POW/MIA Databases & Documents
Enacted by the U.S. Congress in December 1991, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993, commonly referred to as the “McCain Bill,” required the Secretary of Defense to make information related to the treatment, location, or condition of U.S. military personnel who are unaccounted for from the Vietnam War available to the public in a “library-like location within a facility within the National Capital region for public review and photocopying.”
The facility chosen to receive this information was the Library of Congress and FRD created the POW/MIA Database as an online index to these documents. Although many of the original files have been digitized and can be viewed electronically, some are only available as microfilmed copies. These copies are available at the Library and can be borrowed through local libraries. For more information about accessing the microfilmed versions of the original documents, see the Library’s website on duplication services.
In later years, the division also became a repository for documents related to German, Japanese, and Russian prisoners of war, as well as to American military personnel still missing from conflicts other than the Vietnam War.