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Women and Minorities in Science and Technology:
A Guide to Selected Resources

Science Reference Section
Science, Technology and Business Division
Library of Congress

Black and white photgraph of a woman in a laboratory.
"Miss Margaret D. Foster, Uncle Sam's only
woman chemist. Oct. 4, 1919.
Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.


General Titles

Bailey, Martha J. American women in science: 1950 to the present: a biographical dictionary. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1998. 455 p.
   Bibliography: p. 429-431.
   Q141.B254 1998 <SciRR>

Bailey, Martha J. American women in science: a biographical dictionary. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1994.
463 p.
   Bibliography: p. 437-439.
   Q141.B25 1994 <SciRR>

The Biographical dictionary of women in science: pioneering lives from ancient times to the mid-20th century. Edited by Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey. New York, Routledge, 2000. 2 v. (1499 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.B5285 2000 <SciRR>

Blazing a path: Japanese women’s contributions to modern science. Translation by Japan Echo Inc. Tokyo, Committee for the Encouragement of Future Scientists, c2001. 46 p.
   Q141.K24613 2001 <SciRR>

Creese, Mary R. S., and Thomas M. Creese. Ladies in the laboratory?: American and British women in science, 1800-1900: a survey of their contributions to research. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1998. 452 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.C69 1998 <SciRR>

Creese, Mary R. S., and Thomas M. Creese. Ladies in the laboratory II: West European women in science, 1800-1900: a survey of their contributions to research. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2004. 290 p.
   Bibliography: p. 237-285.
   Q141.C693 2004 <SciRR>

Distinguished African American scientists of the 20th century. James H. Kessler and others. Phoenix, AZ, Oryx Press, 1996. 382 p.
   Bibliography: p. ix.
   Q141.D535 1996 <SciRR>

Haines, Catharine M. C., and Helen M. Stevens. International women in science: a biographical dictionary to 1950. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c2001. 383 p.
   Bibliography: p. 343-345.
   Q141.H2167 2001 <SciRR>

Hooker, Claire. Irresistible forces: Australian women in science. Carlton, Vic., Melbourne University Press, 2004.
215 p.
   Bibliography: p. 203-211.
   Q130.H66 2004

Lilavati’s daughters: the women scientists of India. Edited by Rohini Godbole and Ram Ramaswamy. Bangalore, Indian Academy of Sciences, c2008. 368 p.
   Not Yet in LC

McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch. Nobel Prize women in science: their lives, struggles, and momentous discoveries. Rev. ed. Secaucus, NJ, Carol Pub. Group, 1998. 451 p.
   Bibliography: p. 411-431.
   Q141.M358 1998 <SciRR>

My life: twenty Japanese women scientists. Edited by Yoshihide Kozai and others. Tokyo, Uchida Rokakuho, c2001. 318 p.
   Q141.M9 2001 <AsianRR>

Notable Black American scientists. Edited by Kristine Krapp. Detroit, Gale Research, c1999. 349 p. <SciRR>
Includes bibliographical references.
    Q141.N726 1999

Notable women scientists. Edited by Pamela Proffitt. Detroit, Gale Group, c1999. 668 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.N736 1999 <SciRR>

Oakes, Elizabeth H. International encyclopedia of women scientists. New York, Facts on File, c2002. 448 p.
   Bibliography: p. 399-400.
   Q141.O27 2002 <SciRR>

Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey. Women in science: antiquity through the nineteenth century: a biographical dictionary with annotated bibliography. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, c1986. 254 p.
   Q141.O34 1986 <SciRR>

Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey, and Kerry Lynne Meek. Women and science: an annotated bibliography. New York, Garland Pub., 1996. 556 p. (Garland reference library of social science, v. 859)
   Z7963.S3O35 1996 <SciRR>

Oleksy, Walter G. Hispanic-American scientists. New York, Facts on File, c1998. 120 p.
Includes bibliographical references. Q141.O42 1998 <SciRR>

Paths to discovery: autobiographies from Chicanas with careers in science, mathematics, and engineering. Edited by Norma E. Cantú. Los Angeles, UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Press, c2008. 237 p.
   Bibliography: p. 227.
   Q141.P3746 2008

Rossiter, Margaret W. Women scientists in America: before affirmative action, 1940-1972. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. 584 p.
   Bibliography: p. 531-556.
   Q130.R683 1995 <SciRR>

Rossiter, Margaret W. Women scientists in America: struggles and strategies to 1940. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, c1982. 439 p.
   Bibliography: p. 399-416.
   Q130.R68 1982 <SciRR>

Sisters in science: conversations with Black women scientists about race, gender, and their passion for science. Interviews by Diann Jordan. West Lafayette, IN, Purdue University Press, c2006. 240 p.
   Bibliography: p. 237-240.
   Q141.S556 2006

Warren, Wini. Black women scientists in the United States. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, c1999. 366 p.
   Bibliography: p. 341-355.
   Q141.W367 1999 <SciRR>

Women in science. Detroit, Macmillan Reference USA, c2001. 421 p.
   Bibliography: p. 381-403.
   Q141.W6795 2001 <SciRR>

Women of science: righting the record. Edited by G. Kass-Simon and Patricia Farnes; Associate editor, Deborah Nash. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, c1990. 398 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q130.W67 1990 <SciRR>

Yount, Lisa. A to Z of women in science and math. Rev. ed. New York, Facts On File, c2008. 368 p.
   Bibliography: p. 331-336.
   Q141.Y675 2008 <SciRR>

Yount, Lisa. Asian-American scientists. New York, Facts on File, c1998. 112 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.Y678 1998 <SciRR>

Zierdt-Warshaw, Linda, Alan Winkler, and Leonard Bernstein. American women in technology: an encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c2000. 384 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T36.Z54 2000 <SciRR>

Specialized Titles

Education, Recruitment, and Career

Beyond bias and barriers: fulfilling the potential of women in academic science and engineering. Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering; Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy; National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Washington, National Academies Press, c2007. 317 p.
   Bibliography: p. 275-299.
   Q130.B49 2007

Bowman, Marjorie A., Erica Frank, and Deborah I. Allen. Women in medicine: career and life management. 3rd ed. New York, Springer, c2002. 187 p.
   Bibliography: p. 147-177.
   R692.B69 2002
   Rev. ed. of Stress and women physicians. Marjorie A. Bowman, Deborah I. Allen. 2nd ed. c1990.

From scarcity to visibility: gender differences in the careers of doctoral scientists and engineers. Edited by J. Scott Long. Committee on Women in Science and Engineering, Panel for the Study of Gender Differences in the Career Outcomes of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, National Research Council. Washington, National Academy Press, c2001. 311 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q130.L66 2001

Lazarus, Barbara B., Lisa M. Ritter, and Susan A. Ambrose. The woman’s guide to navigating the Ph.D. in engineering & science. New York, IEEE Press, c2001. 105 p.
   Bibliography: p. 89-94.
   TA157.L385 2000

National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Opportunities to Address Clinical Research Workforce Diversity Needs for 2010. Opportunities to address clinical research workforce diversity needs for 2010. Edited by Jong-on Hahm and Alexander Ommaya. Washington, National Academies Press, c2006. 131 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R854.U5N38 2006

Pan-African Workshop for African Women in Science and Engineering (1999, Nairobi, Kenya). African women in science and engineering: a vision for the 21st century: proceedings of the Pan African workshop, 29th November to 4th December 1999, Nairobi, Kenya. Edited by M. O. Imbuga and others. Nairobi, African Women in Science and Engineering, c2003. 531 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q130.P36 1999

Subrahmanyan, Lalita. Women scientists in the third world: the Indian experience. New Delhi, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage Publications, c1998. 301 p.
   Bibliography: p. 292-296.
   Q130.S8 1998

Success strategies for women in science: a portable mentor. Edited by Peggy A. Pritchard. Burlington, MA, Elsevier Academic Press, c2006. 316 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q130.S83 2006

To recruit and advance: women students and faculty in science and engineering. Committee on the Guide to Recruiting and Advancing Women Scientists and Engineers in Academia, Committee on Women in Science and Engineering, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council of the National Academies. Washington, National Academies Press, c2006. 131 p.
   Bibliography: p. 118-124.
   Q130.T6 2006

Tolley, Kimberley. The science education of American girls: a historical perspective. New York, RoutledgeFalmer, 2003. 287 p.
   Bibliography: p. 225-274.
   Q183.3.A1T66 2003 <SciRR>

Varma, Roli. Harbingers of global change: India’s techno-immigrants in the United States. Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, c2006. 201 p.
   Bibliography: p. 189-198.
   HD8081.A8V37 2006

Williams, F. Mary, and Carolyn J. Emerson. Becoming leaders: a practical handbook for women in engineering, science, and technology. Reston, VA, American Society of Civil Engineers, c2008. 199 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T36.W55 2008

Women and information technology: research on underrepresentation. Edited by J. McGrath Cohoon and William Aspray. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, c2006. 500 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QA76.9.W65W66 2006

Women and minorities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics: upping the numbers. Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Mary C. Mattis. Cheltenham, Eng., Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, c2007. 379 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q130.W652 2007

Women in scientific careers: unleashing the potential. Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, c2006. 228 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HQ1397.W6655 2006
  Anthropology and Exploration

Anthropology and Exploration

African-American pioneers in anthropology. Edited by Ira E. Harrison and Faye V. Harrison. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, c1999. 296 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GN17.3.U6A37 1999 <MRR Biog>

Burns, Robin. Just tell them I survived!: women in Antarctica. Crows Nest, NSW, Allen & Unwin, 2001. 232 p.
   Bibliography: p. 215-232.
   G872.A7B87 2001

Women anthropologists: a biographical dictionary. Edited by Ute Gacs and others. New York, Greenwood Press, 1988. 428 p.
   Bibliography: p. 403-406.
   GN20.W63 1988 <MRR Biog>

Aviation and Astronautics

Gubert, Betty Kaplan, Miriam Sawyer, and Caroline M. Fannin. Distinguished African Americans in aviation and space science. Westport, CT, Oryx Press, 2002. 319 p.
   Bibliography: p. 303-304.
   TL539.G83 2002 <SciRR>

Welch, Rosanne. Encyclopedia of women in aviation and space. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1998. 286 p.
   `Bibliography: p. 259-263.
   TL539.W395 1998 <SciRR>

Earth and Environmental Sciences

Breton, Mary Joy. Women pioneers for the environment. Boston, Northeastern University Press, c1998. 322 p.
   Bibliography: p. 305-309.
   GE55.B74 1998 <SciRR>

Holmes, Madelyn. American women conservationists: twelve profiles. Jefferson, NC, McFarland, c2004. 202 p.    QH26.H66 2004
   "List of published writings of twelve women conservationists"--p. 191-197.

Kaufman, Polly Welts. National parks and the woman’s voice: a history. Updated ed. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 2006. 312 p.
   Bibliography: p. 239-291.
   SB481.5.K38 2006

The Role of women in the history of geology. Edited by C. V. Burek and B. Higgs. London, Geological Society, c2007. 342 p. (Geological Society special publication, no. 281)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QE21.R64 2007 Norwood, Vera.

Made from this earth: American women and nature. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, c1993. 368 p.
   Bibliography: p. 333-358.
   QH26.N67 1993

Rooney, Frances. Exceptional women environmentalists. Toronto, Second Story Press, c2007. 110 p.
   Bibliography: p. 103-108.
   GE55.R66 2008

Sweeping the earth: women taking action for a healthy planet. Edited by Miriam Wyman. Charlottetown, PEI, Gynergy, c1999. 357 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HQ1236.S93 1999

Health, Medicine, and Psychology

Black psychiatrists and American psychiatry. Edited by Jeanne Spurlock. Washington, American Psychiatric Association, c1999. 228 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RC438.5.B63 1999

Carnegie, Mary Elizabeth. The path we tread: Blacks in nursing worldwide, 1854-1994. 3rd ed. New York, National League of Nursing Press, c1995. 329 p.
   Bibliography: p. 285-290.
   RT83.5.C37 1995

Contemporary minority leaders in nursing: Afro-American, Hispanic, Native American perspectives. Edited by Helen S. Miller and Ernest D. Mason. Kansas City, MO, American Nurses’ Association, c1983. 155 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RT63.C66 1983

Durrett, Deanne. Healers. New York, Facts on File, Inc., c1997. 131 p. (American Indian lives)
   Bibliography: p. 115-124.
   R696.D87 1997

Epps, Charles H., Davis G. Johnson, and Audrey L. Vaughan. African-American medical pioneers. Rockville, MD, Betz Pub. Co., c1994. 254 p.
   Bibliography: p. 231-232.
   R695.E67 1994 <SciRR>

Henderson, Metta Lou. American women pharmacists: contributions to the profession. New York, Pharmaceutical Products Press, c2002. 221 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RS122.9.H46 2002

Kirschmann, Anne Taylor. A vital force: women in American homeopathy. New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, c2004. 230 p.
   Bibliography: p. 177-221.
   RX51.K55 2004

Scrivener, Laurie, and J. Suzanne Barnes. A biographical dictionary of women healers: midwives, nurses, and physicians. Westport, CT, Oryx Press, 2002. 340 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R692.S38 2002 <SciRR>

Windsor, Laura Lynn. Women in medicine: an encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c2002. 259 p.
   Bibliography: p. 227-238.
   R692.W545 2002 <SciRR>  

Women in psychology: a bio-bibliographic sourcebook. Edited by Agnes N. O’Connell and Nancy Felipe Russo. New York, Greenwood Press, 1990. 441 p.
   BF109.A1W65 1990 <SciRR>

Life Sciences

Bonta, Marcia. Women in the field: America’s pioneering women naturalists. College Station, Texas A & M University Press, c1991. 299 p.
   Bibliography: p. 273-287.
   QH26.B66 1991 <SciRR>

Notable women in the life sciences: a biographical dictionary. Edited by Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1996. 440 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH26.N68 1996 <SciRR>

Pioneering women in plant pathology. Edited by Jean Beagle Ristaino. St. Paul, MN, APS Press, c2008. 339 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QK26.P546 2008 <SciRR>

Women in the biological sciences: a biobibliographic sourcebook. Edited by Louise S. Grinstein, Carol A. Biermann, and Rose K. Rose. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1997. 609 p.
   QH26.W66 1997 <SciRR>


Green, Judy, and Jeanne LaDuke. Pioneering women in American mathematics: the pre-1940 PhD’s. Providence, RI, American Mathematical Society; London, London Mathematical Society, c2009. 349 p. (History of mathematics, v. 34)
   Bibliography: p. 333-337.
   QA28.G74 2009 <SciRR>

Kenschaft, Patricia C. Change is possible: stories of women and minorities in mathematics. Providence, RI, American Mathematical Society, c2005. 212 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
  QA10.5.K46 2005 <SciRR>

Notable women in mathematics: a biographical dictionary. Edited by Charlene Morrow and Teri Perl. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1998. 302 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QA28.N68 1998 <SciRR>

Women of mathematics: a biobibliographic sourcebook. Edited by Louise S. Grinstein and Paul J. Campbell. New York, Greenwood Press, 1987. 292 p.
   QA28.W66 1987 <SciRR>

  QA28.W66 1987 <SciRR>

Physical Sciences

Notable women in the physical sciences: a biographical dictionary. Edited by Benjamin F. Shearer and Barbara S. Shearer. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1997. 479 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q141.N734 1997 <SciRR>

Out of the shadows: contributions of twentieth-century women to physics. Edited by Nina Byers and Gary Williams. Cambridge, Eng., New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006. 471 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QC15.O94 2006

Successful women in chemistry: corporate America's contribution to science. Edited by Amber S. Hinkle and Jody A. Kocsis. Washington, American Chemical Society; Distributed by Oxford University Press, c2005. 202 p. (ACS symposium series, 907)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QD21.S78 2005

Rayner-Canham, Marelene F., and Geoffrey W. Rayner-Canham. A devotion to their science: pioneer women of radioactivity. Philadelphia, Chemical Heritage Foundation; Montreal, McGill-Queen’s University Press, c1997. 307 p.
   Bibliography: p. 239-301.
   QC15.R39 1997

Rayner-Canham, Marelene F., and Geoffrey Rayner-Canham. Women in chemistry: their changing roles from alchemical times to the mid-twentieth century. Washington, American Chemical Society; Chemical Heritage Foundation, 1998. 284 p.
   Bibliography: p. 209-253.
   QD20.R39 1998

Women in chemistry and physics: a biobibliographic sourcebook. Edited by Louise S. Grinstein, Rose K. Rose, and Miriam H. Rafailovich. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1993. 721 p.
   QD21.W62 1993 <SciRR>

Technology and Invention

Macdonald, Anne L. Feminine ingenuity: women and invention in America. New York, Ballantine Books, 1992. 514 p.
   Bibliography: p. 445-491.
   T36.M33 1992 <SciRR>

Sluby, Patricia Carter. The inventive spirit of African Americans: patented ingenuity. Westport, CT, Praeger, c2004. 313 p.
   Bibliography: p. 291-301.
   T39.S57 2004 <SciRR>

Stanley, Autumn. Mothers and daughters of invention: notes for a revised history of technology. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1993. 1116 p.
   Bibliography: p. 917-1041.
   T36.S73 1993 <SciRR>

Vare, Ethlie Ann, and Greg Ptacek. Mothers of invention: from the bra to the bomb: forgotten women & their unforgettable ideas. New York, Quill, 1989. 256 p.
   T36.V36 1989 <SciRR>

Vare, Ethlie Ann, and Greg Ptacek. Patently female: from AZT to TV dinners: stories of women inventors and their breakthrough ideas. New York, Wiley, c2002. 220 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   T36.V38 2002 <SciRR>

Selected Journals

AAPI Journal: the Journal of Indian American Physicians R11.A27

Aviation for Women TL553.A94

AWIS Magazine Q149.U5A88a

Hispanic Engineer and Information Technology TA1.H58

Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses RA448.5.H57H556

Journal of National Black Nurses’ Association: JNBNA RT1.J64

Journal of the National Medical Association R15.N2914

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering Q130.J678

The Minority Engineer: ME TA157.M52

SWE: Magazine of the Society of Women Engineers TA1.S18

US Black Engineer and Information Technology TA1.U52

Woman Engineer TA157.W64

Library of Congress Guides

American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women’s History and Culture in the United States

LC Science Tracer Bullet: African American Women in the Sciences and Related Disciplines

LC Science Tracer Bullet: Biographical Resources in the Sciences

LC Science Tracer Bullet: Biographical Sources in the Sciences -- General Works and National Sources

LC Science Tracer Bullet: Biographical Sources in the Sciences -- Life, Earth and Physical Science (1989-2006)

LC Science Tracer Bullet: Blacks in the Sciences and Related Disciplines

LC Science Tracer Bullet: Women in the Sciences

Science Reference Guides: National Hispanic Heritage Month 2005: Hispanic Americans in Science and Technology

Science Reference Guides: Rachel Carson: Selected Reading List

Selected Internet Resources: African Americans in Science and Technology

Selected Internet Resources: Biography

Selected Internet Resources: Women in Science, Technology and Medicine

Women in Astronomy: A Comprehensive Bibliography

Selected Internet Resources

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Education Programs for Careers/Workforce

American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin (AAPI)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Women Chemists Committee

American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES)

American Medical Women’s Association (AMWA)

Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM)

Association for Women in Science (AWIS)

Association of American Indian Physicians (AAIP)

Changing the Face of Medicine

Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics

Directory of Science & Engineering Faculty in Selected Institutions of Higher Education

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences

Female Nobel Prize Laureates

Hispanic Dental Association (HDA)

Hispanic Engineer & Information Technology

The History of Women and Science, Health, and Technology: A Bibliographic Guide to the Professions and the Disciplines

IEEE Women in Engineering

JCE Online: Biographical Snapshots of Famous Women and Minority Chemists


Latina Women of NASA

Minority Issues - American Institute of Physics (AIP)

National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME)

National Association of Mathematicians (NAM)

National Coalition of Ethnic Minority Nurse Associations (NCEMNA)

National Dental Association (NDA)

National Medical Association (NMA)

National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers (NOBCChE)

National Science Foundation (NSF)
Directorate for Education and Human Resources
Division of Human Resource Development

National Society of Black Engineers (NSBE)

National Society of Black Physicists (NSBP)

SACNAS: Society for Advancement of Hispanics/Chicanos and Native Americans in Science

She Figures 2006: Women and Science Statistics and Indicators
URL: (PDF724 KB)

Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers (SHPE)

The Society of Women Engineers (SWE)

US Black Engineer & Information Technology

Women in Engineering ProActive Network (WEPAN)

Women in Physics - American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Women in Technology International (WITI)

Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in S&E

Compiled by Denise P. Dempsey, February 2009
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