James A. Garfield Papers
The papers of U.S. president, army officer, lawyer, and educator James A. Garfield (1831-1881) consist of approximately 80,000 items (199,421 images), most of which were digitized from 177 reels of previously produced microfilm. Spanning the years 1775-1889, with the bulk dating from 1850 to 1881, the collection contains correspondence, diaries, speeches, records of Garfield's Civil War military service, legal records, genealogical material, college notebooks, tributes, printed matter, scrapbooks, and other material relating primarily to Garfield's career and death. Subjects include Ohio and national politics, the disputed election of 1876, tariff and national finance, Credit Mobilier of America, and the Fitz-John Porter court-martial. Other topics include education, Hiram College, the Disciples of Christ, and the Salish (Flathead) Indians. The collection also includes correspondence between Garfield and his wife Lucretia ("Crete") Rudolph Garfield; papers (1881-1889) of Garfield's daughter Mary ("Mollie") Garfield Stanley-Brown; and Garfield family correspondence.
A selection of highlights includes:
- James Garfield, first page of incomplete draft of inaugural address, delivered on March 4, 1881.
- Letter, Charles Guiteau to James Garfield, October 16, 1880, written by Garfield's future assassin.
- James Garfield's diary entry, July 1, 1881, the day before he was shot by Charles Guiteau.
Additional Digital Collections
Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Abraham Lincoln Papers from the Manuscript
Division at the Library of Congress consist of approximately
20,000 documents. The collection contains a letter written
Garfield to Lincoln on January 24, 1864. It is the
only letter in the collection written by Garfield to Lincoln.
The Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
The collection documents the life of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) both through writings by and about Lincoln as well as a large body of publications concerning the issues of the times including slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and related topics. There are nine items related to James Garfield in this collection, including remarks delivered by Garfield in the House of Representatives on the first anniversary of the death of Abraham Lincoln.
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional
Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection contains a large selection of congressional
material related to James Garfield's service in the
U.S. House of Representatives (1863-80). Search
this collection by date and type of publication to
find materials related to Garfield.
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
This collection presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African-American abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his own freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher. The Douglass papers include three folders containing copies of speeches delivered by James Garfield.
Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, ca. 1820 to 1860
consists of over 47,000 pieces of sheet music registered for copyright during the years 1870 to 1885,, including more than 60 songs related to James Garfield.
Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The Printed Ephemera collection comprises 28,000 primary
source items dating from the seventeenth century to the
present and encompasses key events and eras in American
Among the collection’s Garfield-related materials are:
U.S. Presidential Inaugurations: "I Do Solemnly Swear..." A Resource Guide
This collection contains approximately 400 items relating
to presidential inaugurations, including James Garfield's inauguration in 1881.
Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff selected approximately 90 representative documents from the fifteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. This collection contains a New Year's greeting from Charles Julius Guiteau, James Garfield's assassin, to his jailer dated December 31, 1881.