborated with the Fulbright program (administered by the U.S. State Department under its Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs) by briefing Fulbright scholars traveling abroad about the countries they were to visit and describing the Library's holdings in their field. This collaborative project between the Library and the Fulbright program was initiated in the spring of 2002, when the State Department asked the Library to videotape a September conference it was sponsoring on "Women in the Global Community" in Istanbul, Turkey.

The conference took place September 18-21, 2002, at Bogazici University (formerly Roberts College) built of stone with red tiled roofs, which is located on hilly grounds covered with gardens and overlooks the Bosphorus. The conference opened with remarks by Sevket Pamuk, the vice rector of the university; Robert Pearson, U.S. Ambassador to Turkey; and Patricia S. Harrison, assistant secretary of state for educational and cultural affairs at the Department of State.

During the three-day conference, more than 80 participants took part in 11 panels and seven discussion groups. Panel presentations and discussion groups focused on topics such as women's roles in education, information and communication technologies, public health, economic policy, civil society, war and peace, and the political role of women. There were also four country-specific panels on Afghanistan, Egypt, Tunisia and Turkey, which covered a variety of issues from reform of personal status laws and women in the media, to assistance to women refugees in countries that experienced prolonged periods of war. Most participants came from Muslim countries such as those represented on the country-specific panels, as well as from other nations such as Morocco, Algeria, Iran and Pakistan. Learn More »

In addition to the formal program, the Library videotaped interviews by Mary-Jane Deeb with six exceptional Muslim women who attended the conference for the Library's Web site. Two each are from Afghanistan, Turkey and the Arab world.
Jump to Interviews »

Conference Agenda - September 18-21, 2002

Welcome - Sevket Pamuk, Vice Rector, Bogaziçi University (5 min. 1 sec.); W. Robert Pearson, U.S. Ambassador (6 min. 22 sec.); Patricia S. Harrison, Assistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State (7 min. 26 sec.); April Palmerlee, Senior Coordinator, Office of International Women's Issues, U.S. Department of State (8 min. 29 sec.); David L. Arnett, U.S. Consul General, Istanbul (7 min. 55 sec.); and, Akile Gürsoy - Historical Perspective: The Turkish Example (32 min. 59 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Education - Sarab Aburabia - Teacher Training for Bedouins (16 min. 14 sec.); Nalini Paranjpe - Literacy (17 min. 14 sec.);
Patricia Ould - Educational Assessment (18 min. 23 sec.); Lucienne Thys-Senocak, Gender Studies and the Teaching of History (16 min. 38 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Information Technology - Rehana Ghadially - The Changing Lives of Muslim Women (19 min. 33 sec.); Laura Lengel - North African Women in the Global Digital Community (14 min. 52 sec.); Loubna Skalli - Information Technology & Women in Morocco (15 min. 56 sec.); Deborah Wheeler - Women, Gender and the Internet in Kuwait (16 min. 28 sec.); Rakhee Goyal - Women's Learning Partnerships (15 min. 27 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Public Health - Dana Jack - Depression in Changing Societies: Depression among Nepalese Women (18 min. 54 sec.); Nuha Abudabbeh - Depression in Changing Societies: Trauma, Poverty and Marginalization in Algeria; a Psychological Perspective (14 min. 47 sec); Anurada Bhoite - Old Age in India (12 min. 51 sec.); Monica Beg - Public Health in Bangladesh (14 min. 01 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Women's Role in Rebuilding Afghanistan - Senzil Nawid - Afghan Women Under Marxism: Lessons for Today (19 min. 42 sec.); Valentine Moghadam - Women, State and Development in Afghanistan (19 min. 04 sec.); Sima Wali - Refugee Women in Development (17 min. 29 sec.); Hassina Sherjan - Rebuilding Afghanistan: The Work of One NGO, Afghanistan Libre (23 min. 21 sec.) - View webcast

Women in Turkey - Yesim Arat - The International Context and Women's Rights in Turkey (21 min. 30 sec.); Gönül Saray - Women in Politics (17 min. 01 sec.); Kezban Hatemi - The Social and Legal Status of Women in Turkey (13 min. 20 sec.); Yaprak Özer - The Working Woman in Turkey: Past and Present (11 min. 01 sec.); Gülsün Saglamer - The Challenges of Being a Woman Rector (16 min. 40 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Civil Society: War and Peace - Judith Baroody - Impact of Women on the Evolution of War (14 min. 23 sec.); Meenakshi Chhabra - Women's Initiative on the Indo-Pakistan Conflict (11 min. 02 sec.); Katie Economidou - The Cyprus Conflict: Contributions of Women to Peace Building (15 min. 17 sec.); Deborah Gerner - Mobilizing Women for Nationalistic Agendas: The Case of Palestinian Women (14 min. 33 sec.); Ziva Flamhaft - Israeli and Palestinian Women's Dialogues (14 min. 37 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Civil Society: Political Role of Women - Barbara Balaj - The Role of Women in Reconstruction in Post-Conflict Societies (13 min. 00 sec.); Nilüfer Narli - The Role of Islamist Women in Political Parties in Turkey (11 min. 27 sec.); Jacqueline Leavitt - Local Organizing in Turkey (3 min. 18 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Tunisian Women - Sarah Gilman - Feminist Organizing in Tunisia (22 min. 17 sec.); Lilia Labidi - Impact of Reform Legislation on the Family (10 min. 12 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Economics - Krishnaraj Shanthi - Women Entrepreneurs in India (17 min. 40 sec.); M. Laetitia Cairoli - Garment Factory Workers in Fez, Morocco (13 min. 35 sec.); R. Indira - Micro-Credit Initiatives in India (15 min. 05 sec.); Ayse Gündüz-Hosgör & Jeroen Smits - Regional Differences in the Position of Rural Women in Turkey (14 min. 41 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Culture and Ethnicity - Ibrahim Al Marashi - Iranian Women Film Directors (18 min. 44 sec.); Eurydice Retsila - Women and Preservation of Cultural Heritage in Greece (14 min. 01 sec.); Evelyne Accad - The Politics of Sexuality in Lebanese War Novels (14 min. 09 sec.); Carol Malt - Women and Museums (17 min. 34 sec.) - Webcast unavailable

Banquet - Introduction (3 min. 53 sec.); Patricia S. Harrison, Assistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural Affairs, U.S. Department of State (24 min. 35 sec.); Award Presentation (18 min. 21 sec.)- Webcast unavailable

Profiles of Remarkable Women

Mary-Jane DeebThese interviews, conducted in Istanbul in September, 2002, are part of the Islamic studies program webcasts at the Library of Congress. They highlight the achievements of six exceptional Muslim women from Afghanistan, the Arab world, and Turkey who not only have worked hard to attain personal success but have done much to help other women in their communities as well.

Mary-Jane Deeb (Interviewer) joined the Library of Congress as Arab World Area Specialist in 1998 from the American University in Washington DC, where she taught for 10 years. She also taught at Georgetown and George Washington Universities as Adjunct professor in the 1990s. In the early 1980s she worked for UNICEF and USAID in Beirut during the Lebanese civil war. She holds a Ph.D. in International Affairs from the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of the John's Hopkins University and is the author of several books and more than 80 articles, book chapters and book reviews on Middle Eastern politics. She is a frequent media commentator and is listed in the Marquis' Who's Who in America since 1997.

Akile GursoyAbla Amawi
Abla Amawi is a young, single mother of a 10-year-old girl, and an assistant resident representative of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) based in Amman, Jordan. Raised in a conservative family in Jordan, she received a doctorate in politics from Georgetown University. She turned down an academic career in the United States to work on problems of gender and poverty in the Middle East. (pictured on left) - View Webcast

Akile Gürsoy is the chair of the Department of Social Anthropology at Yeditepe University in Turkey. She is currently the head of the Turkish delegation to the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, and the founder and president of the Association for Social Sciences and Health. The granddaughter of the first prime minister of Turkey under Attaturk, her research work has focused on poor working women in urban areas. (pictured on right) - View Webcast

Gulsun SaglamerNajat A. KhelilNajat A. Khelil is the president of the Arab Women's Council Research and Education Fund and is a trained nuclear physicist who obtained her doctorate from the State University of North Texas. She has taught at the University of Algiers, George Washington University and Shaw University in Raleigh, N.C., and she has lectured on women's issues around the world— from Jerusalem to Moscow, Toronto and Beijing. She is a former Fulbright grantee. (pictured on left) - View Webcast

Gülsün Saglamer was elected by the faculty to the presidency of Istanbul Technical University in 1996. She is the first woman in Turkey to hold this position in the prestigious 225-year-old engineering and architecture institution and the only woman in Europe to have done so. Not only does she run the university, teach and write, but she has also designed many of the new buildings in Istanbul and elsewhere in Turkey. (pictured on right) - View Webcast

Sima WaliLaila Enayat-SerajLaila Enayat-Seraj is the daughter of a former Afghani ambassador to Egypt who studied at the American University in Cairo. She returned to Afghanistan and married, but when the Russian invasion took place, she fled to the United States where she continued her studies in international affairs. She joined the United Nations in Geneva and worked for various organizations, including UNDP. Her real love, though, is art and poetry, and she has recently translated from Persian the poems of an Afghani poetess who wrote 1,000 years ago.- View Webcast

Sima Wali is the president and chief operating officer of the Refugee Women in Development organization that focuses on re-integrating women living in conflict and post-conflict societies. An Afghani refugee to the United States herself, she is the recipient of Amnesty International's 1999 third annual Ginetta Sagan Fund Award, and served last year as one of only three women delegates to the U.N. peace talks on Afghanistan. - View Webcast

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  January 12, 2018
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