POW/MIA Databases & Documents
In December 1991, Congress enacted Public Law 102-190, commonly referred to as the McCain Bill. The statute requires the Secretary of Defense to make available to the public in a “library-like setting” all information relating to the treatment, location, and/or condition (T-L-C) of United States personnel who are unaccounted for from the Vietnam War. The facility chosen to receive this information was the Library of Congress (LoC).
The Federal Research Division (FRD) of the LoC created “The Vietnam-Era Prisoner-of-War/Missing-in-Action Database, an online index to those documents, and has linked the indexed entries to pdfs of the original documents. The very oldest documents have been indexed in the database but may only be available in microform. FRD will continue to make all original documents available online.
In March 1992, the U.S.-Russia Joint Commission on POWs and MIAs (USRJC) was established by direction of the presidents of the United States and the Russian Federation to serve as a forum through which both nations seek to determine the fate of their missing servicemen. The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) provides direct analytical, investigative, and administrative support to the USJRC through the Joint Commission Support Directorate. The Commission’s objectives are to determine whether American servicemen are being held against their will on the territory of the former Soviet Union and, if so, to secure their immediate release and repatriation; to locate and return to the United States the remains of any deceased American servicemen interred in the former Soviet Union; and to ascertain the facts regarding American servicemen who were not repatriated and whose fate remains unresolved.