External Web Sites
Baseball's rich history and tradition, coupled with its international popularity, have led to the creation of thousands of websites covering every conceivable aspect of the game. The following is a selected list of significant baseball Web sites both casual fans and baseball historians may find of interest. Annotations for sites are provided where deemed necessary. More extensive lists of online resources can be found through the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) website.
Baseball Rule Change Timeline
A list of major rule changes in the Knickerbocker Rules (1857-1872) and Official Major League Baseball Rules (1877-present)
The official baseball rules created by Alexander J. Cartwright on September, 23, 1845. The Knickerbocker Rules are the basis for many of the modern rules in baseball.
1857 "Laws of Base Ball"
The Knickerbocker Base Ball Club presented these rules for baseball to the first convention of local New York ball clubs on January 22, 1857. The "Laws" codified many of the modern rules for baseball still in place today, including setting bases 90 feet apart, requiring nine players on each side, setting the game length at nine innings, and more. For more on the rules, see John Thorn's "The Making of Baseball's Magna Carta."
Major League Baseball Official Rules
The official rules of Major League Baseball.
The Massachusetts Association of Base Ball Players Rules
The official rules of what was often known as the "Massachusetts Game." This early version of the baseball, common in New England, was eventually overtaken in popularity by the "New York Game," which used the Knickerbocker Rules.
Facts and Statistics
An excellent list of statistical databases and websites is available through the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR). Just a few of the sites mentioned by SABR are listed below.
More than 500,000 Web pages and 1.5 million facts related to the game of baseball.
Baseball Prospectus - Statistics
Includes team and individual statistics back to 1954. Statistics reflect non-traditional, sabermetric analysis.
A large collection of historical and current Major League statistics for individuals, teams, leagues, and managers in the regular season and postseason. Also includes minor league statistics provided by the Society for American Baseball Research.
Play-by-play accounts and data from more than 100,000 Major League Baseball games before 1984. Includes box scores for every MLB game from 1914 through 2014, basic data about every major league game since 1871, and much more.
ESPN.com - MLB Pages
Sporting News - MLB Pages
Sports Illustrated - MLB Pages
Note: The websites for professional and amateur organizations typically include current baseball news as well.
All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Players Association
This women's baseball league played professional baseball from 1943 through 1954. dedicated to the women who played in the AAGPBL from 1943 to 1954. The Web site includes articles, photographs, interviews, and statistics documenting the history of the league and its players.
National Baseball Hall of Fame
The official Web site of baseball's Hall of Fame. The Hall's Giamatti Research Center is one of the premier baseball libraries in the world.
Negro Leagues Baseball Museum
This privately funded, non-profit organization located in Kansas City, Missouri, is dedicated to preserving the history of African American baseball. The Web site includes detailed information on the history of the Negro Leagues, as well as an eMuseum high school teachers can use to find lesson plans and other educational resources for incorporating the study of Negro Leagues baseball into U.S. history and social studies programs.
The Society for American Baseball Research
The mission of the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) is "to foster the study of baseball past and present, and to provide an outlet for educational, historical and research information about the game." The SABR website includes links to SABR research sites, such as The Baseball Index, The Baseball Biography Project, and many issues of The Baseball Research Journal. Its Guide to Doing Baseball Research Research guide is the best starting point for learning how to conduct baseball research.
Chinese Professional Baseball League (in Chinese)
Korean Baseball Organization (in Korean)
MiLB.com (Minor League Baseball)
MLB.com (Major League Baseball)
Nippon Professional Baseball
Venezuelan Professional Baseball League (in Spanish)
Youth and Amateur Organizations
American Amateur Baseball Congress
The largest amateur baseball organization in the United States for players above junior baseball age and the only amateur baseball program which provides progressive and continuous organized competition for preteens through adults.
Babe Ruth League, Inc.
Babe Ruth League serves over 1 million players from ages 4-18 in Babe Ruth Baseball, Cal Ripken Baseball, and Babe Ruth Softball. The Babe Ruth Buddy Ball Division, for players with special needs, encompasses players ages 4-20.
The LA84 Foundation is a private non-profit foundation dedicated to the development of youth sport. It is home to North America's largest sports library. The Foundation's digital archive includes more than 100,000 PDF articles from academic journals, scholarly books, and popular sports magazines of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as well as an extensive offering of Olympic publications. These publications all can be searched online.
Little League Baseball
The official site of Little League Baseball and Softball.
NCAA.com - College Baseball
The official site of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) baseball.
The Web site of the national governing body for the sport of baseball. It represents the sport in the United States as a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC) and internationally as a member federation of the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC).
The World Baseball Softball Confederation
The site of the world governing body for the sports of baseball and softball; established in 2013 by the historic merger of the International Softball Federation (ISF) and International Baseball Federation (IBAF), the former respective world governing bodies for baseball and softball.