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Topics in Chronicling America - Alice Paul

Alice Paul was arrested seven times, jailed on trumped up charges, and force fed in prison – all for having the audacity to fight for women to be enfranchised. She was in relentless pursuit of a federal amendment to the constitution that would grant women the right to vote. Her story is one of trial and triumph, as she continued to fight for equality for women even after the Nineteenth Amendment was passed. Read more about it!

The information and sample article links below provide access to a sampling of articles from historic newspapers that can be found in the Chronicling America: American Historic Newspapers digital collection (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/). Use the Suggested Search Terms and Dates to explore this topic further in Chronicling America.


Picture of Alice Paul

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Important Dates:

  • November 9, 1909: Alice Paul arrested in London for smashing a window during a suffragette protest – sentenced to one month hard labor.
  • December 10, 1909: Paul returns home and tells harrowing story of hunger strike and force feeding in London prison. March 3, 1913: The National American Women’s Suffrage Association marches on Washington in pageant fashion, planned by Paul.
  • June 30, 1914: Paul and other suffragists meet with President Wilson; he says suffrage is a state issue and refuses to support an amendment.
  • June 7, 1916: The National Woman’s Party is formed at a convention in Chicago, Paul is named national chairman.
  • January 10, 1917: Suffragists, organized by Paul, begin silent picketing in front of the White House.
  • November 9, 1917: Paul and Rose Winslow go on a hunger strike in workhouse and are force fed after being jailed for obstructing traffic while picketing.
  • January 10, 1918: Susan B Anthony suffrage amendment passes in the House of Representatives; President Wilson finally gives his full support.
  • June 5, 1919: Susan B Anthony amendment passes in the senate, final campaign for ratification in the states begins, and Paul declares that women will vote in the 1920 election.
  • August 26, 1920: After a long campaign to get states to ratify the amendment, Tennessee ratifies, making the amendment official.
  • 1921: Paul begins fight to pass equal rights bills in states and will push for federal amendment if states take too long.

Suggested Search Strategies:

  • [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases using Search Pages in Chronicling America.] Alice Paul, Congressional Union, National Woman’s Party, suffragists, militant suffrage movement.
  • It is important to use a specific date range if looking for articles for particular event in order to narrow your results. To narrow your results for this topic, search between 1909 and 1922.

Sample Articles from Chronicling America:

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  June 26, 2017
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