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American National Red Cross Collection

Rights and Restrictions Information

Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 20540-4730

There are no known restrictions on photographs taken by staff of the American National Red Cross. The rights status for photographs collected from other sources, particularly those created outside the United States, is not known. Privacy and publicity rights may apply.

If you have more information about an item or if you are the copyright holder and believe the item has not been properly attributed or has been used without proper permission, please contact [email protected] with your contact information and a link to the relevant content.

Access: Subject to P&P policy on serving originals.

Reproduction (photocopying, hand-held camera copying, photoduplication and other forms of copying allowed by "fair use"): Subject to P&P policy on copying, which precludes photocopying of the original photographs.

Publication and other forms of distribution: The information below pertains to two rights areas: 1) Copyright; and, 2) Privacy and Publicity Rights:


The American National Red Cross Collection includes negatives and prints made by the staff of the organization, as well as materials collected by them, dating ca. 1880s-1950. The American National Red Cross gave the collection to the Library of Congress in 1944, placing no restrictions on their use.

Photographs made by staff of the organization have no known copyright restrictions. Records accompanying the photographs are inconsistent about crediting the photographer. To the extent that the photographer was credited, however, the following photographers were listed as representing the American Red Cross in an article published a year after the material was donated to the Library of Congress (Hirst D. Milhollen, "The American Red Cross Collection of Photographs and Negatives," Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress 2 (Feb. 1945): 32-38, reprinted in A Century of Photographs, 1846-1946, Selected from the Collections of the Library of Congress (Washington: Library of Congress, 1980):

Paul Abott
Lawrence G. Arnold
Darius Benham
David C. Bowen
John A. Chamberlain
Henri A. Coles
Joseph A. Collin
Charles A. Darlington
William Henry Derr, Jr.
William C. Dorsey
Herbert E. Dubois
Alexander Edouart
Credo Harris
Lewis W. Hine
Simon Gartland Horan
Millard S. Huston
Paul Ivanchevitch
Lucian S. Kirtland
Lewis D. Kornfield
Harry B. Lachman
William T. McCulley
Hamish McLaurin
George E. Marshall
Paul Ramey
John C. Richardson
John M. Steele
Leon B. Strout
Richard E. Taylor
Donald C. Thompson
Henry B. Van Steen
John E. Wagner
Agnes Watson
Elliott H. Wendell
Harold M. Wyckoff

The rights status of photographs collected by the organization is not known. Clues that an image was collected by the organization include:

  • Credits to a person other than those named above or to an organization other than the American Red Cross on the item
  • Thumbtacks or photo edges viewable in the image that suggest it was copied from another source.
General information about terms of copyright and images created outside the United States can be found in this section of the document: Copyright and Other Restrictions That Apply to Publication/Distribution of Images: Assessing the Risk of Using a P&P Image - How Long Copyrights Last

Privacy and Publicity Rights

Privacy and publicity rights of the subjects of the photos may apply. For more information about privacy and publicity rights, please see this section of the Library of Congress Legal page:

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, American National Red Cross Collection, [Reproduction number e.g., LC-DIG-ppmsca-123456].

For more information, please read: Copyright and Other Restrictions That Apply to Publication/Distribution of Images: Assessing the Risk of Using a P&P Image

Prepared by: Prints and Photographs Division staff. Created: September 2016.

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  March 25, 2022
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