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United States War Department/
Department of the Army Field Manual Collection

Inventory in Library of Congress General Collections:
Series FM57, FM60, FM61, FM70, FM72, FM100, FM101, FM105, FM110

SCOPE

Military manuals are several series of official publications intended to be instructive and informative. They were produced by all the branches of service, but are generally called Army manuals. Using a phrase which appeared in many, they were “published for the information and guidance of all concerned.”

During the 1940s, military manuals were approved by the Chief of Staff and authenticated by the Adjutant General. Field Manual FM 21-6, List and Index of War Department Publications, is a detailed list of the manuals that were available. Many editions of FM 21-6 were published during the 1940s and can be used to identify manual titles and numbers. The Library of Congress does not have a complete set of FM 21-6. Those editions identified are listed further in this document under the section “INDEXES,” “Field Manual FM 21-6, List and Index of War Department Publications.”

The War Department, which became the Department of the Army in 1947, issued three major classes of publications -- administrative, doctrinal training and organizational, and technical and equipment publications. Administrative publications include publications such as Army Regulations, Special Regulations, Bulletins, Circulars, General and Special Orders, and Pamphlets; doctrinal, training and organizational publications contain Field Manuals, Army Training and Evaluation Programs, Training Circulars, Tables of Organization and Equipment, and Tables of Allowances; and technical and equipment publications include publications such as Technical Manuals, Technical Bulletins, Supply Manuals, etc. The Library of Congress does not have a complete set of these publications, but its holdings are extensive and significant for Field Manuals up until the early 1970s.

This inventory focuses on those War Department and Department of the Army Technical Manuals that were primarily received into the general collections from the1940s to the 1970s. (In the 1970s the Library of Congress ceased receipt of this material.) Because items were not cataloged separately it can be difficult to find the manuals that were received into the Library of Congress collections. Field Manuals volumes were received as serials with the FM number issued as the volume number, under the single Library of Congress classification “U408.3.A13.” The researcher can generally find the individual records by browsing the Library of Congress Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) using the “Call Number Browse (LC Classification No.)” option available under “Basic Search” and browsing “U408.3.A13". In this publication we have not attempted to provide a bibliography of those items that can be easily found in the catalog under their classification.

Because the items do not generally have individual bibliographic records it has been difficult in the past for the researcher interested in locating these older titles to identify what the Library of Congress has available. This finding aid attempts to reveal the depth and breadth of the collection available to the researcher. We will publish the inventory with updated tables as they become available to expose this information to the widest sources as quickly as we can.

Of interest to military historians, curators, military enthusiasts, re-enactors, living historians and collectors, this collection can be used to trace the evolution of the Army’s doctrine, organizational structure, equipment, uniforms, and weapons. The collection is also of interest in terms of the care, maintenance and preservation of military artifacts.

Army manuals include publications on U. S. military technique, tactics, and organization; military and cavalry drill; and historic U. S. military equipment including guns and batteries.

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NON-PRINT (MICROFICHE) TECHNICAL MANUALS

Just after World War II, President Truman set up a program to distribute the fruits of government and government-supported research which had been bottled up by war-time secrecy. The Office of the Publication Board was organized to distribute reports and The Bibliography of Scientific and Industrial Reports (BSIR) was issued to announce the reports available. The federal technical reports system and National Technical Information Service has grown out of that effort.

More than 2,000 U. S. Army manuals were listed in BSIR from 1946 into 1949. This finding aid lists those Army manuals and where known gives the alternative PB or other number by which they can be found on microfiche.

For a list of Technical Manuals issued as PB reports please see the excellent compilation, Army Manuals Listed in the Bibliography of Scientific and Industrial Reports, 1946-1949, compiled by Robert L. Bolin, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, available at
http://www.unl.edu/Bolin_resources/bsir/Army%20Manuals%20Listed%20in%20BSIR,%201946-49.htm. External Link

The BSIR itself is available at http://www.unl.edu/Bolin_resources/bsir-xml/. External Link This index lists those Army manuals by manual number and gives references to the citations in BSIR. Appendices also list the manuals by title and by PB-number. Technical Manuals can also be identified in “Government Reports Announcements & Index” and through the “National Technical Information Service” which grew out of the Publication Board.

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HOW TO OBTAIN COPIES OF TECHNICAL MANUALS

Library of Congress Interlibrary Loan

Copies of the print manuals listed in this inventory are available from the Library of Congress. However they can be very expensive to reproduce. The best way to obtain manuals is through Interlibrary Loan (ILL). Libraries will generally obtain items through this system using the Library of Congress as a library of last resort. Researchers should consult their local, college, or agency library to use Interlibrary Loan.

Photocopies from Microfiche Collections

The early PB-numbered documents are in the Technical Reports & Standards Section of the Science, Technology & Business Division of the Library of Congress as microfiche. Prints from the film are available.

For further information call Duplication Services at (202) 707-5640.

FAX orders to the Library of Congress, Duplication Services at:
   (202) 707-1771

   or mail your orders to:
   Library of Congress
   Duplication Services
   101 Independence Ave., SE
   Washington, DC 20540-4971

You must include the PB number listed in the citation in your order and include other identifying information such as the number, title, and date of the manual you are ordering.

Current payment information can be found at the Duplication Services Products & Pricing page available at //www.loc.gov/duplicationservices/products-pricing/.

Requesting Print Materials On-site at the Library of Congress

Field Manuals (FM) within the Library of Congress collections were classed as the serial title United States. Dept. of the Army.  Training Publication (see bibliographic record below). As such these items do not have catalog records, hence the need for the inventory, but instead are accessed through the Library of Congress Call Number U408.3.A13 with the subseries number and date given as the volume being requested followed by a subseries number and date. For example Mechanized Elements TM 2-10 Apr. 1941 should be requested using TM 2-10 Apr. 1941. As the Library of Congress may have more than one version of a manual the month and date is a very important identifier.

https://lccn.loc.gov/40008633
United States. Department of the Army. [from old catalog] [Training publication] Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off., 19
     v. illus., maps (part fold.) 19-28 cm.
     U408.3.A13

Federal Depository Libraries

Many Army manuals are available in Federal Depository Libraries. The Federal Depository Libraries are libraries around the country to which the Government Printing Office sends copies of documents published by the Federal Government. Most lend documents through Interlibrary Loan (ILL). A listing of Federal Depository Libraries can be found through GPO Access, available at https://catalog.gpo.gov/fdlpdir/FDLPdir.jsp.

Large Army Libraries

The Pentagon Library and the library at the Military History Institute at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, have excellent collections of manuals. Both make loans through Interlibrary Loan.

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INDEXES

Field Manual, FM 21-6, List and index of War Department publications.
Technical Manuals and other War Department and Department of the Army publications were identified in FM 21-6 List and index of publications (title varies). Of these the Library of Congress has identified the following issues in its collections, by date.

1940
U. S. War Dept. Basic field manual. List of publications for training. 1940. 48 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6a 1940

1941
U. S. War Dept. Basic field manual. List of publications for training. September 1, 1941. 128 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6b Sept. 1941

1942
U. S. War Dept. Basic field manual. List of publications for training, including training films and film strips.
February 1, 1942. 187 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Feb. 1942

U. S. War Dept. Basic field manual. List of publications for training, including training films and film strips.
July 1, 1942. 263 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 July 1942

1944
U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List of publications for training. Field manuals, firing tables, lubrication orders, mobilization training program, technical bulletins, technical manuals, training circulars. October 1, 1944. 175 p.
   U408.3.A12 FM 21-6 Oct. 1944
   “This manual supersedes FM21-6, 1 February 1944, including C 1, 1 March 1944, C 2, April 1944, C 3, 1 May 1944, C 4, 1 June 1944, C 5, 1 July 1944, C 6, 1 August 1944 and C 7, 1 September 1944 except as to Modification Work Orders, Supply Bulletins, and War Department Pamphlets.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List of publications for training. Field manuals, firing tables, lubrication orders, mobilization training program, technical bulletins, technical manuals, training circulars. November 1944. 134 p.
   U408.3.A12 FM 21-6 Oct.1944
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 1 October 1944.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List of publications for training. Field manuals, firing tables, lubrication orders, mobilization training program, technical bulletins, technical manuals, training circulars. December 1944. 143 p.
   U408.3.A12 FM 21-6 Oct. 1944
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, November 1944.”

1945
U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List of publications for training. Field manuals, firing tables, lubrication orders, mobilization training program, technical bulletins, technical manuals, training circulars. January 20, 1945. 149 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Oct. 1944
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, December 1944.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department publications. May 10, 1945. 386 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 May 1945
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 20 March 1945 and War Department Pamphlet 12-6, 1 April 1945.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department publications. June 10, 1945. 400 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Jun. 1945
   “This manual supersedes FM21-6,10 May 1945.”

1946
U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department Publications. January 10, 1946. 469 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Jan. 1946
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 October 1945.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department Publications. April 10, 1946. 467 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Apr. 1946
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 January 1945.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department Publications. October 10, 1946. 467 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Oct. 1946
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 July 1946.”

1947
U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department Publications. January 10, 1947. 467 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Jan. 1947
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 October 1946.”

U. S. War Dept. Field manual. List and index of War Department Publications. July 10, 1947. 500 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 July 1947
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 April 1947.”

U. S. Dept. of the Army. Field manual. List and index of Department of the Army publications. October 10, 1947.
520 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Oct. 1947
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 July 1947.”

1948
U. S. Dept. of the Army. Field manual. List and index of Department of the Army publications. January 10, 1948.
531 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Jan. 1948
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 October 1947.”

U. S. Dept of the Army. Field manual. List and index of Department of the Army publications. April 10, 1948. 528 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Apr. 1948
   “This manual supersedes FM 21-6, 10 January 1948.”

1949
U. S. Dept. of the Army. Field manual. List and index of Department of the Army publications. January 1, 1949. 304 p.
   U408.3.A13 FM 21-6 Jan. 1949
   “This is the final edition of FM 21-6. Future listings and index of Department of the Army publications will be published in the 310-20 series of Special Regulations.”

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INVENTORY

FM # TITLE. AUTHORING BODY. DATE. NO. OF PAGES. LC CALL #
57-10 Army Forces in Joint Airborne Operations.  Dept. of the Army.  Mar. 1962.  101 p. U408.3.A13 FM 57-10 Mar. 1962
57-35 Airmobile Operations.  Dept. of the Army.  Sep. 1963.  76 p. U408.3.A13 FM 57-35 Sep. 1963
57-38 Pathfinder Operations.  Dept. of the Army.  Oct. 1963.  48 p. U408.3.A13 FM 57-38 Oct. 1963
57-38 Pathfinder Operations.  Dept. of the Army.  Mar. 1966.  50 p. U408.3.A13 FM 57-38 Mar. 1966
60-30 Embarkation and Loading-Amphibious.  Dept. of the Army.  May 1962.  241 p. U408.3.A13 FM 60-30 May 1962
61-100 The Division.  Dept. of the Army.  Jan. 1962.  388 p. U408.3.A13 FM 61-100 Jan. 1962
61-100 The Division.  Dept. of the Army.  Jun. 1965.  265 p. U408.3.A13 FM 61-100 Jun. 1965
70-10 Mountain Operations.  War Dept.  Dec. 1944.  247 p. U408.3.A13 FM 70-10 Dec. 1944
70-10 Mountain Operations.  War Dept.  Sep. 1947.  264 p. U408.3.A13 FM 70-10 Sep. 1947
70-15 Operations in Snow and Extreme Cold.  War Dept.  Nov. 1944.  259 p. U408.3.A13 FM 70-15 Nov. 1944
72-20 Jungle Warfare.  War Dept.  Oct. 1944.  142 p. U408.3.A13 FM 72-20 Oct. 1944
100-5 Tentative Field Service Regulations.  War Dept.  Oct. 1939.  252 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-5 Oct. 1939
100-5 Field Service Regulations-Operations.  War Dept.  May 1941.  310 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-5 May 1941
100-5 Field Service Regulations-Operations.  War Dept.  Jun. 1944.  366 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-5 Jun. 1944
100-5 Field Service Regulations-Operations.  Dept. of the Army.  Feb. 1962.  176 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-5 Feb. 1962
100-10 Field Service Regulations-Administration.  War Dept.  Dec. 1940.  154 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-10 Dec. 1940
100-10 Field Service Regulations Administration.  War Dept.  Nov. 1943.  180 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-10 Nov. 1943
100-10 Field Service Regulations Administration.  Dept. of the Army.  Oct. 1954.  311 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-10 Oct. 1954
100-15 Field Service Regulations Larger Units.  War Dept.  Jun. 1942.  107 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-15 Jun. 1942
100-20 Field Service Regulations Command and Employment of Air Power.  War Dept.  Jul. 1943.  14 p. U408.3.A13 FM 100-20 Jul. 1943
101-5 Staff Officers' Field Manual the Staff and Combat Orders.  War Dept.  Aug. 1940.  146 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-5 Aug. 1940
101-10 Staff Officers' Field Manual Organization, Technical, and Logistical Data.  War Dept.  Jun. 1941.  358 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-10 Jun. 1941
101-10 Manuel du Service en Campagne des Officiers d'etat-Major Forces Ennemies Organisation, Materiel Ravitaillement et Transports.  Ministere de la Guerre.  Jun. 1944.  143 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-10 Jun. 1944
101-10 Staff Officers' Field Manual Organization, Technical and Logistical Data.  War Dept.  Aug. 1945.  1 v. (various pagings). U408.3.A13 FM 101-10 Aug. 1945
101-10 Staff Officers' Field Manual Organization, Technical and Logistical Data Part 1 Unclassified Data.  Dept. of the Army.  Feb. 1959.  466 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-10 Feb. 1959
101-10-2 Staff Officers' Field Manual Organizational, Technical and Logistical Data Extracts of Tables of Organization and Equipment.  Dept. of the Army.  Jan. 1965.  401 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-10-2 Jan. 1965
101-15 Staff Officers' Field Manual Traffic Circulation and Control.  War Dept.  Jan. 1943.  65 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-15 Jan. 19432
101-31-1 Staff Officers Field Manual Nuclear Weapons Employment.  Dept. of the Army.  Feb. 1963.  165 p. U408.3.A13 FM 101-31-1 Feb. 1963
105-5 Umpire Manual.  War Dept.  Apr. 1942.  48 p. U408.3.A13 FM 105-5 Apr. 1942
105-5 Umpire Manual.  War Dept.  Mar. 1944.  60 p. U408.3.A13 FM 105-5 Mar. 1944
105-6 Aviation Umpire Manual.  War Dept.  May 1942.  31 p. U408.3.A13 FM 105-6 May 1942
105-6-3 Nuclear Play Calculator Aggressor.  Dept. of the Army.  Apr. 1964.  1 v. (various pagings). U408.3.A13 FM 105-6-3 Apr. 1964
110-101 Intelligence Joint Landing Force Manual.  Depts. of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force.  Jan. 1955.  1 v. (various pagings). U408.3.A13 FM 110-101 Jan. 1955

 

Compiled by Brian Horowitz and Michelle Cadoree Bradley
November 2017

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