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Urban Transportation

Tracer Bullet 92-1

Photo: two trolley cars on the  road, with people walking on the side of the road.
Entrance to subway, Public Gardens, Boston, Mass



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Transportation in urban areas relies on the application of technology and scientific principles to plan, design, construct, operate, maintain, and manage in a safe, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible way the infra-structure and facilities associated with the movement of people and goods. A balanced urban transportation program may better utilize space and energy by improving and upgrading the existing transportation infrastructure and public transport, and by applying traffic control management strategies in order to maintain efficient movement of traffic on existing networks, improve mobility, and reduce traffic congestion, energy use, noise, accidents, pollution, and delays. Demand management measures may include ridesharing programs, staggered work hours, and encouraging the use of carpools, vanpools, and high-occupancy vehicles. Electronic technologies, control software, systems engineering, and integrated applications of advanced surveillance, communications, computer, display, and control process technologies, may be used, both in vehicles and on highways or guideways. Automated guideway transit may include shuttle and loop transit, group rapid transit, and personal rapid transit. This guide furnishes a review of the literature in the collections of the Library of Congress on urban transportation. Not intended as a comprehensive bibliography, this guide is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader "on target."



Transit fact book. Washington, American Public Transit Association, 1975- annual.
   HE4441.A55 <SciRR>

Jane's urban transport systems. London, Jane's Pub. Co., 1982- annual.
   HE4201.J36 <SciRR>

Urban transportation: perspectives and prospects. Edited by Herbert S. Levinson and Robert A. Weant. Westport, Conn., Eno Foundation for Transportation, 1982. 414 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TA1205.U73 1982



Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on urban transportation can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs include the following:

Highly Relevant






More General




The Geography of urban transportation. Edited by Susan Hanson. New York, Guilford Press, c1986. 424 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HE305.G46 1986

International statistical handbook of public transport. Recueil international de statistiques des transports publics. Lee H. Rogers, compiler/editor, in collaboration with UITP Documentation Centre. Bruxelles, International Union of Public Transport, c1985. 3 v. (1645 p.)
   English, French, and German.
   "Fifth edition of the UITP handbook."
   Rev. ed. of International Statistical Handbook of Urban Public Transport. 1979.
   HE305.I617 1985

Meyer, Michael D., and Eric J. Miller. Urban transportation planning: a decision-oriented approach. New York, McGraw-Hill, c1984. 524 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HE305.M49 1984

Sheffi, Yosef. Urban transportation networks: equilibrium analysis with mathematical programming methods. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, [1984] c1985. 399 p.
   Bibliography: p. 382-389.
   HE305.S54 1985

Smerk, George M. The federal role in urban mass transportation. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, c1991. 391 p.
   Bibliography: p. 311-380.
   HE4461.S64 1991

Smith, Frank A. Transportation in America: a statistical analysis of transportation in the United States: historical compendium, 1939-1985. Westport, Conn., Eno Foundation for Transportation, 1989. 64 p.
   HE203.S55 1989



Cervero, Robert. America's suburban centers: the land use-transportation link. Boston, Unwin Hyman, 1989. 232 p.
   Bibliography: p. 219-225.
   HD5717.5.U6C47 1989

Hass-Klau, Carmen. The pedestrian and city traffic. London, New York, Belhaven Press, c1990. 277 p.
   Bibliography: p. 259-273.
   HE336.P43H37 1990

Krause, Robert A., Mack C. Shelley, and Gaye Horton. State policies in transit, public and private. Prepared for Office of Private Sector Initiatives, Urban Mass Transportation Administration. Lexington, Ky., Council of State Governments, 1989. 29 p.
   HE308.K73 1989

Lowe, Marcia D. Alternatives to the automobile: transport for livable cities. Washington, Worldwatch Institute, c1990. 49 p. (Worldwatch paper, 98)
   Bibliography: p. 41-48.
   HE305.L68 1990<

Rallis, Tom. City transport in developed and developing countries. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1988. 202 p.
   Bibliography: p. 191-197.
   HE305.R35 1988

Roth, Gabriel Joseph, and George G. Wynne. Free enterprise urban transportation. New Brunswick, N.J., Transaction Books, c1982. 72 p. (Learning from abroad, 5)
   Bibliography: p. 66-67.
   HE305.R67 1982

Sclar, Elliott, K. H. Schaeffer, and Robert Brandwein. The emperor's new clothes: transit privatization and public policy. Washington, Economic Policy Institute, c1989. 37 p.
   Bibliography: p. 36-37.
   HE308.S35 1989

Transit, land use & urban form. Wayne Attoe, editor. Austin, Tex., Center for the Study of American Architecture, School of Architecture, University of Texas at Austin, c1988. 212 p.
   Papers drawn from a conference held at the University of Texas at Austin, May 15-16, 1987.
   HE308.T73 1988

Transportation service to small rural communities: effects of deregulation. John F. Due, and others. Ames, Iowa State University Press, 1990. 223 p.
   Bibliography: p. 207-216.
   HE316.U6T73 1990

Understanding travel behaviour. P. M. Jones and others. Aldershot, Eng., Gower, c1983. 281 p.
   Bibliography: p. 275-281.
   HE305.U52 1983

Urban transport. Washington, World Bank, c1986. 61 p.
   Bibliography: p. 59-61.
   HE305.U686 1986



Automated highway/intelligent vehicle systems: technology and socioeconomic aspects. Warrendale, Pa., Society of Automotive Engineeers, c1990. 119 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   "Future Transportation Technology Conference and Exposition, San Diego California, August 13-16, 1990."
   TL240.A785 1990

Castleberry, Guy A. The AGV handbook: a handbook for the selection of automated guided vehicle systems. Ann Arbor, Mich., Braun-Brumfield; Port Washington, Wis., Distributed by AGV Decisions, c1991. 263p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TS191.C37 1991

Cities and transport: Athens, Gothenburg, Hong Kong, London, Los Angeles, Munich, New York, Osaka, Paris, Singapore. Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; Washington, OECD Publications and Information Centre, distributor, 1988. 205 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HE305.C56 1988

Congestion, land use, growth management, and transportation planning. Washington, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1989. 86 p. (Transportation research record, 1237)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TE7.H5 no. 1237

De Silva, Clarence W., and David N. Wormley. Automated-transit guideways: analysis and design. Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books, c1983. 276 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TA1207.D4 1983

Institute of Transportation Engineers. Planning urban arterial and freeway systems: a recommended practice. Prepared by Committee 6Y-19. Washington, The Institute, c1988. 60 p. (ITE publ., no. RP-015A)
   Bibliography: p. 59-60.
   HE336.E94I57 1988

Irving, Jack H. Fundamentals of personal rapid transit: based on a program of research, 1968-1976 at the Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California. Editor and principal author, Jack H. Irving, associate authors, Harry Bernstein, C. L. Olson, Jon Buyan. Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books, c1978. 322 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.

Miller, Richard Kendall. Automated guided vehicles and automated manufacturing. Rachel Subrin, editor. Dearborn, Mich., Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Publications Development Dept., Marketing Division, c1987. 177 p.
   Bibliography: p. 171
   TS191.8.M535 1987

Miller, Richard Kendall. Survey on automated guided vehicles systems. Madison, Ga., Future Technology Surveys, c1989. 29 p. (Survey report, no. 3).
   Bibliography: p. 27.
   HD9710.U52M554 1989

Newman, Peter, and Jeffrey R. Kenworthy. Cities and automobile dependence: a sourcebook. Aldershot, Eng., Brookfield, Vt., Gower Technical, c1989. 388 p.
   Bibliography: p. 375-388.
   HE305.N48 1989

Nutley, Stephen D. Unconventional and community transport in the United Kingdom. New York, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, c1990. 430 p. (Transportation studies, v. 14)
   Bibliography: p. 396-413.
   HE311.G7N88 1990

Transport planning for Third World cities. Edited by Harry T. Dimitriou, assisted by George A. Banjo. London, New York, Routledge, 1990. 432 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HE311.D44T73 1990

Urban signal systems and transportation system management. Washington, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1987. 62 p. (Transportation research record, 1142)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TE7.H5 no. 1142

Urban traffic systems and operations. Washington, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1989. 115 p. (Transportation research record, 1232)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TE7.H5 no. 1232

Urban traffic systems and parking. Washington, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1988. 76 p. (Transportation research record, 1181)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TE7.H5 no. 1181

Young, W., M. A. P. Taylor, and P. G. Gipps. Microcomputers in traffic engineering. Taunton, Eng., Research Studies Press; New York, Wiley, c1989. 489 p. (Traffic engineering series, 1)
   Bibliography: p. 433-447.
   HE336.A8Y68 1989



Automated people movers II: new links for land use; automated people mover opportunities for major activity centers: proceedings of the second international conference, Miami, Florida, March 13-15, 1989. Sponsored by the Urban Transportation Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers in cooperation with Advanced Transit Association and others. Edited by Murthy V. A. Bondada, William J. Sproule, and Edward S. Neumann. New York, The Society, c1989. 1046 p.
   TA1207.A983 1989

Engineering 21st century highways: proceedings of a conference sponsored by the Highway Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers, California Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration in cooperation with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Transportation Research Board, Highway Users Federation, San Francisco, California, April 24-26, 1988. Edited by Thomas A. Hall. New York, American Society of Civil Engineers, c1989. 415 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TE5.E54 1989

International Conference on Automated Guided Vehicle Systems, 6th, Brussels, Belgium, 1988. Automated guided vehicle systems: proceedings of the 6th international conference, 25-26 October 1988, Brussels, Belgium. Edited by R. H. Hollier, L. F. Gelders. Kempston, Eng., IFS Publications; Berlin, New York, Springer Verlag, 1988. 362 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TS191.I535 1988

Managing urban transportation as a business: proceedings of a specialty conference sponsored by the Urban Transportation Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Orlando, Florida, June 24-26, 1987. Edited by Eric Bers and Chris Hendrickson. New York, The Society, c1987. 370 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   HE305.M36 1987<

Specialized transportation 1991: proceedings of a conference, October 28-31, 1990, Sarasota, Florida. Washington, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1991. 60 p. (Transportation research record. Public transit, 1292)
   "Papers ... from the 12th National Conference on Specialized Transportation.".
   TE7.H5 no. 1292



Compendium of national urban mass transportation statistics: section 15 reporting system. Washington, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1983 reporting year- annual.
   Complements: National urban mass transportation statistics.
   HE4401.C66 <B&E>

Kirby, Ronald F., and Arlee T. Reno. The nation's public works: report on mass transit. By the Urban Institute. Washington, National Council on Public Works Improvement, 1987. 123 p. (Categories of public works series, 3)
   Transportation vertical file <SciRR>

National transportation statistics. Prepared by Research and Special Programs Administration, Transportation Systems Center, Transportation Information Division, Statistical Information Reporting Branch. Cambridge, Mass., The Branch; Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off., 1977- annual.
   HE203.T76a <SciRR>

National urban mass transportation statistics: annual report, section 15 reporting system. Prepared for U.S. Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration, Office of Transportation Management. Washington, The Office, U.S. Govt. Print. Off, 1981- annual.
   Statistics of financial and operating data submitted annually to the Urban Mass Transportation Administration by public transit operators in the U.S. pursuant to Section 15 of the Urban Mass Transportation Act.
   Complemented by: Compendium of National Urban Mass Transportation Statistics.
   HE4401.N37 <B&E>

Report on funding levels and allocations of funds: report of the secretary of transportation to the United States Congress pursuant to section 3(j) of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964, as amended. U.S. Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration. Washington, The Administration, 1990. 83 p.
   HE4401.R47 1990

Revis, Joseph S., and Curtis Tarnoff. The nation's public works: report on intermodal transportation. Washington, National Council on Public Works Improvement, 1987. 150 p. (Categories of public works series, 4)
   Transportation vertical file <SciRR>

United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe. Annual bulletin of transport statistics. Bulletin annuel de statistiques de transports. Genève, United Nations, 1949- annual.

Weiner, Edward. Urban transportation planning in the United States: an historical overview. 3rd ed. rev. Washington, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs, U. S. Department of Transportation, Sept. 1988. 232 p. (DOT-T-88-26)
   PB90-146663 <SciRR> and HE308.W45 1988



Technical reports and other types of literature are indexed in the following guides:

Government Reports Announcements & Index (1946- )
   Z7916.G78 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Urban Transportation
   See also key words, e.g. Transportation in NTIS Title Index on Microfiche (1964- )

Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895- )
   Z1223.A18 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Urban Transportation



The following selected technical reports are available in the microform collection of the Science Reading Room. They may also be purchased from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161.

Public transportation in the United States: performance and condition. Report to Congress. Washington, Urban Mass Transportation Administration, 1991. 80 p. (UMTA-UBP-10-91-1)
   PB91-183012 <SciRR>

Research in bus and rail transit operations. Written by Arun Chatterjee and others. Washington, Transportation Research Board, Dec. 1989. 100p. (TRB/TRR 1221)
   PB90-224833 <SciRR>

Turnbull, Katherine F., and James W. Hanks. Description of high-occupancy vehicle facilities in North America. College Station, Texas, Texas Transportation Institute, July 1990. 103 p. (Technical report 925-1)
   PB91-131961 <SciRR>

Urban public transportation research 1990. Written by David A. Lee and others. Washington, Transportation Research Board, 1990. 316p. (TRB/TRR 1266)
   PB91-151662 <SciRR>

Urban traffic systems and operations. Written by Ana I. Gall and others. Washington, Transportation Research Board, 1989. 123 p. (TRB/TRR 1232)
   PB90-239435 <SciRR>



Banister, David, and Laurie Pickup. Urban transport and planning: a bibliography with abstracts. London, New York, Mansell Pub. Ltd., 1989. 354 p.
   Z7164.U72B36 1989

Krummes, Daniel, and Michael Kleiber. Recent transportation literature for planning and engineering librarians (June 1991). Monticello, Ill., Vance Bibliographies, 1991. 59 p. (Public administration series--bibliography, P 3093)
   Z7164.T8K76725 1991

Transportation: bibliography of selected Rand publications. Santa Monica, Calif., The Rand Corporation, 1989. 48 p.
   Transportation vertical file <SciRR>

United States. Department of Transportation. Research and Special Programs Administration. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center. Bibliography of technical reports: 1980-1990. Washington, U. S. Department of Transportation, 1991. 378 p. (DOT-VNTSC-RSPA-91-1)
   Transportation vertical file <SciRR>
   This bibliography lists reports released by the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center from January 1980 to December 1990.

Walker, Carole. People movers: a review of recent literature on automated guideway transit systems (AGTs). Monticello, Ill., Vance Bibliographies, 1990. 31 p. (Public administration series--bibliography, P 2858)
   Z7164.U72W34 1990



Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below. Note: Consult reference librarian for locations of these materials in Science Reading Room; some are available in CD-ROM format.

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913 - )
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR A&I> and <SciRR CD-ROM>
   See: Rapid Transit

Current Technology Index (1962 -)
   Z7913.B7 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Transport

Energy Research Abstracts (1976-)
   Z5853.P83U544b <SciRR A&I>
   See: Transportation Systems

Engineering Index (1884- )
   Z5851.E62 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Transportation

Environment Abstracts Annual (1971- )
   GF1.E553 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Transportation

Environmental Periodicals Bibliography (1972 -)
   Z5863.E57E58 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Transportation

General Science Index (1978- )
   Z7401.G46 <SciRR A&I>
   See: Transportation

Highway Research Information (1968- )
   TE1.N469a Best set at DOT library
   See: Operations and Traffic Control
   Traffic Flow, Capacity, and Measurements

Index to Current Urban Documents (1972-) Z7165.U5I654
   See: Transportation
   Mass Transportation

Magazine Index (1980- )
   Available in several formats in LC
   See: Urban Transportation

National Research Council. Transportation Research Board. Publication Index (1955- )
   Z7295.N325 Best set at DOT library

PAIS International in Print (1915-)
   See: Urbanization--Transportation Aspects

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   See: Urban Transportation

Transportation Energy Research (1986- )
   Available from NTIS

Urban Mass Transportation Abstracts (1972- )
   HE4207.U73 Best set at DOT library

Urban Transportation Abstracts (1982- )
   HE305.U696 Best set at DOT library
   Only v. 8, 1989 in LC under HE305.U696 and PB91-108969 v. 9 in pamphlet box <SciRR>



Journals that often contain articles relevant to urban transportation include:

Civil Engineering
ITE Journal
Mass Transit HE4201.M35
Transportation HE7.T685
Transportation Planning and Technology
Transportation Quarterly HE331.T74
Transportation Research, pt. A: General HE192.5.T682
Transportation Research, pt. B: Methodological HE192.5.T68
Transportation Science TA1001.T73
UITP Revue HE4201.I5



Baldassare, Mark. Transportation in suburbia: trends in attitudes, behaviors and policy preferences in Orange County, California. Transportation, v. 18, no. 3, 1991: 207-222.

Chen, Mingyuan, and Attahiru Sule Alfa. A network design algorithm using a stochastic incremental traffic assignment approach. Transportation science, v. 25, Aug. 1991: 215-224.

Dickins, Ian S. J. Park and ride facilities on light rail transit systems. Transportation, v. 18, no. 1, 1991: 23-36.

Fowkes, Tony, and John Preston. Novel approaches to forecasting the demand for new local rail services. Transportation research, v. 25A, July 1991: 209-218.

Hartgen, David T., and William J. McCoy. Uncharted waters: the super-regional transportation agency. Transportation quarterly, v. 44, July 1990: 363-387.

Huddleston, Jack R., and Prem P. Pangotra. Regional and local economic impacts of transportation investments. Transportation quarterly, v. 44, Oct. 1990: 579-594.

Janson, Bruce N. Dynamic traffic assignment for urban road networks. Transportation research, v. 25B, Apr./June 1991: 143-161.

Lave, Charles. Measuring the decline in transit productivity in the U.S. Transportation planning and technology, v. 15, Jan. 1991: 115-124.

Oram, Richard L. Deep discount fares: building transit productivity with innovative pricing. Transportation quarterly, v. 44, July 1990: 419-440.

Orski, C. Kenneth. Can management of transportation demand help solve our growing traffic congestion and air pollution problems? Transportation quarterly, v. 44, Oct. 1990: 483-498.

Parker, Elizabeth. Major proposals to restructure the highway program. Transportation quarterly, v. 45, Jan. 1991: 55-66.

Teal, Roger F. Issues raised by competitive contracting of bus transit service in the USA. Transportation planning and technology, v. 15, 1991: 391-403.

Walton, C. Michael, and Mark A. Euritt. Highway finance and the private sector: issues and alternatives. Transportation research, v. 24A, July 1990: 265-276.



Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Berg, John T. Taxation and revenue policies for future federal highway programs. Transportation research. Part A: general, v. 24A, no. 4, 1990: 251-264.

Demetsky, M. J. Transportation systems: trends. In Concise encyclopedia of traffic & transportation systems. Editor, Markos Papageorgiou. Oxford, New York, Pergamon, 1991. p. 574-580.

Euler, Gary W. Intelligent vehicle/highway systems: definitions and applications. ITE journal, v. 60, Nov. 1990:

Floyd, Thomas H. Personalizing public transportation. Futurist, v. 24, Nov./Dec. 1990: 29-34.

Intelligent vehicle-highway system (IVHS) projects in the United States. Washington, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Traffic Operations and IVHS (HTV-1), 1991. 29p.

Kett, Irving. Urban transportation for all. Civil engineering, v. 60, Mar. 1990: 6.

Larson, Thomas D. Transportation innovation and technology--moving America into the 21st century. ITE journal,
v. 60, June, 1990: 17-20.

Lowe, Marcia D. Rethinking urban transport. In State of the world 1991: a Worldwatch Institute report on progress toward a sustainable society. New York, Norton, 1991. p. 56-73, 204-208.

Rowe, S. Edwin. Transportation in the 1990s: a historical juncture. ITE journal, v. 60, Dec. 1990: 13-16.

Schulman, Lawrence L. Transportation, land use, and development: keys to mobility. ITE journal, v. 60, Oct. 1990: 27-31.

Soulas, C. Automated guideway transit systems and personal rapid transit systems. In Concise encyclopedia of traffic & transportation systems. Editor, Markos Papageorgiou. Oxford, New York, Pergamon, 1991. p. 36-49.

Tarricone, Paul. Rail revival. Civil engineering, v. 62, Jan. 1992: 36-39.

UMTA abstracts, 1989/1990 compendium. U.S. Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration. Washington, UMTA Technical Assistance Program, 1991. 199 p.

United States. Department of Transportation. Advanced public transportation systems: the state of the art. Washington, Research and Special Programs Administration, U. S. Department of Transportation, 1991. 92 p. (DOT-VNTSC-UMTA-91-2)

Wilson, Nigel H. M. Organizational options for public transportation in the US. Transportation planning and technology, v. 15, Jan. 1991: 405-414.



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Telephone: (617) 494-2306

Inquiry Service
Transportation Research Information Services
Transportation Research Board
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Telephone: (202) 334-3250

Transportation Library
Northwestern University Library
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Evanston, IL 60208-2300
Telephone: (708) 491-5273

Institute of Transportation Studies Library
412 McLaughlin Hall
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720
Telephone: (510) 642-3604

Institute of Transportation Engineers
525 School St., SW
Washington, DC 20024
Telephone: (202) 554-8050

IVHS America (Intelligent Vehicle Highway Society)
1776 Massachusetts Ave., NW
5th Floor
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: (202) 857-1202


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