The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain
a wide variety of material associated with the Spanish-American
War, including manuscripts, maps, broadsides, photographs,
prints, sheet music, and films. This guide compiles links
to digital materials related to the Spanish-American War
that are available throughout the Library of Congress Web
site. In addition, it provides links to external Web sites
focusing on the Spanish-American War and a bibliography containing
selections for both general and younger readers.
Library of Congress Web Site | External
Web Sites | Selected Bibliography
Spanish-American War in Motion Pictures
This collection features 68 motion pictures produced between
1898 and 1901 of the Spanish-American War and the subsequent
Philippine Revolution. The Spanish-American War was the
first U.S. war in which the motion picture camera played
a role. These films were made by the Edison Manufacturing
Company and the American Mutoscope & Biograph Company
and consist of actualities filmed in the U.S., Cuba, and
the Philippines, showing troops, ships, notable figures,
and parades, as well as reenactments of battles and other
Articles and Essays section presents the motion pictures in
chronological order together with brief essays that provide
a historical context for their filming.
Highlights of films from the Spanish-American War include:
World of 1898: The Spanish-American War
by the Library of Congress Hispanic Division, this
online presentation provides resources and documents about
the Spanish-American War, the period before the war,
and some of the fascinating people who participated
in the fighting or commented about it. Information
about Cuba, Guam, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Spain,
and the United States is provided in chronologies,
bibliographies, and a variety of pictorial and textual
material from bilingual sources, supplemented by an
overview essay about the war and the period.
American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936 to 1940
These life histories were compiled and transcribed by the
staff of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers' Project
for the U.S. Works Progress (later Work Projects) Administration
(WPA) from 1936-1940. The Library of Congress collection
includes 2,900 documents representing the work of over 300
writers from 24 states. Search
on the phrase Spanish-American War to find recollections
of veterans of the war.
Clara Barton Papers
Clara Barton was a philanthropist, nurse, educator, and lecturer. Correspondence, diaries, reports, legal and financial papers, organizational records, lectures, writings, scrapbooks, printed matter, memorabilia, and other papers relating to Barton's work to provide relief services during the Civil War and the Franco-Prussian War, the work of the American National Red Cross which she founded, and the National First Aid Association of America. The Clare Barton Papers contains 148 items related to her work during the Spanish-American War.
A selection of highlights from this collection includes:
Maps: Military Battles and Campaigns
The focus of this collection is Americana and cartographic
treasures of the Library of Congress. These images were
created from maps and atlases selected from the collections
of the Geography and Map Division. This collection contains
seven maps related to the Spanish-American
New York Journal and Related Titles, 1896 to 1899
The New York Journal Collection consists of The Journal (1896-01-01 to 1896-07-18) and subsequent titles, New York Journal (1896-07-16 to 1897-04-01) and New York Journal and Advertiser (1897-04-02 to 1899-12-31) . In 1895, William Randolph Hearst purchased the paper to compete with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World. The New York Journal is an example of "Yellow Journalism," where the newspapers competed for readers through bold headlines, illustrations, and activist journalism. The paper infamously reported on and influenced events like the Spanish-American War.
Selections related to the Spanish-American War include:
- "Cervera Wounded and a Prisoner. We Bombed Santiago at Noon To-Day," New York Journal and Advertiser, July 5, 1898.
- "Spain Asks for Terms of Peace, Negotiations Begun through England," New York Journal and Advertiser, July 9, 1898.
- "Peace!-The War is Over-Peace! Spain has Accepted Our Terms," New York Journal and Advertiser, August 3, 1898.
Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The Printed Ephemera collection at the Library of Congress
is a rich repository of Americana. In total, the collection
comprises 28,000 primary-source items dating from the seventeenth
century to the present and encompasses key events and eras
in American history.
Examples of printed ephemera from the Spanish-American
War era include:
Rico at the Dawn of the Modern Age: Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century
This collection portrays the early history of the commonwealth
of Puerto Rico through first-person accounts, political
writings, and histories drawn from the Library of Congress's
General Collections. Among the topics it highlights are
the land and its resources, relations with Spain, the competition
among political parties, reform efforts, and recollections
by veterans of the Spanish-American War.
Highlights from the Spanish-American War include:
William McKinley Papers
The papers of army officer, U.S. representative, and governor of Ohio William McKinley (1843-1901), who became the twenty-fifth president of the United States, consist of 131,000 items (121,435 images) most of which were digitized from 98 reels of previously produced microfilm. The collection contains papers related to the Spanish-American War, including McKinely's draft requesting authority to use American miliary forces to intervene in hostitlities in Cuba between the Spanish government and the Cuban people.
Back in Time: Commodore George Dewey Was Born, December
Back in Time: U.S.S. Maine Was
Sunk, February 15, 1898.
Back in Time: Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders, July
Back in Time: U.S. Raised the Flag in Puerto Rico, October
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1789-19242. Search this collection to find hundreds of newspaper articles related to the Spanish-American War.
Examples of articles about the Spanish-American War include:
In addition, the Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room has created a series of topics guides to the newspapers included in Chronicling America, including guides on the major events of the Spanish American War and the sinking of the Maine.
Treasures of the Library of Congress - Capturing the
This online exhibition presents drawings by William Glackens,
an American artist who was sent to Cuba during the Spanish-American
War to capture the action for McClure's
Magazine. Published at a time when photographers
had made documentary sketch artists virtually obsolete,
Glacken's work represents the apotheosis of American graphic
Americana: Selected Images from the Collections of the Library
Pictorial Americana, a 1955
Library of Congress publication, contains a chapter listing
selected images related to the Spanish-American
War and the Philippine Insurrection.
This collection of photographs from the Detroit Publishing
Company Collection includes approximately 70 photographs of
the Spanish-American War.
The Panoramic Photograph Collection contains approximately
four thousand images featuring American cityscapes, landscapes,
and group portraits. This collection includes
ten photographs of the wreck
of the U.S.S. Maine taken
Search the Prints
and Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC) to find hundreds of additional
images related to the Spanish-American
Primary Source Set: The Spanish-American War: The United States Becomes a World Power
This Primary Source Set includes images, documents, maps, motion pictures, newspapers, and analysis tools to help teach about the Spanish-American War.
George Dewey, naval hero of the Spanish-American War,
was born in Montpelier, Vermont, on December 26, 1837.
On February 15, 1898, an explosion of unknown origin
sank the battleship U.S.S. Maine
in the Havana, Cuba, harbor, killing 266 of the 354 crew
members. The sinking of the Maine incited United States
passions against Spain, eventually leading to a naval
blockade of Cuba and a declaration of war.
On April 25,1898, the United States formally declared
war against Spain.
On June 10, 1898, U.S. Marines landed at Guantanamo Bay.
For the next month, American troops fought a land war
in Cuba, which resulted in the end of Spanish colonial
rule in the Western Hemisphere.
On July 1, 1898, Theodore Roosevelt and his volunteer
cavalry, the Rough Riders, stormed Kettle Hill, and then
joined in the capture of the San Juan Hill complex. Thus
they helped to secure a U.S. victory in the Battle of
Santiago, the decisive battle of the short-lived Spanish-American
On October 18, 1898, American troops fighting the Spanish-American
War raised the United States flag in Puerto Rico, formalizing
U.S. control of the former Spanish colony.
Crucible of Empire:
The Spanish-American War
This site on the Spanish-American War is a companion
to a PBS documentary on the war. It includes a transcript
of the film, a timeline, essays on yellow journalism,
and examples of music from the 1890s related to the war.
Resources: Spanish-American War & the Philippine Insurrection
A compilation of resources on the Spanish-American War
compiled by the Archives Library Information Center at
the National Archives and Records Administration. It includes
links to information at the National Archives, as well
as links to external sites.
War in Perspective, 1898-1998: Public Appeals, Memory, and
the Spanish-American Conflict
This site created by the New York Public Library provides
a re-examination of the Spanish-American War and its consequences
beyond traditional military, political, and diplomatic
Bookshelves: War with Spain
The U.S. Army Center of Military History provides the
full text of online books related to the Spanish-American
Spanish American War Bibliography
This extensive bibliography was created by the Naval History and Heritage Command. The purpose of this publication is to encourage understanding and further study of the naval aspects of the Spanish-American War.
The Spanish American
War Centennial Website
This site commemorates the centennial of the Spanish-American
War. It contains a wide variety of information on the
war, including an overview of the war, a chronology, action
reports, diaries, unit profiles, rosters, photographs,
and genealogy research tips.
Official Verbatim Report in Spanish and English of Every Session and the Protocols and Treaty in Full Between the United States and Spain as Originally Procured and Exclusively Published by the New York Journal and Advertiser. New York: 1898. [Catalog
Record] [Full Text]
A Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1899. [Catalog
Record] [Full Text]
Bradford, James C. ed. Crucible of
Empire: The Spanish-American War & Its Aftermath.
Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 1993.
LC call number: E715 .C78 1993 [Catalog
Freidel, Frank B. The Splendid Little
War. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958.
LC call number: E715 .F7 [Catalog
Gould, Lewis L. The Spanish-American War and President McKinley. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1982. [Catalog
Hendrickson, Kenneth E. The Spanish-American
War. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003.
LC call number: E715 .H48 2003 [Catalog
McCartney, Paul T. Power and Progress: American National Identity, the War of 1898, and the Rise of American Imperialism. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006. [Catalog Record]
Musicant, Ivan. Empire by Default:
The Spanish-American War and the Dawn of the American Century.
New York: H. Holt, 1998.
LC call number: E404 .B37 [Catalog
Trask, David F. The War with Spain
in 1898. New York: Macmillan, 1981.
LC call number: E715 .T7 [Catalog
Zimmermann, Warren. First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002. [Catalog Record]
Dolan, Edward F. The Spanish-American
War. Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press, 2001.
LC call number: E715 .D65 2001. [Catalog
Golay, Michael. Spanish-American War.
New York: Facts on File, 2003.
LC call number: E715 .G58 2003. [Catalog
Kupferberg, Audrey E. The Spanish-American
War. San Diego: Blackbirch Press, 2005.
LC call number: E715 .K87 2004 [Catalog
Somerlott, Robert. The Spanish-American
War: Remember the Maine! Berkeley Heights, N.J.:
Enslow Publishers, 2002.
LC call number: E715 .S76 2002 [Catalog
Wukovits, John F. The Spanish-American
War. San Diego: Lucent Books, 2002.
LC call number: E715 .W85 2002 [Catalog