The Rosenwald Schools: Selected Works from the Library of Congress Collections
In 1913, at the suggestion of Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald contributed funds for the construction of six schools for African Americans in rural Alabama. By 1932, the Rosenwald Fund had helped Southern states and counties build more than 4,977 rural public schools for Negroes “in every state of the American south.” The Rosenwald Fund, established in 1917, required matching funds from the local communities. Contributions from African Americans in rural communities clearly demonstrated their thirst for education. The African American press reported in 1922 that: “the total expense of building these schools has been $25,000,000. Of this amount, the Julius Rosenwald Fund has contributed $4,000,000; Negroes themselves, in thousands of small contributions, have raised over $4,000,000;…” (African American, January 13, 1922, page 11).
The items in this bibliography are a representative sample of works in the General Collections (see Main Reading Room), and selected Special Collections (see Manuscript Reading Room and Prints and Photographs Reading Room, that provide: (a) basic biographical information about Julius Rosenwald and Booker T. Washington, (b) primary sources concerning the Rosenwald Schools and the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and (c) secondary sources concerning Rosenwald Schools in selected states. Other Rosenwald Schools-related materials, particularly additional articles, manuscripts, published biographies of individuals affiliated with the schools or the Fund, videotaped oral histories and transcripts, newspapers, and photographs, may be found by searching the Library of Congress Online Catalog and various electronic databases to which the Library subscribes.
Aaronson, Daniel and Bhashkar Mazumder. Impact of Rosenwald Schools on Black
Achievement. Chicago: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2010. 69 p. [Full Text]
Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill:
University of North Carolina Press, 1988. 366 p.
Call Number: LC2802.S9 A53 1988 [Catalog Record]
Ascoli, Peter Max. Julius Rosenwald: The Man Who Built Sears, Roebuck and Advanced the
Cause of Black Education in the American South. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006. xiv, 453 p.
Call Number: HC102.5.R58 A83 2006 [Catalog Record]
Deutsch, Stephanie. You Need a Schoolhouse: Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald, and
the Building of Schools for the Segregated South. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2011. xi, 218 p.
Call Number: LC2802.S9 D48 2011 [Catalog Record]
Embree, Edwin R. and Julia Waxman. Investment in People; The Story of the Julius
Rosenwald Fund. [1st ed.] New York, Harper  viii, 291 p.
Call Number: HV97.J8 E5 [Catalog Record]
Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: The Making of a Black Leader, 1856-1901. New
York: Oxford University Press, 1975. 379 p.
Call number: E185.97.W4 H37 1975 [Catalog Record]
Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901-1915. New York:
Oxford University Press, 1983. 548 p.
Call number: E185.97.W4 H373 1983 [Catalog Record]
Hoffschwelle, Mary S. The Rosenwald Schools of the American South. Gainesville, Fla.:
University Press of Florida, 2006. xx, 401 p.
Call Number: LC2802.S9 H64 2006 [Catalog Record]
Lewis, Arthur C. Rosenwald School Day Program, March 4, 1932. [Baton Rouge?] T. H.
Harris, state superintendent of public education  15 p. ports.
Call number: L154 .B32 no. 222 [Catalog Record]
Sosland, Jeffrey K. A School in Every County: The Partnership of Jewish Philanthropist
Julius Rosenwald and American Black Communities. Washington, D.C.: Economics and Science Planning, 1995. 64 p.
Call Number: LC2741 .S67 1995 [Catalog Record]
Turley-Adams, Alicestyne. Rosenwald Schools in Kentucky, 1917-1932. Prepared for the
Kentucky Heritage Council and the Kentucky African American Heritage Commission. [Frankfort, Ky.]: The Council,  ii leaves, 98 p.
Call Number: LC2802.K4 T87 1997 [Catalog Record]
Washington, Booker T. The Booker T. Washington Papers. Louis R. Harlan, editor. Urbana:
University of Illinois Press -c1989. 14 v. illus.
Call Number: E185.97 .W274 [Catalog Record]
Selected Manuscript Collection:
Washington, Booker T. Booker T. Washington Papers, 1853-1946 (bulk 1900-1915).
Library of Congress, Manuscript Division. Washington, D.C.
Call Number: 0326H : Parts I -IV (containers 1-1074)
Finding Aid: http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms998017
Information on locating dissertations in the Library's collections
Nardone, Jennifer. "The Rosenwald School Building Program in Mississippi, 1919--1931."
The University of Mississippi, 2009. 227p.
Stitely, Thomas Beane. "Bridging the Gap: A History of the Rosenwald Fund in the
Development of Rural Negro Schools in Tennessee 1912-1932." Peabody College for Teachers of Vanderbilt University, 1975. 87p.
Westbrook, Gayle Williams. "The Struggle for Educational Equity and Access: The Role of
the Rosenwald Philanthropy in the Establishment of Gilmore Academy in Marianna, Florida.” Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, 2000. 110p.
Selected Prints and Photographs:
Booker T. Washington. [approximately 1910] 1 photographic print : albumen ; 31.0 x 23.5 cm. Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ds-04383 (digital file from original item).
Call Number: Unprocessed in PR 06 CN 695 [item] [P&P]
Doerrfeld, Dean A. Oblique of Façade and Left Elevation Scaled - Cadentown Rosenwald
School, Caden Lane, Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky. 2004. Medium: 4 x 5. Reproduction Number: HABS KY-288-4. Collections: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey.
Call Number: HABS KY-288-4
Julius Rosenwald. [between ca. 1915 and ca. 1920] 1 negative : glass ; 5 x 7 in. or smaller. Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ggbain-26613 (digital file from original negative).
Call Number: LC-B2- 4552-18 [P&P]
Teachers of [Agents of] Rosenwald Rural Schools. [The First Rosenwald Agents, 1916]
1916. 1 photographic print. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-134343 (b&w film copy neg.) Forms part of: Booker T. Washington Collection (Library of Congress).
Call Number: LOT 13164-F, no. 29 [P&P]
Wright, Frank Lloyd. Architectural Drawing for a School ["Rosenwald School for Negro
Children"] for the Rosenwald Foundation, La Jolla, San Diego, California [graphic].
1928. 1 item : graphite and colored pencil; in folder(s) 71 x 102 cm. Visual materials from the Donald D. Walker Collection.
Call Number: LC-USZ62-106428 (b&w film copy neg.)
Selected Newspaper Articles:
"5,000 Schools on Rosenwald List." Afro-American (1893-1988), Jun. 21, 1930. page 17.
"N. Caroline [sic] Leads in Race Schools." Afro-American (1893-1988), Aug. 08, 1925. page
"Rosenwald Schools Now Number 1126." Afro-American (1893-1988), Jan. 13, 1922. page
Subject Headings (Selected):
“Subject Headings” used by the Library of Congress, under which books on African American education in the south, biographies on Julius Rosenwald and Booker T. Washington, and the Julius Rosenwald Fund may be located in the Library of Congress catalog, include the following:
African Americans--Education--Southern States—History --20th century.
Julius Rosenwald Fund--Buildings.
Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932.
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915.
Compiled by S.E.M.