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Triumph and Liquidation

An essay and guide to a series of ten pictorial wall maps produced to illustrate the military successes of The Red Army in the Russian Civil War of 1917 to 1922

Compiled by
Michael Klein

Triumph and Liquidation (cover)

Serii︠a︡ plakatov "Grazhdanskai︠a︡" voĭna v 10 listov : [Sovetskiĭ Soi︠u︡z i Vostochnai︠a︡ Evropa]
Cartographers: De-Lazari, A. N. (Aleksandr Nikolaevich), 1880-. and Lesevit︠s︡kiĭ, N. N.
Publisher: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelʹstvo (R.S.F.S.R.)

G7001.S67 svar .D4

Introductory Essay Introduction: Triumph and Liquidation (17 pages)
Map 1 The October Victory and its World Significance
(October 1917 - February 1918)
Map 2 German Occupation and the Brest Treaty
(March - May 1918)
Map 3
Plan of the Entente to Suffocate the Soviet Regime
(May – October 1918)
Map 4 The German Revolution and Entente Intervention
(November 1918 – March 1919)
Map 5 The Onset of Civil War
(March – June 1919)
Map 6 Denikin’s Campaign on Moscow
(June – October 1919)
Map 7 The Liquidation of Denikin and Iudenich
(October 1919 – March 1920)
Map 8 The Liquidation of Kolchak and His Followers
(September 1919 – 1922)
Map 9 The White Poles and Wrangel
(April – November 1920)
Map 10 Banditry and its Liquidation
(1920 - 1922)
Bibliography Bibliography (8 pages)


The Russian Revolution and subsequent Civil War were two of the most cataclysmic events of the twentieth century. In reshaping the largest nation on earth, their aftershocks are felt a century later. Civil war emanated from the Revolution. The instigators of the Revolution, the Bolsheviks, acted in desperation, instating short-sighted policies of nationalization and confiscation which antagonized most of Russian society. A loose coalition of counterrevolutionary forces, vaguely referred to as the White Movement, began fighting back in earnest in summer 1918. Their aims and means, however, always operated from the margins and often at cross purposes. As a result, no true center of opposition to Communism ever coalesced. By 1921, after three years of cruel fighting, famine, and pestilence that resulted in up to ten million military and civilian deaths, the Bolsheviks emerged as the improbable victors, which resulted in the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Like all nascent states that arise out of a cauldron, it sought to memorialize its achievement. The series of ten pictorial maps published towards that end represent a traditional channel of Russian communication: revolutionary posters celebrating the victory of Bolshevism over its internal and external enemies. Both charismatic and informative, they tell the story of the Civil War from the Bolshevik point of view. Hopefully their presentation will inspire further discussion on this painful episode in Eurasian history.

Michael Klein
Cartographic Reference Specialist
Geography and Map Division
Library of Congress

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  August 2, 2017
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