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The Huexotzinco Codex

[Detail] The Huexotzinco Codex

Lesson Overview

Students will analyze a set of pictograph documents created by native peoples of Puebla, Mexico in 1531. Students will take on the role of historians, study the documents, and create a scenario to explain what these documents were for, who created them, and why. The codex was an accounting of excess taxation and students will decode the images and tabulate the quantities of goods paid to the local government.


Students will:

  • Analyze primary sources;
  • Practice the process of historical inquiry;
  • Apply math skills to calculate pictographs.


Time Required

  • Three classes

Recommended Grade Level

  • 3-5
  • 6-8


  • World History & Cultures
  • Science, Technology & Business


  • Three Worlds Meet, Beginnings to 1620