To assess how effectively the AU is providing protection, our Project contracted with William G. O’Neill and Violette Cassis, who offer in their report a first hand account of the successes and shortcomings of the AU’s intervention in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
O'neill, William G. - Cassis, Violette
This paper argues that the events leading up to the present genocide in Darfur were recognisable as indicators of genocide as early as September 2003, and perhaps much earlier. The United Nations, the USA, the UK and the EU are guilty once again of not responding early enough with appropriate measures to avoid such a catastrophe. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Collection Period: February 20, 2006 to December 5, 2006. Described by the United Nations as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, the current conflict in Sudan’s western region of Darfur began in early 2003, when rebels attacked government targets and then expanded to the widespread killing of civilians and the destruction of villages. These attacks have led to more than two ...
IKAR is a new traditional and progressive Jewish spiritual community in L.A. IKAR is creative, spiritual, and egalitarian, welcoming people of diverse backgrounds, affiliations and lifestyles. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
This website features high-quality analysis and progressive advocacy on African issues, with particular attention to priority issues affecting the entire continent. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Report prepared by the Congressional Research Service concerning the background and current status of the Darfur Conflict and both United States and international policy options. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Dagne, Theodore S. - Everett, Bathsheaba - Library of Congress - Congressional Research Service
Africa Action is engaged in advocacy and activism to stop the genocide in Darfur, Sudan, where the Sudanese government has been waging a campaign of destruction against targeted African communities since 2003. More than 450,000 people have lost their lives and millions have been displaced, their livelihoods and villages destroyed by government forces and their proxy militias. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
We fight for children in the UK and around the world who suffer from poverty, disease, injustice and violence, working with them to find lifelong answers to the problems they face. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Save the Children Fund (great Britain)
People of faith are organizing around the country from Friday, July 8th through Thursday, July 21st to pray, bear political witness, and speak truth to power to end the genocide in Darfur, Sudan. Our goal is to organize over 500 cities, towns, and faith communities to take action and we need your help! Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek ...
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) - Comite international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) Homepage of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Includes ICRC operations bulletins for Sudan. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
International Committee of the Red Cross
An interactive news and discussion forum that helps promote a critical (and self-critical) analysis of issues regarding the Muslim community. Our editors provide brief overviews of issues affecting the Muslim world, along with extended commentary and discussion on a variety of topics, all designed to foster a community of people who want to become more informed and involved in the world around them. Web ...
InterAction is the largest alliance of U.S.-based international development and humanitarian nongovernmental organizations. With more than 160 members operating in every developing country, we work to overcome poverty, exclusion and suffering by advancing social justice and basic dignity for all. Includes Member Activity Report: A Guide to Humanitarian and Development Efforts of InterAction Member Agencies in Sudan, May 2006. Web Site. electronic | Electronic ...
This site links to electronically published analytic briefs and advocacy writings on Sudan by Eric Reeves. These have been organized chronologically, and include electronic publications since the signing of the Machakos Protocol (July 2002). Separate links offer access to publications in 2005 and publications in 2006. There is also a separate link for analyses published from July 2002 to December 2003 and another for ...
STAND (Students Taking Action Now: Darfur) is a student initiative to create awareness about, take political action on, and raise funds to relieve the genocide in Darfur, Sudan. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The aim of this paper is to provide a brief, but broader perspective on the nature of the conflict in Darfur -- a conflict which is much-discussed, but often over-simplified -- and to outline the dilemmas emerging from a situation where there is a clear international responsibility to protect civilians. Despite the complexities involved, it concludes with a call for urgent and robust action ...
The official website of the United Nations Mission in Sudan. UNMIS has been mandated by the UN Security Council to monitor and support the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan, signed by the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army on 9 January 2005. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Africa Action is the oldest organization in the U.S. working on African affairs. Our mission is to change U.S.-Africa relations to promote political, economic and social justice in Africa. We provide accessible information and analysis and we mobilize popular support for campaigns to achieve this mission. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Website of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), an international independent medical humanitarian organization that delivers emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural and man-made disasters, or exclusion from health care in almost 70 countries. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Médecins Sans Frontières (association)
For the past 18 years, Sudan has been embroiled in a complicated civil war. Since 1989, USAID has put over one billion dollars in humanitarian assistance into Sudan. Beginning in 1998, development assistance has also been provided in southern Sudan. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
United States - Agency for International Development
Dolls for Darfur, a project of Temple Emanu-El (Dallas, Tex.), aims to bring an end to the atrocitiesin Darfur, Sudan by demanding that the United States and world community stop the senseless bloodshed and genocide. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Since February 2003, Sudan's western province of Darfur has been the site of an extremely violent conflict between the province's nomadic Arab tribes, supported by the government in Khartoum, and the native African settled peasant tribes. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Church World Service is a cooperative humanitarian ministry of 36 Protestant, Orthodox, and Anglican denominations, providing sustainable self-help and development, disaster relief, and refugee assistance in more than 80 countries. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Sudan Organisation Against Torture (SOAT) is an independent non-governmental human rights organisation established in 1993 working in Sudan and UK and has members worldwide. SOAT primary objective is preventing torture and challenging impunity. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Mohamed Yahya, a refugee from the Darfur region of Sudan and chairman of the Damanga Coalition for Freedom and Democracy, gives a talk entitled "Death and Indifference in Darfur: A Survivor Speaks." Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Survivors United is an organization comprised primarily of women who were victims - and are now survivors - of rape or sexual assault. Survivors United is committed to bringing about an end to the ongoing genocidal rape of women and girls by Sudanese government soldiers and the Government's proxy militia, the Janjaweed. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Physicians for Human Rights mobilizes the health professions and enlists public support, using medical and scientific methods to investigate and expose violations of human rights. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
NEWSfromAFRICA, publishes regular news, features, press reviews and editorials. It is the initiative of Koinonia Community, a not-for-profit development organisation based in Nairobi, Kenya. NEWSfromAFRICA strives to promote peace, justice,human rights and poverty alleviation through the use of modern Information and Communication Technologies(ICTs). All the articles published in NEWSfromAFRICA are written from the perspective of the African grassroots people, their struggle for freedom, dignity ...
As the UN Security Council prepares to consider referring to the International Criminal Court Sudanese individuals charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, the Bush administration continues to oppose such a move. However, a majority of Americans (60%) favor referring these cases to the International Criminal Court rather than using a temporary tribunal, as the administration has proposed. Web Site. electronic ...
The conflict in Darfur is causing one of the worst humanitarian disasters in the world, yet little is being done about a tragedy that affects more than a million people. The international community needs to do all it can to bring the sides together and help put an end to the killing. ITDG welcomes the recent ceasefire, and calls on the Sudanese Government and ...
The purpose of this memorandum is to ascertain whether the acts of violence and aggression in Darfur, Sudan meet the legal standard for genocide as set forth in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Genocide Convention). The memorandum concludes there is sufficient evidence to meet the legal requirements for a determination that genocide is occurring in Darfur, Sudan. ...
Frederick K. Cox International Law Center
Since 1971 CRS has been one of the largest nongovernmental humanitarian agencies working in Sudan, primarily across the southern regions. In southern Sudan, CRS provides support for agriculture, education, emergency relief, health, business enterprise, capacity building and peacebuilding. In western Sudan (Darfur), CRS provides emergency relief in the form of shelter, food, water, relief supplies, sanitation and education. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Think Progress is a project of the American Progress Action Fund. The American Progress Action Fund is a nonpartisan organization. With the blog, APAF seeks to provide a forum that advances progressive ideas and policies. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
American Progress Action Fund (organization)
A center for activism focusing on conditions in the African World, we sponsor seminars, conferences, community awareness projects and training programs. These activities allow us to play a significant role in presenting to the general public alternative perspectives on the economic, political, and moral ramifications of U.S. foreign policy. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
SUDAN is committed to raising awareness and concern on UNC-Chapel Hill's campus and among community members and policy-makers about the atrocities carried out against the people of Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Students United for Darfur Awareness Now
The program on refugee protection and humanitarian assistance works to assess emerging issues and controversies, to promote secure solutions, and to enlarge the international consensus on provision of protection and assistance. It has also taken a leading role in the debate over effective institutional arrangements for comprehensive protection. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The movement to stop the genocide in Sudan is growing stronger every day. Through rallies, candlelight vigils, petitions, divestment campaigns, and fundraisers, activists like you are making a difference. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
A group of Catholic Workers will be fasting August 1-4 and vigiling each day from 9 am-5 pm at the Sudanese embassy in Washington, D.C., and in South Bend, Indiana, for an end to genocide in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Institute for the Study of Genocide (ISG) and International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) advance and review research on genocide. Their officers and members advise media, governments and intergovernmental organizations concerned with early warning and prevention. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Institute for the Study of Genocide - International Association of Genocide Scholars
Trócaire is the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. It was set up by the Irish Catholic Bishops in 1973 to express the concern of the Irish Church for the suffering of the world’s poorest and most oppressed people. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Waging Peace has been campaigning on Darfur, pressing the British government to recognise genocide has occured there, to stop pandering to the Khartoum junta, and to start protecting the survivors. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The declaration by United States Secretary of State Colin Powell last week that “genocide has been committed in Darfur and that the government of Sudan and the Janjaweed bear responsibility” signals an escalation in American imperialism’s efforts to establish itself as the controlling power in North Africa and throughout the continent. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Pittsburgh Darfur Emergency Coalition (PDEC) is calling attention to the mass killings and widespread rape and torture, combined with the destruction of villages and the displacement of more than 2 million people that has been perpetrated in Darfur, Western Sudan, since the summer of 2003. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
SUDIA works closely with a wide base of institutions from civil society, the private sector as well as with government developing programs and projects that sustain and reinforce peace and development. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Sudanese Development Initiative Abroad
This website is devoted to the issues, journeys, images and stories of the Sudanese Diaspora. Whilst the civil war in Sudan’s South and West has forced many of the country’s inhabitants to flee across the world, there is still limited global awareness of the Sudanese situation. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF - works for children's rights, their survival, development and protection, guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
ODI is Britain's leading independent think-tank on international development and humanitarian issues. Our mission is to inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction of poverty, the alleviation of suffering and the achievement of sustainable livelihoods in developing countries. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Save Darfur Coalition is an alliance of over 130 diverse faith-based, humanitarian, and human rights organization, assembled to raise public awareness and to mobilize efforts to help end the atrocities and reduce the suffering in Darfur and nearby refugee camps. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The government of Sudan is responsible for “ethnic cleansing” and crimes against humanity in Darfur, one of the world’s poorest and most inaccessible regions, on Sudan’s western border with Chad. The Sudanese government and the Arab “Janjaweed” militias it arms and supports have committed numerous attacks on the civilian populations of the African Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups. Government forces oversaw and directly ...
The United States and many advocates of the International Criminal Court (ICC) have long been at odds over the structure, autonomy, and jurisdiction of the Court. While these differences have not been resolved, the U.S. opposition to a United Nations Security Council resolution referring the situation in Darfur region of Sudan to the ICC has rekindled international and domestic attention on America’s policy toward ...
The United States Institute of Peace is an independent nonpartisan national institution established and funded by Congress. Our mission is to help prevent, manage, and resolve international conflicts by empowering others with knowledge, skills, and resources, as well as by our direct involvement in peacebuilding efforts around the world. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
IRC provides assistance in the form of relief shelter and resettlement to refugees and other victims fleeing from or affected by oppression epidemics armed conflict war and other complex humanitarian emergencies worldwide. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
004 has seen a number of developments in Sudan of particular significance for the humanitarian situation and WHO work. The most critical has been the escalation of the conflict in Darfur, with major humanitarian consequences. With over 1.5 million internally displaced persons, spread over more than 130 temporary settlements throughout an area as big as France, the health situation remains critical. Web Site. electronic ...
World Health Organization - Office in Sudan
Homepage of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs containing information on current efforts promoting human rights including actions directly related to the Darfur crisis. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
United Nations - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
This web site is an interactive resource portal where activists can obtain and provide information, publicize events, gather news, and share resources related to the genocide in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Despite several resolutions and pledges since that time, neither the Government of Sudan nor the international community has provided sufficient assistance and security to the people in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
The Canadian International Development Agency provides humanitarian assistance and supporting sustainable development to promote a more secure, equitable and prosperous world. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Canadian International Development Agency
The United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF - works for children's rights, their survival, development and protection, guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Webpage detailing two church members' bicycle trip from Trafalgar Square to Paris then down to Marseille to raise awareness of the humanitarian crisis in Darfur. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
St. Mary's Island Church (saint Mary's, Isles of Scilly, England)
CHF International's humanitarian relief activities through the BOLD program in the Darfur region of Sudan target Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to improve livelihoods and rebuild lives. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
CARE International is one of the world’s largest independent relief and development organisations, working in more than 70 countries and benefiting over 45 million poor and marginalised people Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Now more than 100 years old, the Royal African Society today is Britain's primary Africa organisation, promoting Africa's cause. Through its journal, African Affairs, and by organising meetings, discussions and other activities, the Society strengthens links between Africa and Britain and encourages understanding of Africa and its relations with the rest of the world. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Established by concerned American citizens, USA for UNHCR, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, builds support in the United States for the humanitarian work of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). Our mission is to inform Americans about the plight of refugees and advocate for their protection. We want to give individual Americans, frustrated by the growing refugee crisis and their own inability to do something to ...
On July 12, 2005, a group of Cornell University students will begin a 600-mile bike odyssey to Ottawa, where they will petition the Canadian government to leverage its role in NATO and the United Nations to prod the international community to stop the genocide in Darfur. Joined by other groups from Swarthmore, Penn., and San Francisco, they will arrive Aug. 8. Web Site. electronic ...
Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) is a non-governmental and ecumenical organisation that works to ensure the individual's basic rights. The "Regional Sites : Eastern Africa" tab provides access to articles addressing the social, political, and economic situation in Eastern Africa, including the Darfur crisis. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Since independence Sudan has found itself almost constantly embroiled in civil conflict within its own borders. Throughout the 1990's, Sudan was widely known to sponsor terrorism, having such as including Osama bin Laden from 1991-1996. American sanctions have been in place in Sudan since 1997, the last American ambassador was removed in 1998, and Sudan has been on the US State Departments list of ...
University of Denver - Center on Rights Development
With the Sudan government on the sides of the Arabs, a military and government supported group, Janjaweed ("devils on horseback"), began to fight the insurgents and citizens of Darfur. It wasn't long until the fights turned into a form of genocide known as ethnic cleansing. The cleansing stopped focusing just on the insurgents and citizens and began targeting certain ethnicities, mostly the Africans and ...
Report written by Tim Youngs, International Affairs and Defence Section, House of Commons Library and dated June 23, 2004. This paper examines the background to the conflict, and looks at the international response to the humanitarian crisis. Web Site. electronic | Electronic (Form).
Youngs, Tim - Great Britain - Parliament - House of Commons - Library - International Affairs and Defence Section