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U.S. Presidential Inaugurations: James Monroe

James Monroe, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left
[James Monroe, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left].
[Between 1900 and 1920].
Prints and Photographs Division.

First Inauguration - March 4, 1817 | Second Inauguration - March 5, 1821

First Inauguration - March 4, 1817


  • First President to take the oath of office and deliver the Inaugural address outdoors; ceremony took place on platform in front of the temporary Brick Capitol (where Supreme Court now stands). The original plan for Monroe's first Inauguration called for a ceremony in the House chamber of the temporary Capitol, but when a small feud ensued between the Senate and the House of Representatives over what chairs would be used in the House chamber, the venue changed to an outdoor platform in front of the building.






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Second Inauguration - March 5, 1821


  • Monroe's Inauguration was the first inauguration to fall on a Sunday. Monroe decided to hold the Inaugural ceremony on Monday, March 5, after consulting with Supreme Court justices.


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* This information is based on a compilation by the Office of the Curator, Architect of the Capitol, Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, from contemporary accounts and other sources. Additional research provided by Library of Congress staff.

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