Since independence Sudan has found itself almost constantly embroiled in civil conflict within its own borders. Throughout the 1990's, Sudan was widely known to sponsor terrorism, having such as including Osama bin Laden from 1991-1996. American sanctions have been in place in Sudan since 1997, the last American ambassador was removed in 1998, and Sudan has been on the US State Departments list of ...
University of Denver - Center on Rights Development
Report written by Tim Youngs, International Affairs and Defence Section, House of Commons Library and dated June 23, 2004. This paper examines the background to the conflict, and looks at the international response to the humanitarian crisis. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Youngs, Tim - Great Britain - Parliament - House of Commons - Library - International Affairs and Defence Section
Thank you for coming to NextBillion.net. Our goal is to identify and discuss sustainable business models that address the needs of the world's poorest citizens. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The United States Institute of Peace is an independent nonpartisan national institution established and funded by Congress. Our mission is to help prevent, manage, and resolve international conflicts by empowering others with knowledge, skills, and resources, as well as by our direct involvement in peacebuilding efforts around the world. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
With the Sudan government on the sides of the Arabs, a military and government supported group, Janjaweed ("devils on horseback"), began to fight the insurgents and citizens of Darfur. It wasn't long until the fights turned into a form of genocide known as ethnic cleansing. The cleansing stopped focusing just on the insurgents and citizens and began targeting certain ethnicities, mostly the Africans and ...
The United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF - works for children's rights, their survival, development and protection, guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
004 has seen a number of developments in Sudan of particular significance for the humanitarian situation and WHO work. The most critical has been the escalation of the conflict in Darfur, with major humanitarian consequences. With over 1.5 million internally displaced persons, spread over more than 130 temporary settlements throughout an area as big as France, the health situation remains critical. Web Site. electronic ...
World Health Organization - Office in Sudan
Africa Action is engaged in advocacy and activism to stop the genocide in Darfur, Sudan, where the Sudanese government has been waging a campaign of destruction against targeted African communities since 2003. More than 450,000 people have lost their lives and millions have been displaced, their livelihoods and villages destroyed by government forces and their proxy militias. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
We fight for children in the UK and around the world who suffer from poverty, disease, injustice and violence, working with them to find lifelong answers to the problems they face. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Save the Children Fund (great Britain)
The homepage of the European Commission provides information on daily news, thecalendar, the policies, the President, the Commissioners and the services offered. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Canada has been working actively to address the root causes of conflicts throughout Sudan, which have led to the humanitarian and human rights crises most notably in the south - for which a peace accord was signed 9 January, 2005 - and in the western region of Darfur. Canada works diplomatically through multilateral and bilateral channels to convey the concerns of the Government of ...
Canada - Dept. Of Foreign Affairs and International Trade
Voice of Sudan (VOS) is a weblog featuring news, articles, and commentary on Sudan, Africa's largest country. VOS strives to empower people to stand for human rights, political and religious freedom, and sustainable development affecting Sudanese regardless of race or religion. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
A PHR field team, recently returned from the Chad/Sudan border, has compiled a list of indicators of genocide based on the testimony of victims and eyewitnesses in Chad and Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Catholic Agency for Overseas Development : CAFOD works to end poverty and make a just world. In over 60 countries we - Work alongside the poor regardless of race or religion - Build global partnerships for change - Campaign for a fairer world - Put faith into action. CAFOD is the official overseas development and relief agency of the Catholic Church in England and ...
Catholic Fund for Overseas Development
CARE Nederland is een in Den Haag gevestigde onafhankelijke Nederlandse stichting met als statutaire doelstelling: het ondersteunen van mensen in een levensbedreigende situatie ten gevolge van noodsituaties. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
On July 12, 2005, a group of Cornell University students will begin a 600-mile bike odyssey to Ottawa, where they will petition the Canadian government to leverage its role in NATO and the United Nations to prod the international community to stop the genocide in Darfur. Joined by other groups from Swarthmore, Penn., and San Francisco, they will arrive Aug. 8. Web Site. electronic ...
Facing History and Ourselves works with teachers, students, and the community to talk about responsibility in the face of genocide. These questions have been given new urgency in the face of the ongoing genocide in Darfur, Sudan. This page offers resources to help frame difficult discussions with students about the genocide and the response of leaders and ordinary people across the world. Web Site. ...
Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation
Waging Peace has been campaigning on Darfur, pressing the British government to recognise genocide has occured there, to stop pandering to the Khartoum junta, and to start protecting the survivors. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Refugees International generates lifesaving humanitarian assistance and protection for displaced people around the world and works to end the conditions that create displacement. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Refugees International (organization)
British government department responsible for overseas relations and foreign affairs, through its headquarters in London and its Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates throughout the world. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Great Britain - Foreign and Commonwealth Office
The mission of the Darfur Rehabilitation Project is to inform the American public about the extensive violations of human rights that have been and continue to occur in the Darfur region of western Sudan; unify the voice of Darfurians everywhere in order to bring increased international attention to the ongoing crimes against humanity in the region; advocate justice for the victims; promote conflict resolution; ...
The Department for International Development (DFID) is the part of the UK Government that manages Britain's aid to poor countries and works to get rid of extreme poverty. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Great Britain - Dept. For International Development
Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) is a non-governmental and ecumenical organisation that works to ensure the individual's basic rights. The "Regional Sites : Eastern Africa" tab provides access to articles addressing the social, political, and economic situation in Eastern Africa, including the Darfur crisis. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF - works for children's rights, their survival, development and protection, guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Voice of America, which first went on the air in 1942, is a multimedia international broadcasting service funded by the U.S. government through the Broadcasting Board of Governors. VOA broadcasts more than 1,000 hours of news, information, educational, and cultural programming every week to an estimated worldwide audience of more than 100 million people. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Muslim WakeUp! seeks to bring together Muslims and non-Muslims in America and around the globe in efforts that celebrate cultural and spiritual diversity, tolerance, and understanding. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Despite several resolutions and pledges since that time, neither the Government of Sudan nor the international community has provided sufficient assistance and security to the people in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
This paper argues that the events leading up to the present genocide in Darfur were recognisable as indicators of genocide as early as September 2003, and perhaps much earlier. The United Nations, the USA, the UK and the EU are guilty once again of not responding early enough with appropriate measures to avoid such a catastrophe. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The International Relations Center is working to make the U.S. a more responsible member of the global community by promoting progressive strategic dialogues that lead to new citizen-based agendas. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
International Relations Center (silver City, N.M.)
Trócaire is the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. It was set up by the Irish Catholic Bishops in 1973 to express the concern of the Irish Church for the suffering of the world’s poorest and most oppressed people. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Beliefnet is the largest spirituality and faith website. Whether your are exploring your own religion or other spiritual traditions, you will find inspiration, prayer tools, spritual teachers and an welcoming community. You will also find devotional tools such as bible study guides and online meditations. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
A group of Catholic Workers will be fasting August 1-4 and vigiling each day from 9 am-5 pm at the Sudanese embassy in Washington, D.C., and in South Bend, Indiana, for an end to genocide in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
DefenseLink.mil - The official website of the United States Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Defense, DoD, Defense, Defence, Military The home page for the Department of Defense Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The purpose of this memorandum is to ascertain whether the acts of violence and aggression in Darfur, Sudan meet the legal standard for genocide as set forth in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Genocide Convention). The memorandum concludes there is sufficient evidence to meet the legal requirements for a determination that genocide is occurring in Darfur, Sudan. ...
Frederick K. Cox International Law Center
WE are an organization, headquartered at Williams College, that believes we have a responsibility towards ending the violence and suffering in Sudan. Through a nationwide divestment campaign of state pension funds, we believe we can put pressure on companies that do business with Sudan to suspend operations until the government of Sudan provides for the safety and well-being of the people of Darfur. Web ...
Sudan Divestment Campaign (organization) - Sudan Divestment Task Force
The program on refugee protection and humanitarian assistance works to assess emerging issues and controversies, to promote secure solutions, and to enlarge the international consensus on provision of protection and assistance. It has also taken a leading role in the debate over effective institutional arrangements for comprehensive protection. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The purpose of this lesson is for students to learn about the genocide in Darfur (Sudan), and to explore the reasons why the world has not interceded when at the end of Holocaust the international community said "never again." Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Canadian International Development Agency provides humanitarian assistance and supporting sustainable development to promote a more secure, equitable and prosperous world. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Canadian International Development Agency
The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University is one of the preeminent centers for research and dialogue on ethical issues in critical areas of American life. The center works with faculty, staff, students, community leaders, and the public to address ethical issues more effectively in teaching, research, and action. The center's focus areas are business, health care and biotechnology, character education, ...
Markkula Center for Applied Ethics (santa Clara University)
Visit Turkish Press for breaking news, daily news and weather. Also reviews and opinions from Turkey and entertainment, business, science, technology and health news. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
ODI is Britain's leading independent think-tank on international development and humanitarian issues. Our mission is to inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction of poverty, the alleviation of suffering and the achievement of sustainable livelihoods in developing countries. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
This web site is an interactive resource portal where activists can obtain and provide information, publicize events, gather news, and share resources related to the genocide in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Survivors United is an organization comprised primarily of women who were victims - and are now survivors - of rape or sexual assault. Survivors United is committed to bringing about an end to the ongoing genocidal rape of women and girls by Sudanese government soldiers and the Government's proxy militia, the Janjaweed. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Sudan Organisation Against Torture (SOAT) is an independent non-governmental human rights organisation established in 1993 working in Sudan and UK and has members worldwide. SOAT primary objective is preventing torture and challenging impunity. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
This website is devoted to the issues, journeys, images and stories of the Sudanese Diaspora. Whilst the civil war in Sudan’s South and West has forced many of the country’s inhabitants to flee across the world, there is still limited global awareness of the Sudanese situation. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The government of Sudan is responsible for “ethnic cleansing” and crimes against humanity in Darfur, one of the world’s poorest and most inaccessible regions, on Sudan’s western border with Chad. The Sudanese government and the Arab “Janjaweed” militias it arms and supports have committed numerous attacks on the civilian populations of the African Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups. Government forces oversaw and directly ...
Website of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), an international independent medical humanitarian organization that delivers emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural and man-made disasters, or exclusion from health care in almost 70 countries. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Médecins Sans Frontières (association)
Established by concerned American citizens, USA for UNHCR, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, builds support in the United States for the humanitarian work of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). Our mission is to inform Americans about the plight of refugees and advocate for their protection. We want to give individual Americans, frustrated by the growing refugee crisis and their own inability to do something to ...
Homepage of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs containing information on current efforts promoting human rights including actions directly related to the Darfur crisis. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
United Nations - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
The United States and many advocates of the International Criminal Court (ICC) have long been at odds over the structure, autonomy, and jurisdiction of the Court. While these differences have not been resolved, the U.S. opposition to a United Nations Security Council resolution referring the situation in Darfur region of Sudan to the ICC has rekindled international and domestic attention on America’s policy toward ...
Since 1971 CRS has been one of the largest nongovernmental humanitarian agencies working in Sudan, primarily across the southern regions. In southern Sudan, CRS provides support for agriculture, education, emergency relief, health, business enterprise, capacity building and peacebuilding. In western Sudan (Darfur), CRS provides emergency relief in the form of shelter, food, water, relief supplies, sanitation and education. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Collection Period: March 13, 2003 to June 16, 2003 and December 31, 2004 to July 21, 2009. On March 20, 2003, the United States began military action against Iraq for the stated purpose of deposing Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and preventing his use of suspected nuclear weapons (weapons of mass destruction). British, Australian, Polish, and Danish forces participated in the ...
The Pittsburgh Darfur Emergency Coalition (PDEC) is calling attention to the mass killings and widespread rape and torture, combined with the destruction of villages and the displacement of more than 2 million people that has been perpetrated in Darfur, Western Sudan, since the summer of 2003. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Promoting an American public policy based on individual liberty, limited government, free markets and peaceful international relations. Extensive library of studies, articles and monographs available Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Think Progress is a project of the American Progress Action Fund. The American Progress Action Fund is a nonpartisan organization. With the blog, APAF seeks to provide a forum that advances progressive ideas and policies. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
American Progress Action Fund (organization)
The movement to stop the genocide in Sudan is growing stronger every day. Through rallies, candlelight vigils, petitions, divestment campaigns, and fundraisers, activists like you are making a difference. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
A center for activism focusing on conditions in the African World, we sponsor seminars, conferences, community awareness projects and training programs. These activities allow us to play a significant role in presenting to the general public alternative perspectives on the economic, political, and moral ramifications of U.S. foreign policy. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Open Society Justice Initiative pursues law reform grounded in the protection of human rights and the development of legal capacity in our thematic areas. The Justice Initiative website includes a database of legal resources. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
With the current political violence in Darfur, and the involvement of various political parties and ethnicities, it's important to a have a comprehensive source that serves as a gateway for the plethora of news on Darfur, and at the same time to have educational and advocacy purposes. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
SUDAN is committed to raising awareness and concern on UNC-Chapel Hill's campus and among community members and policy-makers about the atrocities carried out against the people of Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Students United for Darfur Awareness Now
www.countercurrents.org is an alternative news site. "We bring out what the mainstream media fails to tell you, or hides from you. These are the things that really matter. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
USINFO.STATE.GOV is the premier international web site for the U.S. government, providing daily updates on current foreign policy information from all agencies of the U.S. government, as well as information on American life and culture. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
United States - Dept. Of State - Office of International Information Programs
This website features high-quality analysis and progressive advocacy on African issues, with particular attention to priority issues affecting the entire continent. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The original, The American Muslim was founded in 1989. Like the magazine, the online publication strives to to support and recognize American Muslims, to provide information about Islam in America, and to create a forum for open dialogue about national religions and politcal issues. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Muslim American Society - Muslim Association of Canada
This bill imposes economic sanctions against the Republic of Sudan. State agencies are prohibited from purchasing products made in the Republic of Sudan or investing State funds in any company that does business with or in the Republic of Sudan. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Maryland - General Assembly - Dept. Of Legislative Services