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Topics in Chronicling America - Czar Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II, crowned in 1894, was the last Russian emperor. Characterized by some as shy, weak, vacillating, and indecisive, he was nevertheless a stubborn supporter of the right of the sovereign under growing pressure for reform. Discontent at home, plus losses of territory and massive casualties in two wars, precipitated the February Revolution on March 12, 1917. Nicholas II abdicated on March 15, 1917. In April 1918, the Bolshevik government moved him and the Imperial family to Vekaterinburg in the Urals, where they were executed on July 17, 1918, as anti-Bolshevik forces approached the city. Read more about it!

The information and sample article links below provide access to a sampling of articles from historic newspapers that can be found in the Chronicling America: American Historic Newspapers digital collection ( Use the Suggested Search Terms and Dates to explore this topic further in Chronicling America.

Picture of Czar Nicholas II of Russia

Jump to: Sample Articles

Important Dates:

  • November 1, 1894: Czar Alexander III dies; his son, Nicholas II, becomes the emperor
  • May 26, 1896: The coronation of Nicholas II
  • Early 1904: Conflicting evaluations of Nicholas II as emperor
  • January 23, 1905: Bloody Sunday; the Russian people lose faith in their Czar
  • 1905: Revolution of 1905; Hunger strikes and riots; Czar Nicholas forced to create a constitution and the Duma
  • October 1, 1911: A glance at the Czar’s home life
  • July 7, 1912: Nicholas II’s road to becoming Russia’s emperor
  • March 15, 1917: Nicholas II forced to abdicate throne
  • July 17, 1918: Nicholas II, his wife and his children slaughtered but the Bolshevik government
  • November 28, 1920: Secrets of Nicholas II’s murder revealed in official reports
  • April 3, 1921: An analysis of Russia’s collapse
  • November 6, 1921: More details divulged about the Czar’s death

Suggested Search Strategies:

  • [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases using Search Pages in Chronicling America.] Tsar Nicholas II (also tzar, csar, and czar) Nicholas Romanoff, Bloody Sunday, February Revolution and Duma.
  • It is important to use a specific date range if looking for articles for a particular event in order to narrow your results.

Sample Articles from Chronicling America:

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  April 14, 2015
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