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Norwegian-American Immigration and Local History:
Histories, Memoirs, and Biographies

Compiled by Lee V. Douglas, Reference Specialist
Research Guide No. 6

1.	Blegen, Theodore Christian, 1891-
	Norwegian migration to America / by Theodore C. Blegen. --
	Northfield, Minn. : Norwegian- American Historical Association,
	1931-40. -- 2 v. : ill., facsims., map.
							E184.S2 B6
	Vol. 1 based on thesis, University of Minnesota, 1925.
	Currently the largest English-language history of
	Norwegian-American migration at the Library, this work covers
	Norwegian contributions in most areas of American life, and
	Norwegian-American views of America expressed in periodicals,
	monographs, diaries, and letters. Background is provided that
	makes the histories of individual settlements meaningful. Many
	names of individuals with dates of their activities are included.

2.	Gimmestad, Lars M.
	Nordfjordingernes historie i Amerika / [av] pastor L.M. Gimmestad
	; med bistand av pastor R.J. Meland, Ole I. Stern, A.M. Monson
	[o.a.]. -- Minneapolis, Minn. : The Lutheran Free Church Pub.
	Co., [c1940]. -- 4 p. leaves, 7-508, [3] p. : ill. front., map.
							E184.S2 G5

	Folded map attached to back lining paper.
	Biographies of immigrants from Nordfjord and of some of their
	American-born descendants are arranged chronologically for each
	American geographical area treated--Upper Mississippi, Wisconsin
	(Crawford County, Eau Claire, Chippewa Falls, Orfordville),
	Minnesota (Bricelyn, Frost, Kister, Faribault County, Belview,
	Clarkfield, Stoney Run, Granite Falls, Swift Falls, Benson,
	Brighton County, Bigstone County), Iowa (Winnebago and Kossouth
	Counties), Nebraska (Newman Grove), South Dakota (Madison,
	Howard, Wessington Springs), North Dakota, and Canada. Some
	biographies are listed by profession. Fifty-nine portrait
	photographs are included, but there is no name index.

3.	Gjerset, Knut, 1865-1936.
	Norwegian sailors in American waters : a study in the history of
	maritime activity on the eastern seaboard / by Knut Gjerset. --
	Northfield, Minn. : Norwegian-American Historical Association,
	1933. -- ix p., 1 leaf, 271 p. : plates, ports.
							E184.S2 G64

	A sequel to the author's "Norwegian sailors on the Great lakes."
	cf. Pref.
	A general history is followed by histories of individual ships,
	with dates, ports, lists of captains, and some crew. Also
	included are lists of Norwegians lost at sea between 1874 and
	1881, brief biographies of pilots, chandlers, ship builders, and
	brokers, and lists of Norwegian seamen in American navy,marine
	and coast guard service arranged by ship and including the title
	of each man's job. A final chapter describes Norwegians who
	achieved prominence on Staten Island, and in Manhattan, Bronx,
	Queens, New Jersey, Boston, Providence, Philadelphia, Portland,
	Baltimore, New Orleans, Galveston, Mobile, and Pensacola, with
	thirteen photographs of ships and/or captains.

4.	Hasund, Knut J.
	Ulstein og Hareid i Amerika / Knut J. Hasund og Asbjørn Waage. --
	[Ulstein] : K.J. Hasund, [1986]. -- 271 p. : ill. 
							E184.S2 H35 1986

	Summary in English.
	Articles on five hundred and five emigrants, most of whom went
	to North America, although one went to Australia, one to Iceland,
	and one to South Africa. Dates of emigration, names of children,
	marriages in Norway and abroad, place of settlement, profession,
	and death dates are all included. Detailed statistical tables
	list emigrants by year of migration (1862 to 1945), and tabulate
	patterns of movement by age and sex. A master name index and
	several photographs are included.

5.	Herbransen, Sverre Herbert, 1894-
	De første utvandrer fra Numedal til Amerika / av Sv. Herbert
	Herbransen. -- Kristiania : O. Norli, 1924. -- 41 p. : ill.
							E184.S2 H5
	"Litteratur": p. [7].
	People described here are Ole and Anstein Nattestad, the
	Nattestad brothers, Halstein Eie, the Åsland family (particularly
	Ole H. and Herbrand Åsland) and the Rustan family. 

6.	Hitman, Bruce Arthur, 1944-
	Hardangerlaget : 75th anniversary, May 30-31, 1986, Augustana
	College, Sioux Falls, South Dakota / collected by Bruce Arthur
	Hitman ; Gerdes S. Monson Hitman, translator. -- [Sioux Falls?
	S.D. : Hardangerlaget, 1986]. -- 182 p. : ill., ports.
							E184.S2 H58 1986

	Includes a thirty-two page list of members of the Hardangerlag
	giving name, place of residence in America, home parish in
	Norway, and year of emigration, with articles and photographs for
	many individuals.

7.	Holand, Hjalmar Rued, 1872-1963.
	De norske settlementers historie : en oversigt over den norske
	indvandring til og bebyggelse af Amerikas nordvesten fra Amerikas
	opdagelse til Indianerkrigen i nordvesten, med bygde- og
	navneregister / ag Hjalmar Rued Holand, A.M. -- Ephraim, Wisc. :
	Forfatteren, 1908. -- 10 p. leaves, 603 p. : ill.
							E184.S2 H7

	In this chronological account of Norwegian settlement (which
	includes a history of Norwegian Mormon migration), the chapter
	headings list many town and county names without indicating in
	which state they are located. However, they may be familiar to
	researchers and probably appear in many family traditions, in
	personal letters and in memoirs. The following place names are
	listed in the table of contents: Fox River, Muskego, Long
	Prairie, Rock Prairie, Koshkonong, Norway Grove, Columbia County,
	Ashippun, Rock River, Pine Lake, Wiota, Blue Mounds, Winchester,
	Mt. Morris, Ephraim, South Door County, Crawford and Vernon
	Counties, Rush River, La Crosse County, Black River Falls,
	Trempeauleau Valley, Buffalo County, Chippewa Valley, California,
	Iowa, Minnesota, Clayton, and Allamakee Counties, Winneshick
	County, Houston and Freeborn Counties, Saetersdal, Bloomfield,
	Bear Creek, Little Turkey and Crane Creek, Mower County, Worth
	and Winnabo Counties, Freeborn and Waseca Counties, Faribault
	County, Nicollett County, Christiania, the Goodhue County Colony,
	Rock Dell, Jackson County, and the Dakotas. The index by
	Norwegian parishes lists the page on which each person from that
	parish is mentioned. The name index lists 3,500 names.

8.	Holand, Hjalmar Rued, 1872-1963.
	Den sidste folkevandring : sagastubber fra nybyggerlivet i
	Amerika. -- Oslo : H. Aschehoug & co., 1930. -- 331 p.            
							E184.S2 H72

	This history of Norwegian migration to North America begins with
	Cleng Peerson. Many anecdotes mentioning individuals and families
	are passed along. There are chapters on Muskego, Ephraim,
	Winneshick County, Goodhue County, Norway Lake, Grant County, and
	Riverdale. Also described are Norwegian churches in America, the
	Indian War of 1862, and the locust plague. Neither illustrations
	nor index is included.

9.	Holand, Hjalmar Rued, 1872-1963.
	Norwegians in America : the last migration : bits of saga from
	pioneer life = original title, Den siste folkevandring / by
	Hjalmar Rued Holand ; translated by Helmer M. Blegen ; edited by
	Evelyn Ostraat Wierenga ; illustrated by Elsie Hotvedt Thorson.
	-- Sioux Falls, S.D. : Center for Western Studies, Augustana
	College, 1978. -- v, 240 p. : ill.
							E184.S2 H7213

	Includes bibliographical references and index.
	Originally published in Oslo by H. Aschehoug & co. in 1930.

10.	Hovdhaugen, Einar.
	Utvandringa til Amerika frå Ringebu / Einar Hovdhaugen. --
	[Ringebu] : Ringebu historielag, [1983?]. -- xiii, 177 p. : ill.
							E184.S2 H78 1983

	Three thousand, five hundred immigrants are listed by year of
	migration from 1832 to 1930. Data presented include birthdate,
	name of person(s) accompanying each immigrant (when possible),
	name of ship, and destination in America. Additionally, men are
	listed who served in the American Civil War. Some photographs are
	included with a name index.

11.	In their own words : letters from Norwegian immigrants / edited,
	translated and introduced by Solveig Zempel. -- Minneapolis :
	University of Minnesota Press in cooperation with the
	Norwegian-American Historical Association, c1991. -- xviii, 225
	p. : ill., maps.
							E184.S2 I5 1990

	Includes bibliographical references (p. 215-217) and index.
	Reproduces letters written by Andreas Hjerpeland, Berta Serina
	Kingestad, Gunnary Høst, Hans Øverland, Barbro Ramseth, Hans
	Hansen, Sivert Øien, Bergljot Anker Nillsen, and Christ Gundersen
	during the period from 1871 to 1945. Names mentioned in the
	letters are indexed. The notes give detailed biographical (and
	some genealogical) information on the writers and many American
	and Norwegian sources for further data. A bibliography of other
	collections of letters and memoirs follows.

12.	Jervell, Hans Astrup, 1865-
	Nordmand og norske hjem i Amerika. Samt kirker, skoler,
	hospitaler, alderdomshjem og lignende institutioner reist
	væssentlig av Nordunend. 1. samling. Illustreret slagts og
	settlements historie. Navnene ordede efter bygdelag / samlet av.
	Hans Jervell. -- Fargo, N.D. : Hans Jervell Pub. Co., [c1916]. --
	208 p. : ill. ports.
							E184.S2 J57

	Detailed biographies of 2,100 Norwegian immigrants are arranged
	by place of origin in Norway, with a master index of names at the
	end of the book. Places of origin are Trūndelagen, Gudbrandsalen,
	Romsdalen, Sūndmūre, Bergenskanten, Sogn, Stavangerkanten,
	Telemark, Hallingdal, Valdris, Hadeland og Land, Hedemarken,
	ūsterdalen, Nordland, and Forskjellige Strūg. Many of the
	biographies are of immigrants associated with Concordia College
	in Moorehead, Minnesota and Oak Grove Ladies Seminary in Fargo,
	North Dakota. Many photographs are included.
13.	Johnson, Ole S.
	Utvandringshistorie fra Ringerikesbygderne. -- [n.p.] : 1919. --
	look for pagination.
							E184.S2 J78

	This history of emigration from Ringerike follows the emigrants
	to their new homes and lives in America. Much biographical and
	genealogical material is presented, but not easily retrieved. The
	index lists members of the Ringerikeslaget in America. Some
	photographs are included.

14.	Klaveness, Thoralv.
	Det Norske Amerika : blandt udvandrede Nordmænd / vore landsmænds
	liv og vilkaar i den Nye verden, af Thoralv Klaveness ; med en
	mængde illustrationer efter original- og amatørfotografier
	samlede af interesserede landsmænd i de forskjelligste dele af de
	Forenede Stater. -- Kristiania : A. Cammermeyers forlag (L.
	Swanstrøm), 1904. -- xii, 262 p., 1 leaf : ill., plates, ports.,
	fold. map, fold. facsim.
							E184.S2 K6

	Describes the author's experiences in traveling and living with
	Norwegian immigrants. A fold-out map shows the path of his
	journey and the location of Norwegian settlements in North
	America. Many individuals and families are named, but there is no
	name index. One hundred and sixty photographs of individuals,
	groups, farms, and houses are reproduced. Material is arranged
	geographically by American settlements.

15.	Narvestad, Carl, 1914-
	Valdres Samband, 1899-1974 : a history of the oldest Norwegian
	bygdelag in America / by Carl and Amy Narvestad. -- Granite
	Falls, Minn. : Valdres Samband, [1974]. -- 378 p. : ports.
							E184.S2 N27

	Bibliography: p. [376]-378.
	Presents a 152 page list of the members of the Valdres Samband
	and of the men who served in World War I, giving names of
	parents, spouses, and children. One chapter describes
	genealogical research in Valdres with addresses of sources for
	documents. Also included are histories of settlements in
	Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, and Canada.

16.	Nilsen, Karl Gustav, 1883-
	Österdölenes saga / av K.G. Nilsen. -- [Duluth, Minn. : Fuhr
	publishing & printing co., c1938]. -- iv-xvi, 647 p. : ill.
	(incl. ports.) plates, geneal. tab.
							E184.S2 N5
	"Bibliografi": p. 1.
	Contents: 1. del Østerdalen og dens beboere -- 2. del. Det nye
	land og utvandrede østerdøler.  Reports emigration data from
	church records including names, family relationships, and some
	professions, with dates of birth and of emigration from
	Engersdal, Rendalen, Kvikne, Stor-Elvdal, Elverum, Aamot, Trysil,
	Tynset, Sollia, Alvdal, and Tolga. Includes names, but no dates,
	of settlers in Minnesota, North and South Dakota, Wisconsin,
	Michigan, Washington, Illinois Montana, California, and Canada
	arranged alphabetically within each state by city.

17.	Norlie, Olaf Morgan, 1876-
	History of the Norwegian people in America. -- Minneapolis, Minn.:
	Augsburg publishing house, 1925. -- 510, [2] p. : ill., (incl.
	ports., maps, music) diagrs.
							E184.N7 N6
	Reprinted in New York by Haskell House in 1973 
	(E184.S2 N6 1973 <LH&G>).
	Discusses Norwegian migration to and assimilation in North
	America. Norlie traces Norwegian Americans in the professions and
	trades, gives names, family backgrounds, and portrait
	photographs. This history distinguishes itself from others on the
	subject by copious statistics to back up almost every statement
	on trends, and by detailed listing of monographic and periodical
	publications by individuals and ethnic societies. There is no

18.	Oudenstad, Halvard.
	Utvandringen til Amerika : fra Biri, Snertingdal, Vardal, Gjøvik,
	1846-1915 / Halvard Oudenstad. -- [Gjøvik] : Gjūvik historielag,
	[1981?]. -- viii, 599 p. : ill.
							E184.S2 O93 1981

	This chronological list of eight thousand immigrants arriving
	between 1846 and 1915 includes names of spouses, children, and
	places of settlement in America. Some American descendants are
	traced into the 1950s. Birth and death dates (with cause of death
	for some) are listed for all including spouses and children. Also
	listed are marriages made in America, professions, and locations
	of farms and houses. Photographs appear on nearly every page, and
	there is an index of names.

19.	Rosdail, Jesse Hart.
	The sloopers, their ancestry and posterity : the story of the
	people on the Norwegian Mayflower--the sloop "Restoration.". --
	[Broadview? Ill.]. : Norwegian Slooper Society of America, 1961.
	-- xii, 668 p. : ill., ports., maps (part fold.), geneal. tables.
							E184.S2 R6

	Includes bibliography.

	Records histories and genealogies of the crew and passengers of
	the ship Restauration, which began the Norwegian migration
	movement to North America in 1825. Genealogies, in some cases, go
	back as far as the tenth century and up to the 1960s. Maps of
	settlements delineate parcels of land and indicate owners.
	Letters, memoirs, and photographs are included with a name index
	and general index.

20.	Rygh, Oluf, 1833-1899. 
	Norske gaardnavne; oplysninger samlede til brug ved matrikelens revision, 
	Kristiania, W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrykkeri, 1897-1924. 
	20 v. front. (port.: v. 3) 24 cm.
							PD2695 .R9

	Catalog of approximately 45,000 farm names in 1886.  Gives name of farm, 
	pronunciation, etymology with variants and historical sources.  Shows 
	nineteenth century desire to find “Old Norse original” of each name.  
	This was often possible for southern Norway, but ignored the Saami origin 
	of many farm names in the north.

	This work is available online through the Dokumentasjons-prosjektet, a 
	site that provides access to many other works and institutions important 
	to genealogists, folklorists and historians.

21.	Sartz, Richard Sophus Nielsen, 1852-
	Skandinaver i Amerikas Kongres. -- [New York : s.n., 1918]. -- p.
	19-21. : ill. (ports.).
							E184.S2 S35 (folio)

	A collection of biographical sketches of Harold Knutson, John
	Nelson, Reed Smoot, Knute Nelson, Gilbert Haugen, Halvor
	Steenerson, Asle Grønna, Sidney Anderson, A.W. Larsen, Niels
	Juul, and Irvine L. Lenroot. 

22.	School calendar, 1824-1924 : a who's who among teachers in the
	Norwegian Lutheran synods of America / compiled and edited by
	Olaf Morgan Norlie. -- Minneapolis, Minn. : Augsburg publishing
	house, 1924. -- 800, [2] p. : ill. (ports.).

	Attempts to list all Norwegian-American teachers at institutions
	of higher education, church-affiliated schools, and other
	promoters of Norwegian-American education, whether or not they
	served as teachers. This work is a collection of 3,600
	biographical sketches, 58.5% of which are of men while 41.5% are
	of women. Included are name, place and date of birth, parents'
	names, mother's maiden name, educational background, Lutheran
	congregation to which each belonged, professional curriculum
	vitae, name of spouse, publications, residential address in 1924,
	and a portrait photograph (most taken the year the picture was

23.	Semmingsen, Ingrid, 1910-.
	Veien mot vest : utvandringen fra Norge til Amerika. -- Oslo :
	Aschenhoug, 1941-1950. -- 2 v. : ill., ports., maps.
							E184.S2 S44

	Bibliographical references included in "Noter" at end of each
	Contents: 1. del 1825-1865 -- 2. del. 1865-1915.
	Tells the story of emigration to North America from 1825 to 1915
	with discussion of causes and effects. The two volumes in their
	1116 pages describe individual settlements, with names, dates,
	anecdotes, and photographs. The index lists personal and place
	names. Fifty-six pages of footnotes describe the sources used,
	including many primary sources still available in Norway.

24.	Skuggevik, Dordi Glærum.
	Utvandringshistorie fra Nordmøre : Stangvik og Surnadal
	prestegjeld / samlet og utgitt av Dordi Glærum Skuggevik. --
	Surnadal : D.G. Skuggevik, 1986. -- 460 p. : ill. (some col.)
							E184.S2 S68 1986

	Summary in English.

	Publishes passenger lists from Trondheim, Kristiansund, Ålesund,
	and Bergen from 1868 to 1929. Information for each passenger
	includes date, marital status, profession, age, ship's name,
	birth place, place of residence in Norway, destination in North
	America and miscellaneous data. This work is a detailed history
	of settlement in Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin,
	Colorado, the West Coast, and Canada. Diaries of five immigrants,
	Peder P. Sande, Ingebort Olsdt Øye, Arnt Røv, Johan Larsen
	Torslet, and Mikkel G. Sande, are reprinted. Also included is a
	list of Norwegian surnames and the new spellings they assumed in
	America. A two-page multicolor map of Nordmūre shows towns,
	farms, and topography. Many photographs are also included.

25.	Søndmørelagets aarbog. -- [s.l., s.n., 1916]. -- 26 p. : ill.,
							E184.S2 S7
	This list of immigrants from Søndmøe includes name, town of
	origin, date of emigration, current residence in America, and
	some notes on activities and family members. A few individuals
	are described in articles.

26.	Stavanger amt laget i Amerika.
	Festskrift for Stavanger amt laget i Amerika, 1911-1936 : Utgit i
	Følge Lagets Beslutning for 25 Aars Jubilæt i Story City, Iowa,
	28de-30te August, 1936 / redigert av pastor Nils Klungtvedt,
	sekretær. -- [s.l., s.n., 1936?]. -- 112 p. : ill. (incl.
							E184.S2 S76

	Brief descriptions of regional chapters of this association are
	followed by a seven page list of pastors with dates of
	ordination, background descriptions of many parishes, and

27.	Ulvestad, Martin.
	Nordmændene i Amerika, deres historie og rekord. Bidrag til og
	binded mellen Norges historie og Nord-Amerikas--de Forenede
	Staters i sädeleshed / af Martin Ulvestad. -- Minneapolis, Minn.: 
	History Book Company's Forlag, 1907-1913. -- 2 v. : fold. map.
							E184.S2 U45

	Vol. 2 is a biographical dictionary.

	This history, arranged by state and county, was compiled from
	450,000 questionnaires sent by the author to Norwegian Americans.
	Detailed information on settlers is presented in order of their
	arrival, with names of spouses and children, times of migration,
	and many anecdotes. Other lists include Norwegians who served in
	the American military, Norwegian-American newspapers, schools and
	clergy. Vol. 1 has 872 pages with a fold-out map showing
	communities mentioned. Vol. 2, 505 pages, is a master index of
	personal names correlated to the passages in which they occur in
	the first volume. There are no illustrations.   

28.	Utvandringen til Amerika 1849-1924 : fra Kvam og Følling sogn i
	Stod prestegjeld. -- [Steinkjer] : Kvam historielag, [1984?]. --
	64 p. : ill.
							E184.S2 U86 1984

	This parish register list of emigrants from 1849 to 1913 gives
	name, age, and month and year of emigration. A civil emigration
	list from 1867 to 1924 gives name, age, destination in America,
	and date of emigration. Several brief letters are included with

29.	Veblen, Andrew Anderson, 1848-.
	The Valdris book : a manual of the Valdris Samband / by Andrew A.
	Veblen. -- Minneapolis : The author, 1920. -- 303 p. : ill.,
	front., ports. fold. map.
							E184.S2 V32

	Contents: Valdris. A sketch of the ancestral home of the
	Valdrises -- The bygdelag movement -- The Valdris Samband -- The
	members of the Valdris Samband -- Valdrises who entered the
	country's service in the world war -- Some documents; selections
	written by Valdrises in America.
	Contains a 160 page list of immigrants from Valdris and of men
	from Valdris who served in the First World War, with much
	genealogical information based on a family history questionnaire.

	Also included are a history of the Valdris Samband with names and
	photographs, and a fold-out map of Valdris showing towns,
	churches, parishes, and topographical features.

30.	Who's who among pastors in all the Norwegian Lutheran synods of
	America, 1843-1927 / tr. and rev. by Rasmus Malmin, O.M. Norlie,
	and O.A. Tingelstad. -- 3rd ed. of Norsk lutherske prester i
	Amerika. -- Minneapolis, Minn. : Augsburg publishing house, 1928.
	-- 662 p. : ill, (ports.).

	This work, which claims to include all Norwegian-American
	pastors who served a congregation or taught at a
	Norwegian-American seminary, contains 2,522 biographical articles
	with portrait photographs. For each person it provides name, date
	and place of birth, parents' names, mother's maiden name, year of
	immigration, educational background, churches served,
	publications, and other miscellaneous information.

31.	Wist, Johannes Benjamin, 1864-.
	Norsk-amerikanernes festskrift, 1914. / under hovedredaktion av
	Johs. B. Wist. -- Decorah, Iowa : Symra Co., [c1914]. -- 352 p. :
	ill. (incl. ports.).
							E184.S2 W8

	Contents: Den norsk-amerikanske presse: I. Pressen til
	borgerkrigens slutning / av C. Hansen. II. Pressen efter
	borgerkrigen, / av J.B. Wist -- Oversigt over den norsk-lutherske
	kirkes historie i Amerika / av Th. Eggen -- De norsk-amerikanske
	skoler / av M.K. Bleken -- Det norske foreningsliv i Amerika / av
	C. Hansen -- Norsk-amerikansk skjønliteratur / av W. Ager --
	Nordmænd i det offentlige og politiske liv / av J. Dieserud --
	Nordiske studier ved amerikanske universiteter / av G. Bothne --
	Navneregister -- Bladfortegnelse.  Describes the
	Norwegian-American press during and after the Civil War, the
	history of the Norwegian Lutheran church in America,
	Norwegian-American schools, associations, and Norwegian Americans
	in politics. This overview of Norwegian area studies in American
	universities includes a personal name index, place name index,
	and portrait photographs.
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