Skip Navigation Links and Jump to Page Content  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
Business Reference Services (Science, Technology, and Business Division)
  Home >> Guides >> BERA >>
   Issue 7/8, Winter 2006/Spring 2007

Economic & Business Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

      Overview                   Print Resources    
Internet Resources     LC Catalog Searches


This section provides researchers with access to online economic, business and trade encyclopedias, dictionaries, and glossaries. The resources displayed on this page provide extensive lists of definitions, technical terms, and phrases covering the related fields. Many of links include detailed descriptions and explanations of business and economic related terminology. This section is intended to serve as a general reference aid and guide to online reference resources.

Selected Print Resources

      Encyclopedias             Dictionaries


Encyclopedia of World Trade : From Ancient Times to the Present. Edited by Cynthia Clark Northrup. Armonk, NY: Sharpe Reference, c2005.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .W67 2005
LC Catalog Record: 2003015313
Table of Contents

This four-volume encyclopedia contains approximately 450 essay entries written by experts. Provides information on many topics dealing with the development of trade around the world throughout human history and how trade is intertwined with the political and social issues of the period. Includes excellent subject, biographical, and geographical indices. Also provides a "topic finder" which offers a useful breakdown by categories such as commodities and trade organizations.
BERA - Business & Economics Research Advisor - A Quarterly Guide to Business & Economics Topics

Issue 7/8: Winter 2006/Spring 2007
Updated December 2013

International Economics & Trade

Table of Contents

World Economic History
International Trade
International Finance
Foreign Exchange Market
Trade Policy, Treaties, & Law
International Organizations & Economic Development
Country Data
Economic Trade Data & Statistics
U.S. Government Resources
Online Periodicals
Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

Hanjin company container ship at port in the Port of Vancouver
Image (above):
Hanjin company container ship at port in the Port of Vancouver
Courtesy of Joseph Sams.

Encyclopedia of Tariffs and Trade in U.S. History. Edited by Cynthia Clark Northrup and Elaine C. Prange Turney. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003.
LC Call Number: HF1705 .E53 2003
LC Catalog Record: 2002019506

This three-volume encyclopedia covers the development of the tariff and its relationship to trade in U.S. history from 1600s to 2003. Volume 1, The encyclopedia. Volume 2, Debates of the issues. Includes a number of selected primary documents such as the General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade amended through 1966 and the Gore-Perot debate over the ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Volume 3 holds the texts of the tariffs passed by the U.S. Congress 1789-1930. It ends with tariff acts in 1930 when Congress allowed the executive branch to negotiate reciprocal trade agreements. This reference work includes a subject index and an extensive bibliography. A list of tariff acts by easily identifiable titles and dates is offered which is very helpful since after 1860 most tariffs became more widely known by the names of the congressmen who sponsored them.

O’Connor, David E. Encyclopedia of the Global Economy : A Guide for Students and Researchers. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2006.
LC Call Number: HF1359 .O28 2006
LC Catalog Record: 2005025481

Included is a timeline of key events of the global economy from 1776 to 2010 as well as a glossary and bibliography.

Reinert, Kenneth A. and Ramkishen S. Rajan, eds. Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economy Princeton : Princeton University Press, c2009.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .P75 2009
LC Catalog Record: 2008020573

Rosenberg, Jerry M. Encyclopedia of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the New American Community, and Latin-American trade.
Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995.
LC Call Number: HC94 .R668 1995
LC Catalog Record: 94016984

This work covers all aspects of the NAFTA accord including the side agreements.

Top of Page Back to Top


Capela, John J. and Stephen W. Hartman. Dictionary of International Business Terms. 3rd ed. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's, c2004. ix, 626 p.
LC Call Number: HD62.4 .C36 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2003060505
Publisher's description

According to the preface terms included in this dictionary cover international dimensions of accounting, business policy and strategy, information systems and technology, marketing, management, finance, and trade.

Deardoff, Alan V. The Terms of Trade: Glossary of International Economics. New Jersey: World Scientific, 2006. 380 p.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .D43 2006
LC Catalog Record: 2005044726

Publisher's description: "Glossary of terms in both international trade and international finance, with emphasis on economic issues. There is a picture gallery of diagrams used to explain key concepts such as the Edgeworth Production Box and the Offer Curve Diagram in international economics. This section is followed by several lists of terms that occur a lot in international economics, grouped by subject to help users find terms that they cannot recall. Includes the origins of some international trade terms and lists of both United Nations organizations and United States government units."

Dictionary of International Business Terms. Series editor, John O.E. Clark. Canterbury, Kent, UK: Financial World Publishing, 2001. 368 p.
LC Call Number: HD2755.5.D535 2001
LC Catalog Record: 2002483213

This dictionary is intended to provide access to the terms of international trade finance. It includes jargon, acronyms and newly adopted words that re common in the US and international financial dealings. An appendix includes a list of country currencies with abbreviations and monetary subunits.

Goode, Walter. Dictionary of Trade Policy Terms. 4th ed. Cambridge, UK: New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, c2003. 437 p.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .G66 2003
LC Catalog Record: 2004269614
Publisher's description

Hinkelman, Edward G. Dictionary of International Trade: Handbook of the Global Trade Community includes 19 key appendices. Contributions by Karla Shippey et al. 6th ed. Novato, Calif.: World Trade Press, 2004. 960 p.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .H55 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2004054964

The author is a trained economist with 20 years' experience in the import-export business. He is the principal founder of World Trade Press. According to the publisher this dictionary is useful to importers, exporters, bankers, shippers, logistics professionals, attorneys, economists, and government officials.

Durlauf, Steven N. and Lawrence E. Blume. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics 2nd ed. Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
LC Call Number: HB61 .N49 2008
LC Catalog Record: 2007047205

This is an eight volume title coving all aspects of economics including concepts, people and terms. While many of the articles were kepts from the first edition, most of the enteries in the 2008 version have been updated.

Rosenberg, Jerry Martin. The Essential Dictionary of International Trade. New York: Barnes & Noble, 2004. 452 p.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .R67 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2005285462

This dictionary incorporates terms from both government and private sector organizations throughout the world. Symbols, acronyms, abbreviations, and foreign loan words accepted into the English language are included. Special attention was given to trading blocs and terms used by U.S. governmental agencies and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

Sutherland, Jonathan and Diane Canwell. Key Concepts in International Business. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 283 p.
LC Call Number: HD2755.5 .S88 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2003070293
Contributor biographical information
Publisher's description
Table of Contents

The majority of the key concepts offered in this dictionary are cross referenced to others in order to provide more complete explanations. References to book, journals and Web sites are included to provide resources for further research in international trade.

Terms of Trade : the Language of International Trade Policy, Law and Diplomacy. Edited by Thomas F. O'Herron. 2nd ed.
Washington, D.C.: International Advisory Services Group : Consumers for World Trade,
Education Fund, c1999. 211 p.
LC Call Number: HF1373 .T47 1999
LC Catalog Record: 97074868

This glossary contains terms used in international trade, United States trade legislation and international business. Appendices include an outline of the WTO agreement, a list of WTO members, a list of GATT rounds, antidumping and countervailing duty investigations timetables, and INCOTERMS.

Top of Page Back to Top

Selected Internet Resources

Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, The Library of Economics and Liberty. External Link

An online encyclopedia that provides searching options and includes an extensive amount of information covering the subject of economics. This web site also provides articles, Topic searches, data, and links to other useful resources. Other resources include biographies, and indices.

Deardorff's Glossary of International Economics. External Link

Allow researchers to look up terms in International Economics. The glossary includes definitions, links to definitions, and appropriate links to other sites and documents that may provide additional information. There is a bibliography of sources for some of the terms listed, including links to related research papers. There is also a picture gallery of the diagrams of international economics, each with its own page which provides an explanation and shows the operational functions of the diagrams.

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics. External Link

The Encyclopedia of Law and Economics is a comprehensive reference source that attempts to survey law and economics literature in nearly 5,000 pages. Most entries contain two elements: a review of the literature, summarized by an authoritative source in the field, and a quasi complete bibliography.

Global Trade Glossary, globalEDGE™. External Link

An extensive glossary covering terms in the subject areas of international trade, international commerce and finance, and economics. The glossary is part of the Reference Desk section of glbalEDGE that also includes Global Resource Directory, Export Tutorials and Online Course Modules. Knowledge Tools section in this site provides tools for: evaluating emerging markets and important international business decisions; comparing countries using various economic indicators and synthesizing international business data.

Glossary of Basic Course in Economics. External Link

A list of important terms, names and concepts covering the subject of economics. This glossary consist of selected terms, focusing on basic concepts and is not intended to serve as a comprehensive, or extensive list of terms and definitions.

Hypertext Glossary of Business Cycle Indicators. External Link

The glossary provides a comprehensive list of terms related to business cycles. Each indicator listed includes measure of importance, definition, related indicators, source, frequency, availability, direction relative to the business cycle (pro-cyclical, counter-cyclical, a-cyclical), timing (coincident, lagging or leading indicator), volatility, likely impact on financial markets (bond prices, stock prices and the exchange rate), ability to affect markets, analysis of the indicator and links to Internet sources (data, charts, graphs and analysis of the indicator).

Trade Units and Terms. TradePort. External Link

A comprehensive glossary of terms, concepts and acronyms related to international trade. The web site is presented by TradePort. The web page also includes links to TradePort's Main Menu, Export Assistance, and other Site Searching options.

Language of Trade. U.S. Department of State. External Link [PDF format: 732 KB/71 p.]

The third edition of The Language of Trade contains a glossary of trade terminology, a list of acronyms used in international trade, and a chronology of major events in international trade since 1916. This web edition includes updates, revisions, as well as expands upon the second edition of The Language of Trade, which was published in 1993.

Online Glossary of Research Economics. External Link

A useful online glossary covering research economics related topics. However, researchers should note that in using this web site, it is required that you type 'help' in the search field in order to view the list of relevant categories. The site is divided into 32 different economic and business related categories, and also provides links to other research and information resources.

The Traders' Glossary of Technical Terms and Topics. External Link

The Trader's Glossary provides explanations and definitions of trade, commercial and economic terms which also includes charts, graphs, and economic statistical notations. Other resources available on this web page consist of links to online articles, traders news, software and other information resources.

Top of Page Back to Top

Library of Congress Catalog Searches

Additional encyclopedias and dictionaries on this topic in the Library of Congress may be identified by searching the Online Catalog under appropriate Library of Congress subject headings. Choose the topics you wish to search from the following list of Library of Congress subject headings to link directly to the Catalog and automatically execute a search for the subject selected. Please be aware that during periods of heavy use you may encounter delays in accessing the catalog. Please see the individual sections of this guide for catalog searches relating to those topics. For assistance in locating other subject headings which relate to this subject, please consult a reference librarian.

Last Updated: 01/17/2020

To view PDFs Acrobat Reader

Top of Page Top of Page
  Home >> Guides >> BERA >>
   Issue 7/8, Winter 2006/Spring 2007
  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
  January 17, 2020
Legal | External Link Disclaimer

Contact Us:  
Ask a Librarian